mass balace spreadsheet

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You are on page 1of 12

Excel macros, IF-97 Steam tables.

The excel scripts are stored inside this workbook. A complete list of functions for use is available on the "Calling functions" worksheet

The steam tables are free and provided as is. We take no responsibilities for any errors in the code or damage thereby.

www.x-eng.com

OBS: This workbook uses macros. Set security options in Tools:Macro:Security to enable macros.

Temperature

75.00 degF

Saturation pressure

#VALUE! psi (a)

Liquid

Enthalpy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Vapour

Vapour enthalpy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Vapour density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

Vapour Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Evaporation energy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Pressure

12.570 psi (a)

Saturation temperature

#VALUE! degF

Liquid

Enthalpy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Vapour

Vapour enthalpy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Vapour density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

vapour Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Evaporation energy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Pressure

100.00 psi (a)

Temperature

50.00 degF

Enthalpy

#VALUE! btu/lb

Density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Vapour fraction

#VALUE! %

IF97 Region

#VALUE!

Phase

#VALUE!

Isobaric heat capacity

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Speed of sound

#VALUE! ft/s

Pressure

12.57 psi (a)

Enthalpy

2788.00 btu/lb

Temperature

#VALUE! degF

Density

#VALUE! lb /ft3

Entropy

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Vapour fraction

#VALUE! %

IF97 Region

#VALUE!

Phase

#VALUE!

Isobaric heat capacity

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Speed of sound

#VALUE! ft/s

X Steam Tables

v2.6

http://www.x-eng.com

Steam tables by Magnus Holmgren according to IAPWS IF-97

The excel scripts are stored inside this workbook. (No extra files are needed. Start from a copy of this workbook. This page can be removed)

For error-reporting, feedback, other units etc. contact:

magnus@x-eng.com

The steam tables are free and provided as is. We take no responsibilities for any errors in the code or damage thereby.

OBS: This workbook uses macros. Set security options in Tools:Macro:Security to enable macros.

Temperature

Tsat_p

T_ph

T_ps

T_hs

14.504

1

1

100

psi

psi

psi

btu/lb

100 btu/lb

1 btu/(lb F)

0.2 btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

deg F

deg F

deg F

deg F

Saturation temperature

Temperture as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Temperture as a function of pressure and entropy

Temperture as a function of enthalpy and entropy

100 deg F

100 btu/lb

100 btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

5 lb/ft3

#VALUE! psi (a)

#VALUE! psi (a)

Saturation pressure

Pressure as a function of h and s.

68 deg F

1 btu/(lb F)

0.5

0.5

2 lb/ft3

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

Saturated liquid enthalpy

Saturated vapour enthalpy

Saturated liquid enthalpy

Entalpy as a function of pressure and temperature.

Entalpy as a function of pressure and entropy.

Entalpy as a function of pressure and vapour fraction

Entalpy as a function of temperature and vapour fraction

100 deg F

### btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

ft3/lb

Saturated liquid volume

Saturated vapour volume

Saturated liquid volume

Specific volume as a function of pressure and temperature.

Specific volume as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Specific volume as a function of pressure and entropy.

100 deg F

### btu/lb

1 btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

lb/ft3

Saturated liquid density

Saturated vapour density

Saturated liquid density

Density as a function of pressure and temperature.

Density as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Density as a function of pressure and entropy.

50 deg F

100 btu/lb

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

Saturated liquid entropy

Saturated vapour entropy

Saturated liquid entropy

Specific entropy as a function of pressure and temp. (saturated vapor entalpy if mixture.)

Specific entropy as a function of pressure and enthalpy

100 deg F

### btu/lb

1 btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

btu/lb

Saturated liquid internal energy

Saturated vapour internal energy

Saturated liquid internal energy

Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and temperature.

Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Specific internal energy as a function of pressure and entropy.

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

Saturated liquid heat capacity

Saturated vapour heat capacity

Saturated liquid heat capacity

Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and temperature.

Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Specific isobaric heat capacity as a function of pressure and entropy.

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

btu/(lb F)

Saturated liquid isochoric heat capacity

Saturated vapour isochoric heat capacity

Saturated liquid isochoric heat capacity

Specific isochoric heat capacity as a function of pressure and temperature.

Pressure

psat_T

p_hs

p_hrho

Pressure as a function of h and rho (density). Do not use for 100%liquid region due to incompressibility!

Enthalpy

hV_p

hL_p

hV_T

hL_T

h_pT

h_ps

h_px

h_Tx

h_prho

1

1

100

100

14.504

1

1

100

1

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

deg F

psi

Entalpy as a function of pres. and density. For low temps (liquid) this equation has 2 solns.(Not valid)

Specific volume

vV_p

vL_p

vV_T

vL_T

v_pT

v_ph

v_ps

1

1

100

100

1

1

10

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

1

1

100

100

1

1

1

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

Density

rhoV_p

rhoL_p

rhoV_T

rhoL_T

rho_pT

rho_ph

rho_ps

Specific entropy

sV_p

sL_p

sV_T

sL_T

s_pT

s_ph

1

1

50

100

1

10

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

uV_p

uL_p

uV_T

uL_T

u_pT

u_ph

u_ps

1

1

100

100

1

1

1

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

CpV_p

CpL_p

CpV_T

CpL_T

Cp_pT

Cp_ph

Cp_ps

1

1

100

100

1

100

100

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

100 deg F

200 btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

CvV_p

CvL_p

CvV_T

CvL_T

Cv_pT

1

1

100

100

1

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

100 deg F

Cv_ph

Cv_ps

100 psi

100 psi

200 btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

#VALUE! btu/(lb F)

Specific isochoric heat capacity as a function of pressure and entropy.

100 deg F

100 btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Saturated liquid speed of sound

Saturated vapour speed of sound

Saturated liquid speed of sound

Speed of sound as a function of pressure and temperature.

Speed of sound as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Speed of sound as a function of pressure and entropy.

Speed of sound

wV_p

wL_p

wV_T

wL_T

w_pT

w_ph

w_ps

1

1

100

100

1

100

100

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

psi

ft/s

ft/s

ft/s

ft/s

ft/s

ft/s

ft/s

Dynamic Viscosity

Viscosity is not part of IAPWS Steam IF97. Equations from ""Revised Release on the IAPWS Formulation 1985 for the Viscosity of Ordinary Water Substance"", 2003 are used.

Viscosity in the mixed region (4) is interpolated according to the density. This is not true since it will be two fases.

my_pT

my_ph

my_ps

1 psi

100 psi

100 psi

100 deg F

100 btu/lb

### btu/(lb F)

#VALUE! lb/ft/hr

#VALUE! lb/ft/hr

#VALUE! lb/ft/hr

200 deg F

0.19 btu/lb

#VALUE! #VALUE! -

Viscosity as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Viscosity as a function of pressure and entropy.

Prandtl

Calcualted as Cp*my/tc

pr_pT

pr_ph

1 psi

1 psi

Thermal Conductivity

Revised release on the IAPS Formulation 1985 for the Thermal Conductivity of ordinary water substance (IAPWS 1998)

tcL_p

tcV_p

tcL_T

tcV_T

tc_pT

tc_ph

tc_hs

1

1

50

50

1

1

100

psi

psi

deg F

deg F

psi

psi

btu/lb

50 deg F

100 btu/(lb F)

### btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

btu/(h*ft*F)

Saturated liquid thermal conductivity

Saturated vapour thermal conductivity

Saturated liquid thermal conductivity

Thermal conductivity as a function of pressure and temperature.

Thermal conductivity as a function of pressure and enthalpy

Thermal conductivity as a function of enthalpy and entropy

Surface Tension

IAPWS Release on Surface Tension of Ordinary Water Substance, September 1994

st_T

st_p

100 deg F

1 psi

#VALUE! lb/ft

#VALUE! lb/ft

Surface tension for two phase water/steam as a function of T

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Vapour fraction as a function of pressure and entropy.

Vapour fraction

x_ph

x_ps

1 psi

1 psi

### btu/lb

4 btu/(lb F)

Observe that vapour volume fraction is very sensitive. Vapour volume is about 1000 times greater than liquid volume and therfore vapour volume fraction

gets close to the accurancy of steam IF-97

vx_ph

vx_ps

1 psi

1 psi

418 btu/lb

4 btu/(lb F)

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Vapour volume fraction as a function of pressure and entropy.

Version history

News in V2.6

* Error in valid region for function tc_ptrho

* Error in function h3_pt for temperatures near the saturation point.

News in V2.5

* DLL distrubution for use in other applications

* Freebasic translation

* Fixed small error in Cv Region 5 p>1000bar

News in V2.4a

Fixed unit conversion in T_ps region4 (No effekt for SI units.)

News in V2.4

* TODO!!! Check Cv in region 5

* ToDO!!! Tc och my not def. In region 4

* OpenOffice version introduced. (Fixed calculation differences in open office and excel)

* Matlab error giving varaible undefined in some backwards solutions fixed.

News in V2.3

* Option Explicit, gives more efficient calculations.

* Extensive testing

* my_ph not defined in region 4.

* Problems at region border for h4V_p to adress solver problems at the exact border.

* Problem at fast border check in region_ph fixed.

News in V2.2

* Extensive testing

* Fixed error in Cp_ph

* Function p_hrho added. (Very good for calcualting pressure when heating a volume with water/steam mixture.)

* Fixed error in T_hs return no value for vet region bellow the water saturation line.

* Prandtl number added

News in V2.1

* Calling function h_prho

* Fixed problem with Cv reporting NaN in region 5.

* Equivivalent to the Matlab version. (Downloadable from www.x-eng.com)

News in V2

* Calling functions of h and s added.

* Thermal conductivity, Surface tension added

* Calling functions h_px and h_tx added.

* Cp, Cv and w undefined in the mixed region. (Before interpolation with the vapor fraction was used.)

* A work sheet ""Properties"" for simple lookups added.

* Cp, Cv and w undefined in the mixed region. (Before interpolation with the vapor fraction was used.)

Fuel/Coal

01

Air

02

Water

Water

Treatment

w1

p,T

DOE/NETL-401/012111

Elemental Basis

Jan-12

Coal Bas

1000 g/s

Elements (kg)

O

FL

W

E

AT

R

Carbon (C )

Hydrogen (H )

Oxygen (O)

Nitrogen (N )

Chlorine (Cl )

Ash (A )

Sulphur (S )

Composition (wt%)

742.3

41.70

48.50

13.50

0.00

131.8

23.2

0.00

0.00

1931

7264

0.00

0.00

0.00

Carbon (C )

Hydrogen (H )

Oxygen (O)

Nitrogen (N )

Chlorine (Cl )

Ash (A )

Sulphur (S )

Total

0.7423

0.0417

0.0485

0.0135

0.0000

0.1318

0.0232

1.001

0.00

0.00

0.21

0.79

0.00

0.00

0.00

Elements (mol)

Carbon (C )

Hydrogen (H )

Oxygen (O)

Nitrogen (N )

Chlorine (Cl )

Ash (A )

Sulphur (S )

61.86

41.70

3.031

0.964

0.000

0.7

0.000

0.000

123.7

465.4

0.000

0

Composition (mol%) 1

Carbon (C )

Hydrogen (H )

Oxygen (O)

Nitrogen (N )

Chlorine (Cl )

Ash (A )

Sulphur (S )

0.571

0.385

0.028

0.009

0.000

0.007

0.000

0.000

0.210

0.790

0.000

0.000

Total

1.000

1.000

Hot Gases

Boiler

01

02

Water

Treatment

Feed

storage

tank

w2

DOE/NETL-401/012111

742.3

41.70

1979

7278

0.00

131.8

23.20

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

131.80

0.000

Split

w1

w2

w3

w4

w5

w1

w2

w3

w4

w5

0.07

0.00

0.00

0.19

0.00

0.00

0.71

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.00

1.00

0.00

0.00

1.0

1.0

61.86

41.70

3.031

0.964

0.000

0.7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.571

0.385

0.028

0.009

0.000

0.007

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.000

0.00

split

w1

w2

w3

w4

w5

w1

w2

w3

w4

w5

steam

Radiation Energy

w5

Factory

condensate

Flue Gas

cleaner

03

05

06

04

w3

O2

CO2

Air Comp

+ 0.5 O2 CO

CO + 0.5O2 CO2

C +

CO2 2CO

S

O2

O2

0.21 yes

N2

0.79 no

Overall reaction

3C + 3O2 + S CO2 + SO2 + 2CO

3C + 4O2 + S 3CO2 + SO2

Excess

0%

Calorific Value (

1254.0 kJ/kg

61.85833 mol s

Air Required

1793.892 g/s

Heat of Combus

-393.51 kJ/mol

-32.7925 kJ/g

Carbon (C

0.7423

Hydrogen (

0.0417

Oxygen (O

Nitrogen (N

0.0485

0.0135

Chlorine (Cl

Ash (A )

0.1318

Sulphur (S

0.0232

condensate

Temp (K)

150.00

condensate

seperated substances

Ash/ Carbon

unwanted salts

g/mol

12

1

16

14

35.5

1

32

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