You are on page 1of 8





B D Stephenson, 9 Roydfield Drive, Waterthorpe, SHEFFIELD, S19 6ND

M McDowell, 136 St. Luke's Road, SOUTHEND-ON-SEA,Essex, SS2 4AG
J R Coward, 25 Elmwood Avenue, HARROW Middlesex, HA3 8AJ

All originals printed here tiake part in the nonnal

Problemist tourneys, so that publication in this supplement is equivalent to publication in the main magazine.

of mine, a

c s cRoucH

solution by

For this supplement, I am looking for straightforward

originals of all types, including endgame studies. ldea$y,

move, but still failedl I

tried hard to get some-

entertainment value. Please submit originals to me at th

above address. I would appreciate it if composers would
submit problems clearly drawn or stamped on diagrams,

would also be happy


thing longer

consoled myself with

composers could

the thought that if short

and sweet solutions are
good enough for the

great Kubbel they

should be good enough
for me too. Kubbel's


In this issue endgame study composer (and ot-b

\Mite to play and draw

studies tend to be bright

sth Pr., Balt. Schachblefter, 1908

confused, amused, frustrated and entertained.

Possibly the best way to interest the practical player in
studies is to show the most amusing parly pieces to a
relaxed audience.
Here is one of my orirn studies, nothing too probund
or lengthy, I harre to admit. The first two movs are
relatively sfaightbmard, but the third is difficult. A fiind


someone new to
studies to start. Another
study which has deremained

popular across the decades :s the following. lt

is gamelike in the sense
that a familiar struggle
with a far advanced
passed pawn is in-


Some over-the-board players take a lot of interest in

studies and problems; others, perhaps feeling themselves more sternly practically minded, avoid them
altogether. lt is interesting to note that lMs and GMs tend
to be more interested in solving than in composing. For
mysell the idea of entering a solving competition to see
who is technically most proficient at uncovering a
compose/s creative idea, is relatively boring. Composition itself has more appeal! The solver is there to be

and entertaining, and

would be a good place



Colin Crouch


deeper, but in the end

somehow hide the solution so that I may have a chance

of solving their originals. Many thanksl
The supplement has its own unified solving ladder and
all are eligible to enter it. Prizes are in line with the main

International Master) Colin Crouch provides our SELECTIONS column. Colin Russ's article on Anderssen and
Indians has prompted a response from Australia, and this
appears after the originals.
I have so far had only two suggestions for a new
name for this little magazine, both from the USA. Eugene
Dugas has come up with Knight Errant and Bob Bales
contributes Problem Chlld. This latter appeals to me, and
if no better title arrives before the next issue. Problem
Child it will be!


through every legal third

they should be pointed, well constructed, and have



strong club player, one

evening tried to find the

&d HM., Assiac MT.. 1988

lt is also Drob-

lem like, to a far greater

extent than most studies, in that there is a lot

White to play and draw

of emphasis on a single
startling key move.

to keep their big idea

hidden by a few moves of introductory play. Grouch.
1.8b5+ (The big danger is mate on the h-fi|e. Another
danger is shown by the line 1.892+? Ke2 2.f8=Q Rbl+)
1...Rxb5 2.f8=Q Rhs 3.b8=B! (and not 3.b8=Q? Rxh4+
4.Qxh2 93 5.Qxh4 92+ 6.Kh2 gl=Q+ 7.Kh3 Qg2 l*)
Generally study composers like

3...RxM+ 4.8h2 93 5.Qxf2+ and White is stalemated next

move. Behting. Black cannot be prevented from queening; the trick is to set up a positional draw. 1.Kc6! g1=Q

(1...h3 2.593+ Kh4 3.5e2

h2 4.SR+ Kh3 5.Sxh2


2.Sxh4! G- 3.ShE and Black can do nothing; the king is

trapped, and the queen can do nothing by herself. \My
does the king have to go to the absurd square c6?
Because it is the only square which does not allow Black
a critical tempogaining queen check on move 2.


PS253 (McDowell) 1...O-O-O/C5 2.Qxc6/Qxa8; 1.Qh7t

(2.Qxo8) 1...O-O-O/Kd8/Kf8/S- 2.a8=Q/Qd7/Qf7/a(x)e7

followed by a white sacrifice to draw the king on to the

pin-line; however the solutions do not match precisely, as
the sacrificed rook provides another pin, while the
sacrificed knight simply carries out guard duties." (MM)
"Not a Derfect match. but rich in content and the
pin-mates are a surprise." (BPB) "Attractive pin-mates."
(KD) "Hard work!" (SE)

PS254 (Richards) 1.Oe1! (2.b5) 1...8d2/Rc3/Rcxe1/Rx2. KxcT/Qal /Ras/Sxcs/S(x)b8 "Clever di-

PS265 (Petite) 1.Sd2 Sxh4+ 2.Sxh4 Sxel; 1.Sd4 Sxel+

2.Sxe1 Sxh4 "Black's initial interference determines the
mating square, after which White must sacrifice in order
to allow the 92 knight to unguard the mating square."
(MM) "Double Treffpunkt with inversion of white moves."
(AE) (ln the Treffpunkt (or junction-point) theme a square

soLUTloNs (SEPTEMBER 1994)

;Neat-change affer 1...O-O-O." (J.Gill) "Can there be any
originality in such settings - even with the change afier
caitting?" (B.P.Barnes)" The change is the point, otherwise tliere is a forerunner by B.Pustowoi, Molodj sibirjak
1 962 r3kl s1/Bp6 l4K3l8l7 Ql24 #2 1.Oh7." (MM)
cs+/Rexe1, Rb8

versionary sacrifice, whilst eyeing a5." (J.Gill) "Subtle

threat." (C.Vaughan) "Good sacrificial key " (K.Dewhurst)

PS255 (Lincoln) 1.Se5? but 1...Sb21; 1.Sd6? 1.. Sb2

2.Res but 1...Se3!; 1.Re4? 1..,Se3 2.Rd4 but 1...8b3!;
1.Rc6! (2.Qxc4) 1...Bb3/Sb2,Sc5,Ses/Se3,Sd6 2 Qg2/
R(x)c5/R(x)d6 "Well-paired choice of tries and key for
quartet of rook mates with changed play." (BPB) "Each
tiy destroys a mate which was set for the move which
now refutes."



PS256 (Morse) 1.b8=a! (2.Sf2) '1...8h3,Rxf5/Bc6/B else

2.Qh2/Bxc6/QxB "Seven square vacation defences from
the bishop - presumably a record." (BPB)

0 1...Sh-(+)/Rxf7+lsa-lRxa7 I
RxcS/Rb8/Re6/Rxd8/Rh8/Rg8 2.Q(x)94/Qxff/B(x)b5/
PS257 (Battaglia) 1.Ba6l




is guarded by more than one black piece, and


guards are consecutively eliminated.) "Difficult to solve,

and, I suspect, difficult to compose." (BPB) The composer has recently discovered that the problem was
published in the award of the "SR Macedonia" tourney,
which closed in 1989.
PS266 (Siotis) 1.Rd4 Rcs 2.Bc4 Rffs 3.8d3 Rces; 1.R95
Rf5 2.8d5 Rf3 3.Re5 Rff4 "Echoed mates, although the
shategy differs betriveen solutions. The waiting move
1...Rcs is surprising." (MM) "Finesse of 1.R95 etc. not
matched by the other solution, but the posltion is well
exploited." (BPB) "Bristol clearance in one line; tempo
play in the other." (KD)
PS267 (Vitale) 1.Kds Ba3 2.e4 Kb2 3.e5 Kc3 4.8e6 Se7

complete block with unprovided 1..Sc4 and 1 .Rxc8.

"Took some time to find the mating position." (SE)

"Elegant model, but why the BPfs?" (KD) "lt stops the


cook 1.Kds Ba3 2.8f5 Kb2 3.e6/Be4 Kc3 4.8e4le6 Se7.

Alex Ettinger has computer-checked the setting BPf5 to
e6 and minus BBdT and pronounces it a sound

Nice puzzle." (lPG) "Neat waiter with varied promotions-

PS258 (Boumeester) 1.Se5! (2.RdO) 1.. Sexd4/Sbxd4/

Bxd4/Rxd4 2.QxgB/Ba2lSc3lf4 "Four attractive pinmates." (JG) "Well-motivated selfpins at d4." (BPB)

PS259 (McDowetl) Set 1...b4 2.Kd4 Kxb2 3.Kc4; 1.Ra6!

1...b4 2.Sa4


3.Sc5; 1...Kb4 2.8c2



'iAttractive relief of stalemate switch." (BPB) "Subtle and

unexpected." (JG) "Try 1.Sd'1 Kb4 2.8f8+ but 1...b4!."

ideal-mate miniature." (MM)

PS268 (Jonsson) 1.Ra3 Rb3 2.Kf4 Rxh3 3.Rf3 Kf6 4.Qe3

Rh4 "Reminiscent of PS266 both in mating paftern and
rook-shuffling. This time play incorporates a BR switchback. Not easy, and several near misses." (lPG) "A nice
mixed Turton with switchback." (AE)

PS269 (Buglos) 1.Scs? (2.8e5+/86+/Bg7+ Bg4) 1...8x-

or Rxi/ 2.Bxc5+iBe5+/86+ Bg4 but

...Rxh8! 1.8c5? (2.Sed6+/S6+ Bg4) 1...8x95/Bxc5
2.Sexg5+/Sxc5+ Bg4 but1..Rxr! l.Sf6? Rxl/! 1.8f6?

PS260 (Fomichev) 1.Sf1! (2.d3+ Sxd3 3.cxd3) 1...Qd5

2.c4+ any 3.a(x)d5; 1..Rd4 2.c3+ any 3.Q(x)d4; 1...Rb3


theme." (MM) "Albino, but the superfluous variations and

Rxh8! {.897! (2.Sed6+/Sf6+/Sc5+ Bg4) 1...8x95

2.Sexg5+ Bg4; 1..Rxf/ 2.hxg6+ Bhs "Nice separation of
try refutations and a subtle key make for an excellent
puzzle." (lPG) "Splendid self-interferences and a visionary key!" (BPB)

2.cxb3+ Sd3 3.8xd3;1...Ra3 2.c3+ Sd3/Rxb1 3.Qd4,Bxd3/Qd4; 1...Qa6 2.c4+ Rxbl/Sd3 3.Qd5/Qd5,Bxd3
"The c2 pawn moves to 4 squares, illustrating the Albino

short mates after'1...Sb2 and 1...Sd3 are


(A.Ettinger) "lnteresting Albino, but the out-of-play knight

looks a likely key piece." (KD)
PS261 (Mantha) 1.Ke3l

Kgl 2.Ke2+ Kh1 3.Kt3 d4 4.Kr2

"Amusing spiral king march, mocking his opponent "

(S.Klebes) "WK 'remote-controls' BK. Some light relief
with which to end the directmates." (SE)

PS262 (Mantha) (a) 1.0-0 Rh2 2.Rr Rh8; (b) 1.0-0-0

Rb2 2.Rd7 Rb8 "Easy but instructive for beginners."

(BPB) "Phases too similar to be interesting." (lPG)

"Castling and echoed models, but elementary." (SE)
"Cannot be original." (SK)
PS263 (Garai) (a) 1.Kd8 Qe4 2.Rcc7 Re8; (b) 1.Kel Rds
2.Qf2 Qd1 "Black selfblocks on square vacated by the
king, while \Nhite guards his mating square with a pinned
piece." (lPG) "Pointed as ever!" (BPB) "Harmonious, as
always with this composer." (AE)
PS26,4 (Jonsson) 1.Sc.4 Sxd4 2.Kxd4 Qd6; 1.Sf5 Rxe4
2.Kxe4 Rxd4'ln each solution an anticipatory self-pin is


PS270 (Vertelka) 1.Sa4 Kf1 2.Ba1 Ke1 3.Rb2 Kfl 4.Q92+

Ke1 5.Re7+ Se2 6.Sf3+ Kd1 7.Sc3+ Sxc3 "Very satisfying to solve." (KD) "Tough, but at least the possible
mating positions were fairly limited." (lPG)

PS271 (Hammarstrom) '1... Of2 (lg3) 2.Kh2 (lg2) Ke4

(lf1);1.Kh2 (lh3) Oss (lhs) 2.Ks1 (lsa) Ks6 (lhs)
"Pleasing discovered mates." (KD) "Mating move by WK

in both

phases. The interesting thing about lmitator

problems is that the final position is determined from the

position of the other pieces, and not how they got there,
so if you can find a mating pattern with the I in the right
place you just have to hope that it is achieveable legally
in the required number of moves." (lPG)

PS272 (Sikda0 1.Kb5 6.a1=B 8.BM 't3.Ke1 14.d1=R

16.Re2 17.B,d2 Rfl 'Bravo. A most unusual and distinctive find.' (BPB) 'Not obvious that the a-pawn must
promote frst." (lPG)

PS273 (Mayhew) 2.Kd2 3.e1=B 4.Bxf2 S.Bel 7.f1=B

8.8d3 10.Kfl Bxd3 'Another quality

a while to

again difficult and distinctive.' (BPB) "Took

realise that t2 must be captured.' (AE)

squares. (c) is after the key of (b) but without the wsf1.
'Watocress' was the nolr de plume of Jim Cresswell and
the late J Warton. Chris has done very well to get this
problem sound.

PS275 (Petkov) 1.bxa4 (NBf1) Kxa4 (NPa7) 2.a1=NB

A warm welcome to two three-movers from good

friends in lreland and Scotland. PS303 has a charming
elegance while PS304 (dedicated to John Beasley) has
more complexity. In PS305 we have a moremover from
Germany by one of the world's greatest composers. The
Supplement is certainly attracting some big names!

hard!).' (AE) 'Symmetrical play after move 1, and

playing first, co-operates with \r'Vhite so that Vvhite can

mate Black in the number of moves sDecified. PS306 has
two solutions, as has PS309 another contribution from

PS274 (Ramaswamy) 1.b4 3.Kd4 4.b3 7.l(xg2 8.Khl

10.91=8 12.Bxb2 13.8a1 14.b2 Qg3 = 'The BB paints
itself into the corner! (lPG) 'My favourite of the issue.'
(L.Vitale)'Nearly drove me to despair.'(AE)
a8=NB 3.bxa1=NB (NBcl) bxaS=NB (NBc8) 'A fantastic
mating position with 5 neutral bishops - I hope we get
more of Petkov's beautiful problems (but not quite so
Circe/Neutral combination used extensively. Pretty tough

fairy combination



but a


straightforward example thereof." (lPG)

PS276 (TurnbulD 1.Sf1/Sf3? Rh2 2.Sxh2 but 1...Kb11

1.Rb8l Rb7 2.Rxb7 "A neat one-liner. \Mite clears the
b-fife in order to give Black a move (after 1...Rb7 2.Bxa'l?
is illegal because the VVK is in check) but must be ready
to capture the black rook, hence b8 ls the only square."

(MM) 'Only one line, but hard to see because of the

unusual fairy condition.' (lPG)'Delightful humour." (KD)

PS277 (Sobey) Intention 5.h1=B 6.Bxd5 7.B,a2 9.d4

10.dxe3 11.exf2 12.f1=Q 13.Qxf5 14.Qb1 19.f1=R 20.R6
21.Rxb6 22.Rb223.b6 24.bxc5 28.c1=S 29.Sb3 Ga3 but
there are many short cooks e.g. 5.Kxf5 7.Ke7 10.fxe3
12.e18 17.h1Q 18.Qh8 19.8a5 22.BbB 24.Kc7 25.Qd8 d6
(found by Brian Chamberlain).
PS278 (Burbach) Tries, all with the threat 2.Rf4 - 1.Rd8?
dxcs!; 1.Re8? d5!; 1.R92/Rg8/Rh8? h4!; 1.R8f3/R2f5/
R26? Rd4! i.R2fi/l & Rf4 "The rook travels uo the file to
eliminate the second potential mate RBf4, stopping at f7,
where the knight prevents a potential mate on the e-file
after 1...Rd4." (MM) "No interesting post-key play a
feature of this kind of chess? Key subtly distinguished
from tries." (lPG) "An interesting condition." (KD, sim. AE)

PS279 (Rice) 1.Of7! 0 1...Rxf7+ (WQd1)/Re1/B-/

Rg8,Rh7/95/d4lRe3 2.Qxc2 (BPc7)/Oxf3 (BPflyQxds
(BPdl/axg6 (BPg7)/Bfs/Bb7/Sxd2 "Excellent Circe demonstration. Only the bishop mates could be called

ordinary; 2.Sxd2 follows a correction move. Lots of Q

unpins, with line-openings to allow self-guards, and a
cross-check. Even 2.Qxg6, following both 1...Rh7 and
1...R98, employs different strategy in each case!" (SE)
"Superb variations, and surprisingly a waiter." (KD) "Very
elegant interferences." (JG)

Pankratiev has sent a correction to his PS35 which

appeared in issue 2 (July 1992). He moves the bRg5 to


The '#2' under PS298 to PS302 means 'Vvhite to play
and mate in two moves against any defence.' PS303 to
PS305 are also directmates. but in more moves.

After our first two problems by experienced compos-

ers PS300 is a very welcome problem from


composer Steven Emmerson. PS30l is another contribution from its seasoned and prolific author. PS302, by the

recently resurgent Chris Reeves, is dedicated to Jim

Cresswell and canies the motto 'Waiting for the bus.' lt
has three parb. (a) is the diagram position. (b) is after
the key of (a) bui with the pawns at a5 and c5 swapping



PS310 are helpmates

in which


the Bulgarian Grandmaster. PS307 and PS308 are

twins, which have two positions for solution. In each

crse part (a) is the diagram position and part (b) is the
diagram position adjusted as described under the diagram.

PS311 is the last selfmate in my folder. In this genre

\Mite plays first and forces an unwilling Black to mate

him. lf I do not receive any more original selfmates soon I
shall be forced to compose one myself - then you'll all be
PS312 is a serieshelpmate in which Black plays a
sequence of consecutive moves (without Vvhite playing at
all) to reach a position where \Mrite can mate in one. Part
(a) is in 15 moves, but part (b), after moving the wBe'l to
dl, is in only 10 moves. This continues an impressive
series of serieshelpmates by the Indian expert.

Part (b) of PS313 uses the Symmetric Circe

condition in which captured pieces (except kings) get
replaced on the square symmetrically related to the
capture square. Thus 1.Rxb2? is illegal self-check as the

wQ gets replaced on 97. As a further example, a piece

captured on e3 would be replaced on d6. Part (a) of this
problem is an orthodox helpmate.
PS314 features Sentinel Chess. In this form, when a
king or a piece (not a pawn) moves, it leaves behind on
the square it left a pawn of its own colour. This rule does
not apply when the move is from the first or the eighth
ranks or when the application of the rule would lead to
more than 8 oawns on either side. In these cases moves
are normal. This problem also uses Vaos and Paos,
which are two of the family of Chinese Pieces. The Pao
moves on rook lines, but captures along those lines by
hopping over the first piece (of either colour) it encounters to capture an enemy piece on the next occupied

square beyond. The Vao

is similar but

operates on

bishop lines. Having experimented with a few problems

using the combination of this fairy condition with these
fairy pieces, I think I can say that there are great
strategical possibilities waiting to be discovered.
PS3l5 is a further examole of Exclusive Chess from
Mr Burbach. In this genre, mate is only allowed when the
mating move is unique. Thus 1.97 is not a legal mate
because 1.e7 is another illegal mate.
. PS316 is not diagrammed because the solver must
provide the diagram. lt is by Colin Russ and is after K
Fabel, Die Schwalbe, 1937. Construct a position with only
kings and rooks on the board where Ur'hite can mate ih
one in four ways. Use as few men as possible.
Send your solutions and comments to Michael Mc-

Dowell (address

on ftont page) within 2 months of

receiving this issue. Enjoy your solving!











(b) & (c) see text





HtF2 2 solutions






H#2 (b) bPd3 -> e3

H#3 (b) bKe4 -> b5

Ht'3 2 solutions







SH#15 (b) wBel -> dl & SH#10




H#2 (b) Symmetric Circe


(Shefiield & Southend)


Sentinel Chess
Vao M; Paos b3,c1



Exclusive Chess



Can anybody secure these beautiful tasks in miniature?

lan Shanahan

I am a


mere novice when


comes to

moremou6rs, it seems to me that diagram (D) in Colin

Russ's stimulating article (The Problemist Supplement
No.13, July 199a, p.103) can be improved Specifically'
Dr Speckmann's problem suffers from the presence or
the wPds, a cook-stopping plug which prevents the key
wBhl advancing beyond e4 on the h1-a8 diagonal' and
solver is concerned - "" tar ai tni: pragmatic
the thematic try '1.8f3? because it directly flags
tfre wB's true destinati6n (1.Be4l). Such a plug | find
ineleoant, so I resolved to eliminate it. An obvious, but
much- nicer. substitute method of delimiting the key wB is
to utilise the edge of the board:


Original after C A H Russ & W

that traverses two critical squares would be even more

desirable here. Again, my own searches for this Utopian
thematic blend were long and hard - yet ultimately futile.


have orientated


units standing


Hans Burbach from Hilversum in the Netherlands has

written to me about that unsound #3 by his teacher and
friend F W Nanning, which I featured a lot last year. He
tells me that the problem's faults had been discovered in
1988 upon its publication in the Polish encyclopaedia
Szachy od A do Z. lt appears that it was subsequently
nnrrcnled by
hv the
ihe Polish composer
comooser Stefan
Stefan Milewski - a
lngre. All this was
version similar to that of Bengt lngre.


Probleemblad SepVOct 1988

My challenge in the September issue to correct a #4

bv Frankenstein has resulted in two correct versions,
both given below. They


Version of Frankenstein

problem so as to maximise the number of

white squares, a common device among
problemists who care
about the visual clarity

Fairy Chess are fea-

2.KfS (Kxe5?


3.Qxh7+ Kd5 4.Qb7#;

1...11""4 2.566+ Kxd3
3.Qb1+ Kd2,Kc3 4.Se4#

with the two


a wRdl (it remains immobile, surprisingly)

solution but with the

Version of Frankenstein


required to create barriers for the bK more lavish use of white force than in Dr Speckmann's
composition. But economy isn't everything! Here' the try
1.8d4? is rendered crystal clear and thus the key is not
so looarent. The wS, moreover, works nicely to guard
both f4 and f2, a faclot that may serve to augmenl
solvino difflcultv because the wS ostensibly undertakes
onlv t-he first function. (Colin Russ and Dr Speckmann
bot'h engage their wS similarly.) Note that the wK is sited
on f6 rJth-er than on 96, e6 or 95: wKg6 removes the
double guard of e5, but forfeits the stalemate avoidance
at movJ2 since the wK is no longer able to capture the
bP; the other alternatives both provoke different (initial)
double guards in the bK's field - a breach of economy and wKgs also highlights the ws's role in the mating net
(hence offers a clue to the solution).
A more economical setting is 16l4p1K1l4k3l8l4B3l
3R2P1/8 #4, with an analogous solution to (A)' but it is
decidedly inferior in my opinion: the outlying wP
the soluiion; the wRd2 (\ihy has it not been put on d1,
sav?) also ieads directly to the problem's solution; and
th6 above mentioned stalemate avoidance is lost.
So, what remains to be done? I tried to extend Russ's
'walk a longer plank', and giving
.idea - by
-a making the bK
mv wR move - into a miniature #5 or more, but was
udable to compose a sound setting which retained both
his critical key (he Indian theme) and an Anderssen
mate. A lengthy miniature Indian-Anderssen with a key


mates demanded. The

Dugas has the same

mate!) e4 3.Kg4l Ke2

4.Kt4 #. Now,

both composers moving

the wsbs to c8. The
Morice has the solution
1.Qb7 (2.Qxh7+ Kf6
3.Q96#) 1...Rd7 2.Qxd7

(3.Qxe6#) 2...Kxe4

of their printed diagrams - though, obvF

ously, positional reflection cannot be employed when castling
or certain forms of
tured.) The solution is:
1.8h5! (Bg4?) Ke3

are very similar, with

without doubt a

added variation 1...R92

2.Qh7+ Kf6 3.Qe7+ Kf5
4.Oxe6#. What do readers think? ls bR better
than bS + bP, especially
with the extra variation.
Or is the extra variation
unimoortant? This editor
is not going to make a

The new book Schlecter! by Warren Goldman contains 20 oroblems composed by the
Vlennese master. Sadly
6 of them are unsound.
Can anybody correct

this one?

1.56! (2.Se4 & 3.095#)

1...exi6 2.Q93+ Kfs

3.e4#; 1...Kfs 2.Se4
1909& 1911

(3.ag5#) 2...e5 3.94# ol

2.Sd7 & 3.94#; 1...KxE

2.Q97+ Kfs 3.94#;

1...Kd6 2.Qb8+ Kcs

3.Qc7,Sd7# lt would be


to get rid of


dual after 1...Kfs and

the dual mate 3.Qc7 in
the final variation. More
important is the elimination of the cook 1.Sxe7
(2.Q93+ KfO 3.Q97#)
1...Kd6 2.Od8+ Kes/Kcs






1st Prize. SEPA-so. 1988

3 e5 (A) Rb7#.


to be



on move 2, e7


cal interchange


move 3). The recipro-

Black's third moves is

particularly fine. This
comes about because

the bP must
Reci-H#3 1.2t1.1i1.1

radically different white

and black mating positions are by no means obvious and make a welcome

must on the one hand


be able to give mate

and on the other hand

play so that \ /hite can

give mate. Part


1st Prize. Munoz Jub.. 1989

Why should one

not show a blacUwhite
Platzwechsel combined with a white


Grimshaw, Michel

solves as follows: 1
Rhs Ke2 2 Ke4 Se7
and now Black can
mate with 3 Rh2# or

Caillaud must have

wondered, and so
composed (4):

Bb3 Bc2

be mated by 3 Res Rb4#. The same mating position

recurs in (b) one rank higher (so a chameleon echo): 1
Rc1 56 2 Rc6 Se8 3 Rc3# and 3 Re6 Rbs#. Amazingly
enough this miniature shows reciprocal change of

and 3 RbO

the bB

And what

314 Ptize, Problemas. 1988

solution, but it would
probably be too much
to expect a doubling of

white and black Tur-

tons: 1 Qh8

(lineclearance for the bB)

Ra4 (line-clearance for
the WQ) 2 Bg7 Qb4 3

Bb2# and 3




surely work with the

Rs as well? Certainly,
as (b) shows: 1 Rd7
Re7 2 Rd2 Be4 (Grimshaw) 3 Re2# (where the WR was)
and 3 Kb6 Rb7# (where the BR was). All this with only 12
pieces and model-mates; what more could one ask for?

(5) MKovAcEvrc&ocoMAY
1st Prize. Benidorm. 1990


Perhaps (5), which

was composed during
the FIDE gathering in
Benidorm for a theme

Qxf4#. One character-


istic of the reciDrocal

helpmate is particularly clearly displayed
by this problem:


sibilities are consider-

Bdsl Rc8#. ln each

case a double R/B

Kc4 2 Rd2 Kc3

Se4# and 3


Ra1#. (b) 1 Bds KdG 2

Bf7 Ke7 3 Sf5# and 3

ably greater than in

the normal helpmate.

Grimshaw on d5, the

first time to allow the

This is because both Black's and Vvhite's rnoves are

motivated in several ways. For example, the move Ra4
blocks a \wK-flight {helping Black to mate) and at the
same time guards the wQ on f4 (helping \Mrite to mate).
lmpurity of aim is thereby programmed in, but in my
opinion it is unavoidable and indeed even desirable. Afier
all, both Ks are to be mabd, so each rnove should have


helpmates: (a) 1 Rds+

Black's strategic pos-



with the Bs
Reci-H#3 (b) wKg6 ->

(2) has only


Be6 Re4

(Grimshaw) 3 Bfs#
(where the wB was)

function between the two bRs.



give a mate or avoid

giving that mate. The

posed. lf one applies

the above definition to

this example, Black,

on his third move,

RecFH#3 (b) wRb3 -> b4


threefold seoaration of
the double P-move (c7

(l), one of the

first reciprocal

runs: 1 f2 Be4 2 c6
Bd3 3 e5# (A) and 3

eO (B) c5#. 1...8xa8 2

c5+ Kds 3 e6# (B) and

clarification, let us ex-



The solution to (3)


For the sake of

achze itung, 1928



The reciprocal helpmate (also known as the Graz


as well as for

theory; unfortunately things seem rather different

helpmate) was first shown by Dr. J.Dohm-L0ftgens in

1926, but apart from occasional examples it never really
caught on. Only in the last few years has any genuine
interest been shown in it, which is why I should like to
present a few problems having this stipulation. lt can be
defined as follows:
A normal helpmate with the added condition that, after
White's penultimate move, a position must have aiisen in
which Black can give an immediate mate.

S ch

positive effect

Incidentally the danger of cooks is reduced, and ambitious theme-combinations are easier to show (at least in

by Markus Manhart
(Translated by John Rice)

ChemniEe r

\A/K through and the

Reci-tlrE! (b) bKa3 -> gE

for a
R-minimal as

second time



1st Prize. Prcblemas. 1991





productivity. (6) was


also composed at a
FIDE gathering, in

1.Qh8? (2.Rc4 #)

1...Sf6! 1.f4? (2.Rc4 #)
Rxes 2.fxe5 # but

ready enough tour-

neys going on there).

We started the prob-

1...Qxd2! 1.S94? (2.Rc4


lem on the first


during the final ban-

are attractive features,

as is the case with (7):
(a) 1 e6 (unpin of bB)


Ka4 (change of pin2 Be4 (unpin of


wB and formation of a

masked battery) Bb3

#2 (tries)

The judge said that

the matrix had Darticular

The more-mover award is full of some extremely fine

problems, most of them in the New-German tradition,
showing first move tries and introductory manoeuvres to
enable the tries to work. (Readers interested in this kind
of problem should read Jorg Kuhlmann's column in the
main magazine, where such things are well explained.)
Again, the problem that particularly took my fancy, (B)
was futher down the award, and is an intense working of
the switchback idea. ln
each variation, and the
threat, there is a white
switchback, and a black
3rd Comm.. Schiller MT. 1993/4

switchback! The solu-

tion is:
1.Rh7 (2.Se6+ Kxds
3.Sc7+ Kd4 4.Rd7 #)

1...Sb4 2.Rxb4+ Kxcs

3.Rb5+ Kd4 4.Se6 #;

Exactly the same motives are seen in (b): 1

Bg5 Khl 2 Re4 Rgl 3

1...Rxh7 2.Qxe3+ Kxes

3.Qf4+ Kd4 4.Bxf6 #.
The judge notes that



appears to be constructed without any effort, but asks if perhaps


You will no doubt have realised that I have shown

only 3-movers. This is no coincidence, for my collection
contains only very few two-movers and more-movers with
more than one solution. ls that not sufficient reason for
having a go yourself?


the play could

the latest 2o-page issue of Harmonie, a German problem

magazine edited and produced by Torsten Linss.
In the same envelope there was a booklet containing

1993/4. lt starts with a brief biography of Schiller which

gives three of his problems, and then launches into the
award itseli There were two sections; the first for
two-movers judged by Friz Hoffmann, the second for
more-movers, judged by Dieter Muller.
The top places in the two-mover award, as is common


By the way, il like me, you wish to subscribe to the

excellent Harmonie, Torsten's address is Weberstrasse
9, D-99734 Nordhausen, Germany. The annual subscription is 15 DM.

at the bottom of the page is


problem to send my new year greetings to all my problem

friends all around the world. For an exDianation of the
PaobT and VaoeS see
p.123. The other ChiB D STEPHENSON
nese pieces, the Maos
at c5, f3 and f5 move
like knights but in two
steps, the flrst orthogonal and the second di-

agonal. Thus


bMaofs can only play to

e7, 97 and e3. No
space to give the solution, but you'll all be

these days, are filled with problems showing modern

themes, most with more than one try and some showing

complex pattern play with lettered mates. However, some

were simpler, (though none purely traditional) and (A)
took my fancy. Vvhite wants to threaten 2.Rc4 #, and to
this end he can put a further guard on e5 in 4 different
ways. They all unpin the bRe4 leading to changed play


been a little less force-

Filling the gap

Just as I was finishing off this issue and wondering
what to fill this space with, through the letter-box came

the award in the Gunter Schiller Memorial


1...Qxc2/Rxf4 2.Sexczl

and 3 Rg7 (block on

the pin-line) Bxe6#.

Reci-H#3 (b) wKb3 ->

LBf4l (2.Rc4
RxeS 2.Bxe5 #;

Qxf4 #.

(block, and unmasking

of the black baftery) 3
Bc6# (battery-mate)

Rh4# and 3

Rxes 2.Sxe5


evening and finished it


one of
The tull

Rxes 2.Qxe5 #

if there were not al-

white and black play



course, onty
them works.
solution is:

1991 in Rotterdam (as

quet, so that I missed

some of the speeches,
as there was unfortu(b)
nately no computer in
the dining-room for immediate testing. But I think it was worth it: (a) 1 Bc2 Rc8
2 Rc7 Bg5+ 3 Bxgs# and 3 Kd7 Rd8#. (b) 1 Sd2 Bh6 2
Bg5 Rc7+ 3 RxcT# and 3 K6 Bg7#. The perfect harmony
between the two parts and the smooth interlocking of the



sth HM., Schiller MT, 1993/4

to solve it, won't

you? Whafs the vague
connection to the Tromable

#3 Chinese Pieces