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# Pulp flow in circular, semicircular or rectangular channels, with three sizing options and c

Nominal flow

M000-301
302
0

Reference drawing :
Flow number :
Review:

Maximum flow
Minimum flow
Pulp density

ms =

2200

t/h

Volumetric concentration

Qmax / Qnom =

1.20

Qmin / Qnom =

0.7
2.66
27.46%
60

## Solids mass flow rate

Solids density
Weight concentration
Medium value of the PSD

s =
Cw =
d50 =

(1)

L =

Liquid density
Mannings' coefficient

(2)

Slope
Lining thickness
Froth factor
Design factor
Temperature
Absolute rugosity of lining
Chann height (if rectg or semicirc)

N=

1000
0.0130

S=
sLining =

0.020
0

FF =

1.0
1.0
18
1.3

DF =
t=
Rabs =
Hchann =

1.5

t/m3
m

Friction factor
Manning's coefficient
Reynolds number

kg/m

Eq. 1

Eq. 2

m/m

Eq. 3

mm

Eq. 4

Eq. 5

Eq. 6

Eq. 7

mm

Eq. 8

Eq. 9
Eq. 10

Channel type:

Circular

Flow w. froth

d or B

m3/s
Eqs. 1,2,3
1.29
1.84
2.21

m
Eq. 21
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m
Eq. 22
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m
Eq. 23
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m/s
Eq. 24
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Minimum
Nominal
Maximum

Option1

## Note 1. PSD: Particle size distribution

Note 2. This input is a reference value. It does not consider the influence of the pipe rugosity (Rabs), the fluid viscosity (

Note 3. If selected combination of nominal diameter and Schedule for carbon steel pipe does not exist, no solution will be available (and no mes
Note 4. Annex A shows the steps required for the calculation of the Manning coefficient.

Flow rates:
Minimum
Nominal

Deposition:

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Maximum

## Solution for circular channels using the matrix function

N=
0.0130
S=
0.0200
m/m

Manning coefficient
Slope
Circular channel Flow w. froth
m3/s
Flow with froth
Minimum
1.29

d
m
1.657

H
m
#VALUE!

A
m
#VALUE!

v
m/s
#VALUE!

Nominal
Maximum

1.84
2.21

1.657
1.657

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

## Annex A. Manning coefficient calculation for a circular channel

Q=
d=
N=
S=

1.29
#VALUE!
0.013
0.01293

m3/s
m
m/m

Re =
v=
Rh =
P =

Re =
A=
A=
v=
Q=
A=
v=

Channel_Circular_Area_Q_D_N_S

Rh =
Rh =

Rrel =
Rabs =
Rh =
Rrel =

P =
P =

#VALUE!
Q/A
1.29
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!

f=

Rrel =
Re =
f=

m /s
m
m/s
3

Rabs / (4*Rh)
1.3
mm
#VALUE!
mm
#VALUE!

N=
f=
Rh =
N=
N=
Rh =
Rabs =
Re =
N=

v * (4*Rh) /
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Pipe_Friction_Factor_Rrel_Re

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
(f * Rh ^ (1 / 3) / (8 * g)) ^ 0.5

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Pipe_Manning_coefficient_Channel_Rh_Rabs_R

#VALUE!
1.3
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Slurry_Visc_Thomas_Cw_Ss_RhoL_t
#VALUE!

Data
N=

m/s

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

dn
Sc in
1/ 2
5
3/ 4
10
1
20
1 1/ 2
30
2
40
3
60
4
80
5
100
6
120
8
140
10
160
12
STD
14
XS
16
XXS

0.01300

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108
120
144

6.35
7.14
7.92
8.74
9.53
10.31
11.13
11.91
12.7
14.27
15.88
16.66
17.48
19.05
22.23
25.4

minal flow

Qnom =

ximum flow

Qmax =

m3/h

Eq. 1

m /h

Eq. 2

## Dimension options for circular, semicircular

Circular and semiciercular channels:

m3/h

Eq. 3

## Nominal diameter, CS. pipe

P =

6,639
7,967
4,647
1.21

t/m

Eq. 4

Schedule

umetric concentration

Cv :

12.46

Eq. 5

Rectangular channels:

p kinematic viscosity

P =

#VALUE!

m/s

Eq. 6

## Elvain & Cave factor

FL =

#VALUE!
f(Rrel, Re)

nning's coefficient
nolds number

f=
N=
Re =

Qmin =

Eq. 7

## f(Rh, Rabs, Re) f/Rrel,Re) -

Eq. 8

Qnom =

(mp /( P *Cw )) * FF * DF

Qmax =

Qmin =

## Selected dimension option:

Eq. 9
Eq. 10

Selected data

P =

(1/1000) * (L*Ss)/(Cw+(1-Cw)*Ss)

Cv =
P =

## Cw /(Cw + (1-Cw) * Ss)

Slurry_Visc_Thomas_Cw_Ss_RhoL_t

FL =

Slurry_Fl_McElvain_d50_Cv

## Channel type sele

Available channel types:

## Selected channel type:

f=

Pipe_Friction_Factor_Rrel_Re

N=

Pipe_Manning_coefficient_Channel_Rh_Rabs_Re

Re =

v * (4 * Rh) /

## Table uses single functions

E

Froude

m
Eq. 25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Eq. 26
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m
Eq. 27
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Rh
m
Eq. 28
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

T
m
Eq. 29
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

H/D
%
Eq. 30
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

fi
Eq. 31
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

, the fluid viscosity (P), nor the hydraulic radius (Rh). For a more accurate result, this input value can be repalced by the respective calculated values.

## HtoD ratio, for circular channels and

Freeboard "FB" for semicircular and
rectangular channels. FB = Hchann - H

E
m
#VALUE!

Hn/D =
Hn/D =

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

%
%

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Hn/D =

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

## Channel_Circular_Matrix_Q_D_N_S = Array(H, A, v, E, Fr, P, Rh, t, HtoD, fi, Qmax)

Fr
#VALUE!

P
m
#VALUE!

Rh
m
#VALUE!

T
m
#VALUE!

HtoD
%
#VALUE!

fi
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m/s
m
m/s
-

e_Friction_Factor_Rrel_Re

Rh ^ (1 / 3) / (8 * g)) ^ 0.5

_Manning_coefficient_Channel_Rh_Rabs_Re

m
mm
-

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Eq. 21
Eq. 22
Eq. 23
Eq. 24
Eq. 25
Eq. 26
Eq. 27
Eq. 28
Eq. 29
Eq. 30
Eq. 31
Eq. 32
Eq. 33
Eq. 34

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

## Diameter of a circular channel or width of a reactangular chann

Height is calculated according the channel type and other inpu
Area is calculated according the channel type and other input
Velocity is calculated according the channel type and other inp
Energy is calculated according the channel type and other inpu
Wetted perimeter is calculated according the channel type and
Froude number is calculated according the channel type and o
Hydraulic radius is calculated according the channel type and
Top width is calculated according the channel type and other in
H to D ratio is calculated according the channel type
Angle "fi" is calculated according the channel type, when appl
Maximum possible flow is calculated for circular channel
The Manning's coefficient is calculated considering hydraulic r
Limot deposition velocity for the slurry

## n options for circular, semicircular and rectangular channels (3)

miciercular channels:
Option1
Option2
Option3
dn (in) =
48
60
66
Sch (-) =
STD
STD
STD
Bint (mm) =

sion option:

1300

1400

1500

Option1
dn (in) =

48

in

Sch (-) =

STD

Bint (mm) =

1300

mm

Circular

Qmax
m3/s
Eq. 32
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Semicircular
Circular

Re
Eq. 10
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Rectangular

(4)
Eq. 33
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

f
-.
Eq. 8
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

g=

9.80665

vd

v/vd

hv

m/s
Eq. 34
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

m
v/(2*g)
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Qmax
m3/s
#VALUE!

m/s

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

## l or width of a reactangular channel are defined according the selections

g the channel type and other input data.
the channel type and other input data.
ng the channel type and other input data.
g the channel type and other input data.
d according the channel type and other input data.
according the channel type and other input data.
according the channel type and other input data.
ding the channel type and other input data.
ording the channel type
ding the channel type, when applicable
culated for circular channel
alculated considering hydraulic radius, viscosity and friction factor