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Teacher: Heather Narwich

Grade Level: 8th

I. Content and Standards

1. M8.C.1.2.1: Use the Pythagorean theorem to find the measure of a
missing side of a right triangle (formula provided on the reference sheet
whole numbers only).
2. 2.5.8.A: Develop a plan to analyze a problem, identify the information
needed to solve the problem, carry out the plan, apply estimation skills
as appropriate, check whether the plan makes sense, and explain how
the problem was solved in grade appropriate contexts.
II. Prerequisites

Students will be able to compute the missing side of a right triangle

Students will know the Pythagorean theorem only applies to right


Students will be able to use the square and square root functions on their
calculator and round to the nearest tenth

Students will know how to TAG (Turn the question into a prompt; Answer
the question; Give evidence) a constructed response

III. Instructional Objective

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
1. Compute the answer to word problems related to the Pythagorean
2. Create a visual sketch to solve the problem
3. Identify pertinent information from the word problem and plug this
information into the theorem a2+b2=c2.
IV. Instructional Procedures: BDA

Students will break into small groups. Each group will be given a word
problem to solve

Groups will create a visual or act out the problem and TAG their answer

Groups will present their problem and solution to the class

V. Materials and Equipment

See attached sheet for word problems

Construction paper, tape, markers, etc

VI. Assessment/Evaluation

Informal assessment of group participation

Group presentation

Group visual or demonstration of solution


Accommodations or Modifications
I have an easy problem with whole numbers in case an IEP student is
really struggling, but I am hoping they can contribute to their group


The Smart board will be used to give instructions and students can use it
to illustrate their solution

IX. Self-Assessment

I will use student feedback to tweak my word problems.

1. The slide at the playground has a height of 6 feet. The base of

the slide measured on the ground is 8 feet. What is the length of
the sliding board?
2. The bottom of a 13-foot straight ladder is set into the ground 5
feet away from a wall. When the top of the ladder is leaned
against the wall, what is the distance above the ground it will
3. In shop class, you make a table. The sides of the table measure
36" and 18". If the diagonal of the table measures 43", is the
table square? (In construction, the term "square just means
the table has right angles at the corners.)
4. In the Old West, settlers made tents out of a piece of cloth
thrown over a clothesline and then secured to the ground with
stakes forming an isosceles triangle. How long would the cloth
have to be so that the opening of the tent was 6 feet high and 8
feet wide?
5. A baseball diamond is actually a square with sides of 90 feet.
If a runner tries to steal second base, how far must the catcher,
at home plate, throw to get the runner out? Given this
information, explain why runners more often try to steal second
base than third.
6. Your family wants to purchase a new laptop with a 17
widescreen. Since the 17 inches represents the diagonal

measurement of the screen (upper corner to lower corner), you

want to find out the actual dimensions of the laptop. When you
measured the laptop at the store, the height was 10 inches, but
you dont remember the width. Calculate and describe how you
could figure out the width of the laptop to the nearest tenth inch.

7. During a football play, DeSean Jackson runs a straight route 40

yards up the sideline before turning around and catching a pass
thrown by Michael Vick. On the opposing team, a defender who
started 20 yards across the field from Jackson saw the play setup
and ran a slant towards Jackson. What was the distance the
defender had to run to get to the spot where Jackson caught the
8. In construction, floor space must be planned for staircases. If the
vertical distance between the first and second floors is 3.6
meters, and a contractor is using the standard step pattern of 28
cm wide for 18 cm high, then how many steps are needed to get
from the first to the second floor and how much linear distance
(ie width or base) will be needed for the staircase? What is
the length of the railing that would be attached to these stairs?