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S.No.

DESCRIPTION

Unit

1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10

Air Cooled chiller


Water Cooled chiller
Plant Room(air cooled)
Plant Room(water cooled)
Chilled water piping distribution
AHU'S
Air Distribution
Both Low side and High side
Only Low side

PER/TON
PER/TON
PER/TON
PER/TON
PER/TON
PER/CFM
PER/TON
PER/TON
PER/TON

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

Thermal Insulation
30% of overall ducting
Accoustic Insulation
15% of overall ducting
Supply Grill/Supplu Diffuser/collar damper
(Total cfm/450)Sq.Ft
Fresh Air Damper
(CFM/500)Sq.Ft
Return Grill/diffuser ((Sq ft) lesser velocity
equal to 1.5 times supply grill/diffuser
1 Ton=80Sq Ft of Ducting
Duct Static Pressure-0.1inch per 100ft
1000 cfm to 3000 cfm fan
Max 23-24 Rs/cfm
3000cfm to 10000cfm fan
Max 15-16 Rs/cfm
10,000 to 24,000 and above
Max 13 Rs/cfm
large AHU
50-65mm Static Pressure
Small AHU
40 mm Static Pressure
Pressure Dtop Across Wet Scrubber
18mm
chennai
150Sqft/TR
Bangalore
180 Sqft/TR
Mysore
200Sqft/TR
Power Consumption(Water Cooled)
0.9KW/ TON
Power Consumption(Air Cooled)
1.35 KW/TON
Cooling tower water circulation rate/TR
0.8m3/hr
1 MW of power generation (heat recovery)
300 ton of chilling is possible
40% efficiency for GENSET without waste heat recovery,with waste heat recovery total cyc
VAM-low efficiency m/c
1 TR = 3024 kcal/hr of heat removal is possible.
Normal 7.2 cfm per person / 1 air change
Cafetaria 10 cfm / person
Hi wall split units - 1 TR - max - Rs 26,000 (including copper piping +electrical + insulation
VRF - 1 TON Rs 60,000 per ton (low side & high side )

Thumb rule
value(RS)
21,000
15,000
6,500
10,000
4,000
26
9,000
38,000
30,000

all ducting
all ducting
50)Sq.Ft
q.Ft
times supply grill/diffuser (Sq ft)

tatic Pressure
ic Pressure

0.6 KW/ton for chiller + 0.3 KW /ton for lowside(like pumps,AHU,cooling tower)
1.2 kw/ton for chiller + 0.15 kw/ton for Pumps,AHU's

hilling is possible
ste heat recovery total cycle efficiency of 75 % is possible.

ng +electrical + insulation +installation charges + stand )

REMARKS

YORK MAKE
YORK MAKE
Includes primary,secondary pumps and its all interconnecting pipes and valves.
Includes primary,secondary,condensor pumps,cooling towers and its all interconnecting pipes and val
Includes chilled water piping distribution form secondary pump discharge to primary pump suction an
includes ducting,insulation,damper,grills etc

y grill/diffuser (Sq ft)

KW/ton for chiller + 0.3 KW /ton for lowside(like pumps,AHU,cooling tower)


kw/ton for chiller + 0.15 kw/ton for Pumps,AHU's

very total cycle efficiency of 75 % is possible.

al + insulation +installation charges + stand )

CFM
0-2500
2500-5000
5000-10000
1000-15000
15000-20000
>20000

Erection labour
CFM
0-2500
2500-5000
5000-10000
1000-15000
15000-20000
>20000

Labour cost Basic(without factor)


2500
5000
8000
12500
15000
18000

Labour cost Basic(without factor)


2500
5000
8000
12500
15000
18000

Remark
From Murali
From Murali
From Murali
From Murali
From Murali
From Murali

on
on
on
on
on
on

21/03/12
21/03/13
21/03/14
21/03/15
21/03/16
21/03/17

S.No.

Brand

YORK

BLUE STAR

VOLTAS

CARRIER

5
6

TRANE/ALL BRAND
HITACHI

Dealers/Contractors
UPSPL
GURU HVAC
ABS
MAGNA COOL
AIRCON
VKBS
KNND
PSYCROMETRIC
UNIMECH
SURAJ MANI
24 ASSURE

AHU
1000-3000
3000-5000
5000-8000
>8000

PRICE/CFM(Buying cost inclusive of ED and Freight)


36
30
18
14.5

VENTILATION
1000-5000
>5000

PRICE/CFM(Buying cost inclusive of ED and Freight)


13
7-8 RS

Item
Primary Pumps

Qty

Suction side

Butterfly isolation valve


Y-strainer
flexible bellows
pressure gauge

1
1
1
1

discharge side

Butterfly isolation valve


NRV/Check Valve
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge

1
1
1
1

Secondary Pumps
Item
Butterfly isolation valve
Y-strainer
Suction side
flexible bellows
pressure gauge

discharge side

1
1
1
1

Butterfly isolation valve


NRV/Check Valve
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge

Item
condensor Pumps
Butterfly isolation valve
Y-strainer
Suction side
flexible bellows
pressure gauge

discharge side

Qty

1
1
1
1
Qty
1
1
1
1

Butterfly isolation valve


NRV/Check Valve
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge

Maximum Power

1
1
1
1

Air cooled

Water
Cooled

1 Consumption for Chillers(P)


2 Consumption for Pumps (P) in
KW
3

Consumption for AHU's (P) in


HP

1.4 kw/ton * 1 kw/ton *


no of tons
no of tons
QxH /367xeffi

QxH /6354xeffi

Q-flow rate in m3/hr


H-Head in meters
effic- over all efficeincy o
Q-cfm
H-Static Pr in inches
effic- over all efficeincy o

Chillers(AIR/
WATER
COOLED)
Item
IN
butterfly isolation valve
Motorized on/off valve
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge
Test points
Drain valve
Thermowell for BMS
By pass valve with Modulating actuator
out

butterfly isolation valve


balancig valve Automatic/Semi(DRV)/MANUAL
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge
Test points
Drain Valve
Thermowell for BMS

AHU/FCU
IN

Item
ball valve / butterfly isolation valve
Y-strainer
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge
Temperature gauge
3 way control valve with modulating actuator
Drain valve
Thermowell for BMS

out

Ball valve / butterfly isolation valve


balancing valve Automatic/Semi(DRV)/MANUAL
2 way control valve with modulating actuator
flexible bellows
Pressure gauge
Test points
Drain Valve
Thermowell for BMS

Qty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Qty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Q-flow rate in m3/hr


-Head in meters
ffic- over all efficeincy of the pump 0.75

-Static Pr in inches
ffic- over all efficeincy of the pump 0.75

1 hp = 0.746 kw

STANDARD
NON STANDARD
STANDARD
STANDARD
STANDARD
STANDARD
NON STANDARD
ONLY FOR CHILLER WITH PRIMARY PUMPS
ALONE,BUT IT IS NON STANDARD.
STANDARD
STANDARD FOR CHILLER WITH ONLY SECONDARY PUMPS
STANDARD
STANDARD
STANDARD
STANDARD
NON STANDARD

STANDARD
STANDARD
NON-STANDARD
NON-STANDARD
NON-STANDARD
APPLICABLE ONLY IF SECONDARY PUMPS DOES NOT EXISTS
NON STANDARD
NON STANDARD

STANDARD
NON STANDARD
APPLICABLE ONLY IF SECONDARY PUMPS EXISTS
NON-STANDARD
NON-STANDARD
NON-STANDARD
STANDARD
NON STANDARD

hp = 0.746 kw

conversions
1 hp = 0.746 kw
1 gpm = 0.0631 lps
1 LPS = 15.85 GPM
1 metre = 3.28 feet
1 feet = 30 cm
1 m3 = 1000 litres
1 sq m = 10.86 sq ft
1 l/s = 3.6 m3/hr
I TR = 3.5 KW
12000
1 TR =4.7 HP
4.7
1HP = 0.8 TR
one ton refrigeration
It is the heat removal rate required to freeze one mertric ton of water to ice in 24 hrs.
It is the trem used to indicate the capacity of the refrigeration and air conditioning.
1 TON of refrigeration = 12,000 BTU/Hr = 3000 Kcal/Hr.
1 Kcal = 3.97 BTU
HP = BKW/0.745
BKW = (Q X H / 367.2 X Eff.) x Sp.gravity
Q - m3/hr H - m
m3/hr =3.6 lps
m3/hr =0.06 lpm
m3/hr =0.273 IGPM
m3/hr =4.4 USGPM
H (m) = P x 10 / sp.gravity
P - kg/cm2
3 phase

power(p)=root3 v I cos pai

single phase power (P)= V . I


KVA = Power (KW) / power factor (0.8)
Ambiator - 4 cfm / sqft standard
*C = (*F - 32 ) *0.5555

cos pai=0.91
root 3 = 1.732
i=current(Amp)

1kw

1TR
1TR
1W
1BTU/HR

1.3404825737 hp

12000 BTU/HR
3500 W
3.43 BTU/HR
0.29 W

1 KW
1 hp
1 tr
1 kw

=
=
=
=

TR = FLOW (gpm) X Delta T (*F)


24 (constant)
0r
Q=MCp delta T

2.2 kw

1 hp
1 tr

1TR =

1TR =

1 j/s
1 kj/s

=
=

3024 k cal hr

1 Kcal / s

=
3.5112 KW

1 watts
1 kw
0.84 k cal / s
4.18 Kj/s

1.34 hp
0.746 kw
3.5 kw
0.286 tr

=
=

0.8 tr
1.25 hp

VFD CHILLER (ADVANTAGES )


1
Modulates According to the load.
2
30 % Less in terms of operating cost.
3
30 % per annum will be the annual cost saving.
4
Starting current requirement will be very low -Electrical
5
1 compresser can be serviced and at the same time another compress
6
You can choose low capacity GEN SET - GENERATER - SINCE STARTING
7
100 % of the Load will be achieved only 1 % of the time in 365 days.
8
75 % of the Load will be achieved 42 % of the time in 365 days.
9
50 % of the Load will be achieved 45 % of the time in 365 days.
VRF-TOSHIBA
single invertor
partial inveter
Digital Scroll invertor :
40% power savings
bms compatibility'
long piping lengths
low starting current

VRF - TOSHIBA

OUT DOOOR CAPACITY


INDOOR UNIT CAPACITY

70 - 80 % OF 100 TR (IDU)
100 TR

7.84
11.2

9.8

al cost saving.
be very low -Electrical
d at the same time another compressor can be working (Individual Compresser maintenance is possible )
SET - GENERATER - SINCE STARTING CURRENT REQUIRED FOR CHILLER WILL BE VERY LOW.
d only 1 % of the time in 365 days.
42 % of the time in 365 days.
45 % of the time in 365 days.

nce is possible )

In a Building ,over all power consumption


39 % HVAC
18% Lighting
10% water heating
9% IT/Electronics
24% others

Water Cooled Chiller


Range
up to 100 TR
100 - 200 TR
200 - 300 TR
> 300 TR
Air Cooled
up to 100 TR -screw
up to 100 TR-scroll
100 - 150 TR scroll
120 - 150 TR screw (vfd)
150 - 300 TR (vfd)

York

Ikw value / TR
others
0.7 0.80 & less
0.65 0.70 & less
0.60 & below 0.60 - 0.65
<0.50 0.50 - 0.55

1.3
1.18
1.15 ?
IPLV - 0.80 - 0.90
IPLV -0.75
full load 1.2(ikw)

1.3
1.2 range

wrty
oh
pm
cont
negtn
G.P

Standard
%
DIVIDE BY factor
1
0.99 1.010101
12.5
0.875 1.154401
10
0.9 1.282668
2
0.98 1.308845
5
0.95 1.377731
30.5

%
wrty
oh
pm
cont
negtn
G.P

1
12.5
10
2
5
30.5

DIVIDE BY
factor
0.99 1.01010101
0.875 1.15440115
0.9 1.28266795
0.98 1.30884485
0.95 1.37773142

balu
nagaraj

THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION
VALVE(FROM PARTHIBAN) BUYING COST
5.5TR
8.5TR
11.5TR
DRIER

prestige
hilton hotel

ERECTION
3750
5500
7500

1000
1000
1000

800

500

ilton hotel

julinrobert
1 AIR CHANGE:
20 air change:

Whole volume of air is replaced once in 1 hou


whole volume of air is replaced 20 times in 1 h
Higher the air change larger the smoke / fume

Negative pressure:
Positive pressure:

Amount of fresh air supplied will be lower than


Amount of fresh air supplied will be higher tha

Kitchen exhaust:
chemical process / fumes removal
Electrical room:
General application (freshness)
Car parking:
Fire / smoke:
Air conditioning:
normal ventilation:

30 - 35 air change
30 - 35 air change
12 air change
10 - 12 air change
8 - 10 air change
15 - 20 air change
8-11 air change
8 air change

Ventilation fan selection:


1. centrifugal fan:

Application:
High quantity of air is required
High static pressure
Low or medium quantity of air
low or medium static pressure

2.Axial fan (generally preferred for low static)


a.Propeller fan:
medium pressure / low air qty
b.tube axial:
low static / high volume
c.vane axial:
d.Jet fans:
Used to move the air in defined direction with
CFM= velocity x area
Main Advantage of Cenratlized air conditioning:
1.diversity can be taken
Dehumidification:

process of removing water vapour from air.

1 AIR CHANGE PER HOUR (ACH)

AMBIATOR

WATER CONSUMPTION (LIT/HR)

CFM X 60
VOLUME

(CFM /100)*1.75

No unit

replaced once in 1 hour.


replaced 20 times in 1 hour.
arger the smoke / fumes removal rate.

pplied will be lower than the air exhausted. Eg:toilet , kitchen ,flammable fume area etc
pplied will be higher than the air exhausted.eg:good air conditioning systems ,electrical rooms.

SISW BACK WARD CURVED FAN IS GENERALLY PREFERRED FOR KITCHN EXHAUST
DIDW BACK WARD / FORWARD IS GENERALLY PREFERRED FOR FRESH AIR APPLIC
FOR KITCHEN EXHAUST ,FRESH AIR FAN IS CHOOSEN AT 80 % OF EXHAUST FAN

Back ward curved


fan is preffarable
Forward curved
fan is preffarable

n defined direction without duct. Jet fans are choosen based on cfd analysis.thumb rule 1 jet fan for 2400 sqft ar

ater vapour from air.

Example

EXPLANATION

Basic price (Rs)


selling price (Rs)

100
133

ft^2x(ft/min) x60 /
ft x ft xft

Margin %

0.25

Basic price (Rs)


selling price (Rs)
Margin %

100
125
0.20

cal rooms.

RRED FOR KITCHN EXHAUST APPLICATIONS.


RED FOR FRESH AIR APPLICATIONS.

AT 80 % OF EXHAUST FAN CAPACITY.

le 1 jet fan for 2400 sqft area.

0.25 G.P

0.20 G.P

ceiling
floor
total

60 - 65 watts sensible heat removal is possible


40 watts sensible heat removal is possible
110 watts sensible heat removal is possible

Rs 300 / sqft
Rs250 / sqft

in radiant cooling only sensible heat removal is allowed .


so for operating radiant cooling technology through dedicated chiller , chiller shall be selected to oper
huge power consumption is possible

for removing latent heat ( water vapour from human body due to phase change ) one didicated chiller
ahu ,ducting ,insualtion ,piping is required.
Total heat removed = sensible heat + latent heat

shall be selected to operate at 14 - 19 deg C ,Delta T is 5 deg (power consumption say 0.35 kw /tr is possible)

ge ) one didicated chiller shall be choosen to operate at 7 -12 deg C ,delta T is 5 deg (power consumption say 0

0.35 kw /tr is possible)

ower consumption say 0.67 kw / tr is possible)

475
770
128

length(m) Nos
2.2
6

slotted
MS

140

350
128

Run Mts
770
770

sup+labour
Rate/length
352
1575
diff

MS/kg (Rs)
75
MS 1 mtr (kg)

3.5

Total
271040
1212750
941710