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QUESTION BANK

CLASS VII (SCIENCE)


CHAPTER- 1
NUTRITION IN PLANTS
* Multiple choice question

(1 MARKS

1.Amarbel is an example of 2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

a-Autotroph
b-Parasite
c-Saprotroph
d-Host
The plant which traps an feed on insects isa-Cuscuta
b-Chinarose
c-Pitcherplant
d-Rose
Plant take carbondioxide from the atmosphere mainly through theira-Root
b-Stem
c-Flower
d-Leaves
Nitrogen of the atmosphere is absorbed bya-Autotrophs
b-Leguminous plant c-Insectivorous plant
d-None of these
Which part of plant takes in carbon dioxide from the air for photosynthesisa-Root hair
b-Stomata
c-Leaf Veins
d-Sepals
Which of these component of food can be synthesized by plantsa-Carbohydrate
b-Fats
c-Proteins
d-All of these
Which of these is/are necessary for photosynthesis to takes placea-Carbondioxide
b-Chlorophil
c-Water
d-All of these
The trapped insect gets antangled in the hair ina-Green plant
b-Insectivorous plants c-Grass
d-None of these
Which gas release during photosynthesisa-SO2
b-CO2
c-NO2
d-None of these
Which of these is not an insectivorous planta-Pitcher Plant
b-Mistle toe
c-China rose
d-None of these

*Very Short answer type questions1.Why algae are green in color?


2.Name and insectivorous plant ?
3.Which is the ultimate source of energy ?
4.Which part of the plant gets carbondioxide from the air for photosynthesis?
5.Name a Parasitic plant.
6.Name a Parasitic plant.
7.what is stomata?
8.Define autotrophs?
9.Name the end product of photosintesis?
10. Name

the

green

pigment

(1 MARKS EACH)

present

in

*Short answer type questions-

(2 MARKS EACH)
1.Differenciate between parasite and saprophyte?

the

lea

2.Wyh do organism need to take food?


3.What is nutrition?
4.Define the term photosynthesis?
5.What is a host and parasite relationship?
6.Why the plants are called autotropes?
7.What are saprophyte?
8.What is the mode of netursion in funjies?
9.What are hetrotrohes?
10.What are lichens?
*Answer these questions1.What is symbiosis relationship?
2.Why do some plants trap insects Explain with example ?
3.How are saprophytes parasites & symbionts different from each other ?
4.What is stomata? Write it function?
5.How are water and minerals transported to the plant?
6.What is symbiosis relationship?
7.Why do some plants trap insects Explain with example ?
8.How are saprophytes parasites & symbionts different from each other ?
9.What is stomata? Write it function?
10.How are water and minerals transported to the plant?

(3 MARKS EAC

*Long answer questions(5 MARKS EACH)


1.How would you test the presense of starch in leaves?
2.Show with the help of scetch that plants are the ultimate source of food?
3.How are nutrients replenished in the soil?
4.What are insectivorous plants?How do they derive their nutrition?
5.Lichens are said to have a symbiotic relationship how?
6.Explain the proses of photosynthesis?
7.Describe the iodine test?
8.Give a brief description of the process of synthesis of food in green plants?
9.Explain with example symbiotic relationship?
10.Why is it said that whether directly or indirectly all living things depend on green plants for
food?
* FILL IN THE BLANKS
1-Green plants are called .. since they synthesise their own food. 2-The food synthesised by
the plants is stored as..
3-In photosynthesis solar energy is captured by the pigment called.. 4During photosynthesis plants take in .. and relese 5-Proteins contain.
6-Framers enrich the soil by adding .. and.

( 1 MARKS EAC

7-In most of green plants, photosynthesis takes place in the. 8-Plants are unable to use
atmospheric
9-Green patches in stagnant water are aquatic
10-During photosynthesis, energy is captured by the leaves and stored as food.

CHAPTER- 2
NUTRITION IN ANIMALS
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.The walls of the large intestine absorb.

(1 MARKS EACH)

i. cellulose
ii. Water
iii. Proteins
iv. Digested food
2.The organ that produces bile is the.
i. liver
ii. Stomach
iii. Pancreas
iv. Gall bladder
3.Finger-like projections called villi are present in the .
i. small intestine
ii. Large intestine iii. Stomach
iv. None of these
4.The front four teeth in each jaw are called
i. canines
ii. Incisors
iii. Molarsiv. Premolars
The gastric glands of the stomach
5.secrete
i. acetic acid ii. Nitric acid
iii. Hydrochloric acid iv. All of these
Saliva contains which converts starch
6.into.
i. maltose
ii. Sucrose
iv. None of these
iii. Sugar
7.Fat is completely digested in the.
i. stomach
ii. Small intestine
iii. Mouthiv. Large intestine
Water from the undigested food is absorbed mainly in
8.the
i. stomach
ii. Small intestine
iii. Food pipeiv. Large intestine
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.What does gastric juice help to convert ?
2.What is the main function of teeth ?
3.What is O.R.S. ?
4.What is Oesophajus ?
5.Why does bread taste sweet when chewed for some time ?
6.Give one instant source of carbohydrate?
7.Where the digestion does starts?
8.What is not digested by human?
9.In which madaian the gastric digesation takes pleacs?
10.Where is bile produced?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.What is Digestion?
2.Where is the bile produced? Which component of the food does it digest?
3.Name the type of carbohydrate that can be digested by ruminants but not by humans. Give the
reason also.

4.Write one similarity and one difference between the nutrition in amoeba and human beings.
5.What is Absorption ?
6.What do you mean by digestive enzymes?
7.What is salivary digesation?
8.What are parasites?
9.Name the variour digestive organs of man?
10.What is cellouse?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.What are villi? What is their location and function?
2.Why do we get instant energy from glucose?
3.Can we survive only on raw, leafy vegetables/grass? Discuss.
4.Where are the salivary glands located and what is their functions ?
5.Explain the term Assimilation, Pseudopodia?

( 3 MARKS EACH)

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Draw and label Digestive system, of ruminant?
2.Draw and label Human Digestive system?
3.Explains with diagram Feeding System in Amoeba?
4.Explains the Effect of Saliva on starch?
5.Write the process absorption food in the small intestine?
FILL IN THE BLANKS
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.Which part of the digestive canal is involved in:
2.2.absorption of food ..
3.chewing of food .
4.killing of bacteria
5.complete digestion of food
6.formation of faces
7.The main steps of digestion in humans are ,.,
8. and
9.The largest gland in the human body is..
10.The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called ..
11.Amoeba digests its food in the ..

CHAPTER- 3
FIBRE TO FABRIC
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION

( 1 MARKS EACH)

1.The silkworm is (a) a caterpillar, (b) a larva.


i. a
ii. b
iii. Both a and b
2.Which of the following does not yield wool?
i. Yak
ii. Camel
iii. Goat

iv. Neither a nor b


iv. Woolly dog

3.The odd one out:


i. nylon
ii. Wool
iii. Silk
4.What materials were used for clothes in ancient time?
i. leaves
ii. Barks
iii. Skin of animals
5.Clothes do not protect us from:
i. heat
ii. Dust
iii. Cold
6.Silk Clothes are prepared from:
i. silkworms ii. Silk sheep
iii. Silk flies
7.Silk is prepared from silkworms at which stage of its life cycle.
i. egg
iii. Pupa
ii. Larva
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

1.Why is it said that wool breathes?


2.Define the term fiber
3.From where in the silk worm are threads produced ?
4.What is the function of Carding Machine ?
5.How is the fleece removed from the sheeps Body ?
6.Name two animal fibers?
7.What is cocoon?
8.What is the scientific name of mulberry tree?
9.Name common silk moths?
10.In which region angora gotes are found?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Write uses of wool?
2.Why should you wear cotton clothes when is humid?
3.Why do we prefer wearing light colour cotton in summer?
4.What do you means by reeling the silk?
5.Name some types of Silk ?

iv. Cotton
iv. All of these
iv. High blood pressure
iv. All of these
iv. Adult butterfly
(1 MARKS EACH)

(2 MARKS EACH)

6.Write note on the food habites of sheep?


7.What is selective breeding?
8.How many types of fibers are found in shipees?
9.Who silk yarn of different are produced?
10.Who is silk thread obtain form coocom?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
( 3 MARKS EACH)
1.Write about the unusual qualities that wool has , which makes it a very useful fiber?
2.State the difference between natural fiber and man made fibers ?
3.Why do we prefer wearing cloths made of wool and dark in color in winters ?
4.What is meant by the following terms? (i) Rearing (ii) Shearing (iii) Sericulture
5.What gives silk a lustrous appearance ? And write some uses of silk?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Make sketches of the two stages in the life history of the silk moth which are directly related to the
production of silk.
2.Draw and label The Life History of silk moth.

3.Write the step for pr processing fibers into wool?


4.Write five Indian breeds of sheep and write the quality of wool obtain from them?
5.Arrange in the sequence to show the processing of fiber into wool ?
FILL IN THE BLANKS
1.. is used for sound proofing?
2.The scientific name of mulberry silk moth is .., . .
3.Silkworms feed on .. leaves.
4.. is the hair growing over the skin of some animals.
5.The fleece obtained by shearing is very . And ..
6.. Are caterpillars of silk moth.
7.Silk fibers are made of a .
8.The hair of , ., and are also processed to yield wool.
9. and . Are animals fibers.
10.Weavers . Silk threads into silk cloth.

(1 MARKS EACH)

CHAPTER- 4
HEAT
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION

( 1 MARKS EACH)

1.A wooden spoon is dipped in a cup of ice cream. Its other end
(a) becomes cold by the process of conduction
(b) becomes cold by the process of convection.
(c) becomes cold by the process of radiation.
(d) does not become cold.
2. An iron ball at 40C is dropped in a mug containing water at 40C. The heat will
(b) not flow from iron ball to water or from water to
(a) flow from iron ball to water.
iron
ball.
(c) flow from water to iron ball.
(d) increase the temperature of both.
3.One litre of water at 30C is mixed with one litre of water at 50C. The temperature of the
mixture
will be
(b) more than 50C but less than
(a) 80C
80C
(c) 20C (d) between 30C and 50C
4. . Stainless steel pans are usually provided with copper bottoms. The reason for this could be that
(a)copper bottom makes the pan more durable.
(b)such pans appear colourful.
(c)copper is a better conductor of heat than the stainless steel
(d)copper is easier to clean than the stainless steel.
5.In solids, heat gets transferred through the process of:

(a) conduction
(b) radiation
(c) convection
(d) none of these
6.When a metal is heated, it generally.
(a) expends
(b) contracts
(c) remains the same (d) may contract or expand
7.Which of the following expands most on heating:
(a) solids
(d) sand
(b) liquids (c) gases
8.The range of a clinical thermometer is:
(a) 35O to 42OC
(b) 0O to 100OC
(C) 30O to 40OC
(d) 0O to 200OC
9.The Colour which is the best radiator of heat is:
(a) White
(b) Black
(c) Blue
(d) Yellow
10. A liquid which is a good conductor of heat is:
(a) water
(b) hydrogen (c) oil
(d) mercury
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Name the two metals that are the best conductors of heat ?
2.Define the term radiation ?
3.Name a liquid which is a good conductor of heat ?
4.Name the color which is the best radiator of heat ?
5.What according to kelving scale , is the freezing point and boiling point of water ?
6.What is the range of clinclies thermometer?
7.In which method of transfer of heat on median is required?
8.By which device temp. of an object can be majored?
9.What is the unit of temp.?
10.What is the normal temp. Of body ?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.Give two examples each of conductors and insulators of heat.
2.State difference between Land breeze and Sea breeze.
3.State the difference between clinical thermometer and laboratory thermometer.
4.Why are cooking utensils made of aluminum and iron?
5.Why is mercury used in thermometers?
6.What is conduction?
7.What are insulater .give one one example
8.State the difference btw heat and tempture ?
9.What are condusctio ?
10.Why is the handle of metallic kettle with stripes of canes?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.State similarities and differences between the laboratory thermometers and the clinical
thermometer
2.What are poor conductors of heat give two examples.
3.Why do room heater have polished reflectors at the back of the heating element ?
4.Why do solids conduct heat better than liquid and liquid conduct heat better than gases ?
5.Why are houses made of mud and bricks in rural areas ?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

(5 MARKS EACH)

1.Discuss why wearing more layers of clothing during winter keeps us warmer than wearing just one
thick piece of clothing .
2.Explain with the help of the diagram convection of heat in water.
3.Explain with an activity flow of heat through a metal strip.
4.In place of hot climate it is advised that the outer walls of houses bee painted white explain ?
5.Draw Clinical Thermometer and Laboratories Thermometer ?
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1 MARKS EACH)
(1)The hotness of an object is determined by its __________.
(2)Temperature of boiling water cannot be measured by a_____________ thermometer.
(3)Temperature is measured in degree ______________.
(4)No medium is required for transfer of heat by the process of__________.
(5)A cold steel spoon is dipped in a cup of hot milk. It transfers heat to its other end by the
process of ______
(6)Clothes of ______________ colors absorb heat better than clothes of light colors.
(7)The unit in which temperature is measured is.
(8)We receive the suns energy by.
(9)Transfer of heat in liquids and gases takes place by
(10)The hotter molecules of liquids and gases move to colder regions to transfer.

CHAPTER- 5
ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.An indicator is a substance which shows the presence of a chemical substance by:
i. giving odor ii. Changing color
iii. Producing sound
iv. All of these
2.the two kinds of litmus paper are:
i. blue and yellow
ii. Yellow and red
iii. Blue and red iv. All of these
3.In acids, methyl orange turns:
i. green
ii. Yellow
iii. Red
iv. White
4.in bases, methyl orange turns:
i. green
ii. Red
iii. Yellow
iv. Black
5.Phenolphthalein changes to which color in an acidic medium.
i. Pink
ii. Blue
iii. Green
iv. Black
6.In bases, phenolphthalein turns:
i. colorless
ii. Pink
iii. Red
iv green
7.antacids contain:
i. weak base
ii. Weak acid iii. Strong base iv. Strong acid
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.What happens when an acid reacts with a metal ?
2.Name two bases ?
3.Name two mineral acids ?
4.To which color does turmeric change in the presence of analkali ?
5.Name two indicator?

6.Name the acid present in Lemmon juices?


7.What is the other name of lime?
8.Which gas is used in fire extinguishers?
9.Which acid is called the king of chemical?
10.Give one used of milk of magnesia?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.State differences between acids and bases.
2.Name the source from which litmus solution is obtained. What is the use of this solution?
3.Explain why: An antacid tablet is taken when you suffer from acidity.
4.Explain why: Factory waste is neutralized before disposing it into the water bodies.
5.What are Indicators Give two examples?
6.What is an oxide?
7.What are mineral acid?
8.What do you mean by concatenated and dilute acid?
9.Why mineral acid dangers?
10.How would you prepare crystal of cooper sulphate from?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Blue litmus paper is dipped in a solution. It remains blue. What is the nature of the solution? Explain.
2.List the properties of acids ?
3.How can the effect of china rose on acids and bases be seem ?
4.What happens when a concentrated acid gets accidentally spilled on cloth or wool ?
5.What happen when metals and non metals combined with oxygen, also write chemical equation ?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Is the distilled water acidic/basic/neutral? How would you verify it?
2.Describe the process of neutralization with the help of an example.
3.Three liquids are given to you. One is hydrochloric acid, another is sodium hydroxide and third is a
sugar How will you identify them? You have only turmeric indicator.
4.How neutralization reaction is useful in soil treatment and in indigestion.
5.What is a base? Write two uses of the following magnesia ?
1. Slaked lime
2. Milk of Magnesia
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Metals combine with oxygen to formoxides.
2.Soluble bases are called
3.A base reacts with an acid to formand..
4.Alkalies are.in touch.
5..acid is an exception which is a mineral acid but does not react with metals.
6.In an acidic medium litmus turns.in color.
7.A base is a natural dye as it is extracted from the plant.
8.Alcohol, oxygen and petrol are examples of substances.
9.All acids contain..
10.Acids turns blue litmus Bases turn red litmus.

CHAPTER- 6
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHANGES
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
1.Which of the following is not a chemical change?

( 1 MARKS EACH)

i. setting of curd ii. Rusting of iron


iii. Melting of ice.
Iv. Spoilage of
food
2.matter exists in which form?
i. solid
ii. liquid
iii. Gas
iv. All of these
3.An example of an element in liquid form is:
i. bromine
ii. Helium
iii. Hydrogen
iv. Chlorine
4.The smallest unit of an element is:
iv. None of
i. atom
ii. Molecule
iii. Compound
these
5.They symbol for the element copper is:
i. Cu
ii. Co
iii. Cr.
Iv. Ca
6.Anaerobic bacteria digest animal waste and produce biogas (Change A). The biogas is then burnt as
fuel (Change B). The following
statements pertain to these changes. Choose the correct one.
(i)Process A is a chemical change.
(ii)Process B is a chemical change.
(iii)Both processes A and B are chemical changes.
(iv)None of these processes is a chemical change.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Name the elements that form common salt ?
2.Give to example of compound ?
3.What is the smallest unit of an element ?
4.Write the forms in which matter exist?
5.Give One Example of a physical change ?
6.Which type of changes evolves energy changes?
7.Name physical properties of a substance ?
8.What kind of change is rusting?
9.What are the essiancal conduction for rusting?
10.In which type of change a new substance is formed?

(1 MARKS EACH)

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


(2 MARKS EACH)
1.When baking soda is mixed with lemon juice, bubbles are formed with the evolution of a gas. What
type of change is it? Explain.
2.How would you show that setting of curd is a chemical change?
3.Explain why burning of wood and cutting it into small pieces are considered as two different types of
changes.
4.What is crystallization?
5.How is salt obtained from sea water?
6.What is galvanization?

7.How do we prevent rusting?


8.How can you say most physical changes are revisable?
9.Formation of clouds is a physical change? Comment on it?
10.What is charring of suger?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Distinguish between physical and chemical changes? Give example for each changes ?
2.What are the reactants and products in a chemical reactions ?
3.List three characteristics of a chemical reaction ?
4.Explain the term galvanization and rusting ?
5.Example of a familiar process in which both the chemical and physical changes take place.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Describe how crystals of copper sulphate are prepared.
2.Explain how painting of an iron gate prevents it from rusting.
3.Explain why rusting of iron objects is faster in coastal areas than in deserts.
4.Differentiate between physical and chemical change give four exp. For each type of change.
5.List five characteristics of a chemical reaction.
FILL IN THE BLANKS (1 MARKS EACH)
(1) When carbon dioxide is passed through lime water, it turns milky due to the formation of
_________.
(2)The chemical name of baking soda is _________.
(3)Two methods by which rusting of iron can be prevented are_________ and _________.
(4)Changes in which only _________ properties of a substance change are called physical changes.
(5)Changes in which new substances are formed are called _________ changes.
(6)Wood is a mixture of .and..
(7)Mixing of salt and water to obtain saline solution is a .change.
(8)In Chemical changes ..substance are produced.
(9)Changes can be of two types..and.
(10)Some substance can be obtained in pure state from their solution by

CHAPTER- 7
WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.A carnivore with stripes on its body moves very fast while catching itsprey. It is likely to be found in
i. polar regions (ii) deserts (iii) oceans (iv) tropical rainforests
2.Which features adapt polar bears to live in extremely cold climate?
(i) A white fur, fat below skin, keen sense of smell. (ii) Thin skin, large eyes, a white fur. (iii) A long
tail, strong claws, white large paws.
(iv) White body, paws for swimming, gills for respiration.
3.Which option best describes a tropical region?
(i) hot and humid
(iii) cold and humid

(ii) moderate temperature, heavy rainfall


(iv) hot and dry

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Example of an animal that hibernates is:


(i) Woodchuk ii. Cat
iii. Cockroach
iv. All of these
.Everyday weather predictions are given in the:
i. newspaper
ii. Radio
iii. Television
iv all of these
Weather changes are caused by the
i. sun
ii. Wind
iii clouds
iv. All of these.
An instrument used to measure humidity is:
i. thermometer ii. Hygrometer iii. Barometer
iv. None of these.
An instrument for measuring the amount of rainfall in a certain period time is:
i. rain gauge
ii. Measuring cylinder iii. measuring flask
iv. None of these.

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


(1 MARKS EACH)
1. When is the maximum and minimum temperature likely to occur during the day?
2.How does the body of a penguin help it to swim?
3.In which season do animal hibernate.
4.Frogs are not seen in the hot season Where do they go?
5.How does the thigh white fur of a polar bear help it?
6.What is the difference in the climate of Kerala and Kashmir?
7.Name the type of animals living in the forests?
8.name some counties have polar region?
9.name the instrument use to measure rainfall? 10. which part of India has hot and dry climate?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.Name the elements that determine the weather of a place.
2.When are the maximum and minimum temperature likely to occur during the day?
3.How is camel adapted to live in the desert?
4.Indicate the type of climate of the flowing area.
a. Kerala
b. Rajasthan c. North East
d. India.
5.Define the term Humidity.
6.What is weather?
7.Why the birds in the cold clement migrate to warmer region in winter?
8.Write the main features of the climate of polar reagion?
9.Define adaptation?
10.How do we find mean temperature for a given months?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.The tropical rainforest has a large population of animals. Explain why it is so.
2.List three features of animals living in hot climate.
3.Distinguish between whether and climates
4.List three features of Animals living in hot climate.
5.What is camouflage? Explain with example?

(3 MARKS EACH)

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Explain, with examples, why we find animals of certain kind living in particular climatic conditions.
2.How do elephant living in the tropical rainforest adapt itself.
3.How is a polar bear adapted to live in the cold polar regions?

4.Why are a variety of animals found in the tropical rain forests?


5.What is migration and why do some animal migrate?
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1 MARKS EACH)
(1)The average weather taken over a long time is called ___________.
(2)A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate
of that
place will be___________ and ___________ .
(3)The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are___________ and
__________.
(4)The weather is predicated by the department.
(5)A camel does not.so there is not water loss through sweating.
(6).Animals living in cold climate are usuallythan animals in .climate.
(7)The weather is predicted by the .department.

(8)Migration is another means to escape the .and.conditions.


(9)All the changes in the weather are driven by the

(10)The temperature of the day occurs generally in the afternoon while the

temperature occurs in the early morning.

CHAPTER- 8
WINDS, STORMS AND CYCLONES
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1. Which one of the following place is unlikely to be affected by a cyclone.
(i) Chennai
(ii) Mangaluru (Mangalore)
(iii) Amritsar
(iv) Puri
2.Which of the statements given below is correct?
(i)In winter the winds flow from the land to the ocean.
(ii)In summer the winds flow from the land towards the ocean.
(iii)A cyclone is formed by a very high-pressure system with veryhigh-speed winds revolving around
it.
(iv)The coastline of India is not vulnerable to cyclones.
3.An example of natural disaster is :
i. Tsunami
ii. Flood
iii. Storm
iv. All of these
4.Which of the following is most likely to be in the eye of a cyclone ?
i. It is an area of high pressure
ii. It is an area of low pressure
iii. It has high speed winds
iv. It has lots of clouds
5.Which of the following plays an important role in the early warning systems.
i. Satellites
ii. Moon
iii. Helicopters iv. Submarines
6.Which of the following is the best thing to do during heavy lightning ?
i.lie on the ground in an open place.
ii.Go into a water body
iii.Stay indoors, away from metallic doors and windows.
iv.stand under a tall tree.

7.When a vehicle, like a train, moves very fast a/an ..is created tem temporarily behind it.
i. Low pressure

ii. High pressure

iii. Eye

iv. Cyclone

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


(1 MARKS EACH)
1.What is Anemometer ?
2.What happens to air on heating?
3.Name the scale on which to destructive energy of and earthquake is measured .
4.Define wind?
5.Name two water borne disease.
6.What is the other name of cyclones?
7.Why the leaves of trees or flags flutter when the wind blow?
8.Name the layer of earth in which athomsphaer exacts?
9.Define pressure?
10.Name two modern technology which help in making a forecast of a cyclones?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2-3 MARKS EACH)
1.Suggest two methods to find out wind direction at a given place.
2.State two experiences that made you think that air exerts pressure
3.You want to buy a house. Would you like to buy a house having windows but no ventilators? Explain
your answer.
4.Explain why holes are made in hanging banners and hoardings.
5.Write two reasons for floods to occur.
6.What is tornado?
7.Why hot air goes up?
8.What is monsoon?
9.What is a thunderstone?
10.What is disaster management ?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.Why does a balloon taken near a candle burst.
2.What is a lightning conductor ? How does it help ?
3.Explain the term thunders strome?
4.Why does heater that is placed on the floor heat the whole room.
5.What are floods? What precautions should be taken when flood occur?

(3 MARKS EACH)

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

(5 MARKS EACH)

1.How will you help your neighbours in case cyclone approaches your village/town?
2.What planning is required in advance to deal with the situation created by a cyclone?
3.What safety measures should be taken during a cyclone ?
4.Draw a flow chart that help to understand the phenomena that lead to the formation of cloud and
following of rain & creation of stroms and cyclones.
5.Does a steel skyscraper need a lightning conductor explain why?
FILL IN THE BLANKS

(1 MARKS EACH)

1.Wind isair.
2.Winds are generated due toheating on the earth.
3.Near the earths surface __________air rises up whereas___________ air comes down.
4.Air moves from a region of pressure to a region ofpressure.
5.Air around us ___________.Pressure.
6.Air ________ on heating and ________ on cooling.
7.Warm air ________, whereas comparatively cooler air tends to _________towards the earths
surface.
8.As warm air rises, air pressure at that place is _________ and the cooler air moves to that place.
9.The moving air is called __________.
10.Uneven heating on the earth is the main cause of __________ movements.

CHAPTER- 9
SOIL
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1. In addition to the rock particles, the soil
contains
(i) air and water
(ii) water and plants
(iii) minerals, organic matter, air and water
(iv) water, air and plants
The water holding capacity is the
2. highest in
(i) sandy soil
(ii) clayey soil
(iii) loamy soil (iv) mixture of sand and loam
3. Which of the following present in the soil is most helpful for the growth of plants ?
i. Sand
ii. Clay
iii. Humus
iv. All of the these
4. The substances present in soil which are required for the growth of plants are :
i. Nutrients
ii. Pesticides
iii. Fungicides iv. Weedicides
Which layer of the soil is rich in
5. humus :
i. Top Soil
ii. Bed rock
iii. Sub soil
iv. All of theses
Soil profile
6. means :
i. Texture of the soil
ii. Layers of the soil
iii. Composition of the soil
iv. None of these
7. Percolation rate is highest in
i. Clay soil
ii. Sandy Soil
iii. Loamy soil
iv. All of these
The soil that drains water easily
8. is :
i. Clayey
ii. Sandy
iii. Loamy
iv. None of these
9. Which of the following prevents oil erosion :
i. Plants
ii. Animals
iii. Rocks
Iv. Water
10. Soil is affect by :
i. Wind
ii. Rainfall
iii. Light
iv. All of these
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)

1.Which soil have the highest percolation rate?


2.Name the type of soil use for making pottery?
3.What is humus?
4.Give the collective name for layers of soil?
5.Which soil have lowest percolation rate?
6.Give one important feature of will aerated soil?
7.Which factor influences soil formation ?
8.In which horizon of soil mineral are formed?
9.Name the complete decomposed product and animal?
10.Which soil is not suited for growing plantes?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Explain how soil is formed.
2.How is clayey soil useful for crops ?
3.What is Soil Profile?
4.Write about soil composition?
5.Name the layers soil profile is divided into?
6.What physical property of soil are imporent for soil are to us?
7.Write short note on soil erosion?
8.Why it is not enough to use chemical fertilizer to maintain soil fertility?
9.What do you find below C horizon of soil profile?
10.Which horizon of soil is most suitable for growth of plant ?Explain why ?

(2 MARKS EACH)

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS


(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Give three reasons to support the statement: Soil is an important natural resource.
2.List some uses of soil?
3.Why are earthworms is called farmers friend?
4.State the difference between sandy soil and loamy soil give example for each?
5.Write three reasons of weathering of rocks?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Sketch the cross section of soil and label the various layers.
2.Razia conducted an experiment in the field related to the rate of percolation. She observed that it
took 40 min for 200 mL of water to percolate through the soil sample. Calculate the rate of
percolation.
3.What is soil pollution? How can soil erosion be prevented ?
4.What is deforestation ? How does it cause soil erosion ?
5.List the differences between clayey soil and sandy soil & Loamy Soil
FILL IN THE BLANKS

(1 MARKS EACH)

1.Soil is important for life on the ...


2....is a section through different layers of the soil, Various layers are called horizons.
3.Soil is of different types: ... .. and ....
4.Percolation rate of water is different in different types of soil. It is highest in the ... soil and
least in the ... soil.
5.Different types of soils are used to cultivate different types of crops. ... and ... are
suitable for growing wheat, gram and paddy.

6.Soil holds in it, which is called soil moisture.


7.Clayey soil is used to make , and .
8..Soil is not suited for cultivation as it does not retain water.
9.The spaces between soil particles serve as.
Chapter-10
RESPIRATION IN ORGANISMS
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.Gaseous exchange take place through these in plants?

(1 MARKS EACH)

i. Stomata
ii. Guard cells
iii. Veins
iv. None of these
2. In man, which of the following structures is analogous to spiracles of cockroach :
i. Lungs
ii. Alveoli
iii. Nostrils iv. Bronchioles
3. In anaerobic respiration
ii. Oxygen is given
i. Carbon dioxide is given out out
iii. Oxygen is taken in
iv. Carbon dioxide is taken in
4. The actual site of gaseous exchange in the respiratory system of man is
i. trachea
ii. Broncholes
iii. Alveoli
iv. All of these
5. Respiratory organs in underwater animals are:
i. gills
ii. Lungs
iii. Pores
iv. Spiracles
6. In Cockroach, the tracheal system opens out to the outside through the:
i. mouth
ii. Anus
iii. Pores
iv. None of these
7. Bronchi divide into:
i. bronchus
ii. Bronchioles iii. Alveoli
iv. Air saces
8. In cockroaches, air enters the body through
i. lungs
ii. Gills
iii. spiracles
iv. Skin
9. During heavy exercise, we get cramps in the legs due to the accumulation of
i. carbon dioxide ii. Lactic acid
iii. alcohol
iv. Water
10. During exhalation, the ribs
ii. move
iii. move
i. move outwards downwards
upwards
iv. Do not move at all

(1 MARKS

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


EACH)
1.What do we exhale?
2.Which muscular organ from the floor of the chest cavity?
3.How many times you breath in and breath out in a minute?
4.Name the respiratory organs in underwater animals?
5.Name respiratory organs in cockroaches?
6.What is the raw material for the cellular respiration?
7.What are the end products of aerobic respiration?
8.After heavy exercise due to the accumulation of which substance we get muscle cramps?
9.Write one use of yeast?
10.Which products are produce during fermentation?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.State one situation when your muscles respire anaerobically.

(2 MARKS EACH)

2.What are spiracles?


3.How does exchange of gases take place earthworm?
4.What is respiration?
5.Why should you not talk while eating?
6.Why we feel hunger after physical activity?
7.Who does the exchange of gases in breathing?
8.Explain only by equation :
(1)Aerobic respiration
(2)Anaerobic respiration in yeast
9.what are respiratory organs in different organisms?
10.what is the role of diaphragm in breathing?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.How do plants respire explain in brief?
2.Which substances does our body excrete true the skin, liver and alimentary camel?
3.Why is transpiration necessary explain?
4.Distinguish between Breathing and cellular respiration
5.Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic respiration give example?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Draw and label the human respiration system?
2.Draw an apparatus set up that is replica of the human respiratory system and shows the movement of
the diaphragm and the inflation and deflation of the lungs.
3.What is Breathing show a model mechanism of breathing in human beings?
4.Draw & Explain breathing in Cockroach.
5.Draw and explain breathing system in fish?
FILL IN THE BLANKS
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.All organisms use to perform life functions.
2.The opening of the pharynx to the larynx is guarded by the .
3.The . Leads to the wind pipe.
4.Exchange of gases takes places through the stomata in plants by the processes of ..
5.Breathing is also called . Respiration and oxidation of food in the body is also called
.. Respiration.
6.During the process of respiration is formed as a waste product.
7.Internal respiration takes places in the presence of
8.In animals with backbones, exchange of gases takes place in the ..
9.. Carries oxygen from respiratory organs to every cell in the body.
10.Plants can respire . For a while if covered by flooded waters.
Chapter-11

Transportation in Animals and Plants


MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:(1 MARKS EACH)
7The human circulatory system comprises of the:
i. heart
ii. Blood vessels
iii. Blood
iv. All of these
7Number of chambers the human heart has:
i. 4
ii.3
iii.2
iv. 5
7On an average the heart beats. Times a minute

i. 70
ii. 72 iii.69
iv. 80
7The heart beat decreases during:
i. fear
ii. Sleep
iii. Rest
iv. All of these
7Blood that returns to the lungs from the body is:
i. Oxygenated
ii. deoxygenated
iii. Mixed
iv. None of these
7Blood flows in jerks in the:
i. veins
ii. Capillaries
iii. Arteries
iv. None of these
7Components of the blood that are responsible for the transportation of oxygen to different parts of
the body are:
i. WBCs
ii. RBCs
iii. Platelets
iv. Plasma
7In Plants, water is transported through
i. xylem
ii. Phloem
iii. Stomata
iv root hair
7water absorption through roots can be increased by keeping the plants
i. in the shade
ii. In dim light
iii. Under the fan
iv. Covered with a
polythene bag
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.What is the main waste product of the human body?

(1 MARKS EACH)

2.Name a connective tissue?


3.Name the animals which do poses any circulatory system?
4.What makes the blood look Red?
5.Name a Instrument doctors use to listen the heart beat?
6.Name the tissue through which water is transported in plants?
7.What is pulse?
8.What is sweat?
9.Name main excretory organ in humans.
10.What is the function of WBCs?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Define the terms excretion & Heart beat.
2.Write composition of urine ?
3.What is transpiration?
4.Name the four blood groups found in humans. Who discovered them?
5.Why should athletes and sportsmen drink water regularly?
6.What is stethoscope? What is its use?
7.Why animals like sponges and hydra do not possess a circulatory fluid like blood?
8.How the urine is removed from the body?

(2 MARKS EACH)

9.What is phloem? Write its function?


10.What are platelets? Write its function?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.Distinguish between Arteries and veins?

(3 MARKS EACH)

2.What is stomata write two functions of stomata?


3.Why is transport of materials necessary in a plant or in and animal explain?
4.What are vascular tissue? does transparent serve any useful function in the plants? Explain?
5.What is blood list any three function of blood?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Describe the function of the heart.

(5 MARKS EACH)

2.Draw a diagram of the human excretory system and label the various parts.
3.Draw schematic diagram of circulation of blood.
4.Draw a section of root which shows transport of water and mineral in plants.
5.Draw and label structure of stethoscope.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
1.The contraction of the heart is called . And relaxation is called ..

(1 MARKS EACH)

2. are deep seated.


3.The fluid part of the blood is called .
4.The protective antibodies are produced by the .
5. help in clotting blood at the time of an injury.
6.The and vena-cava collect the deoxygenated blood from various organs of the body.
7.. Shows how many times the heart is beating per minute.
8.. Was the first to discover that blood circulates in the body in blood vessels.
9.Doctors use a to listen the heart beat.
10.Hemoglobin is present incells.
Chapter-12

Reproduction in Plants
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.Vegetative reproduction is a mode of:
i. Sexual reproduction
iii. pollination
2.Spore found in fungi are:

ii. Asexual reproduction

iv. None of these

1 MARKS EACH)

i.Tiny cells protected by thick walls to survive unfavorable conditions.


ii. Outgrowths from the parent organism
iii. buds formed in a long chain
iv. None of these
3.Ferns reproduce through:
i. binary fission
ii. Spore formation
iii. Regeneration
iv. sexually
4.Sweet potatoes reproduce from:
i. modified leaves ii. Modified roots
iii. Modified stems
iv. Modified flowers
5.Ritika wanted to male a sandwich, she saw a fuzzy, grayish growth on the bread, it is:
i. bud formation
ii. Spore formation
iii. Moisture iv. None of these
6.A plants that reproduces from its leaves is:
i. potato
ii. Carrot
iii. Sugarcane iv. bryophyllum
7.An example of a unisexual flower is:
i. papaya
ii. China rose
iii. Sunflower iv. None of these
8.The reproductive part of a plant is the
i. leaf
9.Mature ovary forms the

ii. Stem

i. seed
ii. Stamen
10. Bryophyllum can reproduce by its
i. stem
ii. Leaves

iii. Root

iv. Flower

iii pistil

iv. Fruit

iii. Roots

iv. Flower

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


1.Name a reproductive a part of a plant.

(1 MARKS EACH)

2.Name a sport producing plan.


3.When yeast is added to dough why does it rise?
4.What is Zygote?
5.Name a plant that reproduce from is leaves?
6.Name two plants that reproduce by stem cutting ?
7.Name the male reproductive part of flower.
8.Name the female reproductive part of flower.
9.In which plant buds are present on the margins of leaves?
10.Name a winged seed.
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.What is Vegetative reproduction?
2.Distinguish between Self pollination and cross pollination/
3.Distinguish between Asexual and sexual reproduction?
4.Define the terms Pollination & Fertilization?
5.What do the terms stock mean with respect to grafting?

(2 MARKS EACH)

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS


1.List advantage of vegetative reproduction?
2.What is pollination explain their types?
3.Why are stamens and carbons considered important part of a plant?
4.Explain how yeast reproduces by budding?

(3 MARKS EACH)

5.State difference between unisexual flower and bisexual flowers give two example for each?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Describe the various ways by which seeds are dispersed.

(5 MARKS EACH)

2.Draw & Explain how bacteria reproduces by binary fission.


3.Describe the different methods of asexual reproduction. Give examples.
4.Draw and Explain fertizaton (Zygote Formation) in Flower
5.Draw a well labeled diagram of the parts of a complete flower.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
1... is the fleshy part of the fruit.

( 1 MARKS EACH)

2.The hard part of the covering the seed is called ....


3.Hiptage and cotton seeds are dispersed by .....
4.The anther and filament together form the .
5.The ............... and . Together form the carpet.
6.The reproductive cells produced by the two adults are called ..
7.The two main methods of reproduction are . And . Reproduction.
8.In hydra and yeast, a new organism is produced in the form of a bulb-likeprojection called..
9.The fusion of male and female gametes is termed as
10.Seed dispersal takes place by means ofand..
Chapter-13
Motion and Time
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.Which of the followings is not in uniform motion?
i.a bullet traveling with a constant spped in a straight line
ii.a swinging pendulum
iii.a girl swinging on a swing

(1 MARKS EACH)

iv. both
(ii) and (iii)
2. Which out of the following is not a unit of speed?
i. Litres

ii. m/s

iii. Km/h

iv. Miles per


hour

3.A car travels with a speed of 50km/h in the first hour and 100km/h in the second hour. The total
distance covered by the car in the two hours is:
iv.
i. 100km
ii. 50km
iii. 150km
200km
4. Rahul runs 10km in 30 minutes. His speed is:?
i. 5km/h
ii. 10km/h
iii. 20km/h
iv. 15km/h
5. With what speed should a car travel so that it can cover a distance of 5km in 5mintes? i. 12km/h ii.
1km/h iii. 5km/h iv. 60km/h
6.Rahul takes 20 minutes to travel to his school with a speed of 3 m/s. How far is the school?
iv.
i. 2 km
ii. 3.2km
iii.3.6km
4.1km
7 The basic unit of speed is:
i. km/min
ii. m/min
iii. Km/h
iv. m/s
8. A car moves with a speed of 40 km/h for 15 minutes and then with a speed of 60km/h for the next
15 minutes. The total distance covered by the car is:
i. 100 km
ii. 25km
iii. 15km
iv. 10km
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.What type of function uniform or no uniform by free following body.
2.What is speedometer?
3.What is a sand clock?
4.Define speed?
5.Name some ancient time measuring devices?
6.What is the relation between distance and speed?
7.Write the S.I. unit of distance.
8.What are x-axis and y-axis in a graph?
9.On what factors the time period of a pendulum depends?
10.What is common in most of the clock?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

(2 MARKS EACH)

1.What is pendulum clock?


2.Show the shape of the distance-time graph for the motion in the following cases; i. A car moving with
a constant speed. ii. A car parked on a side road.
3.The distance between two stations is 240km. A train takes 4 hours to cover this distance. Calculate
the speed of the train.
4.What is odometer ?
5.Find the speed of a bus that travels 360 km in 6 hours.
6.What is uniform and non-uniform motion?
7.How does simple pendulum perform an oscillatory motion?
8.In a cricket match a team scored 4, 3, 6, 2, 10 and 8 runs in first 6 overs respectively. Show these
runs by a graph.
9.Write the function of speedometer and odometer in vehicles.
10.What is the time period of simple pendulum?

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS


(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Define oscillatory motion. A simple pendulum takes 32s to complete 20 oscillations. What is the time
period of the pendulum?
2.Define time period A boy cycles down from his house to the market at a speed of 18 km/hr and
reaches there in 20 minutes. How far is the market from his house?
3.Salma takes 15 minutes from her house to reach her school on a bicycle. If the bicycle has a speed of
2m/s, calculate the distance between her house and the school.
4.The states of rest and motion are relative terms. Explain with the help of an example.
5.What is motion distinguish between uniform and non uniform motion.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Define the time period and the speed. A man covers a distance of 500 km in his car with an average
speed of 50 km/ h. How much time does he take?
2.A Car moves at a constant speed of 45 km/h for 10 minutes. What is the distance covered by the
car?
3.Draw some common clocks ?
4.Draw the following.
a.A pie chart showing composition of air.
b.A line graph showing change in weight a man with age.
5.The odometer of car reads 57321.0 cm when the clocks shows the time 8.30 am what is the distance
moov by the car, if at 8.50 am the odometer reading has change to 57336.0 kilometer? Calculate
the speed of the car in Km/min during this time express the speed in Km/h also.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.When a body does not changes its position with respect to its surrounding, it is said to be at
.
2.Stop watches are used to measure short intervals of
3.The interval between two measure short intervals of ..
4.In a mechanical wrist watch, a makes the oscillations.
5. watches are used to measure time in sports events.
6.If the distance-time graph of a body is a straight line. Then its speed is
7.If the distance-time graph is a curved line, then its speed is .
Chapter -14
Electric Current and its Effects
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.An Electrical wire is covered with plastic to?
i. make it strong

ii. To make it thicker

iii. To make it look nice iv. To make it safe


2.If you place a compass near a current conducting wire, it will:
i. get deflected

ii. Get hot

(1 MARKS EACH)

iii. Stop moving

iv. Get charged

3.If the two terminals of a cell are connected directly with a wire, then
i. The chemicals get used up very fast ii. The cell explode
iii. no current

iv. More electrical energy is stored in the cell

4.The combination of two or more cells is called


i. switch

ii. Cell iii. Battery

iv fuse

5.Good Conductor of electricity is


i. water

ii. Wood

iii. Plastic

iv. All of
these

6.Electro magnet are used in appliances such as


i Electric bell ii. Telephone iii.
Microphones

iv. All of these.

7. Poor conductor of electricity is


i. metal
ii. Plastic iii Iron
iv. None of these.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Name two terminal of a cell.
2.Name any two effects of electric current.
3.Name two poor conductor of electricity.
4.What is an element?
5.What is a switch?
6.Who discovered magnetic effect of current?
7.Which device is used to prevent damages to electrical circuits?
8.What is the full form of MCBs?
9.On which effect of electric current does electric iron work?
10.Name any two device based on magnetic effect of electric current.
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.What did the scientist Hans Christian Oersted observe?
2.Why are alloys like inchworm used to make elements of electric irons and heaters?
3.What makes electric current flow?
4.What is the fuse wire normally made up of and why?
5.What is an electromagnet?
6.What is battery?
7.What is electric fuse?
8.What is MCBs?
9.Write two application of electromagnet.
10.Give the reason of accessive current in our house.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.What is an electro magnate? How can you make your bone magnate?

(3 MARKS EACH)

2.An electrician is carrying out some repairs in your home. He wants to replace a fuse by a piece of
wire. Would you agree gibe reason for your response.
3.What is an electric circuit? Differentiate between open circuit and close circuit.
4.What are conductor and insulators give two example for each.
5.When the current is switch on through a wire a compass needle kept near by gets defected from its
north south position explain
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.What do you mean by heating effect of electric current Make a list of appliances where heating
effect of electric current is used
2.Draw symbols for some electric circuit components.
3.Draw Circuit diagram of electric circuit
4.What is compass needle draw and explain the effect of current on a compass needle.
5.Write function of electric bell and draw circuit of electric bell.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Current does not flow in an electric circuit.
2.A fuse wire has a electric resistance.
3.An electric cell has .. terminals.
4.A . is used to open and close a circuit.
5.In the symbol of an electric cell, the longer line represents the terminals and the thicker,
shorter line represents the . Terminal.
6.Electric current flows from .. potential to potential.
7... is a device used to prevent the flow of excess current in a circuit.
8.A . Is formed when a number of cell are joined together.
9.Longer line in the symbol for a cell represents itsterminal.
10.When current is switched on in a room heater, it
CHAPTER -15
LIGHT
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.White light is composed of how many colours?

(1 MARKS EACH)

iv.
5

i. 7
ii. 6
iii. 8
2.Which of the following statements is ture?
i.A plane mirror sometimes forms an inverted image
ii.Aconcave mirror always forms a vitual, erect and diminished image
iii.A concave lens always forms a virtual, erect and diminished image
iv.All of them
3.Light is:
iii. An electromagnetic radiation iv. All of
i. massless
ii. A transverse wave these
4.Light shows:
i. circular propagation
ii. A transverse wave
iii. An electromagnetic radiation
iv. All of these

5.A narrow stream of light is called a :


i. ray
ii. Rectilinear propagation
ii. curvilinear propagation iv. twilight
6.In order to be used as mirrors, glasses are coated with:
i. copper ii. Silver
iii. Aluminum
iv. platinum
7. The phenomenon of light passing through an object is called.
i. refraction
ii. Reflection
iii. Dispersion iv. None of these
8. A virtual image larger than the object can be produced by a .
iv. Plane
i. concave lens
ii. Concave mirror iii. Convex mirror
mirror
9.David is observing his images in place mirror. The distance between the mirror and the Image is 4m.
If he moves 1 m towards the mirror, then the distance between David and his
image will be.
i. 3 m
ii. 5 m
iii. 6 m
iv. 8 m
10. The rear view mirror of a car is plane mirror. A driver is reversing the car at a speed of
2m/s. The driver sees in his rear view mirror the image of a trck parked behind his car. The
Speed at which the image of the truck appears to approach the driver will be.
i. 1 m/s
ii, 2 m/s
iv. 8 m/s
iii. 4 m/s
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Name the mirrors used as side mirrors in scooters.
2.Which type of mirror can from a real image.
3.What kind of mirror of used for making kaleidoscope.
4.Name the lance which always forms erect virtual and smaller image than the object.
5.Name the mirror used by dentist to seen large image of teeth.
6.What type of image can be obtain by a convex mirror?
7.Which mirror is used as a side view mirror?
8.Which mirror show lateral inversion?
9.White light is composed of how many colors.
10.Which law is applicable in playing back shot in carom?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Why do headlights of cars ad search lights have reflectors?
2.Why are shaving mirrors made of concave mirrors?
3.Why are rear view mirrors in automobiles made of convex mirrors?
4.What is the focal length of a lens?
5.State the laws of reflection?
6.Write the property of image form by concave mirror?
7.Write the property of image formed by convex mirror?
8.Write the property of image formed by convex and concave lens.
9.What are converging and diverging lens?
10.How many colors are found in rainbow. Name them.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
1.What is an image? State the difference between virtual image and real image?

(2-3 MARKS EACH)

(3 MARKS EACH)

2.What is reflection? How is regular reflection different from irregular reflection?


3.Write three uses of Concave mirror.
4.State the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror.
5.What is a lance state the difference between concave lance and convex lance.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Explain how do raindrops sometimes act like tiny prisms.
2.Write some uses of Concave mirror and convex mirrors.
3.Draw a convex lens and a concave lens and write the difference between these two type of lenses
4.Draw and write about Newtons disc.
5.What is the convex lens draw images from by a convex lens for object placed at different distance
from it.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Formation of shadows suggest that light travel in . Lines.
2.The phenomenon of bouncing back of the rays of light into the same medium is called
..
3.An absolutely still surface of water can act like a .
4.A lens is thicker in the middle and tapering at the edges.
5.A . Is formed opposite to the position of the Sun, after the rain.
6.The speed of light in vacuum is meters per second.
7.Am image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called..
8.Image formed by a convex is always virtual and smaller in size.
9.An image formed by a mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.
10.An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a .. image.
CHAPTER -16
WATER: A PRECIOUS RESOURCE
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.Which of the following causes a decrease in the water table?

(1 MARKS EACH)

i. Afforestation ii. Terrace farming iii. Deforestation iv. All of these


2. Which of the following techniques helps in no loss of water due to seepage or evaporation? i. Drip
irrigation ii. Sprinklers iii. Furrow irrigation iv. Flood irrigation
3.Which of the following is a universal solvent?
i. water

ii. Oil

iii. Alcohol

iv. None of these

4.Passing chlorine gas through water is called:


i. Filtration ii. Chlorination

iii. Sedimentation

iv. Ground water

5.The only source of clean water in cities today is:


i. rivers

ii. Ponds

iii. Seas

iv. Ground water

6. Which one of the following is not responsible for water shortage?

i. Rapid growth of industries.


iii. Heavy rainfall

ii. Increasing population


iv. Mismanagement of water
resources

7.The Total water


i.in the lakes and rivers of the world remains constant.
ii.under the ground remains constant.
iii.in the seas and oceans of the world remains constant.
iv. of the world remains constant.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Why does earth appear blue? Define water table.

(1 MARKS EACH)

2.When is water day celebrated?


3.Where is rainwater conserved?
4.Write some sources of ground water.
5.What is infiltration?
6.On which date world water day is celebrated.
7.What percentage of earths surface is covered with water.
8.By which natural process water on the earth has been maintained?
9.Name three forms of water.
10.Write the ways by which water vapour come to the atmosphere
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Where is rainwater conserved?

(2 MARKS EACH)

2.What are the two main reasons that have led to acute shortage of water all over the world?
3.You have been asked to maintain a garden. How will you minimize the use of water?
4.Write four things that you use water for?
5.There are ten tube wells in a lane of fifty houses what could be the long term impact on the water
table give reason to your answer.
6.What is water table and ground water?
7.What is drip irrigation?
8.How the water is being water at individual level?
9.What will be the effect on a plant if it is not watered for few days?
10.Can the river water be used for drinking purpose. Comment on this.

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

(3 MARKS EACH)

1.Name some industries familiar to you make a list of the products obtained from these and used in our
daily life.
2.How is the growing industrial activity responsible for the depletion of water table?
3.Write three ways by which we can conserve water.
4.Overuse and misuse of available water has led to its acute shortage. Give reasons to support this
statements.
5.Write the three main reasons that have resulted in the decrease of the water table.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.Explain with diagram how groundwater is recharged?

(5 MARKS EACH)

2.Draw and explain water cycle ?


3.What is rainwater harvesting? On which two main techniques is rainwater harvesting based?
4.Write reasons for depletion of water table.
5.Write the ways you can adopt to minimize wastage of water.
FILL IN THE BLANKS

(1 MARKS EACH)

1.A number of animals such as . And .. need water as a habitat.


2.Water stored in .. is used to generate electricity.
3.Water gets circulated between the earth and atmosphere by the ..
4. March is celebrated as Water Day.
5.Water from lakes and rivers is .. before it is supplied to our homes.
6.People obtain groundwater through and .
7.Three forms of water are ., and ..
8.The water bearing layer of the earth is ..
9.The process of water seepage into the ground is called
10.Plants .. and ultimately. If they are not watered for a few days.
CHAPTER -17
FORESTS: OUR LIFE LINE
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.The two components of the ecosystem are:
i. plants and
animals
ii. Trees and fungi
iii. frogs and man
iv. Living and non-living

(1 MARKS EACH

A Food chain consists


2.of:
i. producers only
ii. Consumers only
iii. decomposers
only
iv. Producers and consumers
3.The first link in any food chain is a green plant because:
i. it is fixed at one place
ii. It is photosynthetic
ii. it is present every
where
iv. None of these
Soil erosion occurs due
4.to:
i. overgrazing by
cattle
ii. Deforestation
iii. wind
iii. All of these
A food chain cannot begin
5.without:
i. plants
ii. Animals iii. Omnivores iv. All of these
6.Which of the following depend on autotrophs directly?
i. carnivores ii.
Herbivores
iii. Omnivores iv. decomposers
7.Which of the following plays an important role in causing rainfall?
i. animals
ii. Vehicles iii. Plants
iv. None of these
8. Plants and animals helps to maintain the balance of:
i. trees and
animals
ii. Oxygen and carbon dioxide
iii. water and minerals iv. Green plants and plant eaters
9.Micro-organisms act upon the dead plants to produce.
i. sand
ii. Mushrooms
iiii. Humus
iv. Wood
10. Which of the following is not a forest product?
i. Gum
ii. Plywood
iii. Sealing wax
iv. Kerosene
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

(1 MARKS EACH)

1.Which part of Cinchona tree is used to make medicine?


2.Write one food chain in a forest?
3.Name two Decomposers?
4.In which layer of soil would you find humus?
5.Name two trees in a forest?
6.Which plant is known as poormans timber?
7.Name an animal product.
8.Name two animals found in deeper area of the forest.
9.Name one micro-organism that act upon dead plant.
10.What is deforestation?
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(2 MARKS EACH)
1.Why are forests being constantly cleared?
2.What do plants us the carbon dioxide gas for that is released by animals?

3.Explains how forests prevent floods?


4.What are tropical forests?
5.What is canopy ?
6.What do you know by the crown of a tree?
7.State some consequences of deforestation.
8.What is a food chain?
9.What are decomposers?
10.List 5 products of forest.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Explains how animals dwelling in the forest help it grow and regenerate?
2.Explains why there is no waste in a forest?
3.What are the necessary functions of forests?
4.Do fallen leaves help the sol in any way? Give reasons for your answer.
5.What are decomposers? Name any two of them. What do they do in the forest?
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
(5 MARKS EACH)
1.Explains the role of forest in maintaining the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere?
2.Explains why there is a need of variety of animals and plants in a forest?
3.Draw and write forest products.
4.Draw and write how rain water drips from the trees and seeps into the ground
5.What is a crown of tree what do you mean by crown of the tree draw some crown shape of the tree.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
( 1 MARKS EACH)
1.Pollination is the first step in the .. of plants.
2.Animals bodies after death plants decomposed by ..
3.The most important things plants provides us is .. which is vital for the all living
beings.
4.The. Tree gives the medicine which is helpful against malaria.
5.Only . Tree plants are capable of making their own food.
6.Animals Chipko Movement was started in .. district of ..
7.The insects, butterflies, honeybees and birds flowering plants in
8.A forest is a purifier of and ..
9.Herbs form the . Layer in the forest.
10.The decaying leaves and animals droppings in a forest enrich the ..
CHAPTER -18
WASTEWATER STORY
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION:1.Which of the following are biodegradable wastes?
i. plastic

ii. Sewage

iii. Excreta

(1 MARKS EACH)

iv. Both (ii) and (iii)

2.Which of the following are non-biodegradable wastes?


i. vegetables
3.Sewage includes:

ii. Paper

iii. Wood

iv. Polythene

i. solid waste that goes down drains ii. liquid waste that goes down drains
iii. plastics that are stuck in drains

iv. both(i) and (ii)

4.These choke drains:


i. liquid wastes

ii. Plastic

iii. Excreta

iv. All of these

5.The organic part of solid material which is removed from sewage includes:
i. animals excreta

ii. Human excreta

iii. Vegetable matter

iv. All of

these
6. By product of wastewater treatment are.
i. Sludge

ii. Biogas

iii. Sludge and Biogas iv. None of these

ii. Cholera

iii. Anthrax iv. None of these

7. Waster Borne disease is.


i. Malaria
8. This kills

microbes that help to purify water.

i. paints

ii. Motors Oil iii. Medicines

iv. All of these

9. Breading place for mosquitoes flies which cause diseases are .


i. oil

ii. open drain

iii. Close tank iv. None of these

10. Water pollution is caused by


i. washing cloth
ii. Human excreta
iii. Chemicals iv. All of these
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE
QUESTIONS
(1 MARKS EACH)
1.Name non biodegradable waste?
2.Name the micro organism grow in lakes rich in nutrients.
3.Write full form of WWTP.
4.Name biodegradable wastes.
5.Name a chemical use for water purification.
6.Which decade has been decided action on water for life?
7.By which name the toilets in which human excreta is treated by earthworm has been
called?
8.What is the primary source of water.
9.In which year multicore project about the Ganga Action Plan came?
10.Cleaning of waste water is commonly known as by which name?

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (2MARKS)


1.Why should wastes not be allowed to be left on the roadsides?
2.What happens when untreated sewage is discharged into drains, rivers and water bodies?
3.In treatment plants, after removing solid impurities, in what three stages is water purified?
4.How are solid impurities removed in water treatment plants?

5.What is contaminants ? Name some organic impurities present in water.


6.Natural water is never pure. Why?
7.Is it necessary to purify the pond water before drinking? Why?
8.Which unwanted material could be present in the water that you get from your local water supply?
9.What are the alternatives of sewage for sewage disposal?
10.What is vermi -compositing toilet?
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS
(3 MARKS EACH)
1.Explain the relationship between sanitation and disease.
2.List the importance of having a proper drainage system?
3.Distinguish between biodegradable and non biodegradable waste.
4.Why should oils and fats be not released in the drain? Explain?
5.What is sewage ? explain why it is harmful to discharge untreated sewage into rivers or seas.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
1.1. Describe the steps involved in getting clarified water from wastewater.
2.2. Explain the function of bar screens in a wastewater treatment plant.
3.3. Untreated human excreta is a health hazard. Explain.
4.4. Outline your role as an active citizen in relation to sanitation.
5.5. What is sludge? Explain how it is treated.

(5 MARKS EACH)

FILL IN THE BLANKS


1.It is important to have .. and efficient system for disposal of sewage.
2.Waste water is cleaned in a .. . And then carried to seas or rivers.
3.Solid waste that remains in water bodies forms .
4... is added to sewage to neutralize it.
5.Sewage is treated to certain . Which decomposes organic matter.

( 1 MARKS EACH)

6. and wastes are carried away in sewer drains.


7.Clearing of water is a process of removing.
8.wastewater released by houses is called.
9.Dried.is used as manure.
10.Drains get blocked by..and ..