route curves

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route curves

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SILLIMAN UNIVERSITY

ROUTE CURVES

FIELDWORK # 1

ROUTE CURVES PROFESSOR

BS CIVIL ENGINEERING- IV

FIELDWORK #1

LAYING OUT OF SIMPLE CURVE

I.

OBJECTIVE

To layout a simple horizontal curve using method of deflection angles with all points

on the curve visible from point of curve.

II.

PROBLEM

Given the data below, layout a simple curve with all points on the curve visible from

point of curvature and prepare a field note containing the details of every station in

the curve.

Given:

Back Tangent Azimuth = 270

Forward Tangent Azimuth = 302

Station V = 13 + 995m

Degree of Curve = 4

Length of full station = 1.5 m

III.

INSTRUMENTS

Transit

Tape

Stakes

Flag markers or chaining pins

Paper for making station points

IV.

PROCEDURE

1. Set the instrument at station P.C.

1 | Page

3. Sight on station P.I. Tighten the lower clamp and loosen the upper clamp.

4. To locate station 1, swing the telescope by deflection angle , and tighten

upper clamp. The rear tape man position tape readily c, on station P.C. the

head tape man holds the zero end of and makes adjustment until it is in the

line of sight of the telescope.

5. To locate station 2, loosen upper clamp and adjust the horizontal circle

reading 2. After having made the adjustment, tighten the upper clamp again.

The rear tape man position the c reading of the tape, where c is the chord

distance of a 20-m arc. The head tape man holds the zero end of tape and

make adjustments until it is in the line of sight of the telescope. The head

tape man flags the point with a marker.

6. To locate intermediate stations, repeat step 5.

7. Check the distance between the last intermediate station and station P.C by

length c and the deflection angle equal to I.

V.

Given:

Back Tangent Azimuth = 270

Forward Tangent Azimuth = 302

2 | Page

Station V = 13 + 995m

Degree of Curve = 4

Length of full station = 1.5 m

I =30 2 27 0

I =32

1.5 180

x

D

R=

85.94366927

4

( 2I )

R=

L. C .=2 R sin

( 322 )

L. C .=11.84 m

Stationing of P.C

STA P . C=STA P . I T

R=21.48591732 m

STA P . C=13+988.84 m

I

T =R tan

2

32

T =21.49 tan

2

( )

Stationing of P.T

STA P . T =STA P .C + L

STA P . T =( 13+988.84 )+12 m

T =6.16 m

STA P . T =14+0.84 m

Solving for Length of Curve, L

L=1.5

I

D

L=

1.5 (32 )

4

L=12 m

& l2

For l1:

l 1=990988.4

l 1=1.16 m

For l2:

Solving for Length of Curve, L.C.

l 2=0.840.5

l 2=0.34 m

3 | Page

M =R 1cos

For d1:

d 1=

l 1 180

x

R

d 1=

1.16 m 180

x

21.49

( 2I )]

M =29.49 1cos

( 322 )]

M =0.83 m

Solving for Chords, C1, C, & C2

For d2:

l 180

d 2= 2 x

R

0.34 m 180

d 2=

x

21.49

For C1:

C1 =2 R sin

( d2 )

1

C1 =2(21.49)sin

Solving for the External Distance,

E

( 322 )1]

C1 =

1.16 m

C=2 R sin

E=29.49 sec

For C:

I

E=R sec 1

2

2

( D2 )

E=0.87 m

C=2(21.49)sin

4 00 00 ' '

2

'

C=

0 54 ' 24 ''

2

C2 =

1.49 m

For C2:

Solving for the Middle Ordinate, M

C2 =2 R sin

( d2 )

2

C2 =2(21.49)sin

0.34 m

4 | Page

VI.

FIELD NOTES

STATION

PT ON

DEFLECTI

CENTRAL

CHORD

CURVE

CURVE

ON ANGLE

ANGLE

LENGTH

DATA

(m)

13 +

P.C

988.84

13 + 990

13 +

991.5

13 + 993

13 +

994.5

13 + 996

13 +

997.5

13 + 999

14 +

000.5

14 +

R = 21.49

1

2

3536

7536

1.1599

2.658

m

I = 32

3

4

53248

73248

11536

15536

4.154

5.644

D = 4

E = 0.87 m

5

6

93248

113248

19536

23536

7.127

8.602

M = 0.83

m

7

8

133248

153248

27536

31536

10.066

11.517

T = 6.16 m

L = 12 m

P.T

000.84

VII.

13248

33248

160000

320000

11.845

L.C =

11.84 m

CONCLUSION

deflection angles with all point in the curve visible from point of

curvature.

VIII.

SKETCH

IX.

FIGURE

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