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estimation and prediction, generalized least squares (GLS) estimation and prediction,

heteroscedastic
disturbances, pure and mixed estimation.
Auto correlation, its consequences and tests. Theil BLUS procedure, estimation and prediction,
multi-collinearity
problem, its implications and tools for handling the problem, ridge regression.
Linear regression and stochastic regression, instrumental variable estimation, errors in variables,
autoregressive
linear regression, lagged variables, distributed lag models, estimation of lags by OLS method,
Koycks geometric
lag model.
Simultaneous linear equations model and its generalization, identification problem, restrictions
1. CANDIDATES TO ENSURE THEIR ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION :
Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for
admission to the
Examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional
subject to satisfying
the prescribed eligibility conditions.
Mere issue of e-Admit Card to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature
has been finally cleared by
the Commission.
Verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents is taken up only after the
candidate has
qualified for Interview/Personality Test.
2. HOW TO APPLY :
Candidates are required to apply online only by using the website www.upsconline.nic.in Brief
instructions for
filling up the online Application Form have been given in Appendix-II. Detailed instructions are
available on the
above mentioned website.
3. LAST DATE FOR SUBMISSION OF APPLICATIONS:
The Online Applications can be filled up to 12th February, 2016 till 11.59

11.3 Reading a Matrix or Data Frame From a File

The function read.table() was discussed in Section 6.1. Here is a bit more on it.
_ The default value of header is FALSE, so if we dont have a header, we need not
say so.
_ By default, character strings are treated as R factors. To turn this feature off,
include the argument
as.is=T in your call to read.table().
_ If you have a spreadsheet export file, i.e. of type .csv in which the fields are
separated by commas instead
of spaces, use read.csv() instead of read.table(). There is also read.xls to read core
spreadsheet
files.
_ Note that if you read in a matrix via read.table(), the resulting object will be a data
frame, even if all
the entries are numeric. You may need it as a matrix, in which case do a followup
call to as.matrix().
There appears to be no good way of reading in a matrix from a file. One can use
read.table() and then
convert. A simpler way is to use scan() to read in the matrix row by row, making
sure to use the byrow
option in the function matrix

CENCORED DATA
Some patients may still be alive or in remission at the end of the study
period
The exact survival times of these subjects are unknown
These are called censored observation or censored times and can also
occur when individuals are lost to follow-up after a period of study

Survival time refers to a variable which measures the time from a


particular starting time (e.g., time initiated the treatment) to a
particular endpoint of interest (e.g., attaining certain functional
abilities)

It is important to note that for some subjects in the study a


complete survival time may not be available due to censoring