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CRYSTAL STRUCTURE

Point or space lattice


Unit cell
Crystal system and Bravais lattices
Sr. No.

1.

System

Cubic

Axial lengths and


angles

Bravais lattice

a = b = c,

Simple

= = = 90

Body centered
Face centered

2.

3.

Tetragonal

Orthorhombic

a = b c,

Simple

= = = 90

Body centered

a b c,

Simple

= = = 90

Body centered
Base centered
Face centered

4.

Rhombohedra

a = b = c,

Simple

= = 90

5.

Hexagonal

a = b c,

Simple

= = 90,
90
6.

Monoclinic

a b c,

Simple

= = 90,

Base centered

90
7.

Triclinic

a b c,
90

Simple

Structure

COMPARISON OF CELL PROPERTIES OF SOME CRYSTAL STRUCTURE


Sr.
No
.

Crystal
Structure

1.

Simple
Cubic
(S.C)

2.

Body
Centered
Cubic
(B.CC)

3.

Face
Centered
Cubic
(F.CC)

Structure

Coordination
Number

Volume
of unit
cell

Number
of atoms
per unit
cell

Number
of atoms
per unit
Volume

a3

1
a3

a3

12

Hexagona
l Close
4.
Packed
(H.C.P)

3
3 a2 c 6
2

12

APF

Nearest
Neighboring
Distance (2r)

2
a3

4
a3

4
3 a2 c

a 3
2

a 2
2

Atomic
Radius

Atomic
packing
Factor

Examples

a
2

poloniu
=0.52
6
m

a 3
4

Sodium
3 Lithium
=0.68&
8
Chromi
um

a 2
4

Alumin
um,
2
=0.74
6 Copper,
Silver
& Lead

a
2

Magnes
ium,
2
=0.74
Zinc &
6
Cadmiu
m