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v0 0

Initial velocity
Distance traveled, s = 10m
Time t = 4s
m 40 kg
Using the equation of motion,
1
s v0t at 2
2
1
2
10 0 3 a 4
2
2
a 1.25 m/s
W mg
W 40 9.81
W 392.4 N

K 0.25
Apply equilibrium condition.
Fy 0

N W cos 20 P sin 50 0
N 368.74 0.766 P

P cos 50 K N W sin 20 m a

P cos 50 0.25 368.74 0.766 P 392.4 sin 20 40 1.25


0.4513P 276.16
P 612 N

13-28)
aA

2mB a0 m A mB g

m A mB

aB

2m A a0 mA mB g

m A mB

13-31)

am

aA

Acceleration of man
and block
are assumed to be directed upwards
Equations of motion
Considering free body diagram of man
Fy ma y

T Wm mm am
T mm g mm am

T 70 9.81 70am

Considering Free-body diagram is block A


Fy ma y

T WA m A a A

T mA g mAa A

T 80 9.81 80a A

Here the rope has acceleration with a magnitude equal to that of block A
ar a A
i.e.,
is directed downwards
Applying relative acceleration equation
am ar am / r

am a A 0.25

am
Substituting value of
T 70 9.81 70am

in equation (1), we get

T 70 9.81 70 a A 0.25
T 70 9.81 0.25 a A
Substituting T in equation (2)
T 80 9.81 80a A
70 9.81 0.25 a A 80 9.81 80a A
a A 80 70 70 9.81 0.25 80 9.81
aA

70 0.25 5 9.81
150

a A 0.210 m/s 2 ve indicates accelerating is acting upwards


Tension in the rope,
T 70 9.81 0.25 a A

T 70 9.81 0.25 0.210


T 718.9 N
Learning goal:

13-41P
Consider block A

Fx Max

P N C sin m A a A

8
aA
32.2

20 N C sin15

Consider block B

Fy ma y

NC cos wB mB aB
15
aB
32.2

NC cos15 15

From the above geometry


S
tan15 B
SA

S B S A tan15
Differentiating the above expression twice with respect to time ,we get
aB a A tan15
3
Solving equations (1) (2) & (3), we get
From equations (1)
8
NC sin15 20
aA
32.2
1
8

NC
20
a A

sin15
32.2
From equation (2)
1
15
NC
15

aB
cos15
32.2
1
8
1
15

20
a A
15
aB

sin15
32.2
cos15
32.2
From equation (3)
1
8
1
15

20
a A
15
a A tan15


sin15
32.2
cos15
32.2
Solving the equation:
8
15

20
a A tan15 15
a A tan15
32.2
32.2

8
15
2
20
a A 15 tan15
a A tan15
32.2
32.2
8
15
aA
tan15 2 20 15 tan15
32.2
32.2
20 15 tan15
aA
8
2
15
32.2 tan15 32.2
15.9807
aA
0.28189
a A 56.69 ft/s 2
From equation (3)
aB a A tan15

aB 56.69 tan15
aB 15.19 ft/s 2

13-82)

y f x
We know, path defined as
, then radius of curvature at the point where particle
located is determined using the formulae

2 3/ 2

dy
1
dx

d2y
dx 2

y 25

Equation of path,
dy
1

2x
dx
200

1 2
x
200

dy
0.01x
dx

d2y
0.01
dx 2
Substitute the known values in equation of the radius of curvature
1 0.01x 2

0.01

At

x0

3/2

1 02

3/ 2

0.01

A 100 m
At

x 25 m

1 0.01 25 2

B
0.01

3/ 2

B 109.52 m

The angle of the hill slope at any point


dy
tan
dx
tan 0.01x
x0
At
tan A 0.01 0

tan A 0

A 0o
x 25 m
At
tan B 0.01 25

tan B 0.25

B 14.04

Equations of motion:
Particles normal acceleration always acts in the positive n direction, i.e. towards the paths
center of curvature
Fn man

W cos N man
mg cos N m

v2

N mg cos m

v2

N 800 9.81cos 800

v2

v2

N 7848cos 800

On the road at point A the car is just about to lose contact with the road .So, normal
reaction acting on the car is zero
N NA 0

A 100 m
From equation (1)
800v 2
0 7848cos 0
100
2
v 981
v 31.32 m/s

B 14.04
When the car is at B,
B 109.52 m
From equation (1)
N B 7848cos 14.04

800(31.32) 2
109.52

N B 7613.55 7165.4
N B 448.16 N
13-56)
Consider the equilibrium of forces along the tangential direction.
^ Ft mat
Rx cos 45 R y cos 45 w cos 45 ma
1

R y
2

Rx

1
1
w
ma
2
2

(1)

Consider the equilibrium of forces along the radial (or) normal direction.
[ Fn man
mv 2
Rx sin 45 R y sin 45 w sin 45

R y
2

Rx

mv 2
1
1

2
2

Add equation (1) and equation (2).

1
1
Rx

R y
w

2
2

1
1
Rx

R y
w

2
2

mv 2
1
2
R

ma

(2)

mv 2
ma

62
1

75

0.5

75

10
2


1.4142 Rx 37.5 270

2 Rx

307.5
1.4142
Rx 217.43 N
Rx

217.43 N for Rx
Substitute
1

217.43 Ry
2

R y
2

217.43

in equation (1).
1
1
w
ma
2
2
1

1
75 9.81 75 0.5
2

217.43 R y 735.75 2 75 0.5


R y 518.32 53.033
R y 571.35 N

Rx 217 N
R y 571 N

13-63)
The speed of the passenger is given by
80 1000
v
m/s
60 60
v 22.22 m/s

an
Normal acceleration
always acts in the positive direction .There is no acceleration in
the bi-normal direction.
v2
an

22.222
an
105
an 4.7 m/s 2
Consider free-body diagram of passenger
Equilibrium of forces in the bi-normal direction:
Fb 0
;
N cos W 0
N cos mg 0
N

9.81m
cos

Equilibrium of forces in the normal direction:

Fn man

N sin man
N sin m 4.7
Substituting value of N in the above equation, we get,
9.81m

sin m 4.7
cos
4.7
tan
9.81
tan 0.479

25.6
13-68)

an
Normal acceleration
curvature.
v2
an

an

always acts in the positive normal direction i.e., center of

752
600

an 9.375 ft/s 2
Equation of motion:
Ft mat

Ft mat
3450
6
32.2
Ft 642.86 lb
Ft

Fn

man

Fn man
3450
9.375
32.2
Fn 1004.5 lb
Fn

Resultant force,
F Ft 2 Fn 2
F 642.862 1004.52
F 1192.6 lb
13-94)

& 5.698 rad/s


13-104)

T 5.66 N
13-110)
vr 2.5 m s and
v 2 m s

13-121)
vP 856 m/s

v A 4.52 km/s

Learning goal:
R 4.23 107 m
13-119)
v A 4.63km/s

vB 7.71km/s
Video solution:
a A 9.66 ft/s 2
aB 21.3ft/s 2
Option a is correct
Video solution:
a) T 76.9 lb
b) T 74.1lb
Option 4 is correct
Video solution:
a A 4.28ft/s 2 down the slope
Option 3 is correct
Video solution:
v 15.23ft/s
Option 2 is correct
Video solution:
at 9.36 m/s 2
N 310 N
Option a is correct

Video solution:
v p 995.3m/s
Option 3 is correct
13-3)
Equate all the forces in the X direction to get acceleration
P cos 30 mg P sin 30 ma

as :

225cos 30 0.3 60 9.81 225sin 30


60
2
a 0.867 m/s
a

Calculate the velocity of the block after 3 seconds using the equation of motion as
v u at
v 0 0.867 4
v 3.47 m/s
Calculate the distance travelled by the block after 3 seconds using equation of motion as
1
s ut at 2
2
1
2
s 0 3 0.867 4
2
s 6.94 m
13-18)
t 1.82 s
s 5.30 ft

13-26)

FAB
Calculate the magnitude of spring force
FAB k AB s

using the following equation

FAB 2000 s
Calculate the magnitude of spring force using the following equation
FBC k BC s

FBC 3000 s '


Apply force equilibrium condition along horizontal direction
Fx max

F FAB FCB ma
5000 3000 s 2000 s 2a
5000 3000 s 2000 s 2a
5000 5000s
2
a 2500 2500 s
a

Consider the equation of Acceleration as a function of displacement.


ads vdv
Integrate the above equation
0.09

2500 2500s ds vdv


0

2 0.09

s
2500 s 2500
2

v2

0.092
v2

2
2

2500 0.09 2500

v 2 2 214.875
v 429.75
v 20.73m s
3-17)
Calculate the frictional force developed between A and the surface.
Ff k N A
A

F
f

0.19 N A

Write the force equilibrium equations perpendicular to the surface.


N A w cos man
N A w cos

w
an
g
13
0
32.2

N A 13cos 60
N A 6.5 lb

Similarly, write the force equilibrium equations parallel to the surface


T F f A w sin mat
w
at
g

T k N A w sin

13
at
32.2

T 0.19 6.5 13sin 60


T 10.02 0.404at

... (1)
Calculate the frictional force developed between B and surface
Ff k N B
B

0.19 N B

Write the force equilibrium perpendicular to the surface as


N B w cos man
32.2 ft/s 2

Substitute 10 lb for w,
13
N B 13cos 30
0
32.2
N B 11.26 lb

for g,

60

for

an

, and 0 for

Write the force equilibrium equation parallel to the surface.

T Ff

w sin mat
w
at
g

T k N B w sin

32.2 ft/s 2

Substitute 10 lb for w,

T 0.19 11.26 13sin 30

for g,
13
at
32.2

NB

8.660 lb
for

, and

30

T 8.64 0.404at
T 8.64 0.404at
(2)

for

5.866 0.3105at

Substitute
T 10.02 0.404at

for

from equation (2) in equation (1)

8.64 0.404at 10.02 0.404 at


0.808at 1.38
at 1.71ft/s 2
13-38)
Calculate the normal reaction between the block and the surface by applying Newtons
law in y direction.
Fy ma y
(Take upward direction +ve):
N C mg cos 0
N C 12 9.81cos 30 0
N C 101.95 N

Calculate the acceleration of the block by applying Newtons law in x direction.


Fx max
(Take downward direction +ve):
mg sin k N C ma

12 9.81 sin 30 0.29 101.95 12a


a 2.44 m s 2

Calculate the final velocity of the block by using the equation of motion.
vB2 v A2 2as
2.5 m s

vA

Substitute
for , and 3 m for s in the above equation.
2
2
vB 2.2 2 2.44 3
vB 4.414 m s
13-63)
Calculate the mass of the boy.
W Mg
145 M 32.2
M 4.5 slugs

Calculate the normal reaction on the man exerted by the cushion by use of equilibrium
equation along y direction.
Fy Man
MV 2
N Mg cos
sin
r
4.5 212
sin 60
8
N 145cos 60 248sin 60
N 4.5 32.2 cos 60
N 287.33 lb
Calculate the frictional force on the man exerted by the cushion by use of equilibrium
equation along x direction.
Fx Man
Mg sin F

MV 2
cos
r

4.5 212
cos 60
8
145sin 60 F 248.06 cos 60

4.5 32.2 sin 60 F


F 1.57 lb

13-69)
Ff 1.11 kN
N 6.73 kN
13-67)
The speed of the passenger is given by
80 1000
v
m/s
60 60
v 22.22 m/s

an
Normal acceleration
always acts in the positive direction .There is no acceleration in
the bi-normal direction.

an

v2

22.222
an
135
an 3.66 m/s 2
Consider free-body diagram of passenger
Equilibrium of forces in the bi-normal direction:
Fb 0
;
N cos W 0
N cos mg 0
N

9.81m
cos

Equilibrium of forces in the normal direction:

Fn man

N sin man
N sin m 4.7
Substituting value of N in the above equation, we get,
9.81m

sin m 3.66
cos
3.66
tan
9.81
tan 0.373

20.5
13-78)

31.3
13-73)

v gr
N B 2mg

13-84)

N 33.759 lb
a 59.75 ft s

13-95)
Apply the equation of motion for
F ma

component.

& 2r&
0 m r&
&

1 d 2 &
r 0
r dt

Thus,
d r 2& 0

r & C
r & r &
2

2
0

0.4 1.3 0.282&


1
2

&
1 2.65 rad s
Calculate the radial acceleration of the ball at that instant.
2
ar &
r& r&
1
ar 0 0.28 2.652
ar 1.966 m s 2

Write the equation for force in radial direction.


Fr mar
T 3 1.966
T 5.89 N
13-118)

v0

GM e e 1
r0

r0

Me

Substituting value of ,G,


in the above formulae:
12
66.73 10 5.976 10 24 0.21 1
v0
8.378 10 6
vB 57.59 106
vB 7.59 103
vB 7.59 km/s

ra
Maximum distance from the orbit to the center of the earth is
ra
= radius of the earth+ Distance from surface of earth to apogee
rp ra
Relation between
, can be expressed as:
r0
ra
2GM e
1
r0v0 2
ra

ra

8.378 106
2 66.73 1012 5.976 1024
1
8.378 106 75892

8.378 106
1.65 1

ra 12.89 106 m

Velocity at point A is given by


r
v A p vB
ra

8.378 106
vA
7589
12.89 106

v A 4932.6 m/s
v A 4.32 km/s

13-116)
v 2.57 km s
13-97)
Calculate the radius of curvature of the particle at that instant.
0.5
r
cos
0.5sec

Obtain the first derivative of


r& 0.5sec tan &

as follows:
. (2)

r
Obtain the second derivatives of as follows:
&
& sec tan &
&
r& 0.5 sec tan & tan sec 3 &

Substitute the value of


r 0.5sec
0.5sec35
0.61 m

35 for

35 for

Substitute the value of


r& 0.5sec tan &

(1)

(3)

in the equation (1).

2 rad sec
and

for &
in the equation (2).

0.5sec 35 tan 35 2
0.855 m s
30 for

2 rad

sec for &

Substitute the value of


,
and
equation (3).
&
& sec tan &
&
r& 0.5 sec tan & tan sec3 &

3 rad sec
2

0.5 sec35 tan 35 2 tan 35 sec 35 2 2 sec 35 tan 35 2


3

0.5 1.197 3.64 2 1.71


5.69 m s 2

Calculate the radial acceleration.


ar &
r& &2 r
ar 5.69 0.61 22
ar 3.25 m s 2
Write the equation for centripetal acceleration as follows:
& 2r&
a r&
&
a 0.61 2 2 0.855 2
a 4.64 m s 2
Calculate normal reaction using the free body diagram.
Fr mar
N cos mg cos mar

N cos 35 0.8 9.81 cos 35 0.8 3.25


N 11.02 N
Calculate the force of the rod on the particle.
F ma
F mg sin N sin ma

F 0.8 9.81 sin 35 11.02 sin 35 0.8 4.64


F 1.819 3.712
F 5.53 N

&
for &
in the