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MARKING

SCHEDULE

LICENCE TYPE -

Private Pilot Licence

SUBJECT -

PPL Flight Navigation


Time Allowed:

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20

R 5

1 Hour 10 Minutes

Total Questions:

20

Total Marks:

20

Page 1 of 3

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation


Paper
Question
No.

1
Syllabus Refs:

Question
Bank Code

Answer

Mark

13788 .R 3

13789 .R 1

13790 .R 1

13791 .R 1

13792 .R 1

13793 .R 2

13794 .R 2

13795 .R 1

13796 .R 3

13797 .R 2

6.6.8

Study Refs

2
Syllabus Refs:

B
6.4.12

Study Refs

3
Syllabus Refs:

A
6.4.8
6.18.4 (c)
6.32.2 (d)

Study Refs

4
Syllabus Refs:

C
6.18.4 (d)
6.32.2 (e)

Study Refs

5
Syllabus Refs:

A
6.32.2 (g)

Study Refs

6
Syllabus Refs:

D
6.34.6

Study Refs

7
Syllabus Refs:

C
6.24.16

Study Refs

8
Syllabus Refs:

C
6.24.2

Study Refs

9
Syllabus Refs:

D
6.26.2 (d)

Study Refs

10
Syllabus Refs:

A
6.26.2 (a)

Study Refs

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20

R 5

Page 2 of 3

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation


Paper
Question
No.

11
Syllabus Refs:

Question
Bank Code

Answer

Mark

13798 .R 4

13799 .R 4

13800 .R 1

13801 .R 4

13802 .R 2

13803 .R 1

13804 .R 3

13805 .R 3

13806 .R 2

13807 .R 1

6.10.6

Study Refs

12
Syllabus Refs:

D
6.24.6
6.24.16

Study Refs

13
Syllabus Refs:

B
6.4.8
6.18.4 (a)

Study Refs

14
Syllabus Refs:

D
6.18.4 (c)

Study Refs

15
Syllabus Refs:

C
6.26.2 (c)
6.38.8

Study Refs

16
Syllabus Refs:

B
6.24.18 (e)

Study Refs

17
Syllabus Refs:

C
6.20.4

Study Refs

18
Syllabus Refs:

B
6.6.2 (b)

Study Refs

19
Syllabus Refs:

A
6.2.4 (c)
6.2.4 (f)

Study Refs

20
Syllabus Refs:

A
6.22.2

Study Refs ENR 5.1 para 3.1.2

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20

R 5

Page 3 of 3

Answer Justification

1
FROM

TO

Tr T

W/V

TAS

Hdg T

VAR

Hdg M

G/S

Dist

EET

FP

DV

070

300/25

120

061

22E

039

135

40

18

DV

MS

204

300/25

120

216

22E

194

120

49

25
43

2
See Flight Plan.

3
Use Circular Navigation Computer
TAS = 120kt; TRACK = 070T; W/V = 300T/25kt
WIND CORRECTION ANGLE = 9L
HDGT

TRACKT drift

070T - 9

Variation in area

22E

HDGM

HDGT Variation (Variation East, Magnetic Least)

061 - 22

061T

039M

4
Use Circular Navigation Computer
TAS = 120kt; TRACK = 204T; W/V = 300T/25kt
G/S = 120kt

5
See Flight Plan.

6
EET for plan ...................... =

43 minutes

Fuel consumption rate....... =

32 litres per hour

Fuel for flight...................... =

23 litres (43 mins @ 32l/hr)

Fuel reserve ...................... =

16 litres

Minimum fuel required....... =

39 litres (23 + 16 litres)

7
Fuel on board ....................... =

120 litres

Fuel consumption rate.......... =

32 litres per hour

Endurance ............................ =

225 minutes (using navigation computer)

.............................................. =

3.75 hours (120 32)

.............................................. =
Examination Paper Code

3 hours 45 minutes
PNA20 R 5

26/10/2005

Page 1 of 3

Answer Justification

9
Distance from FP...... =

28nm

Elapsed time............. =

14 min

Distance to DV ......... =

12nm

Time to DV ............... =

6 min use proportion or calculate GS

Estimate DV ............. =

0204 + 6 = 0210 UTC

(0150 to 0204)

10
Distance off track ...................... =

2nm right of track

Distance gone from FP ............. =

28nm

Track Error using 1:60 rule........ =

5.4

Distance to run to DV ................ =

12nm

Closing Angle using 1:60 rule ... =

12.5

Alteration of heading ................. =

17.9 (~18) to the left

New Heading............................. =

050M - 18 = 032M

11
True bearing EKE to DV

034

True Heading is 192M plus variation 22E

214T

Relative bearing = True bearing - True Heading = (034 + 360) - 214 = 180R

12
Time to YP.............=

18 minutes (35nm @ 118kt)

Fuel to YP..............=

10 litres (18 minutes @ 32 litres/hr)

Remaining fuel ......=


Endurance @ YP ..=

41 litres (51 litres - 10 litres)


77 minutes (41 litres @ 32 litres/hr)

DISTRACTORS:

A
B
C
D

use fuel required instead of fuel remaining


fuel required formula inverted
excludes reserves
(the endurance) includes reserves

13
Track required ...............=

320T

Drift ...............................=

10

Heading required...........=

310T

Variation ........................=

20E

Heading M required .....=

290M

Deviation .......................=

3W

Compass Heading.........=

293

Examination Paper Code

apply drift; right drift head left


apply variation; var east, mag least
apply deviation; dev west, compass best

PNA20 R 5

26/10/2005

Page 2 of 3

Answer Justification

14
Heading
Track
TAS
G/S

=
=
=
=

315M
305M
115kt
105kt

Complete for W/V with circular navigation computer

15
Track made good

040M

Heading

027M

Drift

13Right (040 027 = 13)

Track to fly

220

Drift

13Left

Heading to fly

220 13 = 233M

16
Capacity in US gallons

60

Capacity in litres

226.8

1 USG = 3.78 litres

Dipped quantity in Imp gallons =

30

Dipped quantity in litres

136.5

1 Imp Gal = 4.55 litres

Capacity less dipped quantity

90.3

227 136.5

18
Difference in latitude
16 minutes latitude

3812` - 3756`

16min of latitude

16nm (use 1nm = 1 minute latitude)

Examination Paper Code

PNA20 R 5

26/10/2005

Page 3 of 3

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