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OPA277

OPA2277
OPA4277

OPA

OPA

277

227

OPA

4277

OPA
2277

OPA
277

OPA
4277

For most current data sheet and other product


information, visit www.burr-brown.com

High Precision
OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
FEATURES

DESCRIPTION

ULTRA LOW OFFSET VOLTAGE: 10V


ULTRA LOW DRIFT: 0.1V/C
HIGH OPEN-LOOP GAIN: 134dB
HIGH COMMON-MODE REJECTION: 140dB
HIGH POWER SUPPLY REJECTION: 130dB
LOW BIAS CURRENT: 1nA max
WIDE SUPPLY RANGE: 2V to 18V
LOW QUIESCENT CURRENT: 800A/amp
SINGLE, DUAL, AND QUAD VERSIONS
REPLACES OP-07, OP-77, OP-177

The OPA277 series precision op amps replace the industry


standard OP-177. They offer improved noise, wider output
voltage swing, and are twice as fast with half the quiescent
current. Features include ultra low offset voltage and drift, low
bias current, high common-mode rejection, and high power
supply rejection. Single, dual, and quad versions have identical
specifications for maximum design flexibility.
OPA277 series op amps operate from 2V to 18V supplies
with excellent performance. Unlike most op amps which
are specified at only one supply voltage, the OPA277 series
is specified for real-world applications; a single limit applies over the 5V to 15V supply range. High performance
is maintained as the amplifiers swing to their specified limits.
Because the initial offset voltage (20V max) is so low, user
adjustment is usually not required. However, the single version
(OPA277) provides external trim pins for special applications.
OPA277 op amps are easy to use and free from phase inversion
and overload problems found in some other op amps. They are
stable in unity gain and provide excellent dynamic behavior
over a wide range of load conditions. Dual and quad versions
feature completely independent circuitry for lowest crosstalk
and freedom from interaction, even when overdriven or overloaded.
Single (OPA277) and dual (OPA2277) versions are available
in 8-pin DIP and SO-8 surface-mount packages. The quad
(OPA4277) comes in 14-pin DIP and SO-14 surface-mount
packages. All are fully specified from 40C to +85C and
operate from 55C to +125C.

APPLICATIONS

TRANSDUCER AMPLIFIER
BRIDGE AMPLIFIER
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
STRAIN GAGE AMPLIFIER
PRECISION INTEGRATOR
BATTERY POWERED INSTRUMENTS
TEST EQUIPMENT

OPA277
Offset Trim

Offset Trim

In

V+

+In

Output

NC

OPA4277

OPA2277

Out A

14

Out D

In A

13

In D

8-Pin DIP, SO-8

Out A
In A

1
2

+In A

8
A

7
B

V+
Out B

In B

+In B

8-Pin DIP, SO-8

+In A

12

+In D

V+

11

+In B

10

+In C

In B

In C

Out B

Out C

14-Pin DIP, SO-14

IInternational Airport Industrial Park Mailing Address: PO Box 11400, Tucson, AZ 85734 Street Address: 6730 S. Tucson Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85706 Tel: (520) 746-1111
Twx: 910-952-1111 Internet: http://www.burr-brown.com/ Cable: BBRCORP Telex: 066-6491 FAX: (520) 889-1510 Immediate Product Info: (800) 548-6132

1997 Burr-Brown Corporation

PDS-1413D

Printed in U.S.A. March, 1999

SPECIFICATIONS: VS = 5V to VS = 15V
At TA = +25C, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.
Boldface limits apply over the specified temperature range, 40C to +85C.
OPA277PA, UA
OPA2277PA, UA
OPA4277PA, UA

OPA277P, U
OPA2277P, U
PARAMETER

CONDITION

OFFSET VOLTAGE
Input Offset Voltage:
OPA277P, U (high grade, single)
OPA2277P, U (high grade, dual)
All PA, UA Versions

MIN

VOS

Input Offset Voltage Over Temperature


OPA277P, U (high grade, single)
OPA2277P, U (high grade, dual)
All PA, UA Versions

TA = 40C to +85C
TA = 40C to +85C
TA = 40C to +85C

Input Offset Voltage Drift


dVOS/dT
OPA277P, U (high grade, single)
OPA2277P, U (high grade, dual)
All PA, UA Versions

TA = 40C to +85C
TA = 40C to +85C
TA = 40C to +85C

Input Offset Voltage: (all models)


vs Time
vs Power Supply
TA = 40C to +85C
Channel Separation (dual, quad)
INPUT BIAS CURRENT
Input Bias Current
TA = 40C to +85C
Input Offset Current
TA = 40C to +85C

MAX

10
10

20
25

0.1
0.1

0.2
0.3

0.5

I OS

0.5

Input Voltage Noise Density, f = 10Hz en


f = 100Hz
f = 1kHz
f = 10kHz
Current Noise Density, f = 1kHz
in

0.22
0.035
12
8
8
8
0.2

NOISE
Input Voltage Noise, f = 0.1 to 10Hz

VCM
CMRR

INPUT IMPEDANCE
Differential
Common-Mode
OPEN-LOOP GAIN
Open-Loop Voltage Gain
TA = 40C to +85C
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
Gain-Bandwidth Product
GBW
Slew Rate
SR
Settling Time, 0.1%
0.01%
Overload Recovery Time
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise THD+N
OUTPUT
Voltage Output
TA = 40C to +85C
TA = 40C to +85C
Short-Circuit Current
Capacitive Load Drive

VCM = (V) +2V to (V+) 2V


VCM = (V) +2V to (V+) 2V

(V) +2
130
128

VO = (V)+0.5V to (V+)1.2V, RL = 10k


VO = (V)+0.5V to (V+)1.5V, RL = 2k
VO = (V)+0.5V to (V+)1.5V, RL = 2k

126
126

0.15

0.5
0.5

RL = 10k
RL = 10k
RL = 2k
RL = 2k

(V)
(V)
(V)
(V)

+0.5
+0.5
+1.5
+1.5

2
2

UNITS

50

V
V
V

100

V
V
V

V/C
V/C
V/C

1
1

V/mo
V/V
V/V
V/V

2.8
4
2.8
4

nA
nA
nA
nA
Vp-p
Vrms
nV/Hz
nV/Hz
nV/Hz
nV/Hz
pA/Hz

(V+) 2

140

140
134

115
115

(V+)
(V+)
(V+)
(V+)

35
See Typical Curve

I SC
CLOAD

MAX

1
0.8
14
16
3
0.002

VS = 15V, G = 1, 10V Step


VS = 15V, G = 1, 10V Step
VIN G = VS
1kHz, G = 1, VO = 3.5Vrms

VO

0.15
0.25

100 || 3
250 || 3

VCM = (V) +2V to (V+) 2V


AOL

TYP(1)

20

0.1

IB

INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE


Common-Mode Voltage Range
Common-Mode Rejection
TA = 40C to +85C

MIN

30
50

VS = 2V to 18V
VS = 2V to 18V
dc

PSRR

TYP(1)

1.2
1.2
1.5
1.5

V
dB
dB

M || pF
G || pF

dB
dB
dB

MHz
V/s
s
s
s
%

V
V
V
V
mA

The information provided herein is believed to be reliable; however, BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies or omissions. BURR-BROWN assumes
no responsibility for the use of this information, and all use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk. Prices and specifications are subject to change
without notice. No patent rights or licenses to any of the circuits described herein are implied or granted to any third party. BURR-BROWN does not authorize or warrant
any BURR-BROWN product for use in life support devices and/or systems.

OPA277, 2277, 4277

SPECIFICATIONS: VS = 5V to VS = 15V

(CONT)

At TA = +25C, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.


Boldface limits apply over the specified temperature range, 40C to +85C.
OPA277PA, UA
OPA2277PA, UA
OPA4277PA, UA

OPA277P, U
OPA2277P, U
PARAMETER

CONDITION

POWER SUPPLY
Specified Voltage Range
Operating Voltage Range
Quiescent Current (per amplifier)
TA = 40C to +85C

MIN

5
2

VS

790

IO = 0
IO = 0

IQ

TEMPERATURE RANGE
Specified Range
Operating Range
Storage Range
Thermal Resistance
SO-8 Surface-Mount
8-Pin DIP
14-Pin DIP
SO-14 Surface-Mount

TYP(1)

40
55
55

MAX

MIN

15
18
825
900

85
125
125

TYP(1)

JA

150
100
80
100

MAX

UNITS

V
V
A
A

C
C
C
C/W
C/W
C/W
C/W

Specifications same as OPA277P, U.


NOTE: (1) VS = 15V.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS(1)

ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE SENSITIVITY

Supply Voltage .................................................................................... 36V


Input Voltage ..................................................... (V) 0.7V to (V+) +0.7V
Output Short-Circuit(2) .............................................................. Continuous
Operating Temperature .................................................. 55C to +125C
Storage Temperature ..................................................... 55C to +125C
Junction Temperature ...................................................................... 150C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) ................................................. 300C

This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Burr-Brown


recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling
and installation procedures can cause damage.

NOTE: (1) Stresses above these rating may cause permanent damage.
Exposure to absolute maximum conditions for extended periods may degrade
device reliability. (2) Short-circuit to ground, one amplifier per package.

ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits
may be more susceptible to damage because very small
parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its
published specifications.

PACKAGE/ORDERING INFORMATION

PRODUCT

OFFSET
VOLTAGE
max, V

OFFSET
VOLTAGE DRIFT
max, V/C

PACKAGE

PACKAGE
DRAWING
NUMBER(1)

TEMPERATURE
RANGE

ORDERING
NUMBER(2)

TRANSPORT
MEDIA

Single
OPA277PA
OPA277P
OPA277UA
"
OPA277U
"

50
20
50
"
20
"

1
0.15
1
"
0.15
"

8-Pin DIP
8-Pin DIP
SO-8 Surface Mount
"
SO-8 Surface Mount
"

006
006
182
"
182
"

40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
"
40C to +85C
"

OPA277PA
OPA277P
OPA277UA
OPA277UA/2K5
OPA277U
OPA277U/2K5

Rails
Rails
Rails
Tape and Reel
Rails
Tape and Reel

Dual
OPA2277PA
OPA2277P
OPA2277UA
"
OPA2277U
"

50
25
50
"
25
"

1
0.25
1
"
0.25
"

8-Pin DIP
8-Pin DIP
SO-8 Surface Mount
"
SO-8 Surface Mount
"

006
006
182
"
182
"

40C to +85C
40C to +85C
40C to +85C
"
40C to +85C
"

OPA2277PA
OPA2277P
OPA2277UA
OPA2277UA/2K5
OPA2277U
OPA2277U/2K5

Rails
Rails
Rails
Tape and Reel
Rails
Tape and Reel

Quad
OPA4277PA
OPA4277UA
"

50
50
"

1
1
"

14-Pin DIP
SO-14 Surface Mount
"

010
235
"

40C to +85C
40C to +85C
"

OPA4277PA
OPA4277UA
OPA4277UA/2K5

Rails
Rails
Tape and Reel

NOTE: (1) For detailed drawing and dimension table, please see end of data sheet, or Appendix C of Burr-Brown IC Data Book. (2) Products followed by a slash
(/) are only available in Tape and Reel in the quantities indicated (e.g. /2K5 indicates 2500 devices per reel). Ordering 2500 pieces of OPA277UA/2K5 will get
a single 2500 piece Tape and Reel. For detailed Tape and Reel mechanical information, refer to Appendix B of Burr-Brown IC Data Book.

OPA277, 2277, 4277

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES


At TA = +25C, VS = 15V, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.

POWER SUPPLY AND COMMON-MODE


REJECTION vs FREQUENCY

OPEN-LOOP GAIN/PHASE
vs FREQUENCY

140

140
0

100

30

80

60

60

90

40

120

20

150

180

120

+PSR

PSR
PSR, CMR (dB)

AOL (dB)

120

CL = 0
CL = 1500pF

Phase ()

100
80
CMR
60
40
20
0

20
0.1

10

100

1k

10k

100k

1M

0.1

10M

10

100

1k

10k

100k

1M

Frequency (Hz)

Frequency (Hz)

INPUT NOISE AND CURRENT NOISE


SPECTRAL DENSITY vs FREQUENCY

INPUT NOISE VOLTAGE vs TIME

Noise signal is bandwidth limited to


lie between 0.1Hz and 10Hz.

Current Noise
100

50nV/div

Voltage Noise (nV/Hz)


Current Noise (fA/Hz)

1000

Voltage Noise

10

1
1

10

100

1k

10k

1sec/div

Frequency (Hz)

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION + NOISE


vs FREQUENCY

CHANNEL SEPARATION vs FREQUENCY


1

140

120
THD+Noise (%)

Channel Separation (dB)

VOUT = 3.5Vrms

100
Dual and quad devices. G = 1,
all channels. Quad measured
channel A to D or B to Cother
combinations yield similar or
improved rejection.

80

60

0.1
G = 10, RL = 2k, 10k
0.01
G = 1, RL = 2k, 10k
0.001

40
10

100

1k

10k

100k

10

1M

Frequency (Hz)

1k
Frequency (Hz)

OPA277, 2277, 4277

100

10k

100k

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT)


At TA = +25C, VS = 15V, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.

OFFSET VOLTAGE DRIFT


PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION

OFFSET VOLTAGE PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION


16

12

Typical distribution
of packaged units.
Single, dual, and
quad included.

30

Percent of Amplifiers (%)

10
8
6
4

25
20
15
10
5

2
0

504540353025201510 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Offset Voltage (V)

0.1

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

AOL, CMR, PSR vs TEMPERATURE

160

150

AOL, CMR, PSR (dB)

Offset Voltage Change (V)

0.3

Offset Voltage (V/C)

WARM-UP OFFSET VOLTAGE DRIFT

1
0
1
2

CMR
140

AOL

130
PSR
120
110

3
0

15

30

45

60

75

90

105

100
75

120

50

25

25

50

75

100

Time from Power Supply Turn-On (s)

Temperature (C)

INPUT BIAS CURRENT vs TEMPERATURE

QUIESCENT CURRENT AND


SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENT vs TEMPERATURE

125

1000

100

950

90

900

80

Quiescent Current (A)

Input Bias Current (nA)

0.2

2
1
0
1
2
Curves represent typical
production units.

70

850

IQ

800

60
50

750
ISC

700

40

+ISC

650

30

600

20

550

10

500
75

75

50

25

25

50

75

100

125

Temperature (C)

Short-Circuit Current (mA)

Percent of Amplifiers (%)

35

Typical distribution
of packaged units.
Single, dual, and
quad included.

14

0
50

25

25

50

75

100

125

Temperature (C)

OPA277, 2277, 4277

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT)


At TA = +25C, VS = 15V, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.

CHANGE IN INPUT BIAS CURRENT


vs POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE

CHANGE IN INPUT BIAS CURRENT


vs COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE

2.0

2.0
Curve shows normalized change in
bias current with respect to VS = 10V
(+20V). Typical IB may range from
0.5nA to +0.5nA at VS = 10V.

1.5

1.0

VS = 5V

0.5
0.0

IB (nA)

IB (nA)

1.0

Curve shows normalized change in bias current


with respect to VCM = 0V. Typical IB may range
from 05.nA to +0.5nA at VCM = 0V.

1.5

VCM = 0V

0.5
0.0

0.5

0.5

1.0

1.0

1.5

1.5

VS = 15V

2.0

2.0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

15

10

Supply Voltage (V)

QUIESCENT CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE

10

15

100
10V step
CL = 1500pF

per amplifier

Settling Time (s)

900

800

700

50

0.01%
0.1%

20

600

10

500
0

10

15

20

10

Supply Voltage (V)

100

Gain (V/V)

MAXIMUM OUTPUT VOLTAGE


vs FREQUENCY

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs OUTPUT CURRENT


(V+)

30

(V+) 1
Output Voltage Swing (V)

VS = 15V

25
Output Voltage (Vp-p)

SETTLING TIME vs CLOSED-LOOP GAIN

1000

Quiescent Current (A)

Common-Mode Voltage (V)

20
15
10
VS = 5V
5

55C

(V+) 2
(V+) 3
125C

(V+) 4

25C

(V+) 5
(V) + 5

25C

125C

(V) + 4
(V) + 3
(V) + 2

55C

(V) + 1
(V)

0
10k

1k

100k

1M

OPA277, 2277, 4277

10

15

20

Output Current (mA)

Frequency (Hz)

25

30

TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES (CONT)


At TA = +25C, VS = 15V, and RL = 2k, unless otherwise noted.

LARGE-SIGNAL STEP RESPONSE


G = +1, CL = 1500pF, VS = 15V

SMALL-SIGNAL OVERSHOOT
vs LOAD CAPACITANCE
60
Gain = 1

40

2V/div

Gain = +1
30
20
Gain = 10
10
0
10

100

1k

10k

100k

10s/div

Load Capacitance (pF)

SMALL-SIGNAL STEP RESPONSE


G = +1, CL = 1500pF, VS = 15V

SMALL-SIGNAL STEP RESPONSE


G = +1, CL = 0, VS = 15V

20mV/div

20mV/div

Overshoot (%)

50

1s/div

1s/div

OPA277, 2277, 4277

APPLICATIONS INFORMATION

connecting a potentiometer as shown in Figure 1. This


adjustment should be used only to null the offset of the op
amp. This adjustment should not be used to compensate for
offsets created elsewhere in a system since this can introduce additional temperature drift.

The OPA277 series is unity-gain stable and free from unexpected output phase reversal, making it easy to use in a wide
range of applications. Applications with noisy or high impedance power supplies may require decoupling capacitors
close to the device pins. In most cases 0.1F capacitors are
adequate.

V+
Trim Range: Exceeds
Offset Voltage Specification

The OPA277 series has very low offset voltage and drift. To
achieve highest performance, circuit layout and mechanical
conditions should be optimized. Offset voltage and drift can
be degraded by small thermoelectric potentials at the op amp
inputs. Connections of dissimilar metals will generate thermal potential which can degrade the ultimate performance of
the OPA277 series. These thermal potentials can be made to
cancel by assuring that they are equal in both input terminals.

0.1F
20k
7
1

8
OPA277

3
0.1F

6
OPA277 single op amp only.
Use offset adjust pins only to null
offset voltage of op ampsee text.

Keep thermal mass of the connections made to the two


input terminals similar.
Locate heat sources as far as possible from the critical
input circuitry.
Shield op amp and input circuitry from air currents such as
cooling fans.

FIGURE 1. OPA277 Offset Voltage Trim Circuit.


INPUT PROTECTION
The inputs of the OPA277 series are protected with 1k
series input resistors and diode clamps. The inputs can
withstand 30V differential inputs without damage. The
protection diodes will, of course, conduct current when the
inputs are over-driven. This may disturb the slewing behavior of unity-gain follower applications, but will not damage
the op amp.

OPERATING VOLTAGE
OPA277 series op amp operate from 2V to 18V supplies
with excellent performance. Unlike most op amps which are
specified at only one supply voltage, the OPA277 series is
specified for real-world applications; a single limit applies
over the 5V to 15V supply range. This allows a customer
operating at VS = 10V to have the same assured performance as a customer using 15V supplies. In addition, key
parameters are guaranteed over the specified temperature
range, 40C to +85C. Most behavior remains unchanged
through the full operating voltage range (2V to 18V).
Parameters which vary significantly with operating voltage
or temperature are shown in typical performance curves.

INPUT BIAS CURRENT CANCELLATION


The input stage base current of the OPA277 series is internally compensated with an equal and opposite cancellation
circuit. The resulting input bias current is the difference
between the input stage base current and the cancellation
current. This residual input bias current can be positive or
negative.
When the bias current is canceled in this manner, the input
bias current and input offset current are approximately the
same magnitude. As a result, it is not necessary to use a bias
current cancellation resistor as is often done with other op
amps (Figure 2). A resistor added to cancel input bias
current errors may actually increase offset voltage and noise.

OFFSET VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT


The OPA277 series is laser-trimmed for very low offset
voltage and drift so most circuits will not require external
adjustment. However, offset voltage trim connections are
provided on pins 1 and 8. Offset voltage can be adjusted by

R2

R2
R1

R1
Op Amp

OPA277

RB = R2 || R1

No bias current
cancellation resistor
(see text)

(a)

(b)

Conventional op amp with external bias


current cancellation resistor.

OPA277 with no external bias current


cancellation resistor.

FIGURE 2. Input Bias Current Cancellation.

OPA277, 2277, 4277

V+

1/2
OPA2277

VOUT = (V1 V2)(1 +

R2
R1

R2
V

RR
Load
Cell

V1
R+R

V+

R+R
V2

R1
1/2
OPA2277

RR

V
R2

R1

For integrated solution see: INA126, INA2126 (dual)


INA125 (on-board reference)
INA122 (single-supply)

FIGURE 3. Load Cell Amplifier.

IREG 1mA
5V

12
V+
Type J

VLIN

1/2
OPA2277

13

RF
10k

R
412

+
VIN

1
IR1

11
VREG

10
V+

RG

RG
1250

RF
10k

14
IR2

XTR105

B
E

RG

IO
1/2
OPA2277

1k

25

IRET

50

VIN

IO = 4mA + (VIN VIN) 40


RG

RCM = 1250
(G = 1 +

2RF
= 50)
R

0.01F

FIGURE 4. Thermocouple Low Offset, Low Drift Loop Measurement with Diode Cold Junction Compensation.

OPA277, 2277, 4277