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PDHPE Assessment

Health Issue: Sexual Health


Describe the risk and protective factors for your health issue as relevant to
young people

Any form of sexual activity amongst adolescents provides numerous health risks. Risk
factors do not directly cause any illness however they increase the risk for someone to
develop that disease or illness. A major risk factor amongst young people is having
unprotected sex which involves any sexual activity without the usage of a condom or
any form of contraception. Participation in unsafe sex can lead to the contraction and
spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and can also lead to unplanned
pregnancy amongst youths. STIs are usually in the form of bacteria or viruses and are
transmitted when having intercourse without the usage of a condom (which still has a
very small chance of failure). Another risk factor that is common amongst youths is
engaging in sexual activity whilst under the influence of drugs are alcohol. They can
inhibit the judgement of individuals and can make them more willing to participate in
risky activities (unsafe sex) which can potentially lead to the transfer of STIs.
On the other hand, protective factors are factors in someones life that promote a
positive wellbeing. A protective factor that a young person could have is the
availability and easy access of accurate information. If a youth is able to readily
access information in regards to sexual health, they would be able to understand how
to make the right decision in regards to having safe sexual activity and minimise the
risk involved. Additionally, if another protective factor for youths is a strong bond with
their family, friends and teachers. The strong bond will allow for individuals to be
open and can discuss their thoughts on sexual activity with them. They can also gain
an understanding of the risks of sexual activity in a more personal manner than from

2) Evaluate a current social marketing campaign that has been used to

promote positive health behaviour for your health issue.
Play Safe is a current social marketing campaign that is currently being run by
NSW Health and promotes sexual health. According to the World Health
Organisation, sexual health is defined as a positive and respectful approach to
sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable
and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For
sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons
must be respected, protected and fulfilled. The campaign is displayed in the
form of a website which is openly accessible for all ages, interactive and provides
reliable information in a short and succinct manner.
The Play Safe campaign hopes to provide youths with reliable information in
regards to practicing safe sex and the dangers of unsafe sexual activity. The
campaign aims to reduce the spread of STIs among youths and unplanned
teenage pregnancy. It uses strategies which focus on the individuals and groups
to bring about behavioural changes in regards to sexual health. This is mainly
done through the promotion of having safe sex and using protection and
particularly is aimed at individuals to change their own choices. STIs has been
identified as a growing concern amongst teenagers and despite the constant
promotion of safe sex many continue to have unprotected sex. This presents a
threat to the health and well-being of individuals and their partners as STIs
transferred through having unprotected sex and will continue to be transferred
unless more people have safe sex.
The campaign is able to promote safe sex through devoting a whole section of
the website to condoms. This section emphasis the responsibility of the
individual in having safe sex as the information is presented in second person
which allows for interaction with the individual. The information is neatly
separated and provides information on when to use condoms, how to use them,
how to get them and etc. Additionally, the campaign also provides great details
into the common STIs amongst young people. It provides information on
different STIs, their symptoms, prevention and treatment. By doing this, youths
are able to gain a multitude of information on the risks of unsafe sex and the
benefits of having protected and safe sex in one website. This campaign will
hopefully lead to a behavioural change amongst youths and lead to having a
better health and well-being through the decline of unsafe sex and the number of
youths affected by STIs.
The campaign is fairly new and the affects have yet to be seen and it is unknown
whether the campaign will be successful. However, it is expected to do fairly well
and is being updated and maintained regularly by the NSW Government which is
effectively running the campaign.