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HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

CRN 50394

Chapter 15:

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

OSCILLATORY MOTION

1.

In an engine, a piston oscillates with simple harmonic motion so that its position

varies according to the expression

x 5.00 cm cos 2t

6

a.

1.14 s

b.

2.14 s

c.

3.14 s

2. A simple harmonic oscillator takes 12.0 s to undergo five complete vibrations. Find the

angular frequency in radians per second.

a.

2.62 r/s

b.

1.62 r/s

c.

0.62 r/s

3. A piston in a gasoline engine is in simple harmonic motion. Taking the extremes of its

position relative to its center point as 5.00 cm, find the maximum velocity of the piston

when the engine is running at the rate of 3 600 rev/min.

a.

18.8 m/s

a.

15.5 m/s

a.

11.1 m/s

4. A simple pendulum has a mass of 0.250 kg hanging by a string of length of 1.00 m. It

is displaced through an angle of 15.0 and then released. Where will the tension in the

string be maximum.

a.

at = 15

b.

at = 0

5. 7. A 0.500-kg object attached to a spring with a force constant of 8.00 N/m vibrates

in simple harmonic motion with an amplitude of 10.0 cm. Calculate (a) the maximum

value of its speed and acceleration, (b) the speed and acceleration when the object is 6.00

cm from the equilibrium position, and (c) the time interval required for the object to

move from x = 0 to x = 8.00 cm.

5a)

a. v=40 cm/s, a=40 cm/s2

b. v=40 cm/s a=160 cm/s2 c. v=160 cm/s a=40 cm/s2

6b)

a. v=32 cm/s, a=40 cm/s2

b. v=32 cm/s a=96 cm/s2

c. v=32 cm/s a=-96 cm/s2

7c)

a. t=0.232 s b. t=0.323 s c. t=0.4s

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

surface. A horizontal force of 20.0 N is required to hold the object at rest when it is pulled

0.200 m from its equilibrium position (the origin of the x axis). The object is now

released from rest with an initial position of xi = 0.200 m, and it subsequently undergoes

simple harmonic oscillations. Find (a) the force constant of the spring, (b) the frequency

of the oscillations, and (c) the maximum speed of the object. Where does this maximum

speed occur? (d) Find the maximum acceleration of the object.

8a)

9b)

10c)

11d)

a.

a.

a.

a.

100 N/m

1.51 Hz

1.41 m/s

5 m/s2

b.

b.

b.

b.

200 N/m

1.13 Hx

1.61 m/s

15 m/s2

c.

c.

c.

c.

300 N/m

0.91 Hz

1.81 m/s

10 m/s2

12.

While riding behind a car traveling at 3.00 m/s, you notice that one of the cars

tires has a small hemispherical bump on its rim as shown in Figure P15.23. If the radii of

the cars tires are 0.300 m, what is the bumps period of oscillation?

a.

0.528 s

b. 0.628 s

c. 0.728 s

13.

A simple pendulum is 5.00 m long. What is the period of small oscillations for

this pendulum if it is located in an elevator accelerating upward at 5.00 m/s2?

a. 3.65 s

b. 3.85 s

c. 4.05 s

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

Chapter 16: WAVE MOTION

Hand in your answers in class on scantron on Monday 09 August, 2010. Starting from 81

on scantron.

7. A sinusoidal wave is traveling along a rope. The oscillator that generates the wave

completes 40.0 vibrations in 30.0 s. Also, a given maximum travels 425 cm along the

rope in 10.0 s. What is the wavelength of the wave?

a.

b.

c.

0.519 m

0.419 m

0.319 m

8. For a certain transverse wave, the distance between two successive crests is 1.20 m,

and eight crests pass a given point along the direction of travel every 12.0 s. Calculate the

wave speed.

a.

0.8 m/s

b.

0.6 m/s

c.

0.4 m/s

9. A wave is described by y = (2.00 cm) sin (kx t), where k = 2.11 rad/m, = 3.62 rad/s,

x is in meters, and t is in seconds. Determine the amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and

speed of the wave.

a.

b.

c.

A = 2.0 cm

A = 4.0 cm

A = 6.0 cm

= 2.98 cm

= 2.00 cm

= 2.98 cm

f = 0.576 Hz

f = 0.777 Hz

f = 0.576 Hz

v = 1.72 m/s

v = 1.72 m/s

v = 1.72 m/s

Assume the waves have traveled over the same path at speeds of 4.50 km/s and 7.80

km/s. Find the distance from the seismograph to the hypocenter of the earthquake.

a. 100 km

b. 153 km

c. 184 km

23. A piano string having a mass per unit length equal to 5.00 103 kg/m is under a

tension of 1 350 N. Find the speed with which a wave travels on this string.

a. 520 m/s

b. 823 m/s

c. 1040 m/s

3

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

24. Transverse pulses travel with a speed of 200 m/s along a taut copper wire whose

diameter is 1.50 mm. What is the tension in the wire? (The density of copper is 8.92

g/cm3.)

a. 429 N

b. 532 N

c. 631 N

25. An astronaut on the Moon wishes to measure the local value of the free-fall

acceleration by timing pulses traveling down a wire that has an object of large mass

suspended from it. Assume a wire has a mass of 4.00 g and a length of 1.60 m and

assume a 3.00-kg object is suspended from it. A pulse requires 36.1 ms to traverse the

length of the wire. Calculate gMoon from these data. (You may ignore the mass of the wire

when calculating the tension in it.)

a. 0.51 m/s2

b. 1.64 m/s2 c. 1.02 m/s2

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

Chapter 17: SOUND WAVES

Hand in your answers in class on scantron on Monday 09 August, 2010. Starting from 91

on scantron.

1. Suppose you hear a clap of thunder 16.2 s after seeing the associated lightning

stroke. The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s, and the speed of light in air is 3.00 108

m/s. How far are you from the lightning stroke? Do you need to know the value of the

speed of light to answer? Explain.

a.

b.

c.

5.56 km

4.56 km

3.56 km

3. A dolphin in seawater at a temperature of 25C makes a chirp. How much time passes

before it hears an echo from the bottom of the ocean, 150 m below?

a.

b.

c.

0.196 s

0.141 s

0.121 s

16. The area of a typical eardrum is about 5.00 105 m2. Calculate the sound power

incident on an eardrum at (a) the threshold of hearing and (b) the threshold of pain.

a.

b.

c.

5 x 10-17 W,

5 x 10-17 W,

8 x 10-17 W,

5 x10-5 W

8 x10-5 W

5 x10-5 W

33. A driver travels northbound on a highway at a speed of 25.0 m/s. A police car,

traveling southbound at a speed of 40.0 m/s, approaches with its siren producing sound at

a frequency of 2 500 Hz. (a) What frequency does the driver observe as the police car

approaches? (b) What frequency does the driver detect after the police car passes him? (c)

Repeat parts (a) and (b) for the case when the police car is traveling northbound.

a.

b.

c.

2.04 kHz,

3.04 kHz,

5.04 kHz,

2.8 kHz

2.8 kHz

3.04 kHz

5

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

35. Standing at a crosswalk, you hear a frequency of 560 Hz from the siren of an

approaching ambulance. After the ambulance passes, the observed frequency of the siren

is 480 Hz. Determine the ambulances speed from these observations.

a.

26.4 m/s

b.

36.4 m/s

c.

16.4 m/s

5. A flowerpot is knocked off a balcony 20.0 m above the sidewalk and falls toward an

unsuspecting 1.75-m-tall man who is standing below. How close to the sidewalk can the

flowerpot fall before it is too late for a warning shouted from the balcony to reach the

man in time? Assume the man below requires 0.300 s to respond to the warning. The

ambient temperature is 20C.

a. 7.82 m

b. 12.2 m

c. 15.1 m

17. Calculate the sound level (in decibels) of a sound wave that has an intensity of 4.00

W/m2.

a. 46 dB

b. 66 dB

c. 86 dB

25. The power output of a certain public address speaker is 6.00 W. Suppose it broadcasts

equally in all directions. (a) Within what distance from the speaker would the sound be

painful to the ear? (b) At what distance from the speaker would the sound be barely

audible?

A

a. 0.591 m

b. 0.691 m

c. 0.88 m

B

a. 0.591 km b. 69.1 km

c. 691 km

28. A fireworks rocket explodes at a height of 100 m above the ground. An observer on

the ground directly under the explosion experiences an average sound intensity of 7.00

102 W/m2 for 0.200 s. (a) What is the total sound energy of the explosion? (b) What is the

sound level (in decibels) heard by the observer?

A

B

a. 1.76 kJ

a. 96 dB

b. 2.26 kJ

b. 108 dB

c. 1.7 J

c. 146 dB

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

STANDING WAVES

1.

Two waves in one long string are described by the wave functions:

y1 = 3.0Cos(4.0x 1.6t) and

y2 = 4.0Cos(5.0x 2.0t)

where x and y are in cm and t is in seconds. Find the value of y when the two waves are

in superposition at a point x=1.0 cm and t=0.5s.

a.

6.02 cm

b.

-6.02 cm

c.

3.01 cm

d.

-3.01 cm

2.

A string is stretched and fixed at both ends, 200 cm apart. If the density of the string is

0.015 g/cm, and its tension is 600 N, what is the wavelength (in cm) of the first harmonic?

a.

600

b.

400

c.

800

d.

1000

e.

200

3.

A stretched string is observed to vibrate in three equal segments when driven by a 480 Hz

oscillator. What is the fundamental frequency of vibration for this string?

a.

480 Hz

b.

320 Hz

c.

160 Hz

d.

640 Hz

e.

240 Hz

4.

Two tuning forks with frequencies 264 and 262 Hz produce "beats". What is the beat

frequency (in Hz)?

a.

4

b.

2

c.

1

d.

3

e.

0 (no beats are produced)

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