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2-184

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA

SPECIFIC HEATS OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS


UNITS CONVERSIONS

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES

For this subsection, the following units conversions are applicable:


F = 95 C + 32.
To convert calories per gram-degree Celsius to British thermal
units per pound-degree Fahrenheit, multiply by 1.0.

For additional data, see International Critical Tables, vol. 5, pp.


115116, 122125.

TABLE 2-201

TABLE 2-208

Acetic Acid (at 38C)

Mole % acetic acid


Cal/g C

TABLE 2-202

0
1.0

6.98
0.911

30.9
0.73

54.5
0.631

100
0.535

Ammonia
Specific heat, cal/g C

Mole % NH3

2.4C

20.6C

41C

61C

0
10.5
20.9
31.2
41.4

1.01
0.98
.96
.956
.985

1.0
0.995
.99
1.0

0.995
1.06
1.03

1.0
1.02

TABLE 2-203

TABLE 2-204

100
0.497

5C

20C

40C

5.88
12.3
27.3
45.8
69.6
100

1.02
0.975
.877
.776
.681
.576

1.0
0.982
.917
.811
.708
.60

0.995
.98
.92
.83
.726
.617

TABLE 2-209

95
0.52

90.5
0.53

82.3
0.56

75.2
0.581

Copper Sulfate

Composition
CuSO4 + 50H2O
CuSO4 + 200H2O
CuSO4 + 400H2O
TABLE 2-205

Specific heat, cal/g C


Mole % CH3OH

Aniline (at 20C)

Mol % aniline
Cal/g C

Methyl Alcohol

Temperature

Specific heat, cal/g C

12 to 15C
12 to 14C
13 to 17C

0.848
.951
.975

Nitric Acid

% HNO3
by Weight

Specific Heat at 20C,


cal/g C

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90

1.000
0.900
.810
.730
.675
.650
.640
.615
.575
.515

Ethyl Alcohol
Specific heat, cal/g C

Mole % C2H5OH
4.16
11.5
37.0
61.0
100.0
TABLE 2-206

3C

23C

41C

1.05
1.02
0.805
.67
.54

1.02
1.03
0.86
.727
.577

1.02
1.03
0.875
.748
.621

Glycerol
Specific heat, cal/g C

Mole % C3H5(OH)3

15C

32C

2.12
4.66
11.5
22.7
43.9
100.0

0.961
.929
.851
.765
.67
.555

0.960
.924
.841
.758
.672
.576

TABLE 2-207

Hydrochloric Acid
Specific heat, cal/g C

Mole % HCl
0.0
9.09
16.7
20.0
25.9

0C

10C

20C

40C

60C

1.00
0.72
.61
.58
.55

0.72
.605
.575

0.74
.631
.591

0.75
.645
.615

0.78
.67
.638
.61

TABLE 2-210

Phosphoric Acid*

%H2PO4

Cp at 21.3C
cal/g C

%H3PO4

Cp at 21.3C
cal/g C

2.50
3.80
5.33
8.81
10.27
14.39
16.23
19.99
22.10
24.56
25.98
28.15
29.96
32.09
33.95
36.26
38.10
40.10
42.08
44.11
46.22
48.16
49.79

0.9903
.9970
.9669
.9389
.9293
.8958
.8796
.8489
.8300
.8125
.8004
.7856
.7735
.7590
.7432
.7270
.7160
.7024
.6877
.6748
.6607
.6475
.6370

50.00
52.19
53.72
56.04
58.06
60.23
62.10
64.14
66.13
68.14
69.97
69.50
71.88
73.71
75.79
77.69
79.54
80.00
82.00
84.00
85.98
88.01
89.72

0.6350
.6220
.6113
.5972
.5831
.5704
.5603
.5460
.5349
.5242
.5157
.5160
.5046
.4940
.4847
.4786
.4680
.4686
.4593
.4500
.4419
.4359
.4206

*Z. Physik. Chem., A167, 42 (1933).

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SPECIFIC HEATS OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS


TABLE 2-211

Potassium Chloride

TABLE 2-215

Sodium Chloride
Specific heat, cal/g C

Specific heat, cal/g C


Mole % KCl

6C

20C

33C

40C

Mole % NaCl

0.99
3.85
5.66
7.41

0.945
.828
.77

0.947
.831
.775
.727

0.947
.835
.778

0.947
.837
.775

0.249
.99
2.44
9.09

TABLE 2-212

Potassium Hydroxide (at 19C)

Mole % KOH
Cal/g C

TABLE 2-213

0
1.0

0.497
0.975

1.64
0.93

TABLE 2-216
4.76
0.814

9.09
0.75

Normal Propyl Alcohol

Mole % NaOH
Cal/g C

TABLE 2-217

Mole % C3H7OH

5C

20C

40C

1.55
5.03
11.4
23.1
41.2
73.0
100.0

1.03
1.07
1.035
0.877
.75
.612
.534

1.02
1.06
1.032
0.90
.78
.645
.57

1.01
1.03
0.99
.91
.815
.708
.621

% Na2CO3
by weight
0.000
1.498
2.000
2.901
4.000
5.000
6.000
8.000
10.000
13.790
13.840
20.000
25.000

Sodium Carbonate*
Temperature, C
17.6

30.0

76.6

98.0

0.9992
.9807

0.9986

1.0098

1.0084

.9786
.9597

20C

33C

57C

0.96
.91
.805

0.99
.97
.915
.81

0.97
.915
.81

0.923
.82

0
1.0

0.5
0.985

1.0
0.97

9.09
0.835

16.7
0.80

28.6
0.784

37.5
0.782

Sulfuric Acid*

%H2SO4

Cp at 20C,
cal/g C

%H2SO4

Cp at 20C,
cal/g C

0.34
0.68
1.34
2.65
3.50
5.16
9.82
15.36
21.40
22.27
23.22
24.25
25.39
26.63
28.00
29.52
30.34
31.20
33.11

0.9968
.9937
.9877
.9762
.9688
.9549
.9177
.8767
.8339
.8275
.8205
.8127
.8041
.7945
.7837
.7717
.7647
.7579
.7422

35.25
37.69
40.49
43.75
47.57
52.13
57.65
64.47
73.13
77.91
81.33
82.49
84.48
85.48
89.36
91.81
94.82
97.44
100.00

0.7238
.7023
.6770
.6476
.6153
.5801
.5420
.5012
.4628
.4518
.4481
.4467
.4408
.4346
.4016
.3787
.3554
.3404
.3352

*Vinal and Craig, Bur. Standards J. Research, 24, 475 (1940).

.9594
.9428

6C

Sodium Hydroxide (at 20C)

Specific heat, cal/g C

TABLE 2-214

2-185

0.9761
.9392

.9183
.9086
.8924

.9452
TABLE 2-218
.8881
.8631

*J. Chem. Soc. 30623079 (1931).

.8936
.8615

0.8911

Zinc Sulfate

Composition

Temperature

Specific heat, cal/g C

ZnSO4 + 50H2O
ZnSO4 + 200H2O

20 to 52C
20 to 52C

0.842
.952

Copyright 1999 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Use of
this product is subject to the terms of its license agreement. Click here to view.