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Method 1:

SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING LUMPED MASS METHOD


Data:
Building size :
Length= 15m (5 Bays each 3.0m)
Width = 15m (5 Bays each 3.0m)
Height =33m (11 Bays each 3.0m)
Concrete Mix M30 Steel Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beam 300 x 450mm; Column 450 x 300 mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.

15.00

Soil type: medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50

BEAMS ARE OF SIZE 0.3 X 0.45

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

15.00

COLUMN ARE OF SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

PLAN

33.00
3.00

BEAMS SIZE 0.3 X 0.45

COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30


3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

1. Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient method (LM) Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double
click
on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5
Height Y=3.0m
Width Z=15.0m

No. of Bay=1

Each Bay =3.0m


Each Bay =3.0m

No. of Bays=5

Apply Transfer Model YesOk.

Each Bay =3.0m

Go to front view.
2.Member Property:
Click General Property Define Rectangle

YD=0.45

ZD=0.30

Add
YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 AddClose . Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Main menu
Select Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam
parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Select Beam cursor and select entire structureClick Translational Repeat
icon
Y

No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m link OK.

3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select
bottom support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to
selected nodes Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change
to beam cursor.
4. Loads -Seismic Definition :
Main menu Commands Loading Definitions Seismic load IS 18932002.
Seismic Parameters appear. Select IS1893-2002. Click Generate Add.
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear. Select Zone =III.
Response Reduction Factor: Specicial RC MRF=5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) :2 (For Medium soil).
Structure Type: (Optional) =1 (For RC Frame Building).
Damping Ratio (DM)= 0.05%
Period in X direction= 0.09 h =0.09 x33
dx

12

=0.86 sec.

Period in Z direction= 0.09 h =0.09 x33


dZ

=0.86 sec.

12

Generate Add Close.


Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
Click Joint Weights Add Close.
*************************
To Find Joint Weight
1. Geometry Creation :
New Project

Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;

File Name=Joint weight Next


Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double
click
On it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5
Height Y=33.0m
Width Z=15.0m

Each Bay =3.0m

No. of Bays=11 Each Bay =3.0m


No. of Bays=5

Each Bay =3.0m

Apply Transfer Model YesOk.


Go to front view.
2. Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle

YD=0.45

ZD=0.30

Add
YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 AddClose . Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Main menu
Select
Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam
Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
3. Loads:
Click Load and Definition Load case details Add.

Number 1.

Loading Type: Dead.

Title: DL Add.
Number 2. Loading Type: Live.
Title: LL Add.
Click load case details Add. Click Load comb
Title: Load comb No.3 Name: 1.5 (DL+LL) Add.
Click Load case 1 Add.
Self weight Selfweight Y Factor =-1 GY Add.
Click Member Load Uniform force Y direction
w1=-12KN/m Add. w1=-6KN/m Add. . w1=-4KN/m Add.
Click Floor Load Pressure =-4KN/m2
Y range Mini =3.0m Max =30.0m Add.
Pressure =-5.25Kn/m2 Y range Mini=30.2 Max=33.0 Add.
Click Load case 2 detailsAdd. Floor Load Pressure=-2KN/m2
Y range Mini=3.0

Max=30.0 Add.

Pressure=-1.50KN/m2 Y range Mini=30.2

Max=33.0 Add.

Highlight SelfweightAssign to view Assign.


Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam
parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall
portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight -6 KN/mFront view Select inner portion of beam Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes.
Go to front view select top portion by windowing Right clickNew view
OK.
Plan viewselect only outer portion and click -4 KN/m Assign to selected

beamAssign Yes.
2.Support:
Support Create Pinned Add.
Click Support 2 Assign to view Assign Close.
3.Analysis/Print Perform Analysis No print Add.
4.Post Print Define Commands Support Reaction Add.
5.Define Commands Load List Select Load Comb 3 from list Add.
6.Analysis Run Analysis Done.
7.Go to Post Processing Click Report set up. Select Load case 3OK. Click
Items Select output from list select Reactions and sent to right in
selected list OK.
Go to File Export report MS word file. From the File copy support
reaction and paste it in a separate excel file.
Select Node No., Fy from the file and copy & paste it in a separate place. In
between Node No. and Fy, type weight and copy for all nodes. Copy
Node No. Weight Fy values from Excell file and paste it below . Joint Weight
of first file example in lumped mass.
Now add the following loads:
Seismic Loads:
Click Load case details Add.
Number 1 Loading Type : Seismic
Title: EQ X+ve Add.
Number 2 Loading Type : Seismic
Title: EQ X -ve Add.
Number 3. Loading Type : Seismic
Title: EQ Z+ve Add.
Number 4. Loading Type : Seismic
Title: EQ Z -ve Add.
Highlight EQ X +ve Add.
Seismic load X Direction Factor=1 Add.

Highlight EQ X -ve Add.


Seismic load X Direction Factor= -1 Add.
Highlight EQ Z +ve Add.
Seismic load Z Direction Factor=1 Add.
Highlight EQ Z -ve Add.
Seismic load Z Direction Factor= -1 Add.
Dead Load:
Click load case details Add.
Number 5. Loading Type: dead.
Title: DL Add.
Live load:
Click load case details Add.
Number 6. Loading Type: Live.
Title: LL Add.
Click DL Add. Self weight
Self weight Y Factor =-1. Add.
Member load Uniform Force W1=-12 KN/m GY Add. w1=-6KN/m Add.
w1=4KN/m Add.
Floor Load Pressure =-4KN/m2 Y range Mini=3.0m Max=30.0m Add.
Pressure =-5.25 KN/m2 Y range Mini=30.2 Max = 33.0 Add.
Click LL Add.
Floor load Pressure=-2 KN/m2
Y range Mini=3.0 Max = 30.0m Add.
Pressure=-1.50 KN/m2
Y range Mini=30.2 Max = 33.0m Add.
Highlight Selfweight Assign to view Assign.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam
parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.

Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall
portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign yes.
Highlight - 6 KN/m Select interior wall Assign to selected beam
AssignYes.
Go to Front view Highlight - 4 KN/mselect top portion by windowing
Right click
New view create a New view OK. Plan view Select outer portion
of the
beam Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
To give Perform analysis - change command:
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After
current
Click Change Add Check After current.
High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After
current
Click Change Add Check After current.
High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After
current
Click Change Add Check After current.
Load combinations:
Commands Loading Edit Auto loads Select Indian code Select: New
category
Category name: say EQ No. of Rule:4
Rule No.

Dead

Live

seismic

1
1.5
2
1.5
3
1.2
4
0.9
Click update Table Close.

1.5
--1.2
---

-1.5
1.2
1.5

Click Load case details Auto Load comb select Indian Code category :
EQ
Generate Loads Add Close.
Main menu Commands Loading Load List (Select Load comb
7 to 19 ) Load list OKClose.
Design:
Click DesignConcrete Current code IS 456Define Parameters
Fc=30,000KN/m2
Add. Fymain=415,000KN/m2 Add. Fysec=415,000KN/m2 Add.
Ratio=3%Add. Click CommandDesign beam Add. Design column
Add. Take offAddClose.
Click Fck=30,000KN/m2 and select the entire structure Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes. Click Fymain=415000KN/m2 and select the
entire structure Assign to selected beam Assign Yes. Click
Fysec=415000KN/m2 and select the entire structure Assign to selected
beam Assign Yes. Click Ratio=3% and select the entire structure
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes. Click design beam
SelectBeam parallel to X and beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes . Click Design ColumnSelect Beam parallel
to Y Assign to selected beam Assign Yes.

Note: Save the File and Run the Program.


Analysis type:
Main menu CommandsAnalysisPerform Analysis No print OK.
Post Analysis Print:
Main menuCommandsPost analysis print Support Reactions To view
OK.
Analysis:
Main menuAnalysisRun AnalysisDone.
Result:
Click Post processing. view deflection for various loads.
Bending moment Mz:
Click Mz icon.
Results View value Beam results Bending Ends Mid span
Annotate Close.
Shear force Fy:
Click Fy icon.
Results View value Beam results Shear Ends Annotate Close.
(Before click shear force remove previous selection mark)
Axial Force Fx:
Click Fx icon.
Results View value Beam results Axial r Ends Annotate Close.
Design Check:
Main menu SelectBy specification All failed beams. Go to modeling
mode. Select
column ( at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design.
Check the
bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed, change
the size of

the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify the result.
Similarly
check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the
reinforcement. If all are
passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Report:
Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select sections , Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select output.
From output select Beam end forces, reactions, shear forces, axial forces,
Beam force
detail summary.
To Take picture:
Click take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set
up. Select
picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the title in
caption. Adjust
the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select Full page.
To export Results in word file:
File Export Report MS word file. Click save.
Note:
This procedure is very useful in the older version of Staad Pro due to the fact
that in the OLDER version, load list in load cases differ from the load list in
load definition.

In the latter version of Staad Pro 2007, you can just copy paste the loads
from the load cases to the seismic definition and let Staad will do the entire
process of analysing weights but of course there is a need to carefully
change some load name, e.g. instead of floor load that will be floor weights
Member Load will be Member weight etc. It's much easier. This method of
analyzing Earthquake analysis by direct method as MEMBER WEIGHT
METHOD is explained separately.