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Day 29

DYNAMIC ANALYSIS USING RESPONSE SPECTRUM METHOD


Dynamic Analysis shall be performed to obtain the design Seismic force, and its
distribution to different levels along the height of the building and to various lateral load
resisting elements for the following buildings:

(a) Regular Buildings:


Height > 90m in zones II & III.
>40m in zones IV & V
(b) Irregular Buildings: All framed buildings
Height > 40m in zones II & III.
>12m in zones IV & V
Types of Dynamic Analysis:
Dynamic Analysis may be performed by
1. Response Spectrum Method
2. Time History Method
Response Spectrum Method:
Qik =Ak ik Pk Wi .
User will provide Ak and Wi. In these Ak can be provided by specifying Seismic
parameter configuration.
Wi can be provided by specifying Selfweight contribution in X, Y, Z direction with
factor 1 and dead load and appropriate live load in all three direction.
Response Spectrum Method of analysis shall be performed using the Design Spectrum
Ah= Z I Sa
2 R g
STAAD utilizes following procedure to generate the lateral seismic loads:
User provides the value of Z I as factors for input spectrum.
2 R
Program calculates time periods for first 15 modes or as specified by the user.
(earlier 6 modes)

Program calculates Sa/g for each mode utilizing time period & damping for each
mode.

The program calculates design horizontal acceleration spectrum Ak for different


modes.

The program then calculates mode participation factor for different modes.

The Peak lateral seismic force at each floor in each mode is calculated.

All response quantities for each mode are calculated.

The peak response quantities are then combined as per method (CQC or SRSS
or ABS or TEN or CSM) as defined by the user to get the final results.

The design base shear VB (Calculated from the Response Spectrum Method) is
compared with the base shear Vb (Calculated by empirical formula for the
fundamental time period).

If VB is less than Vb, all of the response quantities are multiplied by Vb/VB
as per clause 7.8.2.

Rules for Spectrum Load in STAAD

Response spectrum Load definition you have to define within Seismic Load
definition.

If you have to define all other load cases before defining this definition.

Design of seismic shear (VB)


Total design seismic base shear VB also any principal direction is given by
VB= Ah W
Ah= Design horizontal acceleration spectrum value
Ah= (Z/2) (I/R) (Sa/g)
W= Seismic weight of building
= Dead load + appropriate amount of imposed load.
Note:
1. Live load upto and including 3.0 KN/m2 =25% of imposed load.
2. Live load > 3.0KN/m2 = 50% of imposed load.

3. For calculating design seismic forces imposed load on roof need not be
considered.
PROBLEM:
Data:
Length of building : 6 bays 4m each=24m
Height of building: 7 bays 3.0m each = 21.0m
Width of building : 6 bays 4m each =24m.
Zone V Medium Soil ; RF=5 I=1.0
Floor Loads: Dead Load for Floor slab: 4 KN/m2 and Roof slab: 5 KN/m2

24.00

4.00

Live Load for Floor slab: 2 KN/m2 and Roof slab: 1.50KN/m2

BEAMS ARE OF SIZE 0.3 X .30

4.00
24.00

COLUMN ARE OF SIZE 0.4 X .40

PLAN

21.00
3.00

BEAMS ARE OF SIZE 0.3 X .30

COLUMN ARE OF SIZE 0.4 X .40


4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

ELEVATION

1. Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Dynamic Response Spectrum method Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click on
it.
Length X=24.0m No. of Bays =6

Each Bay =4.0m

Height Y=21.0m

Each Bay =3.0m

Width Z=24.0m
YesOk.
Go to front view.

No. of Bays=7

No. of Bays=6 Each bay =4.0m Apply Transfer Model

2. Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle

YD=0.40

ZD=0.40m Add

YD=0.30 ZD=0.30AddClose. Highlight YD=0.40 ZD=0.40


Main menu Select Beam parallel to Y Assign to selected beam Assign
Yes.
Highlight YD=0.30 ZD=0.30 . Main menu Select Beam parallel to X axis and
Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to selected beam Assign Yes
Close. Deselect the member.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom support
nodes of column by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
4. Loading :
Following Load shall be considered for Response Spectrum Method:
1.Define Seismic Parameter Configuration.
2. Load case 1: DL+LL
3. Load case 2: Seismic loading-Response Spectrum.
Page Control Click Load & Definitions Definitions Seismic Definitions Add.
Seismic parameter screen will appear.
Select Type: IS1893-2002 Click GenerateAdd.
Select city or Zone: (Table 2 of IS1893-2002) say zone V

Z=0.36

Response Reduction Factor(RF): (Table 7 of IS1893-2002) : 5 for SMRF


(Special Moment Resisting Frame)
Important Factor (I) : (Table 6 of IS1893-2002): 1 ( for Ordinary building)
Rock or Soil sites factor (SS): (Clause 6.4.5 of IS1893-2002): 2 ( for Medium soil)
Type of structure(ST)(Optional) (Clause 7.6 of IS1893-2002): 1 ( for RCC Frame
building)
Damping ratio (DM): (Table 3 of IS1893-2002)
Px =Period in X direction: (Optional)

DM= 0.05 (for concrete).

Pz=Period in Z directionOptional)
Depth of foundation (DT):( For under ground structures):
Click Generate Add.
Self weightSelfweight Factor :1Add.
Floor weights Load pressure: 4KN/m2 (Dead load)
Define Y range Minimum =3.0m

Maximum= 18m Add.

Load pressure: 5 KN/m2 (Dead load)


Define Y range Minimum =18 m Maximum= 21.0 Add
Load pressure : 0.25KN/m2 (25% of LL 2.0 KN/m2 )
Define Y range Minimum =3.0m

Maximum= 18m Add

*Load pressure : 0.38 KN/m2 (25% of LL 1.5 KN/m2 )


Define Y range Minimum =18m

Maximum= 21.0m Add Close.

Note: As per IS1893-2002 Live load on Roof need not be considered for seismic
analysis.
Load case 1 (DL+LL):
Click Load case details Add.
Number 1: Loading type: None
Title: Dead Load+Live Load Add Close.
Click Load case 1Add.
Selfweight Selfweight Y Factor: -1 Add.
Floor Load (Dead Load of Floor slab except top roof) Pressure:-4 KN/m2
Global Y Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m

Max.=18.0m Add

Floor Load (Dead Load of Roof slab ) Pressure:-5 KN/m2


Define Y range Mini.= 18.0m

Max.=21.0m Add

Floor Load (Live Load of Floor slab except top roof slab) Pressure:-2 KN/m2
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m

Max.=18.0m Add

Floor Load (Live Load of Roof slab ) Pressure:-1.50 KN/m2


Define Y range Mini.= 18.0m

Max.=21.0m AddClose.

Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.

Load case 2 (Response Spectrum Load)


Click Load case details Add.
Number 2: Loading type: Seismic
Title: Response spectrum Add Close.
Click Load case 2 Add.
Click Selfweight Direction X Factor: 1 Add.
Selfweight Direction Y Factor: 1 Add.
Selfweight Direction Z Factor: 1 Add.
Floor Load (Dead Load of Floor slab except top roof) Pressure:4 KN/m2
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m

Max.=18.0m Direction X Add

Direction Y Add. Direction Z Add


Floor Load (Dead Load of Roof slab ) Pressure:5 KN/m2
Define Y range Mini.= 18.0m

Max.=21.0m Direction X Add

Direction Y Add. Direction Z Add.


Floor Load (Live Load of Floor slab except top roof slab) Pressure: 0.50 KN/m2
(25% of LL=2.0 KN/m2)
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m

Max.=18.0m Direction X Add

Direction Y Add. Direction Z Add


*Floor Load (Live Load of Roof slab ) Pressure: 0.38KN/m2
(25% of LL= 1.50 KN/m2).
Define Y range Mini.= 18.0m

Max.=21.0m Direction X Add

Direction Y Add. Direction Z Add Close.


Highlight Selfweight X Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Selfweight Y Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Selfweight Z Assign to view Assign Yes.
Click Seismic Loading Add.
Response spectra Select Code: IS1893
Combination Method: SRSS
Sub soil class: Medium soil

DM=0.05 Include Torsion IS 1893

X= Z I =0.36 x 1 = 0.036

2 R
2
5
Scale: 1 Add Close.
5. Analysis Type :

Page control Click Analysis/print Mode Shapes Add Close.


Click post print Define commands Analysis resultsAdd
Storey Drift Allowable Drift factor =0.005 Add Close.
Note: Save the File and Run the Program.
6. Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
7. Results :
Go to post processing mode. Results

Eigen solution -Fundamental frequency

Response Spectrum Load

Peak Storey Shear

Peak Storey Shear Torsion

Modal base actions

Mass Participation factors in percent

Analysis Results

Joint Nodal Displacement

Member forces

Reactions forces

Storey Drift.

By reviewing the results, if the modes are very close, change the SRSS Method to CQC
method.
Also see whether the mass participation factor is more than 90% as per code.
Check whether Missing weight is Dynamic Weight Modal Weight.
Also check the design base shear VB is compared with the base shear Vb.

If VB is less than Vb, multiply the value of X by (0.036) x Vb/VB as per clause 7.8.2
and again Run the analysis once again to get accurate results.