1D Finite Element

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1D Finite Element

© All Rights Reserved

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Material Properties

Victor Eyo

Mechanical Systems Branch (Code 548)

GSFC, Wallops Flight Facility

Motivation

Old

college assignment

capable of anisotropic material

property input

Possible

structural analyses

Closed form solution eliminates

singularities encountered with

traditional shell elements

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Geometry Considered

Vy

tubes

My

r

Length, L

Radius r

Vx

Mx

Loading

Loaded at free end via some kind

of reinforcement system

Moments, Mx & My

Torque, T

Axial load, P

FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26FEMCI

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Constitutive Equation

Assumptions

Shape of cross-section maintained during deformation

Reinforcement system (spar, web,) for proper load

distribution

Wall considered membrane in plane stress

State of stress at any point on the wall can be expressed as

S11

=

S14

S14

S 44 Z

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Constitutive Equation

q

N

q

dz

q

N

N: tension flow

q: shear flow

1

=

2

2 N

4 q

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Constitutive Equation

Inverting

N 1

=

q 2

2

4

with and z, but assumed constant here

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

N A11 ( )

N = A21 ( )

q A ( )

31

A12 ( )

A22 ( )

A32 ( )

A31 ( )

A32 ( )

A33 ( )

t n

Aij ( ) = Qij ( k )

n k =1

FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26FEMCI

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Expand

Solve

Compare

1

(

A11 A22 A122 )

1 =

A11

1

( A11 A23 A12 A13 )

2 =

A11

1

(

4 =

A11 A33 A132 )

A11

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Wall Displacement

In-plane

Displacements

Rotations

Small displacement theory

v ( , z ) = r ( z ) + X ( z ) cos Y ( z ) sin

w(,z)

Y(z)

(z)

1

w( , z ) = r 2 ( z ) + X ( z ) cos + Y ( z ) sin

2

Out

v(,z)

X(z)

of plane

assumed to be of form

u( , z ) = a0 ( z ) + [a k ( z ) cos k + bk ( z ) sin k ]

k =1

FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26FEMCI

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

Stress-Displacement

Relationship

Deformations, Journal of

Mathematics and Physics,

Physics, 32;12932;129-135, July 1953

Libove, Charles, On the Stiffness, Stresses and Buckling Analysis of Corrugated Shear

Shear

Webs,

Webs, In WeiWei-Wen Yu (Editor), Second Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel

Structures: Current Research and Design Trends,

Trends, pages 259259-302, October 1973

u

zz =

z

= 0

1 1 u

d 1 dX

dY

z =

cos

sin

+r +

2 r

dz 2 dz

dz

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

10

Extract differential equations & natural

boundary conditions

Derive Total Potential Energy () of beam system

Minimize the TPE

requires its first variation =0

conditions

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

11

X ( z) =

Y ( z) =

6r 3 ( 22 1 4 )

4V x z 3 +

2r 3 ( 22 1 4

[) 2r V

2

L 4V x 4 M y ]z 2

+ L 4V y + 4 M x ]z 2

1

[

L 2V y + r1V x + 2 M x ]z

2

2

r ( 2 1 4 )

1

6r ( 1 4 )

3

2

2

4V y z 3

2r ( 1 4

3

2

2

1

[L V r1V y + 2 M y ]z

r 2 ( 22 1 4 ) 2 x

) [2r V

2

My

( z) =

2r 3 ( 22 1 4 )

(r 2 P 1T )z

Vy

Vx

Mx

T

FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26FEMCI

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

P12

NASTRAN Model

QUAD4 with high stiffness

simulate displacements at

section mid-node

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

13

Results

Tube Geometry

r=0.8in

t=0.04in

L=14.0in

Tube

Loading

wall

AL2024-T4

Vx=Vy=10.0lb

Mx=My=60.0in-lb

T=123.0in-lb

P=480.0lb

Isotropic

Homogenous

E-Glass/Epoxy [(0/45/90)]s

T300/5208 Gr/E [(+20/-70)2]s

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

14

Results AL2024-T4

AL2024-T4 Cantelever Tube

A22=0.476

A23=0.0

A33=0.160

A11=0.476

A12=0.157

A13=0.0

0.0012

0.0010

0.0006

0.0004

0.0002

0.0000

0

0.2

0.4

1.0E-10

0.8

0.6

Z/L

The o ry

5.0E-11

NASTRAN

0.0E+00

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-5.0E-11

1=0.424

2=0.0

4=0.159

Y/L

X/L

0.0008

-1.0E-10

-1.5E-10

-2.0E-10

-2.5E-10

-3.0E-10

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

15

Results AL2024-T4

AL2024-T4 Cantelever Tube

Y(z) for Mx=-60in-lb

0.0000

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-0.0001

A22=0.476

A23=0.0

A33=0.160

A11=0.476

A12=0.157

A13=0.0

-0.0003

-0.0004

-0.0005

8.0E-09

-0.0006

6.0E-09

-0.0007

Z/L

The o ry

4.0E-09

NASTRAN

X/L

X/L

-0.0002

1=0.424

2=0.0

4=0.159

2.0E-09

0.0E+00

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-2.0E-09

-4.0E-09

-6.0E-09

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

16

Results AL2024-T4

AL2024-T4 Cantelever Tube

A22=0.476

A23=0.0

A33=0.160

A11=0.476

A12=0.157

A13=0.0

0.004

0.004

0.003

0.002

(z) for P=480lb

0.002

0.001

9.0E-08

0.001

8.0E-08

0.000

0

0.2

0.4

7.0E-08

0.8

0.6

6.0E-08

Z/L

5.0E-08

The o ry

1=0.424

2=0.0

4=0.159

NASTRAN

(z)

(z)

0.003

4.0E-08

3.0E-08

2.0E-08

1.0E-08

0.0E+00

-1.0E-08

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

17

Results E-Glass/Epoxy

E-Glass/Epoxy Cantelever Tube

X(z) for Vx=10lb

A22=0.233

A23=0.0

A33=0.090

A11=0.233

A12=0.054

A13=0.0

0.0020

0.0016

X/L

0.0012

0.0008

Y(z) for Vx=10lb

0.0004

7.0E-10

0.0000

6.0E-10

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Z/L

4.0E-10

NASTRAN

3.0E-10

Y/L

The o ry

1=0.221

2=0.0

4=0.090

5.0E-10

2.0E-10

1.0E-10

0.0E+00

-1.0E-10

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

-2.0E-10

-3.0E-10

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

18

Results E-Glass/Epoxy

E-Glass/Epoxy Cantelever Tube

X(z) for Mx=-60in-lb

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-1.0E-05

-2.0E-05

-3.0E-05

-4.0E-05

-5.0E-05

0.0000

-6.0E-05

Z/L

The o ry

1=0.221

2=0.0

4=0.090

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-0.0002

-0.0004

NASTRAN

X/L

X/L

A22=0.233

A23=0.0

A33=0.090

A11=0.233

A12=0.054

A13=0.0

0.0E+00

-0.0006

-0.0008

-0.0010

r=51.5%

-0.0012

-0.0014

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

19

Results E-Glass/Epoxy

E-Glass/Epoxy Cantelever Tube

(z) for P=480lb

A22=0.233

A23=0.0

A33=0.090

A11=0.233

A12=0.054

A13=0.0

2.5E-08

2.0E-08

1.5E-08

1.0E-08

0.0E+00

-5.0E-09 0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-1.0E-08

-1.5E-08

-2.0E-08

0.009

-2.5E-08

0.008

r=5.7%

-3.0E-08

0.007

Z/L

The o ry

1=0.221

2=0.0

4=0.090

0.006

NASTRAN

(z)

(z)

5.0E-09

0.005

0.004

0.003

0.002

0.001

0.000

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

20

Results T300/5208

T300-5208 Cantelever Tube

X(z) for Vx=10lb

A22=0.408

A23=-0.102

A33=0.155

A11=0.408

A12=0.107

A13=0.102

0.0025

0.0020

X/L

0.0015

0.0010

Y(z) for Vx=10lb

0.0005

1.4E-04

0.0000

0

0.2

0.4

1.2E-04

0.8

0.6

Z/L

1=0.380

2=-0.129

4=0.089

1.0E-04

8.0E-05

NASTRAN

Y/L

The o ry

6.0E-05

4.0E-05

2.0E-05

0.0E+00

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-2.0E-05

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

21

Results T300/5208

T300-5208 Cantelever Tube

X(z) for Mx=60in-lb

A11=0.408

A12=0.107

A13=0.102

0.0003

0.0002

A22=0.408

A23=-0.102

A33=0.155

X/L

0.0002

0.0001

0.0001

0.0000

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-0.0002

0.0000

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

-0.0004

Z/L

1=0.380

2=-0.129

4=0.089

-0.0006

NASTRAN

X/L

The o ry

-0.0008

-0.0010

-0.0012

-0.0014

-0.0016

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

22

Results T300/5208

T300-5208 Cantelever Tube

(z) for T=123in-lb

0.014

0.012

0.010

0.008

0.006

0.004

6.0E-04

0.002

5.0E-04

0.000

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Z/L

The o ry

1=0.380

2=-0.129

4=0.089

4.0E-04

NASTRAN

(z)

(z)

A22=0.408

A23=-0.102

A33=0.155

A11=0.408

A12=0.107

A13=0.102

3.0E-04

2.0E-04

1.0E-04

0.0E+00

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Z/L

The o ry

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

NASTRAN

23

Conclusion

Work

in progress no

major conclusions

Possible path to developing

a 1-D finite element with

anisotropic material

properties

FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26FEMCI

26FEMCI 2006 Oct 25 & 26

24

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