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PART A

1. List the raw data in an ascending order (heading is required, in a single page).

Sample
FBM01678
FBM01496
FBM01679
FBM01603
FBM01602
FBM01656
FBM01486
FBM01673
FBM01464
FBM01703
FBM01691
FBM01481

Shoulder length
14.5
15.6
15.7
15.7
16.1
16.4
16.5
17.2
17.8
17.8
18
18.4

2. What is a reasonable target population for the sample you used?


The target population is the QIUP Foundation In Business students.The sample is the January
2015 intake students

3.Explain why you sample the population


Firstly, the sampling saves time and cost.The time and cost required to conduct a sample
study is less because its size is small.Therefore,I was able to collect my data with greater
speed.Secondly,sampling is very reliable and convenient.

4.Are the sample data discrete or continuous?

The sample data is definitely continuous. This is because the value of the data has a
continuous range and contains practically any numeric value.

5.Give an example of an element,a variable and a measurement for this data set.

Variable

Elements

Sample

Data

FBM01678

14.5

FBM01496

15.6

FBM01679

15.7

FBM01603

15.7

FBM01602

16.1

FBM01656

16.4

Measurement

6.Describe any problems you had in collecting the data

The first challenge I faced was the unpredictable attendance of the students.In relation to
that,I was unable to collect data whenever the students were absent.This greatly slowed down
my progress in collecting my data.Secondly,I faced the problem of short time and stressfull
time management as I had to collect the data while doing assignments for other subjects and
studying for the quizzes for other subjects.

PART B

8. Group your data into appropriate class limits, indicate with tally marks

Class
14.5-15.4
15.5-16.4
16.5-17.4
17.5-18.4
18.5-19.4

Tally

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0

9. Calculate the relative frequency for all the classes.

Relative Frequency = Frequency/ Frequency

Class
14.5-15.4
15.5-16.4
16.5-17.4
17.5-18.4
18.5-19.4

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0

10. Calculate the cumulative frequency for all the classes.

Relative Frequency
1/12 =
1/12
5/12 =
5/12
2/12 =
1/6
4/12 =
1/3
0/12 =
0

Class
14.5-15.4
15.5-16.4
16.5-17.4
17.5-18.4
18.5-19.4

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0

Cumulative Frequency
1
6
8
12
12

11. Construct a histogram for the relative frequency distribution.


1. Range = Highest Lowest
= 18.4 14.5
= 3.9
2. No. of Classes = 1+3.322 (log 12)
= 1+3.322 (1.079181246)
= 1+3.585040099
= 4.59
= 5 classes
3. Class Width = Range/ 1+3.322 (log12)
= 3.9/ 4.585040099
= 0.85
=1

Class Limit
14.5-15.4
15.5-16.4
16.5-17.4
17.5-18.4
18.5-19.4

Class Boundary
14-14.9
15-15.9
16-16.9
17-17.9
18-18.9

Cumulative Frequency
1
6
8
12
12

12. Construct a polygon for the relative frequency distribution, comment on the shape
of the distribution (symmetry or skewness).

According to the polygon I have drawn, it shows it is bimodal.

13. Draw an ogive for the cumulative percentage distribution.

Class Boundary
14-14.9
15-15.9
16-16.9
17-17.9
18-18.9

Midpoint
14.5
15.5
16.5
17.5
18.5

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0

Cumulative Frequency
1
6
8
12
12

14. From the ogive, find three quartiles and determine the inter-quartile range.
Quartile 1 = 1/4 * 12
=3
From ogive, Q1 is 14.9
Quartile 2 = 2/4 * 12
=6
From ogive, Q2 is 15.5
Quartile 3 = 3/4 * 12
=9
From ogive, Q3 is 16.7
Inter-quatile Range = Quartile 3 Quartile 1
= 16.7 14.9
= 1.8

15. Compute the mean, median, mode and standard deviation for the data.
(a) Mean = f/ n
=
(b)
Class Boundary
14-14.9
15-15.9
16-16.9
17-17.9
18-18.9

Midpoint
14.5
15.5
16.5
17.5
18.5

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0
12

fx
14.5
77.5
33
70
0
195

Mean = fx/ f
= 1 (14.5) + 5 (15.5) + 2 (16.5) + 4 (17.5) + 0 (18.5)/ 12
= 195/ 12
= 16.25
Class Boundary
14-14.9
15-15.9
16-16.9
17-17.9
18-18.9
6(median class)

Midpoint
14.5
15.5
16.5
17.5
18.5

Frequency
1
5
2
4
0

(n/2) fm-1

L+

fm

Median =
= 16 +

(12/2) - 1
5

= 16.9

0.9

12/2
Median
=

Class

fm fm-1

L+

(fm fm-1) + (fm fm+1)

Mode =
51

16 +

(5 1) + (5 2)

0.9

=
= 16.51

16. Comment on the relationship among the mean, median and mode obtained from your
distribution.

Median>Mode>Mean.All of the data falls on the same side of the graph.