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Sl. No.

Calculation of Heat transfer Co-efficient (U)


Item Description

External Wall-230mm thk brick with 18mm thk plaster outside & 12mm thk plaster in
230mm thk brickwall R=0.25/in & Wt=120 lb/ft
30mm thk plaster R=0.2/in & Wt=116 lb/ft
Outside air film
Inside air film
Total
Overall heat transfer coefficient U=1/R, BTU/hrFft
Floor-150mm thk Cement Mortar with 50mm thk plaster outside & 25 mm Under Deck
150 mm Thick cement mortar,116 lbs/cuft density.
50mm thk floor Finishes R=0.2/in for floor Finishes
Internal air film
External air film
25 mm Thick Insulation
Total
Overall heat transfer coefficient U=1/R, BTU/hrFft
Ceiling-150mm thk Cement Mortar with 50mm thk plaster outside & 25 mm Under De
150 mm Thick cement mortar,116 lbs/cuft density
50mm thk floor Finishes R=0.2/in for floor Finishes
Internal air film
External air film
25 mm Thick Insulation
Total
Overall heat transfer coefficient U=1/R, BTU/hrFft
Roof exposed- 150mm Thick Cement Mortar with 20 mm Thick PCC both sides & 50 m
150 mm Thick cement mortar,116 lbs/cuft density.
20mm thk plaster R=0.2/in for Both Sides
Internal air film
External air film
50 mm Thick Insulation.
Total
Overall heat transfer coefficient U=1/R, BTU/hrFft

nsfer Co-efficient (U)


Thermal Resistence ( R in F. Hr. Sq
Ft/BTU) from Ishrae Table-8
utside & 12mm thk plaster inside.
1.81
0.24
0.25
0.68
2.98
0.34
outside & 25 mm Under Deck Insulation
1.18
0.39
0.61
0.61
2.78
5.57
0.18
r outside & 25 mm Under Deck Insulation
1.18
0.39
0.92
0.92
2.78
6.19
0.16
Thick PCC both sides & 50 mm thick Under Deck ins
1.18
0.31
0.92
0.25
5.26
7.93
0.126

Summer Heat Load Calculations


Design Conditions
Out Side
Inside
Difference

Dry Bulb Temp (DB in F)


113
75.2
37.8

Parameters
Room Arera in Sq. Feet
Room Total Height in Feet
Room False Ceiling Height in Feet
Room Volume by considering False Celing Height in Ft

ROOM FRESH AIR REQUIREMENT


Condition - 1 Fresh Air requirement as per Occupancy
Room Occupancy (No's)
Fresh Air Requirement per person per minute in CFM

Total Fresh air Requirement in CFM


Condition - 2 Fresh Air requirement as per Room Volume
No. of air Changes per hour
Total Fresh air Requirement in CFM
Total Fresh air Requirement in CFM

SENSIBLE HEAT LOAD CALCULATIONS


SUN GAIN THROUGH GLASS
These values are to be calculated as per location of building and orientation of building
20 North and regular Glass Solar Heat gain through Glass in Btu/Hr.
0.25 inch.
Sq Ft (ISHRAE-TAB-7)

Glass
Glass
Glass
Glass

Facing
Facing
Facing
Facing

East
West
North
South

12
163
23
12

SOLAR & TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH WALL


These values are to be calculated as per ISHRAE table - 9 and values from table -9 are to be corrected as per table -11
Solar Heat gain through Glass in Btu/Hr.
Sq Ft (ISHRAE-TAB-7)
Wall Facing East
Wall Facing West
Wall Facing North
Wall Facing South
Roof Exposed to sun

47
34
26
38
54

TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH EXCEPT WALLS

Apart from heat gain through walls & Roof, there is a heat gain through the glass, Partition walls due to the transmission by temperature

Material

Temp Diff.

All glass

37.8

Partition glass

32.8

Ceiling(With 25 mm Under Deck


Insulation)

32.8

Floor(With 25 mm Under Deck


Insulation)

32.8

Partition-wall

32.8

Heat Gain Due Void to above false


ceiling

39.8

LOAD GAIN THROUGH INFILTRATION & OUT

INFILTRATION:-Infiltration is the air coming from doors, windows, cracks etc. Offenly Infiltration is refered as air leakage to the conditione
closed. Heat gain from infiltration is ignored as these loads are already considered in heat gain fom fresh air.
Heat gain through Outside air:- This is the fresh air passed over the cooling coil (By passed Air)
Density of air () in Lb per Ft
Heat gain by Outside air

0.075

INTERNAL HEAT GAIN


From People in BTU/Hr

Heat is Generated within the human body by the process of Metabolism (Internal WorkB/W cells to
metabolic rae varries with type of activity one doing. Ex. Seating, working, running etc. This Metab
85% of Men and Children 75% of Men)

From Lights in BTU/Hr

Consider 2 Watts per square feet of area (1 W=3.4 BTU/Hr)

From Equipments in BTU/Hr

Equipment KW to be given by Owner. Here Consider 0.3 KW=300 W(1W=3.4 BTU/Hr)

Room Sensible Heat Sub Total


Duct Heat Gain
Sensible Heat Safety Factor

Sensible heat safety factor shall consider without taking the heat load from Equipment and Lights
Because they are constantly producing heat and there is no flactuations in in this.

Total Room Sensible Heat in BTU/Hr

LATENT HEAT LOAD CALCULATIONS


Latent heat from outdoor air

Latent heat is the heat required to condense the Moisture in outside air.(=Q*60**h*BF*(w-wi)/70

Latent heat from People

As per Ishrae, Table-12 at 75 F Latent heat from Office work people

Room Latent Heat Sub Total


Latent Heat Safety Factor
Total Room Latent Heat in BTU/Hr
EFFECTIVE ROOM TOTAL HEAT

RETURN AIR HEAT GAIN

(To be calculated if there is no duct for return air / Duct is not insulated and is released

SUN GAIN THROUGH GLASS


These values are to be calculated as per location of building and orientation of building
20 North and regular Glass Solar Heat gain through Glass in Btu/Hr.
0.25 inch.
Sq Ft (ISHRAE-TAB-7)

Glass Facing East

12

Glass Facing West

163

Glass Facing North

23

Glass Facing South

12

SOLAR & TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH WALL


These values are to be calculated as per ISHRAE table - 9 and values from table -9 are to be corrected as per table -11
Solar Heat gain through Glass in Btu/Hr.
Sq Ft (ISHRAE-TAB-7)
Wall Facing East

47

Wall Facing West

34

Wall Facing North

26

Wall Facing South

38

Roof Exposed to sun

54

TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH EXCEPT WALLS

Apart from heat gain through walls & Roof, there is a heat gain through the glass, Partition walls due to the transmission by temperature

Material

Temp Diff.

All glass

37.8

Partition glass

32.8

Ceiling(With 25 mm Under Deck


Insulation)

32.8

Floor(With 25 mm Under Deck


Insulation)

32.8

Partition-wall

32.8

Heat Gain Due Void to above false


ceiling

39.8

Total Return Air Heat Gain

Out Door Air Heat :- The sensible and latent heat removal from the fresh air taken in for ventilation purposes causes a load on the air co
due to the bypassed outside air has already been accounted for under ERTH gain. So the heat removal from the balance (1-BF) fresh air
caption.
Outside air Sensible Heat
Outside air Latent Heat
Total Air Conditioning Load
Total Tonnage as per above heat load
Total Tonnage as per above heat load Considering 10% Margin
Effective room sensible heat factor
Apparatus Dew Point Temp at ERSHF, Room Inside DB Temp, %RH, Moisture Content in Room Air and ISHRAE Table -15

Dehumidified Air Quantity in CFM (=ERSH/((Dbi-ADP)*(1-BF)*60**C))


Dehumidified Air Quantity in CFM Considering 10% Margin

Heat Load Calculations


Wet Bulb Temp (WB in F)
75.2
62.5
XXXX

4511
10.2
8.2
36990.2

% Relative Humidity
17.4
50
XXXX

These values are to be taken from Room Layout Drawings

ROOM FRESH AIR REQUIREMENT


56
16

These Values are to be given by Owner. In case these are not given by owner to be
taken from Ashrae 62.1 Table 6-1. (No. of occupants to be selected from area. Ex
xx No's per square feet)

672

By considering 75% of people are attending at a time.

1.5

This value also to be given by owner or to be taken from Ashrae Handbook


depending on room category.

924.8
924.8

Whichever is higher from Condituin 1 &2

SUN GAIN THROUGH GLASS

entation of building
Overall Factor for Solar Heat gain
through Glass Dim. Less (ISHRAE-Tab-5)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94

52
48
0

129

LAR & TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH WALLS AND ROOF

s from table -9 are to be corrected as per table -11


Overall heat transfer coefficient (U in
BTU/F Hr. Sq Ft)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.13

287
82
0
843
0

ANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH EXCEPT WALLS AND ROOF

glass, Partition walls due to the transmission by temperature difference between outside and inside.

Overall heat transfer coefficient (U in


BTU/F Hr. Sq Ft)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

1.13

229.00

1.13

97

0.16

0.18

0.34

1564

0.84

LOAD GAIN THROUGH INFILTRATION & OUTSIDE AIR

Offenly Infiltration is refered as air leakage to the conditioned space through the cracks in the wall, whenever doors and windows opened and
idered in heat gain fom fresh air.

coil (By passed Air)


Specific Heat of Air ( C ) in BTU/(Lb F)

By Pass Factor (BF)(Ishrae Tab-14)

0.24

0.1

INTERNAL HEAT GAIN

ody by the process of Metabolism (Internal WorkB/W cells to split the food into energy). This
vity one doing. Ex. Seating, working, running etc. This Metabolic rate also varries with Men, Women

ea (1 W=3.4 BTU/Hr)

Here Consider 0.3 KW=300 W(1W=3.4 BTU/Hr)

1%
5%

der without taking the heat load from Equipment and Lights.
g heat and there is no flactuations in in this.

dense the Moisture in outside air.(=Q*60**h*BF*(w-wi)/7000)


heat from Office work people

5%

t for return air / Duct is not insulated and is released to above the false ceiling for intake of AHU. )

SUN GAIN THROUGH GLASS

entation of building
Overall Factor for Solar Heat gain
through Glass Dim. Less (ISHRAE-Tab-5)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

0.94

0.94

0.94

0.94

LAR & TRANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH WALLS AND ROOF

s from table -9 are to be corrected as per table -11


Overall heat transfer coefficient (U in
BTU/F Hr. Sq Ft)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

0.34

122

0.34

47

0.34

0.34

348

0.13

ANSMISSION GAIN THROUGH EXCEPT WALLS AND ROOF

glass, Partition walls due to the transmission by temperature difference between outside and inside.

Overall heat transfer coefficient (U in


BTU/F Hr. Sq Ft)

Ares of Glassin Sq. Ft

1.13

0.00

1.13

0.16

0.18

0.34

598

0.84

taken in for ventilation purposes causes a load on the air conditioning apparatus. The heat gain
gain. So the heat removal from the balance (1-BF) fresh air intake is to be ccounted for under this

Content in Room Air and ISHRAE Table -15

Moisture content in Air (Gr/Lb)


72.8
65.4
7.4

e taken from Room Layout Drawings

e given by Owner. In case these are not given by owner to be


.1 Table 6-1. (No. of occupants to be selected from area. Ex
et)

f people are attending at a time.

given by owner or to be taken from Ashrae Handbook


ategory.

rom Condituin 1 &2

Values are to be taken from appropropriate


latitudes. At 4 pm heat will be maximum in
indian regions so take values at 4 pm (for
EWNS)

586.56
7354.56
0.0
1455.12

At Dialy Range 25 F as per Table-1 and


Correction Temp = Out door Design Temp Room Temp (113-75.2)=37.8 F
4530.70
936.44
7361.84
0.00
0.00

e and inside.

9781.51

For Glassess facing directly to sun take direct temp difference

3595.21

For Partition Glassess take 5 F less to direct temp difference

0.00

For Ceiling take 5 F less to direct temp difference

0.00

For Floor take 5 F less to direct temp difference

17230.43

For Partition wall take 5 F less to direct temp difference

0.00

For Roof add 2 F direct temp difference

in the wall, whenever doors and windows opened and

(Ishrae Tab-14)
3775.22

Since Density and Specific Heat of Air are temperature dependant Please take Values a

10290.00

As per Ishrae Table 12 sensible heat from people and consider 75% people attending at

30674.80
1020.00
98592.38
985.92
3344.88

102923.19
465.87
8610
9075.87
453.79
9529.67
112452.85

g for intake of AHU. )

e and inside.

Values are to be taken from appropropriate


latitudes. At 4 pm heat will be maximum in
indian regions so take values at 4 pm (for
EWNS)

0
0
0.0
0

At Dialy Range 25 F as per Table-1 and


Correction Temp = Out door Design Temp Room Temp (113-75.2)=37.8 F
1925.94
536.74
0.00
4441.69
0.00

0.00

For Glassess facing directly to sun take direct temp difference

0.00

For Partition Glassess take 5 F less to direct temp difference

0.00

For Ceiling take 5 F less to direct temp difference

0.00

For Floor take 5 F less to direct temp difference

6588.11
0.00

13492.48

33976.98
4192.87

164115.18
13.68
15
0.92
54

4995
5494

For Partition wall take 5 F less to direct temp difference


For Roof add 2 F direct temp difference

ture dependant Please take Values at that particular temperature only.

nd consider 75% people attending at a time.