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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT

LAB SHEET

COURSE
CODE

PNEUMATIC &

COURSE
NAME

DJJ5123

PROGRAMME :

HYDRAULICS
DKM

SYNOPSIS
PNEUMATICS & HYDRAULICS provides knowledge and understanding to the importance of
pneumatics and hydraulics circuits, equipment and design along with its usage in the
industry.

COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)


Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:
1.

Analyze the basic concept and function of pneumatics and hydraulics


system.(C4,PLO2)

2.

Construct pneumatic, electro-pneumatic and hydraulic circuit according to


assigned tasks.(C5, PLO3 & P4, PLO4)

3.

Demonstrate understanding of engineering norm and practices in pneumatics and


hydraulics during practical work sessions. (A3, PLO8)

COURSE SUMMARY
1.0

PNEUMATICS CIRCUIT DESIGN


This topic consists of cylinder numerous sequence control namely
cylinder numerous sequence control basic circuit maintenance, time
motion diagram, building circuit with cascade method and building
circuit using the step counter method. This topic also covers the
additional functions of pneumatic and electro-pneumatic sequence
control.

2.0 COMPONENTS OF HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


This topic gives exposure and understanding on the
standard symbol for hydraulic components, introduction to basic
Components of hydraulic and pump, valve and actuator
3.0 BASIC HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT
This topic provides an understanding on the arrangement of
hydraulic component, hydraulic basic system and hydraulic basic
system circuit. This topic also covers the pressure and
flowcontrol on hydraulic systems actuators.

CONTENTS

NO
1
2
3

TOPIC

EXPERIMENT

TITLE

CLO

LABORATORY SAFETY & REGULATION


PNEUMATIC
CIRCUIT DESIGN

PH-1

2,3

PH-2

2,3

BASIC
HYDRAULICS

PH-3

Basic Hydraulics Linear Circuit

CONSTRUCTION
AND LIMITATION
OF HYDRAULIC
SYSTEM

PH-4

The construction of hydraulic system


in a practical way.
(Hardening Furnace)

RUBRIC

FORMAT OF LABORATORY REPORT

FORMAT OF LABORATORY REPORT (COVER)

LABORATORY RULES AND REGULATIONS


1. Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times in the laboratory.
2. Follow all written and verbal instructions carefully. If you do not understand a direction or part of a
3.

procedure, ASK YOUR INSTRUCTOR BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE ACTIVITY.


Never work alone in the laboratory. No student may work in the laboratory without the presence of
the instructors.

4. When first entering a laboratory, do not touch any equipment, chemicals, or other materials in the
laboratory area until you are instructed to do so.

5. Perform only those experiments authorized by your instructor. Carefully follow all instructions, both
6.

written and oral. Unauthorized experiments are not allowed.


Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the laboratory. Do not use laboratory glassware as

7.

containers for food or beverages.


Be prepared for your work in the laboratory. Read all procedures thoroughly before entering the
laboratory. Never fool around in the laboratory. Horseplay, practical jokes, and pranks are dangerous

8.

and prohibited.
Always work in a well-ventilated area.

9. Observe good housekeeping practices. Work areas should be kept clean and tidy at all times.
10. Be alert and proceed with caution at all times in the laboratory. Notify the instructor immediately of
any unsafe conditions you observe.

11. Labels and equipment instructions must be read carefully before use. Set up and use the equipment
as directed by your instructor.

12. Experiments must be personally monitored at all times. Do not wander around the room, distract
13.

other students, startle other students or interfere with the laboratory experiments of others.
Know the locations and operating procedures of all safety equipment including: first aid kit(s), and fire
extinguisher. Know where the fire alarm and the exits are located.

14. Dress properly during a laboratory activity. Long hair, dangling jewelery, and loose or baggy clothing
are a hazard in the laboratory. Long hair must be tied back, and dangling jewelry and baggy clothing

15.

must be secured. Shoes must completely cover the foot. No sandals allowed on lab days.
Report any accident (spill, breakage, etc.) or injury (cut, burn, etc.) to the lecturer or instructor
immediately, no matter how trivial it seems. Do not panic.

REPORT RUBRIC
1.
Title
Score Description
1
A lab title is specific and clearly present at the beginning of the lab report
0
report without title
2.
Outcomes
Score Description
2
Purpose of lab is clearly identified or understood
1
Purpose of lab is not clearly identified or understood
0
report without objective
3.
Theory
Score
Description
3
Good explanation and related to the title and objective to be achieved
2
Good explanation and related to the title
1
Only explain the basic theory
0
report without theory
4.
Equipments/Apparatus
Score Description
3
List all the required equipment complete with diagram

2
1
0

List all the required equipment


Not all the required equipment is listed
report without list of equipment

5.
Methods/Procedures
Score Description
3
List all the required procedures accurately
2
List all the required procedures
1
Not all the required procedures is listed
0
report without list of procedures
6.
Result/Data
Score Description
2
Collected quantitative data is well presented in a table. Qualitative data may
be given if necessary
1
All data is present, but shown in a format that may be confusing or
misleading
0
report without observations data
7.
Analysis
Score Description
Demonstrate excellent understanding on analysis of the practical task. Show
5
relationship between the calculations and physics concept. Recognize
problems, plan and develop alternative ideas accurately
4
Demonstrate excellent understanding and able to recognize problems, plan
and develop alternative ideas with assistance
3
Demonstrate good understanding and able to recognize problems, plan and
develop alternative ideas with assistance
2
Demonstrate satisfactory understanding and have difficulty in recognizing
problem, planning and developing alternative ideas accurately
1
Demonstrate poor understanding and not able to recognizing problem,
planning and developing alternative ideas accurately
0
report without analysis
8.
Discussion
Score Description
5
Demonstrate excellent explanation and discussion related to theory and
analysis
4
Demonstrate good discussion and explanation related to the theory and
analysis
3
Demonstrate good discussion related to the theory
2
Demonstrate satisfactory discussion related to theory
1
Discussion out of topic
0
report without discussion
9.
Conclusion and
Recommendation

Score
5
4
3
2
1
0

Description
Able to conclude clearly and concisely to statement of goal. Throughly explain
all points.
Able to make conclusion. Majority of points covered in depth. Some points
glossed over.
Weak conclusion
Wrong conclusion
No conclusion
report without conclusion

10.
References
Score
Description
2
Student is able to list >3 the valid references
1
Student is able to list <3 the valid references
0
report without references

11.
Timeliness
Score
Description
5
4
3
2
1
0

Report handed in on time


Up to 60 minutes late
Up to one day late
Up to two day late
Report handed in more than one week
Report not handed

FORMAT OF LABORATORY REPORT


1.0

TITLE

2.0

EXPERIMENT OUTCOME(S)
i. State clearly the experiment outcome(s).

3.0

THEORY
i. Any theory related to experiment must be explained clearly with diagram, figures and etc.
ii. Include graph, formulas and figures (if any) related to experiment theory.

4.0

EQUIPMENTS / MATERIALS
i. Brief explaination of equipments.
ii. Draw and label the equipments.

5.0

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
i. List down and explain any safety precautions that apply during experiment.

6.0

METHODS / PROCEDURES
i. Write in passive sentences about all the steps taken during the experiment.
ii. Draw and label any related figures if necessary.

7.0

RESULT/DATA
i. Data tabulation with units
ii. Data processing (plotting graph, calculation to obtain the results of the experiments).

8.0

ANALYSIS
i.
Show relationship between the calculations and physics concept.
ii. Recognize problems, plan and develop alternative ideas accurately

9.0

DISCUSSION
i. Discuss or answers given questions.
ii. Discuss comparison between theory and data collection

10.0

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION


i. Conclusion based on experiment data / ouput.
ii. If there is anything about your experiment that you think could be improved upon, provide suggestions for doing
so.

11.0EXPERIMENT
REFERENCES NO. :
i. Books, articles, or :journals.
TITLE

DATE
:
PROGRAM / CLASS
:
SEMESTER
:
GROUP MEMBERS
NAME & MATRIX
NO. :

LECTURER(S)
NAME
:

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


DJJ5123: PNEUMATIC & HYDRAULICS
DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS :
(LABORATORY)
N
O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

ASPECT

SCORE

TITLE
EXPERIMENT OUTCOME(S)
THEORY
EQUIPMENTS / APPARATUS
METHOD / PROCEDURES
RESULT/DATA
ANALYSIS
DISCUSSION
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
TIMELINESS

TOTAL
SCORE:
ON TIME
SUBMITTED
LATE
SUBMITTED
RETURN BACK

(
36)

MARK
(100%)