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COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND DESIGN

SILLIMAN UNIVERSITY

ROUTE CURVES
FIELDWORK # 1

ENGR. CONNIE INQUIG


ROUTE CURVES PROFESSOR

KENT JETHRO A. LEMOSNERO


BS CIVIL ENGINEERING- IV

FIELDWORK #1
LAYING OUT OF SIMPLE CURVE

I.

OBJECTIVE

To layout a simple horizontal curve using method of deflection angles with all points
on the curve visible from point of curve.
II.

PROBLEM

Given the data below, layout a simple curve with all points on the curve visible from
point of curvature and prepare a field note containing the details of every station in
the curve.
Given:
Back Tangent Azimuth = 270
Forward Tangent Azimuth = 302
Station V = 13 + 995m
Degree of Curve = 4
Length of full station = 1.5 m
III.
INSTRUMENTS
Transit
Tape
Stakes
Flag markers or chaining pins
Paper for making station points
IV.
PROCEDURE
1. Set the instrument at station P.C.
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2. Zero the horizontal circle and tighten the upper clamp.


3. Sight on station P.I. Tighten the lower clamp and loosen the upper clamp.
4. To locate station 1, swing the telescope by deflection angle , and tighten
upper clamp. The rear tape man position tape readily c, on station P.C. the
head tape man holds the zero end of and makes adjustment until it is in the
line of sight of the telescope.
5. To locate station 2, loosen upper clamp and adjust the horizontal circle
reading 2. After having made the adjustment, tighten the upper clamp again.
The rear tape man position the c reading of the tape, where c is the chord
distance of a 20-m arc. The head tape man holds the zero end of tape and
make adjustments until it is in the line of sight of the telescope. The head
tape man flags the point with a marker.
6. To locate intermediate stations, repeat step 5.
7. Check the distance between the last intermediate station and station P.C by
length c and the deflection angle equal to I.

V.

DATA & COMPUTATIONS


Given:
Back Tangent Azimuth = 270
Forward Tangent Azimuth = 302
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Station V = 13 + 995m
Degree of Curve = 4
Length of full station = 1.5 m

Solving for Intersection Angle, I

I =30 2 27 0

I =32

1.5 180
x
D

R=

85.94366927
4

( 2I )

L. C .=2 ( 21.49 ) sin

Solving for Radius, R

R=

L. C .=2 R sin

( 322 )

L. C .=11.84 m

Stationing of P.C

STA P . C=STA P . I T

R=21.48591732 m

STA P . C=( 13+995 )6.16 m


STA P . C=13+988.84 m

Solving for Tangent, T

I
T =R tan
2

32
T =21.49 tan
2

( )

Stationing of P.T

STA P . T =STA P .C + L
STA P . T =( 13+988.84 )+12 m

T =6.16 m

STA P . T =14+0.84 m
Solving for Length of Curve, L

L=1.5

I
D

L=

1.5 (32 )
4

L=12 m

Solving for length 1 & length 2, l1


& l2
For l1:

l 1=990988.4

l 1=1.16 m

For l2:
Solving for Length of Curve, L.C.

l 2=0.840.5

l 2=0.34 m

Solving for angles, d1 & d2

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M =R 1cos

For d1:

d 1=

l 1 180
x
R

d 1=

1.16 m 180
x
21.49

( 2I )]

M =29.49 1cos

( 322 )]

M =0.83 m

d 1=3 5 ' 36 ' '


Solving for Chords, C1, C, & C2
For d2:

l 180
d 2= 2 x
R

0.34 m 180
d 2=
x
21.49

For C1:

C1 =2 R sin

( d2 )
1

d 2=0 54 ' 24 ' '


C1 =2(21.49)sin
Solving for the External Distance,
E

( 322 )1]

C1 =

1.16 m

C=2 R sin
E=29.49 sec

For C:

I
E=R sec 1
2

3 5' 3 6' '


2

( D2 )

E=0.87 m
C=2(21.49)sin

4 00 00 ' '
2

'

C=

0 54 ' 24 ''
2

C2 =

1.49 m

For C2:
Solving for the Middle Ordinate, M

C2 =2 R sin

( d2 )
2

C2 =2(21.49)sin

0.34 m

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VI.

FIELD NOTES

STATION

PT ON

DEFLECTI

CENTRAL

CHORD

CURVE

CURVE

ON ANGLE

ANGLE

LENGTH

DATA

(m)
13 +

P.C

988.84
13 + 990
13 +
991.5
13 + 993
13 +
994.5
13 + 996
13 +
997.5
13 + 999
14 +
000.5
14 +

R = 21.49
1
2

3536
7536

1.1599
2.658

m
I = 32

3
4

53248
73248

11536
15536

4.154
5.644

D = 4
E = 0.87 m

5
6

93248
113248

19536
23536

7.127
8.602

M = 0.83
m

7
8

133248
153248

27536
31536

10.066
11.517

T = 6.16 m
L = 12 m

P.T

000.84

VII.

13248
33248

160000

320000

11.845

L.C =
11.84 m

CONCLUSION

Thus, in lay-outing a simple horizontal curve we can use the method of


deflection angles with all point in the curve visible from point of
curvature.

VIII.

SKETCH

IX.

FIGURE