You are on page 1of 13

A juridical necessity to give, to do, or not to do.

Contracts
Quasi-delicts
Condition
Obligation comes from the latin word _______ which means to bind.
Obligum
Obligate
Obligus
A legal wrong, committed through fault or negligence, on a person or property, i
ndependent of contract.
Contracts
Obligation
Condition
A nature of obligation under civil code which is legally demandable and the cour
ts of justice may compel their performance.
Natural Obligation
Pure Obligation
Condition
A nature of obligation under civil code based on morality, natural law and consc
ience, they are not legally demandable.
Civil Obligations
Pure Obligation
Condition
Requisites of obligations which is the vinculum or the link that binds the party
Prestation
Active subject
Passive subject
Requisites of obligation consist in giving, doing or not doing something
Juridical or legal tie
Active subject
Passive subject
Requisites of obligation that refers to a person who can demand the performance
of the obligation or known as the creditor or oblige
Juridical or legal tie
Prestation
Passive subject
Requisites of obligation that refers to a person from whom prestation is demanda
ble or known as the debtor or obligor
Juridical or legal tie
Prestation
Active subject
One of the following is not considered as a source of obligation.
Law
Contracts
Quai-delicts
The following are requisites of Quasi-delicts except
An act or omission
Accompanied by fault or negligence
There must be no pre-existing contractual relation between the parties
An obligation which is not subject to conditions or burdens nor does it mention
a specific date for its fulfillment and as such it is immediately demandable.
Condition obligation
Reciprocal obligation
Alternative obligation
An uncertain event which wields an influence on a legal relation.
Pure obligation
Reciprocal obligation
Alternative obligation
An obligation which is a subject to a condition.
Pure obligation

Reciprocal obligation
Alternative obligation
A kind of condition which suspends the demandability of the obligation until the
fulfillment of the condition.
Alternative obligation
Reciprocal obligation
Resolutory obligation
A kind of condition that produces the extinguishment of an obligation upon the h
appening of the event.
Suspensive Condition
Alternative obligation
Reciprocal obligation
An obligation whose consequences are subjected in one way or the other to the ex
piration of said term.
Pure obligation
Reciprocal obligation
Alternative obligation
A borrowed money from B in the amount of P50.00 promising to pay the amount as soon
as possible . If later on, they cannot agree on the specific date of payment, the
remedy of B is to go to court and ask the court to fix the date when the debt is t
o be paid. This illustrates:
Pure obligation
Reciprocal obligation
Alternative obligation
A kind of period with suspensive effect.
In diem
Legal period
Voluntary period
A kind of period with a resolutory effect and the validity of obligation is up t
o a certain date
Ex die
Legal period
Voluntary period
A period established by law.
Ex die
In diem
Voluntary period
A period agreed to by the parties.
Judicial period
In diem
Legal period
A period authorized by the court.
In diem
Legal period
Voluntary period
An obligation where two parties are mutually obliged to do or to give something.
Pure obligation
Condition
Alternative obligation
Marc obliged himself to deliver to Edwin either a piano or a refrigerator. The d
elivery of the piano or the refrigerator is sufficient compliance with the oblig
ation. Marc could not compel Edwin to accept only a part of the piano or a part
of the refrigerator because this illustrates:
Pure obligation
Condition
Reciprocal obligation
An obligation wherein various things are due, but the payment of one of them is
sufficient, determined by the choice which as a general rule belongs to the obli
gor.
Pure obligation

Condition
Reciprocal obligation
One in which each of the debtors is answerable only for a proportionate part of
the debt, and each one of the creditors is entitled to a proportionate part of t
he credit
Solidary obligation
Divisible obligation
Indivisible obligation
One in which each of the debtors is liable for the whole obligation and each of
the creditors may demand compliance of the entire obligation.
Joint obligation
Divisible obligation
Indivisible obligation
A kind of solidarity when it exists among the creditors only.
Passive Solidarity
Mixed Solidarity
Solo Solidarity
When the solidarity takes place among the debtors only, it is called
Active Solidarity
Mixed Solidarity
Solo Solidarity
When the solidarity exists both among the creditors and the debtors at the same
time, this is called
Active Solidarity
Passive Solidarity
Solo Solidarity
An obligation which is capable of partial performance.
Joint obligation
Solidary obligation
Indivisible obligation
Juan obliged himself to deliver to Pedro six sacks of rice as follows: Three sac
ks of rice to be delivered by Juan on May 1st, and Pedro to pay Juan the amount
of P150.00. Another three sacks of rice to be delivered by Juan on June 1st, and
Pedro to pay Juan the same amount of P150.00. This illustrates:
Joint obligation
Solidary obligation
Indivisible obligation
A type division that depends on quality rather than quantity
Quantitative
Ideal
Moral
A type of division that depends on quantity rather than quality
Qualitative
Ideal
Mental
A type of division also known as moral, intellectual or mental division
Qualitative
Quantitative
All of the choices
It is an accessory undertaking to assume greater liability in case of breach.
Law
Stipulation
Preceding
A binds himself to deliver to B a Honda Civic car at the end of the current year. T
hey agree in writing that should A fail to deliver the car on a specified date, A sh
all pay B as penalty P10,000.00. A fails to make the delivery. B could demand the paym
ent of P10,000.00 against A . B , however could not compel A to deliver the car and pay
the penalty at the same time. This is _______ type of penal clause:
Joint

Solo
Partial
A classification of penal clause when both the principal contract and the penal
clause can be enforced.
Subsidiary
Solo
Partial
An obligation can be extinguished by the following except
By Payment or Performance
By the condition or remission of the debt
By the loss of the thing due
An obligation which is not capable of partial performance.
Joint obligation
Solidary obligation
Divisible obligation
A kind of remission when the enforcement of the obligation is waived or renounce
d totally.
Partial
Express
Implied
A remission when the waiver or renunciation refers only to a part of the obligat
ion.
Complete
Express
Implied
A remission when it is shown by words or declaration of the obligee.
Partial
Complete
Implied
A remission when it is inferred from the acts or conduct of the obligee.
Partial
Complete
Express
A type of compensation that takes place when compensation extinguishes the two d
ebts in their concurrent amounts even without the express agreement of the parti
es. Judicial compensation
Voluntary compensation
Judicial compensation
Partial compensation
A type of compensation that takes place when there is compensation by agreement
of the parties as in the case of mutual set off of accounts.
Legal compensation
Judicial compensation
Partial compensation
A type of compensation that takes place when the court permits the counterclaim
of the defendant as against the claim of the plaintiff.
Legal compensation
Total compensation
Partial compensation
A type of compensation that takes place when the two obligations are of differen
t amounts and a balance remains unextinguished after the compensation.
Legal compensation
Total compensation
Judicial compensation
A type of compensation that takes place when the obligations are of the same amo
unt and compensation extinguishes the obligations entirely.
Legal compensation
Judicial compensation
Partial compensation

What is the magnitude of the resultant force of the two forces which are perpend
icular to each other? The two forces are 20 units and 30 units respectively.
42
25
40
A rope is stretched between two rigid walls 40 feet apart. At the midpoint, a lo
ad of 100 lbs was placed that caused it to sag 5 feet. Compute the approximate t
ension in the rope.
150 lbs
280 lbs
240 lbs
What is the effective component applied on the box that is being pulled by a 30
N force inclined at 30 degrees with horizontal?
36.21 N
15.32 N
20.62 N
A post is supported by a guy wire which exerts a pull of 100 N on the top of the
post. If the angle between the wire and the ground is 60 degrees, what is the h
orizontal component of the force supporting the pole?
86.6 N
76.6 N
98.5 N
The resultant of two forces in a plane is 400 N at 120 degrees. If one of the fo
rces is 200 lbs at 20 degrees what is the other force?
347.77 N at 114.85 degrees
435.77 N at 104.37 degrees
357.56 N at 114.24 degrees
Determine the resultant of the following forces: A = 600 N at 40 degrees, B = 80
0 N at 160 degrees and C = 200 N at 300 degrees.
532.78 N, 55.32 degrees
435.94 N, 235.12 degrees
627.89 N, 225.81 degrees
A collar, which may slide on a vertical rod is subjected three forces. Force A i
s 1200 N vertically upward, Force B is 800 N at an angle of 60 degrees from the
vertical and a force F which is vertically downward to the right. Find the direc
tion of F if its magnitude is 2400 N and the resultant is horizontal.
43.52 degrees
40.13 degrees
45.52 degrees
Given the 3-dimensional vectors: A = i(xy) + j(2yz) + k(3zx) and B = i(yz) + j(2
zx) + k(3xy). Determine the scalar product at the point (1,2,3).
144
132
126
Determine the divergence of the vector: V = i(x2) + j(-xy) + k(xyz) at the point
(3,2,1).
11.00
13.00
7.00
10.The three vectors described by 10 cm/ at 120k degrees, k = 0, 1, 2 encompass
the sides of an equilateral triangle. Determine the magnitude of the vector cros
s product: 0.5 [ (10/ at 0 deg) x (10/ at 120 deg) ].
86.6
25.0
50.0
The 5 vectors: 10 cm/ at 72k degrees, k = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 encompass the sides of a
regular pentagon. Determine the magnitude of the vector cross product: 2.5 [ (1
0/ at 144 deg) x (10/ at 216 deg) ].
198.1
285.2

165.1
What is the angle between two vectors A and B if A = 4i - 12j + 6k and B = 24i
8
j + 6k?
168.45 degrees
86.32 degrees
-84.64 degrees
Given the 3-dimensional vectors : A = i (xy) + j (2yz) + k (3zx), B = i (yz) + j
(2zx) + k (3xy). Determine the magnitude of the vector sum |A + B| at coordinat
es (3,2,1).
32.92
27.20
24.73
What is the cross product A x B of the vectors, A = I + 4j + 6k and B = 2i + 3j
+ 5k ?
i
j
k
i + j+ k
2i + 7j + 5k
A simply supported beam is five meters in length. It carries a uniformly distrib
uted load including its own weight of 300 N/m and a concentrated load of 100 N,
2 meters from the left end. Find the reactions if reaction A at the left end and
reaction B at the right end.
RA = 820 N, RB = 690 N
RA = 830 N, RB = 680 N
RA = 840 N, RB = 670 N
A man can exert a maximum pull of 1,000 N but wishes to lift a new stone door fo
r his cave weighing 20,000 N. If he uses a lever how much closer must the fulcru
m be to the stone than to his hand?
10 times nearer
10 times farther
20 times nearer
A certain cable is suspended between two supports at the same elevation and 500
ft apart. The load is 500 lbs per horizontal foot including the weight of the ca
ble. The sag of the cable is 30 ft. Calculate the total length of the cable.
503.21 ft
505.12 ft
506.03 ft
The weight of a transmission cable is 1.5 kg/m distributed horizontally. If the
maximum safe tension of the cable is 60000 kg and the allowable sag is 30 m, det
ermine the horizontal distance between the electric posts supporting the transmi
ssion cable.
897 m
926 m
967 m
A cable 45.5 m long is carrying a uniformly distributed load along its span. If
the cable is strung between two posts at the same level, 40 m apart, compute the
smallest value that the cable may sag.
12.14 m
10.12 m
8.62 m
A pipeline crossing a river is suspended from a steel cable stretched between tw
o posts 100 m apart. The weight of the pipe is 14 kg/m while the cable weighs 1
kg/m assumed to be uniformly distributed horizontally. If the allowed sag is 2 m
, determine the tension of the cable at the post.
9047.28 kg
9545.88 kg
9245.37 kg
The distance between supports of a transmission cable is 20 m apart. The cable i
s loaded with a uniformly distributed load of 20 kN/m throughout its span. The m
aximum sag of the cable is 4 m. What is the maximum tension of the cable if one
of the supports is 2 meters above the other?

413.43 N
427.33 N
414.13 N
A cable weighing 0.4 pound per foot and 800 feet long is to be suspended with sa
g of 80 feet. Determine the maximum tension of the cable.
403 kg
456 kg
425 kg
A cable 200 m long weighs 50 N/m and is supported from two points at the same el
evation. Determine the required sag if the maximum tension that the cable can ca
rry shall not exceed 8000 N.
28.2 m
40.3 m
31.3 m
A transmission cable 300 m long, weighs 600 kg. The tensions at the ends of the
cable are 400 kg and 450 kg. Find the distance of its lowest point to the ground
.
145 m
148 m
153 m
A 250 kg block rests on a 30 degrees plane. If the coefficient of kinetic fricti
on is 0.20, determine the horizontal force P applied on the block to start the b
lock moving up the plane.
59.30 kg
58.10 kg
265.29 kg
Compute the number of turns of the rope to be wound around a pole in order to su
pport a man weighing 600 N with an input force of 10 N. Note: coefficient of fri
ction is 0.30.
3.123
1.234
4.234
A block weighing 500 N is held by a rope that passes over a horizontal drum. The
coefficient of friction between the rope and the drum is 0.15. If the angle of
contact is 150 degrees, compute the force that will raise the object.
760.6 N
770.5 N
780.8 N
A cirlce has a diameter of 20 cm. Determine the moment of inertia of the circula
r area relative to the axis perpendicular to the area though the center of the c
ircle in cm4.
14,280
17,279
19,007
What is the branch of engineering mechanics which refers to the study of station
ary rigid body?
Kinetics
Kinematics
Dynamics
What is the branch of engineering mechanics which refers to the study of rigid b
ody in motion under the action of forces?
Statics
Strenght of materials
Kinematics
What is the branch of engineering mechanics which refers to the study of rigid b
ody in motion without reference to the force that causes the motion?
Statics
Kinetics
Dynamics
What refers to the force that holds part of the rigid body together?

Natural force
External force
Concentrated force
What refers to a pair of equal, opposite and parallel forces?
Moment
Torque
All of the choices
What is a concurrent force system?
All forces have the same line of action.
All forces are parallel with one another.
All forces are in the same plane.
When will a three-force member be considered in equilibrium?
When the sum of the two forces is equal to the third force.
When they are coplanar.
All of the choices
A roller support has how many reactions?
None
2
3
A link or cable support has how many reactions?
None
2
3
A build-in, fixed support has how many reactions and moment?
1 reaction and 1 moment
1 reaction and 2 moments
2 reactions and no moment
Which support has one moment?
Frictionless guide
Pin connection
Roller
What is the science that describes and predicts the effect on bodies at rest or
in motion by forces acting on it?
Theory of Structures
Mechanics of Materials
Strength of Materials
What refers to a negligible body when compared to the distances involved regardi
ng its motion?
Atomic substance
Element
Quarks
The resulting force of a distributed load is always acting at:
the center of the beam subjected to the distributed load
the 1/3 point from the higher intensity side of the loading curve
the 2/3 point from the higher intensity side of the loading curve
The resultant force of a distributed load is always equal to:
twice the area under the loading curve
half the area under the loading curve
one-fourth the area under the loading curve
When a body has more supports than are necessary to maintain equilibrium, the bo
dy is said to be _____.
in dynamic equilibrium
statically determine
statically indeterminate
When does an equation be considered dimensionally homogeneous ?
When it is unitless
When the dimensions of the various terms on the left side of the equatio
n is not the same as the dimensions of the various terms on the right side.
When the degree of the left side of the equation is the same as the righ
t side.

What refers to the branch of mathematics which deals with the dimensions of quan
tities?
Unit analysis
System analysis
Homogeneity analysis
What is a simple beam ?
A beam supported with a fixed support at one end and non on the other en
d.
A beam with more than two supports.
A beam with only one support at the midspan.
What assumption is used in the analysis of uniform flexible cable?
Cable is flexible.
Cable is inextensible.
The weight of the cable is very small when compared to the loads support
ed by the cable.
The sum of individual moments about a point caused by multiple concurrent forces
is equal to the moment of the resultant force about the same point . This stateme
nt is known as ____.
Pappus proposition
D Alembert s principle
Newton s method
Two forces acting on a particle may be replaced by a single force called resultan
t which can be obtained by drawing diagonal of parallelogram, which has the side
s equal to the given forces . This statement is known as _____.
Pappus Propositions
Principle of Transmissibility
Varignon s Theorem
What are found in the nucleus of an atom?
Electrons and Protons
Cations and Anions
Electrons and Neutrons
What is the negatively charged particle of an atom?
Protons
Neutron
Molecule
What is the positively charged particle of an atom?
Electrons
Neutron
Molecule
What is the particle of an atom that has no electrical charge?
Electrons
Protons
Molecule
The word atom comes from Greek Atomos which means what?
Extremely Small
Invisible
Microscopic
Who was the first person to propose that atoms have weights?
Ernest Rutherford
Democritus
Joseph John Thomson
Who discovered the electron?
John Dalton
Humphrey Davy
Ernest Rutherford
Who discovered the proton?
Eugene Goldstein
Pierre Curie
Michael Faraday

Who discovered the neutron?


Eugene Goldstein
Niels Bohr
Julius Lothar Meyer
What is anything that occupies space and has mass?
Element
Ion
Molecule
All forms of matter are composed of the same building blocks called______.
molecules
elements
ions
How are substances classified?
Metals or Non-metals
Acids or Bases
Homogeneous or Heterogeneous
What is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances?
Ion
Atom
Molecule
What is the result from the combination, in definite proportion of mass, of two
or more elements?
Mixture
Substance
Chemical Reaction
How are mixtures classified?
Elements or Compounds
Metals, Nonmetals or Metalloids
Homogeneous or Heterogeneous
The mixture of soil and water is an example of what classification of a mixture?
Homogeneous
Colloid
Solution
A very fine particle of soil when mixed to water will form a cloudy mixture. How
is this mixture classified?
Suspension
Solution
Compound
The particles of sugar dispersed in water are so small that a clear homogeneous
mixture. What is this homogeneous mixture called?
Colloid
Compound
Suspension
How are elements classified?
Homogeneous or Heterogeneous
Suspension, Colloid, Solution
Quarks, Solids or Liquids
What are the three states of matter?
Metals, Nonmetals and Metalloids
Suspension, Colloid and Solution
Quarks, Photons and Quasar
Compounds are mostly classified as:
Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
Gases, Liquids and Solids
Metals and Nonmetals
What is the property of metals that allow them to be rolled without breaking?
Ductility
Luster
Elasticity
What is the property of metals that reflects the light that strikes their surfac

es, making them appear shiny?


Malleability
Ductility
Plasticity
Which of the following is NOT a property of metals?
Metals have high thermal conductivity.
Metals have high electrical conductivity.
Metals have more luster.
What are elements that have properties intermediate between metals and nonmetals
?
Gases
Solids
Liquids
Which of the following is NOT a property of acids?
Taste sour
Turn litmus paper to red
Dissolve metals producing various salts and hydrogen gas
Which of the following is NOT a property of bases?
Feel slippery on the skin
Turn litmus paper to blue
Taste bitter
An acid can react with base to produce a __________.
hydrogen gas
oxide
hydroxide
Vinegar is a solution of water and what kind of acid?
Phosphoric acid
Sulfuric acid
Nitric acid
What acid is added to carbonated drinks to produce a tart test?
Citric acid
Sulfuric acid
Nitric acid
Table salt or sodium chloride may be formed by the reaction of:
Hydrochloric acid and sodium bicarbonate
Sodium and chlorine
Hydrochloric acid and sodium carbonate
What occurs when a substance is transformed into another substance with a totall
y different composition and properties?
Physical change
Catalyst
Chemical reaction
What occurs when a substance changes it appearance without changing its composit
ion?
Chemical reaction
Chemical change
Catalyst
What is another term for chemical change ?
Phase change
State change
Composition change
A material is said to be ______ if its composition and properties are uniform th
roughout.
heterogeneous
pure substance
pure compound
A material is said to be ______ if its composition and properties are not unifor
m throughout.
Un-pure
homogeneous

malicable
The properties of a material that changes when the amount of substance changes a
re called _______ properties.
intensive
physical
chemical
The properties of a material that do not change when the amount of substance cha
nges are called _______ properties.
extensive
chemical
physical
Which of the following is NOT an intensive property of a material?
Color
Melting point
Taste
Which of the following is NOT an extensive property of a material?
Length
Volume
Weight
When two or more elements form more than one compound, the ratio of the masses of
one element that combine with a given mass of another element in the different
compounds is the ratio of small whole numbers. This statement is known as:
Graham Law of diffusion
The uncertainty principle
Law of definite proportion
The masses of elements in a pure compound are always in the same proportion. This
statement is known as ________.
Law of multiple proportion
The periodic law
Dalton s atomic theory
Who formulated the atomic theory?
Humphrey Davy
Henri Becquerel
Ernest Rutherford
Who revised the atomic theory by replacing the hard, indestructible spheres imag
ined by Dalton and proposed the raisin bread model of the atom?
Pierre Curie
Robert Andrews Millikan
Humphrey Davy
How does Joseph John Thomson call his model of the atom?
Orbital model
Planetary model
Radioactive model
The discovery of radioactivity further confirms the existence of subatomic parti
cles. Who discovered radioactivity?
Marie Curie
Pierre Curie
Niels Bohr
What is the common unit used to indicate the mass of a particle?
Charge unit
Coulomb
Gram
What is the unit for a charge of a particle?
Coulomb
Atomic mass unit
Lepton
What is the charge of an electron in coulomb?
-1.70217733 x 10^-19
-1.50217733 x 10^-19
-1.40217733 x 10^-19

What is the charge of an electron in charge unit?


0
1 +
1