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NAME:

SIGNATURE:
CLIENT NUMBER:
DATE:
LICENCE TYPE -

Private Pilot Licence

SUBJECT -

PPL Meteorology
Time Allowed:

1 Hour 10 Minutes

Total Questions:

31

Total Marks:

30

Pass Mark:

70%

Items Supplied with Paper:


Examination Answer Sheet (ASL 006)

Candidate To Supply:
Writing Equipment

Sample Paper

Code

PMT10 R 3

Page 1 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

NOTICE TO CANDIDATES
Candidates are reminded that Civil Aviation Rules (CAR) Part 61.19 and Part 66.15 state:
(a)

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(1)

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Aviation Services Limited

Sample Paper

Code

PMT10 R 3

Page 2 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

INSTRUCTIONS

1.

Print your name and sign the cover of the answer sheet.

2.

Questions carry equal marks.

3.

ALL questions are to be answered by placing a cross on the answer sheet with
respect to the answer you consider to be correct, as shown below. Only one square
is to be marked.
12
A
B
C

4.

If you wish to change your answer, fill the box in completely and cross another.

5.

Choose the answer which you think best answers the question.

6.

You may provide feedback by writing your comments on the Candidate Examination
Review sheet which is the last page of this paper.

7.

This examination paper, along with all other material, is to be handed to the
Supervisor at the conclusion of the examination.

Sample Paper

Code

PMT10 R 3

Page 3 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology
PART I
Mark
1

If a strong northerly wind is blowing across a range of hills lying east-west you would expect to find the
most turbulent flying conditions:
A

immediately south of the range.

immediately north of the range.

immediately above the ridge.

only where marked temperature changes occur.

The lifting of radiation fog may be caused by:


A

an increase in wind strength.

an increase in relative humidity.

a decrease in temperature.

the formation of upper cloud.

Airframe icing is most likely to occur when:


A

there is no visible moisture present and the temperature is above 0C.

there is no visible moisture present and the temperature is below 0C.

visible moisture is present and the temperature is below freezing point.

visible moisture is present and the temperature is above freezing level.

From the following cloud types, the one from which heavy rain would most likely be falling and reaching
the ground is:
A

stratocumulus.

nimbostratus.

cirrostratus.

cirrocumulus.

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PMT10 R 3

Page 4 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map joining places:


A

where the wind direction is the same.

of equal barometric pressure.

where windspeed is the same.

of equal temperature.

As a vigorous cold front passes there is usually:


A

an increase in the temperature and considerable change in wind direction.

a decrease in temperature and a considerable change in wind direction.

an increase in temperature but no change in wind direction.

a decrease in temperature but no change in wind direction.

The belt of bad weather associated with a pronounced warm front is:
A

accompanied by thunderstorms, heavy showers and severe turbulence.

accompanied by towering CU and CB's with considerable rain and hail.

widespread, with considerable low cloud and rain.

accompanied by high winds, extensive rain and warm temperatures.

You are on approach to land at an airfield where substantial windshear has been reported on final.
Your response to this would be to:
A

maintain approach speed and increase power.

increase approach speed using power to maintain profile.

continue with a normal approach.

reduce approach speed and increase power.

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PMT10 R 3

Page 5 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

10

11

12

On a clear hot summer afternoon near to the sea, you would expect:
A

the air over the sea to rise due to reflective heating and cause a breeze to blow from the
land towards the sea.

the land to heat up more than the water and cause air to flow from the land to the sea.

the air over the sea to heat up and move in under the cold air over the land.

the air over the land to heat up more quickly than the air over the sea; to rise and allow
cold air to flow in from over the sea.

Which of the following statements regarding pressure systems is correct for the Southern Hemisphere?
A

An anticyclone is a weather system with the lowest pressure at the centre; the winds blow
anti-clockwise around the system.

A depression is a weather system with the lowest pressure at the centre; the winds blow
clockwise around the system.

A depression is a weather system with the highest pressure at the centre; the winds blow
clockwise around the system.

An anticyclone is a weather system with the highest pressure at the centre; the winds blow
clockwise around the system.

When air is heated it:

contracts, rises and then warms.

expands, sinks and then cools.

contracts, sinks and then warms.

expands, rises and then cools.

A general indication of the likelihood of the formation of fog can best be gained by checking the:
A

windspeed.

cloud cover.

relationship between the ambient temperature and dew-point.

relationship between the environmental temperature lapse rate and relative humidity.

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PMT10 R 3

Page 6 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

13

14

15

16

Radiation fog usually reaches a maximum intensity shortly after:


A

midday.

sunset.

sunrise.

midnight.

Your track during a cross-country flight takes you past a mountain range on the lee side and below the
height of some ridges. When you are advised that rotor streaming has been reported in the area, you
consider this to be:
A

not serious because the phenomenon is short-lived and can easily be outclimbed if
necessary.

very serious at levels higher than the mountain ridges, but below ridge height there will be
light turbulence and little wind.

not serious because the effect will be felt only on the windward side where strong gusts
and turbulence will be experienced.

very serious because downdraughts will be very strong and turbulence can be severe.

A condition where the air temperature at a given height is warmer than that at a lower level is referred to
as:
A

an inversion and is an indication of unstable weather.

an inversion and you would expect smooth flying conditions immediately above the
inversion.

a reverse temperature condition and you would expect very good flight visibility below the
temperature reversal.

an inversion, and you would expect very good flight visibility below the inversion.

It is not advisable to land a light aeroplane during a thunderstorm, even though the cloud base is
relatively high and rain showers are light, because of the possibility of:
A

changeable wind conditions and the possibility of up or downdraughts.

poor visibility in the showers and a risk of airframe icing.

loss of radio communication due to heavy atmospheric static.

loss of braking action on a wet runway.

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PMT10 R 3

Page 7 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

17

18

19

20

In practice the approximate value used in the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) for temperature
lapse rate is:
A

1.5C.

2.0C.

3.0C.

3.5C.

Orographic effect could be defined as a:


A

katabatic wind.

geostrophic wind.

coriolis effect on the pressure system.

airmass uplift due to terrain.

A Fohn wind is:


cool and wet.

dry and warm.

wet and warm.

caused by lenticular cloud.

Hoar frost is most likely to form on an aeroplane:


A

on a calm, cloudy night.

where the air temperature is just above freezing point.

only in conditions of freezing rain.

on a calm clear night.

Code

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PMT10 R 3

Page 8 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology
PART II
Refer to the General Aviation Weather Brief in Appendix A to answer questions 21 to 30.

Mark
21

22

23

Which option correctly states the information contained within the NZAA TAF from "23010KT..."
to"...BKN060"??
A

Surface wind 230 degrees True at 10 knots, visibility 40 kilometres, rain showers,
scattered cloud base 300 feet above aerodrome level and broken cloud base 600 feet
above aerodrome level.

Surface wind 230 degrees Magnetic at 10 knots, visibility 40 kilometres, rain showers,
scattered cloud base 300 feet above mean sea level and broken cloud base 600 feet
above mean sea level.

Surface wind 230 degrees True at 10 knots, visibility 40 kilometres, rain showers,
scattered cloud base 3,000 feet above aerodrome level and broken cloud base 6,000 feet
above aerodrome level.

Surface wind 230 degrees Magnetic at 10 knots, visibility 40 kilometres, rain showers,
scattered cloud base 3,000 feet above mean sea level and broken cloud base 6,000 feet
above mean sea level.

The base of the lowest cloud cover reported in the NZTG METAR is:
A

200ft above mean sea level.

400ft above mean sea level.

2,000ft above aerodrome level.

4,000ft above aerodrome level.

With reference to the NZAA METAR, what does "12/11" mean?


A

Likelihood of unlimited visibility.

Temperature 12C and Dew-point 11C.

Dew-point 12 and Temperature 11C.

Likelihood of rain showers.

Sample Paper

Code

PMT10 R 3

Page 9 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

24

25

26

27

28

At what time would the next METAR be available at NZWN?


A

1000 NZDT

2200 NZST

2200 NZDT

2200 UTC

A flight is planned in the TE KUITI area mid-morning. The average height of the terrain in the area is
500 feet above mean sea level (AMSL). At what height above ground level would you expect the lowest
cloud layer to be?
A

500ft

1,300ft

1,800ft

2,500ft

With reference to the NZHN METAR, is the reported surface wind direction in degrees true or magnetic?
A

True

Magnetic

Refer to the NZPM TAF. What is the meaning of "BECMG 0003"?


A

Surface wind becoming 000 degrees True at 3 knots.

Surface wind becoming calm at 0300 UTC.

A change in visibility expected between 0000 and 0300 UTC.

A wind change expected between 0000 and 0300 UTC.

The NZTG METAR was issued at:


A

1000 UTC.

2100 UTC.

2100 NZDT.

2100 NZST.

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PMT10 R 3

Page 10 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

29

30

31

What is the forecast wind direction and speed within the TAMAKI area at 7,000 feet?
A

230 degrees True at 20 knots

230 degrees Magnetic at 20 knots

230 degrees True at 20km/hr

250 degrees Magnetic at 20km/hr

Assuming an ISA lapse rate, the approximate temperature at 9,000 feet within the TE KUITI forecast
area is:
A

+4C.

+2C.

0C.

-2C.

This question holds the appendix for the rest of the paper.

You are not required to answer anything here.


(Refer Appendix A, Figure 1 General Aviation Weather Brief - PMT10)

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PMT10 R 3

Page 11 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology
APPENDIX A
GENERAL AVIATION WEATHER BRIEF
ISSUED 2005-05-20 2114 UTC
TA: (TAMAKI)
ARFOR TA VALID 1900 TO 0600 UTC (0700 1800 NZST)
1000 24010
3000 23015
5000 23015 PS08
7000 23020 PS04
10000 22025 MS02
FZL
9000FT
VIS
30KM.
CLD
AREAS BKN CU 1500 TOPS 9000.
WX
OCNL SHRA CLEARING DURING PERIOD.
TURB NIL SIG.
ICE
NIL.
TK: (TE KUITI)
ARFOR TK VALID 1900 TO 0600 UTC (0700 1800 NZST)
1000 18005
3000 20010
5000 21010 PS06
7000 23010 PS02
10000 24010 MS04
FZL
8000FT
VIS
30KM REDUCING TO 500M IN FOG
CLD
BKN CU 1800 TOPS 7000.
WX
FEW MORNING FOG AREAS.
TURB NIL SIG.
ICE
NIL.
TAF Listings
NZAA:
TAF NZAA 201645Z 201706
23010KT 40KM SHRA SCT030 BKN060
2000FT WIND 24015KT
QNH MNM 1014 MAX 1023
NZPM:
TAF NZPM 201705Z 201806
VRB08KT 40KM FEW025 BKN050
BECMG 0003 29010KT
2000FT WIND 22015KT
BECMG 0003 28015KT
QNH MNM 1015 MAX 1024
METAR Listings
NZAA:
METAR 202100 20003KT 40KM DZ SCT020 BKN040 12/11 Q1018
NZTG:
METAR 202100 VRB03KT 45KM FEW020 BKN040 11/// Q1019
NZHN:
METAR 202100 08004KT 40KM FEW010 BKN050 10/// Q1018
NZWN:
METAR 202100 04005KT 40KM BKN035 08/07 Q1018 RMK KAUKAU 01006KT NOSIG.

Figure 1

General Aviation Weather Brief - PMT10

Referenced to Question:

Sample Paper

31.

Code

PMT10 R 3

Page 12 of 13

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Meteorology

EXAMINATION REVIEW
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Code

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