Presentation to PVCC Introduction to Education

Examination of 5 of the top 10 IT Action Items emphasis on #5 (iPBL’s)
by Jeff Billings

The Metiri Group

The Challenge
• • •
Kids are digital and they “Get IT” Too many educational organizations are still analog, and don’t “Get IT” It’s 2006 - and the American Education System’s clock is ticking

Tick, Tick, Tick


Technological Change??

Where we want to be...

Where we’re going to be...

Getting IT - #1 of Top 10 IT Action Items
#1) Put iBooks/laptops in the hands of Students (24/7)

We can no longer imagine a work environment where executives, secretaries, engineers, sales, all wait for their turn at the computer. Why then are high school students only provided computers in an elective course, and elementary students get their once a week shot in a “special area” at the end of the hall? Computers must be ubiquitously located where the students work and learn.*

* Wording loosely taken from Florida Department of Education task force on laptop computing....

Getting IT - #2 of Top 10 IT Action Items
#2) BRIDGE - A relevant 7-12 education model of “bridging” the instructional day with the growing tendency of students to engage at home in online communities.
Make all homework, “testlets”, writing prompts and reports be done online in “workspace” environments, similar to “MySpace”, “MyWorkspace” of IDEAL, or Moodle (Learning Management System). Capitalize on multimedia resources, such as; interactive web sites, streaming movies, etc.. Leave traditional “classroom” time for analog instruction (hopefully, inquiry, and project based, with minimal didactic, whole group, etc.), and enhance instruction where possible with multimedia delivery (internet, projectors, etc.).

Original Concept - Jeff Billings

Online Workspace/Learning Environments

Getting IT - #3 of Top 10 IT Action Items
#3) Implement Gen Yes and Generation Tech

Gen Yes students learn to collaborate with teachers throughout the school to create unique projects that integrate technology into the curriculum. Gen Yes is the only U.S. Department of Education designated as “exemplary”, for Professional Development of Teachers in Technology. Generation Tech provides schools a proven system to create a sustainable student tech support program. The concept leverages our largest human resource (students), with the highest technology skill set (students).
Concept -

Getting IT - #4 of Top 10 IT Action Items
#4) Get Educators into Collaborative, Online, “Social Networking” Environments
Teachers are classroom isolated. Principals are school isolated. Yet, the organizational challenges of physical “inservices”, physical professional development, and “prep” time, are too many. Shift to digital best practices by going online in workflow and collaboration environments. Deploy and integrate 21st - century tools, such as; audio/video conferencing, blogs, podcasts, RSS, wikis, threaded bulletin boards, list serves, etc.. Move from the web to Web 2.0 (Read/Write, interactive web). Time is too precious - Tick, Tick, Tick.....
Original Concept- Jeff Billings

Getting IT - #5 of Top 10 IT Action Items
#5) Project-Based Learning with a twist, Bring PBL’s into the 21st Century with Information Technology - “iPBL”
The world lives and works through timelines, schedules and deliverables (i.e., Projects). Education needs to provide curricular content, in only an interdisciplinary format, and only using the model of projects. The research is clear on Project-Based Learning. Every student project should be conceptualized (thinking maps), researched, managed, and demonstrated using information technology. High Tech High uses “Presentations of Learning” and “Digital Portfolios”- makes sense to me....;-)
iPBL Original Concept - Jeff Billings High Tech High in San Diego lives this stuff and they’re good

Youth - Our Clients
2005 - Survey of 8 to 18 year olds 6.5 hours a day with electronics 2.3 hours a day with parents

Kaiser Family Foundation - 2005

Instructional Connection Gap

The InfoSavvy Group, as summarized by Apple Computers - 2003

As secondary educators wrestle with re-tooling in the digital age, learning the IT culture/language, and.... As secondary education struggles with Rigor, Relavance and Relationships....

the World has become flat.

Remember when - “Made In America” was the marketing pitch 5 years ago - 38% of products were made overseaʼs Today - over 70% of products are “Made in China” And, we sleep on...... Now we get, “Welcome to WalMart”

Shanghi of Past

Shanghi Today

Itʼs Happening
In 2003, 25,00 US tax returns were prepared in India. In 2005, over 400,000 Over 90% of the interpretations of U.S. x-rays are now done overseaʼs I took an online Cisco VoIP class from a company and instructor in Saudi Arabia Students can take AP Calculus online from teachers in India Stanford University has entered the online high school market place One of the fastest growing - Florida Virtual High School - 6 years - 77 to 33,000 students (part & full time), with 280 teachers (part & full time)

IT - The Flattener
For the first time in history One can have an idea Send to Singapore to design protoype Send to Germany for engineering Send to China for manufacturing Send to Switzerland for banking Send to New York for advertisiing All done from Brazil

Who will it be?
1600ʼs Spanish 1700ʼs Dutch 1800ʼs English 1900ʼs Americans 2000ʼs ???
Concept -

The Solution
Educating our populace is our best chance IT is the best catalyst to change our practices, shake the status quo, and improve learning

HTH is a model of a modern, 21st-century, ubiquitous-computing, high school in today’s “American Education System” Let’s take a look to see if their model can help and if it can be replicated....

HTH Founded on...
• •
“No one knows who I am” “I don’t see the relevance”

Consistent survey answers by high school students across the country, when asked about their high school experience

Nestled in San Diego, in four years, the model has developed to opening a series of partner and sibling schools

High Tech High

High Visibility
Oprah Winfrey Show Funding from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Governors, Business Leaders, Educational Leaders Press

• • • • •

High Tech High High Tech Middle High Tech Elem. High Tech High International Partner schools in Texas, Chicago, Georgia, New Mexico
High Tech High International

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Chartered by San Diego City School District Random drawings of applications matching SDUSD zip codes They’ve compiled impressive results

• • •

When you walk the facilities, you see learning, real learning occurring One of their common intellectual threads is based on John Dewey, “Understanding derives from activity” Everything is about “projects”

Based on Research
• • •
High Tech High was started by several education reformers who had compiled years of research They have remained true to their guiding design principles at HTH “Educational Entrepreneurs”

Three Design Principles
• • •
Personalization Common Intellectual Mission Adult World Connection

Small schools (<400 students) Small classes (<25) Advisor (teacher) assigned to every student and stays for all four years - at least once a year home visit Team teaching - interdisciplinary - e.g., language/ physics Loop teaching - 9/10 and 11/12 No Tracking - Heterogenous Groups

Common Intellectual Mission
Talk the talk - Walk the talk Live no distinction between “college prep” and “carrer ed” The Curriculum “IS” Projects - Project Based Learning Modified Block Scheduling - Projects - Schedule Busting Performance/Rubrics & Authentic Assessments & Digital Portfolios Student as active learner - Teacher as Facilitator All students demonstrate and defend their learning through “Presentations of Learning” Grade level advancement - Transitional Performances of Learning Ubiquitous Computing - Everywhere, yet transparent

HTH has reversed a 100-year history of separating technical and academic subjects in American high schools, by linking the two in a project-based environment. All HTH students use technology to engage in scientific, mathematical, literary, historical, and artistic pursuits.

Six A’s of Designing Projects
• • • • • •
Academic Rigor Authenticity Applied Learning Active Exploration Adult Connections Assessment Practices

• • • • •
Begin with the End in Mind – skills, standards, and habits of mind Craft the Driving Question – samples Plan the Assessments -- rubrics Map the project -- the scope Manage the Project -- project tools

Ubiquitous Computing

HTH - Presentations of Learning & Digital Portfolios


Ubiquitous Computing

Adult World Connection
“Some of our best learning occurs outside of school” 9th and 10th graders - “shadow” adult programs 11th grade semester internship (two afternoons a week) with a business or agency Substantial Senior Project on topic of interest or concern to the community

Three years running 100% of graduates go to college 80% - 4 year university 20% - 2 year college 50% - 1st generation attendees

3 years in a row, awarded ten, scores of 10 - only school in San Diego to do so score in top level on state standardized tests scored 2nd out of 100 similar demographic schools in California

When I visited with some of their graduates (now in college), I asked them how college was going. A statement that stood out to me, was “college courses are like projects and we know how to do those”.

Presentations of Learning (POL’s) are embedded everywhere Every student maintains a digital portfolio Mobile, wireless, ubiquitous computing Mechanical technology (sabre saws, drills, glue guns, materials, etc.) Traditional Calendar: September - May High School Starts at 9am Teachers meet every day from 8am to 9am to assess, plan, develop HTH first school in California granted the charter to certify their own teachers

Digital Portfolios



HTH ignores the march of “high stakes testing” HTH focuses on continual “authentic assessment” - continual rubrics of real life applicability From information to knowledge to third order learning (engineering)

Habits of Mind
Students Are Constantly Reminded

Significance - Why is it important? Perspective - What is the point of view? Evidence - How do you know? Connection - How does it apply? Supposition - What if it were different?

Every student ponders his and other’s work with the above habits, but can only critique if the criticism is helpful, specific and kind

Circular Seminar Halls
Following HTH facility design principles, the high school includes areas for; commons, specialty labs, project rooms, shared teacher offices, outdoor learning spaces, galleries, multipurpose seminar rooms, and support offices. From the entire village housing High Tech Middle, High Tech International and High Tech High, down to the smallest production area, it’s all about learning.

HTH International with Country Logos

Open, Lighted, Commons

Shared Teacher Workrooms

Student Tables in Team Seating

HTH molds curricular content and technology together in relevant project-based learning, infusing ubiquitous computing as “iPBL’s” HTH focuses on knowing their clients, from small school and class size, to going to the student’s home HTH exhibits best practices of schedule busting, significant planning time, interdisciplinary teaming, and heterogenous grouping HTH bridges the student world to the adult environment and vice versa, with relevant business and community projects and internships The time for the HTH model of secondary education is now and it is replicable

The Metiri Group