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CFM56-7B

Borescope Inspection
Training Manual
Customer Training Services
August 2000

CFMI Proprietary Information

CFM7BSI4V2
PRELIMINARY ISSUE

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

CFM56-7B
BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Volume 1
Course Textbook

Document: CFM2BSI4V1
Revised: Aug. 2000
Published by CFMI
CFMI Customer Training Center
Snecma (RXEF)
Direction de lAprs-Vente Civile
MELUN-MONTEREAU
Arodrome de Villaroche B.P. 1936
77019 - MELUN-MONTEREAU Cedex
FRANCE
EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

CFMI Customer Training Services


GE Aircraft Engines
Customer Technical Education Center
123 Merchant Street
Mail Drop Y2
Cincinnati, Ohio 45246
USA

INTRO

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Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

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CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

This CFMI publication is for Training Purposes Only. The information is accurate at the time of
compilation; however, no update service will be furnished to maintain accuracy. For authorized maintenance
practices and specifications, consult pertinent maintenance publications.
The information (including technical data) contained in this document is the property of CFM International
(GE and SNECMA). It is disclosed in confidence, and the technical data therein is exported under a U.S.
Government license. Therefore, None of the information may be disclosed to other than the recipient.
In addition, the technical data therein and the direct product of those data, may not be diverted, transferred,
re-exported or disclosed in any manner not provided for by the license without prior written approval of both
the U.S. Government and CFM International.
COPYRIGHT 2000 CFM INTERNATIONAL

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CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

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INTRO

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Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

Table of Contents
Section

Topic

Revision

Page Numbers

Intro

Table of Contents

Aug. 2000

Intro

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Aug. 2000

7-12

1.

Engine Inspection Areas And Components


Borescope Inspection Areas
Fan and Booster
High Pressure Compressor (HPC)
HPC Inspection Areas
Combustion Chamber
Combustion Chamber (SAC) Inspection Areas
High Pressure Turbine Nozzle Guide Vane Inspection Areas
High Pressure Turbine (HPT) Rotor Blades And Shrouds
Low Pressure Turbine (LPT) Rotor Blades And Nozzles
LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzle Inspection Areas

Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000

1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-9
10-11
12-17
18-19
20-21
22-23
24-26

2.

Borescope Ports
Borescope Ports
Low Pressure Compressor Borescope Port
High Pressure Compressor Borescope Ports
HPC Special BSI Tools
Combustion Chamber Borescope Ports
HPT Section / LPT Stage 1 Nozzle Borescope Ports
Low Pressure Turbine Borescope Ports
Borescope Access Limitations

Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000

1
2-5
6-7
8-9
10-11
12-13
14-15
16-17
18-22

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INTRO

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Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

Table of Contents
Section

Topic

Revision

3.

Borescope Equipment
Rigid Borescope Set
Flexible Borescope Set
Core Engine Pneumatic Rotation Tool
Core Engine Electronic Rotation Tool

Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000

1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10

4.

Borescope Inspection
Scheduled/Unscheduled Inspection
N1 Rotor Indexing
N2 Rotor Indexing
Fan And Booster Inspection
High Pressure Compressor Inspection
Combustion Chamber (SAC) Inspection
HPT Nozzle Inspection
HPT Rotor Blades And HPT Shroud Inspection
Low Pressure Turbine Inspection

Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000
Aug. 2000

1
2-5
6-7
8-9
10-19
20-27
28-31
32-37
38-45
46-58

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Page Numbers

INTRO

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Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS

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Page 7
Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C
A
A/C
ADEPT
ADIRU
AGB
ALF
ALTN
AOG
A/P
APU
ATA
A/T
AVM

Aircraft
Airline Data Engine Performance Trend
Air Data and Inertial Reference Unit
Accessory Gearbox
Aft Looking Forward
Alternate
Aircraft On Ground
Airplane
Auxiliary Power Unit
Air Transport Association
Auto throttle
Airborne Vibration Monitoring

B
BITE
BSI
BSV
BSV

Built In Test Equipment


Borescope Inspection
Burner Staging Valve (SAC)
Burner Selection Valve (DAC)

C
C
CCW
CDP
CDS
CDU
CFMI
CIP
CIT

Celsius/Centigrade ( degrees)
Counter Clockwise
Compressor Discharge Pressure (Ps3)
Common Display System
Control Display Unit
CFM International
Compressor Inlet Pressure
Compressor Inlet Temperature

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TRAINING MANUAL
cm.g
CSI
CW
D
DAC
DEU
DOD

Centimeter Grams
Cycles Since Installation
Clockwise
Double Annular Combustor
Display Electronics Unit
Domestic Object Damage

E
EBU
ECS
ECU
EE
EEC
EGT
ESN

Engine Buildup Unit


Environmental Control System
Electronic Control Unit (or EEC)
Electronic Equipment
Electronic Engine Control (or ECU)
Exhaust Gas Temperature (T49.5)
Engine Serial Number

F
F
F/I
FAA
FADEC
FAR
FF
FFCCV
FDAU
FIM
FIT
FLA

Fahrenheit ( Degrees)
Flight Idle
Federal Aviation Administration
Full Authority Digital Electronic Control
Federal Aviation Regulation
Fuel Flow
Fan Frame Compressor Case Vertical
Flight Data Acquisition Unit
Fault Isolation Manual
Fan Inlet Temperature
Forward Looking Aft

INTRO

Page 8
Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C
FMC
FOD
FQIS

Flight Management Computer


Foreign Object Damage
Fuel Quantity Indicating System

G
g.in
G/I
GEAE
GEM
GRD
GSE

gram inches
Ground Idle
General Electric Aircraft Engines
Ground-based Engine Monitoring
Ground
Ground Support Equipment

H
HMU
HP
HPC
HPCR
HPT
HPTACC
HPTACCV
HPTN
HPTR
HPSOV
I
I/O
IAS
ID
IDG

Hydromechanical Unit
High Pressure
High Pressure Compressor
High Pressure Compressor Rotor
High Pressure Turbine
High Pressure Turbine Active Clearance
Control
High Pressure Turbine Active Clearance
Control Valve
High Pressure Turbine Nozzle
High Pressure Turbine Rotor
High Pressure Shutoff Valve

Input/Output
Indicated Air Speed
Inside Diameter
Integrated Drive Generator

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IFSD
IGB
IGN
IGV
in.
IPB
IPC
ips

In-flight Shutdown
Inlet Gearbox
Ignition
Inlet Guide Vane
inches
Illustrated Parts Breakdown
Illustrated Parts Catalog
Inches Per Second

K
K

Kelvin (Degrees)

L
L
L/E
lbs.
L/H
LP
LPC
LPT
LPTACC
LPTN
LPTR
LRU
LVDT

Left
Leading Edge
Pounds, Weight
Left Hand
Low Pressure
Low Pressure Compressor
Low Pressure Turbine
Low Pressure Turbine Active Clearance Control
Low Pressure Turbine Nozzle
Low Pressure Turbine Rotor
Line Replaceable Unit
Linear Variable Differential Transformer

M
ma
MCD
MCL

Milliamperes (Current)
Magnetic Chip Detector
Maximum Climb

INTRO

Page 9
Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

MCR
MCT
mils D.A.
mm
Mo
MPA
mV
mVDC

Maximum Cruise
Maximum Continuous
Mils Double Amplitude
Millimeters
Mach Number
Maximum Power Assurance
Millivolts
Millivolts Direct Current

Ps
Ps13
Ps3
psi
psia
psid
PT
PT25

N
N1
N1*
N1K
N2
N2*
N2K
N/C
N/O

Actual Fan Speed


Desired Fan Speed
Corrected Fan Speed
Actual Core Speed
Desired Core Speed
Corrected Core Speed
Normally Closed
Normally Open

Q
QAD
QEC
Qty.

Quick Attach Detach


Quick Engine Change
Quantity

R
R/H
RPM
RVDT

Right Hand
Revolutions Per Minute
Rotary Variable Differential Transducer

O
OAT
OD
OVBD

Outside Air Temperature


Outside Diameter
Overboard

P
PN
Po
PPH
PRSOV

Part Number
Pressure Ambient
Pounds Per Hour
Pressure Regulating Shutoff Valve

S
SAC
SAV
sfc
SLS
SLSD
SN
SNECMA

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Pump Supply Pressure


Fan Outlet Static Air Pressure
Compressor Discharge Pressure
Pounds Per Square Inch
Pounds Per Square Inch Absolute
Pounds Per Square Inch Differential
Pressure Total
High Pressure Compressor Total Inlet Air
Pressure

Single Annular combustor


Starter Air Valve
Specific Fuel Consumption
Sea Level Standard
Sea Level Standard Day
Serial Number
Societe dEtude et de Construction de
Moteurs dAviation

INTRO

Page 10
Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C
T
TAI
TBV
T/E
T/O
T/R
T12
T25
T49.5
TAI
TAT
TBC
TBO
TCCV
TGB
TLA
TM
TR
TR
TRA
TRF
TSI

Thermal Anti Ice


Transient Bleed Valve
Trailing Edge
Takeoff
Thrust Reverser
Fan Inlet Total Air Temperature
HPC Air Inlet Temperature
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Thermal Anti-Ice
Total Air Temperature
Thermal Barrier Coating
Time Between Overhaul
Turbine Clearance Control Valve
Transfer Gearbox
Thrust Lever Angle
Torque Motor
Thrust Reverser
Transformer Rectifier
Thrust Resolver Angle
Turbine Rear Frame
Time Since Installation

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V
V ac
VBV
V dc
VIB
VSV

Volts Alternating Current


Variable Bleed Valve
Volts Direct Current
Vibration
Variable Stator Vane

W
Wf
WOW

Weight of Fuel or Fuel Flow


Weight on Wheels

INTRO

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Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

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Page 12
Aug 2000

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ENGINE INSPECTION AREAS AND COMPONENTS


Given an objective exercise, the student will identify;
...the borescope inspection areas of a CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-7B Fan and Booster (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-7B High Pressure Compressor (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the High Pressure Compressor of the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-7B Combustor (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the Combustor of the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the HPT Nozzle Guide Vanes of the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-7 B HPT Rotor Blades And Shrouds (4.A.a)
...selected components of the CFM56-7 B LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles (4.A.a)
...definitions of selected areas within the LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles of the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of;
...the borescope inspection areas of a CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-7B Fan and Booster (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-7B High Pressure Compressor (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-7B Combustor (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-7 B HPT Rotor Blades And Shrouds (4.B.a)
...selected inspection areas of the CFM56-7 B LPT Rotor Blades And Nozzles (4.B.a)

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 1
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE INSPECTION AREAS


Identification (4.A.a)
The following are the inspection areas borescoped by the
technician on the CFM56-7 engine:
-Fan and booster - the fan blades, outlet guide vanes,
booster blades and the booster vanes.
-High pressure compressor - high pressure compressor
(HPC) rotor blades and stator vanes.
-Combustor
a. Single annular combustor (SAC)
b. Dual annular combustor (DAC) optional
-Fuel nozzles (20)
-High pressure turbine (HPT) - rotor and HPT nozzle
guide vanes.
-Low pressure turbine (LPT) - rotors and nozzle guide
vanes.
Purpose (4.B.a)
The purpose of the CFM56-7B borescope inspection of
selected areas is to evaluate the condition of the individual
components and, if necessary, monitor them under a cycle
limitation, repair them or remove the engine before a failure
of the component occurs.
The high bypass, dual rotor, axial flow turbofan engine uses
a low pressure and a high pressure rotor, which turn
independently.

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72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 2
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER


COMBUSTOR
O
G
V
S

HIGH
PRESSURE
COMPRESSOR

HIGH
PRESSURE
TURBINE

LOW PRESSURE
TURBINE

FUEL NOZZLES

ACCESSORY
GEARBOX

BORESCOPE INSPECTION AREAS

EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 3
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER

Purpose (4.B.a)

Identification (4.A.a)
The following are the components of the fan and booster
which are inspected by a BSI technical expert.

The purpose of the CFM56-7B borescope inspection areas


is to evaluate the condition of the fan and booster
components and if necessary place the components under a
cycle limitation or remove the engine before a failure of the
component occurs.

Number of blades per stage


- Stage 1 fan blades
- Stage 1 booster vanes

24 blades
(limited visibility)

- Stage 2 booster blades


- Stage 2 booster vanes

74 blades
(limited visibility)

- Stage 3 booster blades


- Stage 3 booster vanes

78 blades
(limited visibility)

- Stage 4 booster blades


- Stage 4 booster vanes

74 blades
(limited visibility)

- Outlet guide vanes (OGVS)


- Blade platforms
- Locking lugs

The fan has 24 wide-chord blades with independent


platforms installed between each fan blade and a spacer
underneath each of the blades. The booster stage 1 consists
of the fan blades and the stage 1 booster stator located just
aft of the fan blades. The booster blades are installed in
circumferential slots. Two blade locking lugs per stage
maintain the blades in position. The blade locking lugs are
staggered in position from one stage to another and are
inspected by the technician. The blue abradable material on
the fan case prevents direct contact of the fan blade tips and
the case. The abradable material on the booster vane
assembly which faces the booster blade tips is grey color.
These abradable materials are also inspected by a
borescope.
The outlet guide vanes are in the secondary airflow path.

The fan and booster components compress the air that is


given to the high pressure compressor, pressurize the
sumps and provide internal cooling.
EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 4
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ABRADABLE
MATERIAL
FAN
BLADES

STATOR STATOR
VANES
VANES
STG 1
STG 2

STATOR
VANES
STG 3

STATOR
VANES
STG 4

PLATFORMS

ROTOR
STG 2

ROTOR
STG 3

ROTOR
STG 4

ABRADABLE
MATERIAL

BLADE
LOCKING
LUGS
FWD

FAN AND BOOSTER


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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 5
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR (HPC)

Purpose (4.B.a)

Identification (4.A.a)
The following are components of the high pressure
compressor that are inspected.

The purpose of the HPC IGVs, VSVs and rotor blade


inspection of the CFM56-7B, is to evaluate the condition of
each of the HPC components and if necessary place the
components under a cycle limitation, repair them if possible,
or remove the engine before a failure of the component
occurs.

Number of blades per stage


-Inlet guide vanes
- Stage 1 rotor blades:
- Stage 1 variable stator vanes
- Stage 2 rotor blades:
- Stage 2 variable stator vanes
- Stage 3 rotor blades:
- Stage 3 variable stator vanes
- Stage 4 rotor blades:
- Stage 4 stator vanes
- Stage 5 rotor blades:
- Stage 5 stator vanes
- Stage 6 rotor blades:
- Stage 6 stator vanes
- Stage 7 rotor blades:
- Stage 7 stator vanes
- Stage 8 rotor blades:
- Stage 8 stator vanes
- Stage 9 rotor blades:
- Locking lugs

The Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV) are at the inlet of the HPC.
38 blades
(limited visibility)
53 blades
(limited visibility)
60 blades
(limited visibility)
68 blades
(limited visibility)
75 blades
(limited visibility)
82 blades
(limited visibility)
82 blades
(limited visibility)
80 blades
(limited visibility)
76 blades
2 locking lugs per stage

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

The IGV and stages 1, 2, and 3 vanes are variable and are
called Variable Stator Vanes (VSV).
The HPC rotor blades stages 1, 2, and 3 are maintained in
axial slots by retaining rings. The HPC rotor blades are
installed in circumferential slots and maintained by blade
locking lugs in stages 4 to 9 and the stator vanes are
stationary type.

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 6
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

INLET
GUIDE
VANES
(VARIABLE)

VSV
STG 1
(VARIABLE)

HPC
ROTOR
STG 1

VSV
STG 2
(VARIABLE)

HPC
ROTOR
STG 2

VSV
STG 3
(VARIABLE)

HPC
ROTOR
STG 3

AXIAL SLOTS

HPC
ROTOR
STG 4

HPC
STATOR
STG 4

TRAINING MANUAL

HPC
STATOR
STG 5

HPC
ROTOR
STG 5

HPC
STATOR
STG 6

HPC
ROTOR
STG 6

HPC
STATOR
STG 7

HPC
ROTOR
STG 7

HPC
STATOR
STG 8

HPC
ROTOR
STG 8

HPC
ROTOR
STG 9

CIRCUMFERENTIAL SLOTS

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR (HPC)


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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 7
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPC INSPECTION AREAS


Identification (4.A.a)
The following selected areas of the HPC are inspected by a
BSI technician.
-The outer third of the rotor blade tip area and the antiabrasion hard coating on the concave side.
-Squealer tips.
-HPC stage 1 blades feature a blade stiffener near the
tip of the blade.
-The HPC rotor stages 4 to 9 feature two blade locks per
stage to maintain the blades in the circumferential slots.
-A plasma sprayed abradable coating that faces the
blade tips on the HPC stator case to protect against
direct contact.

EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 8
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

BLADE
STIFFENER

TRAINING MANUAL

HARD COATING
(CONCAVE SIDE
ALL BLADES
ALL STAGES)

ABRADABLE
COATING
(ALL STAGES)

BLADE
LOCKING
LUGS

FWD

HPC INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 9
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER
Identification (4.A.a)
The following are the components in the combustion
chamber area that are borescoped.
- Combustion chamber either:
a. Single annular combustor (SAC) or the
b. Double annular combustor (DAC) optional.
- High pressure turbine nozzles
- Fuel nozzles

Purpose (4.B.a)
The purpose of the combustor borescope inspection areas is
to evaluate the condition of the combustor for defects and if
necessary put the combustor under a cycle limitation or
remove the engine before a failure of the combustor occurs.

The CFM56-7B has a single annular combustor with 20 fuel


nozzles and 2 igniter plugs which allow access for additional
inspections.

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 10
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
FUEL
NOZZLES
HPT
SHROUD

HPT NOZZLE

SINGLE ANNULAR COMBUSTOR (SAC)


DAC
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER

HPT
NOZZLE

DOUBLE ANNULAR COMBUSTOR (DAC)

COMBUSTION CHAMBER
EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 11
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


Identification (1A.a)
The following are the inspection areas of the SAC
combustion chamber.
-The inner and outer liners - are designed with panel
overhangs which contain closely spaced holes for film
cooling.
-The dilution holes in the liners - that provide additional
air for combustion. Four of them are used as borescope
ports.
-Thermal barrier coating (TBC) - on both outer and inner
liners.
- Inner and outer cowls
The outer liner accommodates 2 ferrules for the igniters
which are used as borescope ports.

EFFECTIVITY
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AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 12
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COOLING
HOLES

OUTER
LINER

PANEL
OVERHANG

INNER
COWL

INNER
LINER

DILUTION
HOLES
OUTER
COWL
PANELS

IGNITER
FERRULE

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 13
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


Identification
The following are the combustion chamber inspection areas:
- Fuel nozzle tips
- Fuel nozzle stems outside the combustor dome
- Sleeves with 2 concentric swirlers.
- Deflectors.
- Inner cowl.
- Outer cowl.
- Spectacle plate or the dome plate.
- Dome area includes all of the above components.
A thermal barrier coating (TBC) is applied on the deflectors,
the spectacle plate and the other areas of the hot section of
the engine. The TBC is inspected and is a light brown or
white color.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 14
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL
SPECTACLE
OR DOME
PLATE

TBC

VIEW A

SECONDARY
SWIRL NOZZLE
DETAIL B

SLEEVE
DEFLECTOR

SECONDARY
SWIRL NOZZLE

FUEL NOZZLE
TIP

IGNITER
FERRULE
SPECTACLE
PLATE

OUTER
COWL

VIEW A

TBC

SLEEVE
DEFLECTOR

PRIMARY SWIRL
NOZZLE

INNER
COWL

DETAIL B

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 15
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


Identification
The following are the inspection areas for the combustion
chamber liners.
The outer liner has 5 panels:
- Panel 1 features 2 igniter holes (with ferrule), and 38
medium and large dilution holes. Four of the large
holes are used as borescope ports.
- Panel 3 features 60 medium dilution holes.
- Dome band.
The inner liner has 4 panels:
- Panel 1 features 40 medium and large dilution holes.
- Panel 3 features 60 medium dilution holes.
- Dome band.
Numerous film cooling holes are under the overhang
between each panel with thermal barrier coating (TBC) on all
liner panels.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 16
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

OUTER LINER
PANEL 4

PANEL 5

PANEL 3
PANEL 4

PANEL 2
PANEL 1
PANEL 3
DOME
BAND

PANEL 2
DOME
BAND

INNER LINER
PANEL 1

2 IGNITERS
AND 18 HOLES

20 HOLES

INNER LINER

OUTER LINER

60 HOLES

60 HOLES

TBC ON ALL SURFACES

20 HOLES

20 HOLES
DOME
BAND

PANEL 1

PANEL 3
PANEL 2

PANEL 5

PANEL 4

PANEL 3
DOME PANEL 1
BAND
PANEL 2
PANEL 4

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 17
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT NOZZLE GUIDE VANE INSPECTION AREAS


Identification (4.A.a)
The following are the inspection areas for the HPT Nozzle
Guide Vanes.
- Leading edge
- Trailing edge
- TBC
- Nose holes
- Gill holes
- Trailing edge slots
- Concave surfaces of vanes
- Convex surfaces of vanes or the aft side of the vane.
The HPT nozzle assembly consists of 21 nozzle segments
of 2 vanes each.
Each vane has numerous cooling holes, gill holes, leading
edge holes and trailing edge slots for cooling. A thermal
barrier coating (TBC) protects the HPT nozzle and is
inspected.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 18
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

TBC
(ALL SURFACES IN THE AIRFLOW)

CONCAVE
SIDE

COOLING
SLOTS

OUTER
PLATFORM

VANE TRAILING
EDGE
VANE LEADING
EDGE
NOSE
HOLES

GILL
HOLES
INNER
PLATFORM

HPT NOZZLE GUIDE VANE INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 19
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE ROTOR BLADES AND


SHROUDS
Identification (4.A.a)
The main rotating component of the CFM56-7B is the high
pressure turbine rotor blades.
- HPT rotor

80 blades

The following are inspection areas of the HPT rotor blades:


- Leading edge
- Trailing edge
- TBC
- Nose holes
- Gill holes
- Trailing edge slots
- Concave surfaces
- Convex surface
- Wear notches
- Platforms
- HPT shroud

Purpose (4.B.a)
The purpose of the HPT rotor blades and shroud borescope
inspection areas is to evaluate their condition for defects and
if necessary, put the them under a cycle limitation or remove
the engine before a failure of the rotor or shroud occurs.
The HPT rotor extracts energy from the combustion chamber
to turn the high pressure compressor and the exiting gases
to turn the LPT rotors.
The HPT blade features 8 rows of holes and trailing edge
slots for cooling.
To help you to estimate the HPT blade wear, four of the
blades have 3 tip wear notches .010, .020, .030 of an inch.
The 4 blades are located at 90 from each other aro und the
rotor.

The HPT shrouds segments face the blade tips and are air
cooled using CDP air. These shroud segments are
inspected during the leading edge of the HPT rotor and
nozzle guide vane trailing edge inspection.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 20
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

VIEW A

WEAR NOTCHES
.030
.020

.010

TBC

ROW 1

ROW 2
ROW 3

CONVEX SIDE

ROW 4

HPT SHROUD SEGMENT

LEADING
EDGE AREA

ROW 5

ROW 6
ROW 7

CONCAVE SIDE

NOTES:
1. ROW 1, 6-8 (GILL COOLING HOLES)
2. ROW 2-5 (NOSE COOLING HOLES)

ROW 8

VIEW A

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND SHROUDS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

TRAILING
EDGE AREA

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 21
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES


Identification (4.A.a)
The following are components of the low pressure turbine
that are to be inspected by the borescope.
Number of blades per stage
- Stage 1 LPT rotor blades
162 blades
- Stage 1 LPT nozzle
(limited visibility)
- Stage 2 LPT rotor blades
150 blades
- Stage 2 LPT nozzle
(limited visibility)
- Stage 3 LPT rotor blades
150 blades
- Stage 3 LPT nozzle
(limited visibility)
- Stage 4 LPT rotor blades
134 blades
- Stage 4 LPT nozzle
(limited visibility)
- Honeycomb material which faces the blade tips and acts as
an abradable material.

Purpose (4.B.a)
The purpose of the LPT rotor blade and nozzle borescope
inspection areas is to evaluate their condition for defects and
if necessary, put the them under a cycle limitation or remove
the engine before a failure of the LPT component occurs.

The LPT extracts energy from the exiting gases to turn the
fan module that produces 80% of the thrust.
The LPT nozzle stage 1 is housed within the combustion
case and belongs to the core engine. It consists of sectors
of 4 vanes each. It has trailing edge slots for cooling
purposes. There is an anti corrosion anodization coating on
the LPT rotor stage 1 and stage 2. The color is different from
the color of the other stages. Each blade tip shroud has 2
seal teeth for air sealing. A hard coating is applied on the
shrouded tip contact faces to prevent wear and is an
important inspection area.
EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 22
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

LPT
ROTOR
STG 1

LPT
NOZZLE
STG 1

LPT
ROTOR
STG 2

LPT
NOZZLE
STG 2

LPT
ROTOR
STG 3

LPT
NOZZLE
STG 3

LPT
ROTOR
STG 4

TRAINING MANUAL

TURBINE
REAR FRAME

LPT
NOZZLE
STG 4

HONEYCOMB
ABRADABLE
MATERIAL
(4 STAGES)

LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 23
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES INSPECTION


AREAS
Identification (4.A.a)
The following are inspection areas of the LPT rotor blades
and nozzles:
- Rotor blade leading edge
- Rotor blade trailing edge
- Concave surfaces of rotor blade
- Convex surfaces of rotor blade
- Hard face surface of the rotor blade tip shroud
- Trailing edge of nozzle slots stage 1
- Leading edge of some of the LPT nozzles
- Trailing edge of some of the LPT nozzles
- Concave surfaces of some of the LPT nozzles
- Convex surfaces of some of the LPT nozzles.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 24
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HARD
FACING

SEAL
TOOTH
HARD FACED
CONTACT
SURFACE
LPT
BLADE
TIP
SHROUD

COATING
(ANODIZATION)

TRAILING
EDGE

LPT
BLADE
(TYPICAL)

LEADING
EDGE

LPT NOZZLE STAGE 1

LPT ROTOR BLADES AND NOZZLES INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

LPT ROTOR BLADE

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 25
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
ENGINE INSPECTION
AREAS AND COMPONENTS

Page 26
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE PORTS
Given an objective exercise, the student will identify;
...the borescope ports of a CFM56-7B engine (1.A.a)
...the Low Pressure Compressor borescope port (4.A.a)
...the High Pressure Compressor borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the HPC Special BSI tools. ( 4.A.a )
...the Combustion Chamber borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the HPT Section/LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the Low Pressure Turbine borescope ports (4.A.a)
...the factors of Borescope Access Limitations (4.A.a)
Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of;
...the borescope ports of a CFM56-7B engine (1.B.a)
...the Low Pressure Compressor borescope port (4.B.a)
...the High Pressure Compressor borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Combustion Chamber borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the HPT Section/LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Low Pressure Turbine borescope ports (4.B.a)
...the Borescope Access Limitations (4.B.a)
Given an objective exercise, the student will select the functional description of;
...the Borescope Access Limitations (4.D.a)

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 1
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE PORTS (LH SIDE)


Identification (1.A.a)
There are 21 borescope inspection ports located around
and along the engine. Other areas may be used for
special inspections. Fuel nozzles may be removed to see
the outer and inner cowls of the combustor.
These are the borescope inspection ports on the left side
of the engine.
- S11
- S15
- S17
Purpose (1.B.a)
The purpose of these BSI ports is to inspect the following:
- 1 port to inspect the booster or LPC
- 9 ports for the HPC
- 4 ports for the combustor
- 2 igniter ports
- 2 ports for the HPT
- 3 ports for the LPT
They allow inspection of the rotating parts without engine
disassembly.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 2
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

10 OCLOCK
BORESCOPE
PORT (S15)

LEFT
IGNITER PLUG
PORT (S11)

S17

BORESCOPE PORTS (LH SIDE)


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 3
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE PORTS (RH SIDE)


Identification
These are the borescope inspection ports on the right
side of the engine.
- S0 (no plug installed here)
- S1
- S2
- S3
- S4
- S5
- S6
- S7
- S8
- S9
- S10
- S12
- S13
- S14
- S16
- S18
- S19
- S20

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 4
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

1 OCLOCK
BORESCOPE
PORT (S12)

3 OCLOCK
BORESCOPE
PORT (S13)

RIGHT SPARK
IGNITER PORT
(S10)

S18 THROUGH S20

S16

S1 THROUGH S9
6 OCLOCK
BORESCOPE PORT (S14)

S0 BORESCOPE PORT
(AT 3:30 OCLOCK, INNER WALL
OF FAN BYPASS CUT, BETWEEN 2
OGVS.)

BORESCOPE PORTS (RH SIDE)


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 5
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORT


Identification (4.A.a.)
S0 is located aft of the fan blades in the secondary air area at
approximately the 4 oclock position, in between the platforms of an
OGV (Outlet Guide Vane). S0 is an open port.
Purpose (4.B.a)
The BSI port S0 is used for a specific purpose. The inspection of
the Low Pressure Compressor section of the engine.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 6
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

TOP VERTICAL

S0

S0

AFT LOOKING FORWARD

LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORT


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 7
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR


BORESCOPE PORTS
Identification (4.A.a.)
These are the 9 ports for inspection of the High Pressure
Compressor section of the engine. They are numbered
from S1 to S9 on the HPC.
The HPC borescope ports are located at approximately
the 5 Oclock position, on the compressor case.
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX PLUGS BETWEEN PORTS.
DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE MAY OCCUR.
Borescope ports S1 to S6 accommodate a simple plug
with a hexagonal head.
Borescope ports S7 to S9 feature a cap and a plug linked
by a spring-loaded shaft.
Refer to the Aircraft Maintenance Manual section 72-0000 for more information on the removal/install procedure
of the borescope plugs S7 to S9.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Purpose (4.B.a)
The HPC ports S1 thru S9 are used to view stages 1 thru
9 of the HPC rotor blades.
- S1 Stage 1 rotor blade leading edges
- S2 Stage 1 rotor blade trailing edges
Stage 2 rotor blade leading edges
- S3 Stage 2 rotor blade trailing edges
Stage 3 rotor blade leading edges
- S4 Stage 3 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 4 rotor blades leading edges
- S5 Stage 4 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 5 rotor blades leading edges
- S6 Stage 5 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 6 rotor blades leading edges
- S7 Stage 6 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 7 rotor blades leading edges
- S8 Stage 7 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 8 rotor blades leading edges
- S9 Stage 8 rotor blades trailing edges
Stage 9 rotor blades leading edges

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 8
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FWD

TOP VERTICAL

BORESCOPE
CAP

S1 TO S9

RETAINING
RING

AFT LOOKING FORWARD

SHAFT
BORESCOPE
PLUG

S1 TO S6
BORESCOPE PLUGS

S7, S8, S9 BORESCOPE


PLUG ASSEMBLY

S6 S5

S4 S3 S2

S1

S1

S9 S8 S7

S2
S6

S5

S4

S3

FWD

FWD

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BORESCOPE PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 9
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPC SPECIAL BSI TOOLS


Identification (4.A.a.)
Deep-well socket
In case of shaft breakage of borescope plugs S7, S8 or
S9, use a deep-well socket to remove the inner plug,
using the six-flats at the very end of the shaft.
Alignment rod
The HPC stator vanes may move slightly, causing a shift
of the borescope port and the corresponding hole in the
stator. If it is impossible to introduce the probe into the
port, use an alignment rod to realign the stator vane
segment.
Refer to the AMM 72-00-00 for more information on this
locally manufactured tool.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 10
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

3/8 INCH
DRIVE
SOCKET
WELD
REMOVE INSIDE
MATERIAL
TO PERMIT 7/16 INCH
12 POINT BOLT HEAD TO
PASS

WELD
7/16 INCH 12 POINT
SOCKET UNDER CUT TO
FIT STEEL TUBE

MODIFIED DEEPWELL SOCKET

ALUMINUM

ALIGNMENT ROD

HPC SPECIAL BSI TOOLS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 11
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER BORESCOPE PORTS


Identification (4.A.a.)
The combustor borescope ports are located around the
combustor case. Ports S10 and S11 are the igniter ports
while the borescope ports S12 to S15 accommodate a
simple plug with an hexagonal head.
Purpose (4.B.a.)
The purpose of the 6 borescope ports is for the inspection of
the combustor section of the engine. They are numbered on
the diagram from S10 to S15.
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX THESE PLUGS WITH THE S16
AND S17 PLUGS. IF YOU INSTALL THEM IN THE
WRONG PLACE ENGINE DAMAGE MAY OCCUR.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 12
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C
S12

TRAINING MANUAL
FWD

S12, S13, S14, S15


BORESCOPE PLUG
S13

BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS

S15

S14

S12

S10

.
.

S11
IGNITER

.
.

S13

S14

S12,
S13, S14, S15

FWD

AFT LOOKING
FORWARD
S15

S11 IGNITER

IGNITER (S10, S11)

COMBUSTION CHAMBER BORESCOPE PARTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 13
Jan 98

S10

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT SECTION / LPT STAGE 1 NOZZLE BORESCOPE


PORTS
Identification (4.A.a.)
The HPT Section / LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports
are located around the combustor case. Ports S10 and
S11 are the igniter ports while the borescope ports S16
and S17 accommodate a spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head.
Either Port S10 and S11 are the igniter plug BSI ports.
Refer to the AMM to remove the igniter plugs.
Borescope ports S16 and S17 have a cap with a
hexagonal head, and a spring loaded plug.
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX THESE PLUGS WITH THE S12
TO S15 PLUGS. THEY ARE SIMILAR, BUT IF YOU TRY
TO INSTALL THEM, ENGINE DAMAGE MAY OCCUR.
Purpose (4.B.a)
The purpose of this inspection, through the ports S10 and
S11, and S16 and S17, is to allow viewing of the HPT
section of the engine.
There is no port Use a flexible borescope with a guide
tube going through the combustion chamber and the HPT
nozzles to inspect the HPT blade leading edges.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 14
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL
BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS

S16, S17
BORESCOPE
PLUGS

S10

S11
IGNITER

S16

. .

S17

S10
IGNITER

S16

AFT LOOKING FORWARD

FWD
FWD

S17
S11

FWD
S16, S17

HPT SECTION / LPT STAGE 1 NOZZLE BORESCOPE PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 15
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE BORESCOPE PORTS


Identification (4.A.a.)
The LPT Stage 1 Nozzle borescope ports are located
around the combustor case. The borescope ports S16
and S17 accommodate a spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head. The borescope ports S18, S19, and
S20 accommodate a short spring loaded type plug with a
hexagonal head.
Borescope S16 and S17 have a cap with a hexagonal
head, and a long spring loaded plug. Borescope ports
S18, S19 and S20 have a cap with a hexagonal head and
a short spring loaded plug.
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX SHORT AND LONG PLUGS
BETWEEN PORTS. DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE MAY
OCCUR.
The LPT borescope ports are located at approximately
the 5 Oclock and the 8 Oclock positions, on the
combustion case and on the LPT case.
Purpose (4.B.a.)
The purpose of the 5 borescope ports, S16 to S20, is for
the inspection of the Low Pressure Turbine section of the
engine are.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 16
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE PORT
LOCATIONS
S16, S17
BORESCOPE
PLUGS

S18, S19, S20


BORESCOPE
PLUGS

S17

S16, S18, S19, S20

AFT LOOKING
FORWARD

FWD
S16
S17

S18
S19
S20
S20 S19 S18 S16

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE BORESCOPE PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
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BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 17
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE ACCESS LIMITATIONS


Identification (4.A.a.)
There are two limitations factors that have to be
considered when preparing for borescope inspection on
the CFM56-7B engine. These considerations are;
-the size of the borescope probe to be inserted into
the engine, and
-the temperatures of the engine parts at each BSI
inspection port.
Purpose (4.B.a.)
The purpose of having probe size and temperature
limitations is to prevent damage to the borescope
equipment. Without borescope size limitations a
borescope probe could be lodged, or seized in a
borescope port during installation or removal. The use of
temperature limitations prevents melting or heat
distortion of a borescope probe, should a probe be
inserted into a hot engine. Without these limitations there
can be a subsequent deformation of borescope probes,
excessive replacement/repair costs of borescope
equipment, and even Foreign Object Damage (FOD) to
the engine itself.

EFFECTIVITY
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BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 18
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ENGINE
SECTION

BORESCOPE
PORT No

BORESCOPE
PORT SIZE (MM)

WRENCH
SIZE

INSPECTED
COMPONENTS

BOOSTER

S0

N/A

N/A

STAGE 3 T/E
STAGE 4 L/E

---

---

HPC CASE

S1
S2

10 MM
8 MM

1/2 HEX
1/2 HEX

STAGE 1 L/E
STAGE 1 T/E
STAGE 2 L/E
STAGE 2 T/E
STAGE 3 L/E
STAGE 3 T/E
STAGE 4 L/E
STAGE 4 T/E
STAGE 5 L/E
STAGE 5 T/E
STAGE 6 L/E
STAGE 6 T/E
STAGE 7 L/E
STAGE 7 T/E
STAGE 8 L/E
STAGE 8 T/E
STAGE 9 L/E

30 mn

--

30 mn

--

30 mn

20 mn

60 mn

30 mn

60 mn

30 mn

1.5 hrs

1 hr

2.0 hrs

1.5 hrs

2.5 hrs

1.5 hrs

2.5 hrs

1.5 hrs

3.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

2.0 hrs
3.0 hrs

4.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

3.0 hrs
3.0 hrs

S3

(Continued on page 21)

1/2 HEX

S4

8 MM

1/2 HEX

S5

10 MM

1/2 HEX

S6

10MM

1/2 HEX

S7

8 MM

1 1/16 HEX

S8

8 MM

1 1/16 HEX

S9
COMBUSTION
CASE

10 MM

8 MM

1 1/16 HEX

S10

10 MM

1 1/4 HEX

S11

10 MM

1 1/4 HEX

{-COMBUSTOR
{-HPT NOZZLE
{ L/E AND T/E
{-HPT BLADE L/E
{-HPT SHROUD

WITHOUT MONITORING TIME


TO REACH
100%F (38C) 200%F (93C)

HOT AND NORMAL ENGINE BORESCOPE INSPECTION AND PORTS

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 19
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE ACCESS LIMITATIONS


Functional Description (4.D.a)
The hot and normal engine inspection limits using the
engine borescope ports are:

CAUTION: REFER TO AIRPLANE OPERATION


MANUAL FOR STARTER DUTY CYCLE LIMITATION
PRIOR TO MOTORING THE ENGINE.

Probe 1 diameter limitation


Consult the table for port diameters where probe 1 can be
used.
Borescope equipment temperature limitations
It is not recommended that borescope inspection be
accomplished at temperatures above 130F (54C) .
High temperatures may cause damage to the fiber optic
type of borescope equipment. The table on the next page
provides information about time limitations, prior to an
inspection on a hot engine.
To speedup the engine cool down time after shutdown,
you may use the engine starter to motor the engine,
(Refer to the AMM). This reduces the hot section area
temperature sufficiently to allow inspection. But as the
temperature will rise due to engine temperature soakback, it is further recommended that engine hot section
inspection be accomplished within 20 minutes, or before
the internal engine temperature reaches 130F (54C ).

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 20
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ENGINE
SECTION

BORESCOPE
PORT No

BORESCOPE
PORT SIZE (MM)

WRENCH
SIZE

INSPECTED
COMPONENTS

COMB CASE
(CONT)

S12
S13
S14
S15

10 MM
10 MM
10 MM
10 MM

7/8 HEX
7/8 HEX
7/8 HEX
7/8 HEX

{ -COMBUSTOR
{ -HPT NOZZLE
{ L/E
{-COMBUS TOR

3.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

2.0 hrs
3.0 hrs

S16

8 MM

7/8 HEX

4.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

3.0 hrs
3.0 hrs

S17

8 MM

7/8 HEX

{-HPT BLADES T/E


{-STAGE 1 LPT
{ BLADES L/E

S18

10 MM

9/16 HEX

4.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

3.0 hrs
3.0 hrs

S19

10 MM

9/16 HEX

S20

10 MM

9/16 HEX

STAGE 1 T/E
STAGE 2 L/E
STAGE 2 T/E
STAGE 3 L/E
STAGE 3 T/E
STAGE 4 L/E

4.5 hrs
4.5 hrs

2.0 hrs
2.0 hrs

LPT CASE

WITHOUT MONITORING TIME


TO REACH
100%F (38C) 200%F (93C)

HOT AND NORMAL ENGINE BORESCOPE INSPECTION AND PORTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 21
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE PORTS

Page 22
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT
Given an objective exercise, the student will identify:
.. the Rigid Borescope Set used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Flexible Borescope Set used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Core Engine Pneumatic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
.. the Core Engine Electronic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
Given an objective exercise, the student will select the purpose of:
.. the Rigid Borescope Set used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Flexible Borescope Set used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Core Engine Pneumatic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)
.. the Core Engine Electronic Rotational Tool used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)

EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 1
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

RIGID BORESCOPE SET


Identification (4.A.a.)
This is the CFM56-7 engine standard rigid borescope
equipment tool set used for borescope inspection:
- the rigid borescope set with a light source
The CFMI tool 856A1320P04 rigid borescope set
and the light source 856A1322P02 are designed to meet
the CFMI specification M50TF1855. Optional equipment
is available for cameras, computers, VCRS, and special
tools that attach to the borescope equipment.

Purpose (4.B.a)
Each probe is used for a specific purpose, to look inside the
engine to inspect engine hardware areas.
- Probe 1 ( black ): Magnification, close inspection,
detailed evaluation and confirmation of defects
(cannot be used in every hole due to its diameter).
- Probe 2 ( yellow ): General inspection.
- Probe 3 ( green ): Fore-oblique angle probe,
platform inspection.
- Probe 4 ( blue ): Retro angle probe, blade tip
inspection.

Other borescope systems may be acceptable if they


meet the CFMI specification mentioned above.
Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual and to the
CFMI specifications M50TF1855 for more information on
the required characteristics.
Note: The table on the page below describes the general
features of the 4 rigid borescope probes.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 2
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

RIGID BORESCOPE SET


EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 3
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FLEXIBLE BORESCOPE SET


Identification (4.A.a.)
This is the CFM56-7 engine standard flexible borescope
equipment tool used for borescope inspection:
-flexible borescope kit with a light source and guide
tubes.

Purpose (4.B.a)
The flexible probe is used for a specific purpose, the
inspection of the engine hot section or special
inspections.
Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual for more
information.

The CFMI tool 856A1321 flexible borescope set and the


borescope guide tube 856A1310 are designed to be
used on the CFM56 engines and are designed to meet
the CFMI specification M50TF1855. Equivalent
borescope equipment can be used for borescope
inspection. Optional equipment is available for cameras,
computers, VCRS, and special tools that attach to the
borescope equipment. Other borescope systems may be
acceptable if they meet the CFMI specification mentioned
above.
Refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual and to the
CFMI specifications M50TF1855 for more information on
the required characteristics.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 4
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

CONTROL

TELEVISION ADAPTOR

CAMERA ADAPTOR
FLEXIBLE LIGHT AND
OPTICAL VIEWING CABLE
CONNECTOR

FLEXIBLE LIGHT SOURCE CABLE

DISTAL LIGHT
AND VIEWING LENS

STRAIGHTENING ROD

GUIDE TUBE

FLEXIBLE BORESCOPE SET


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 5
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

CORE ENGINE PNEUMATIC ROTATION TOOL


Identification (4.A.a.)
This is the CFM56-7B engine core pneumatic rotational
tool used for borescope inspection.
Purpose (4.B.a)
Several methods are used to rotate the core and the
purpose is to inspect all the rotor blades:
- Manual method
Insert a inch drive ratchet in the hand cranking
pad. If you turn the drive CW, the rotor turns CW
ALF. To turn the N2 rotor, you can turn it through
the hand cranking pad. Refer to the AMM (72-63-01)
to remove the hand cranking pad cover.
- Air driven motor:
Install the pneumatic motor assembly on the pad. The
direction of rotation and speed of the core engine
rotor can be selected through the hand or foot
control device.
Refer to the NDT manual for more information on
the pneumatic motor assembly.
TIP:
The air supply source must be free of unwanted water or
other particles. So it is highly recommended to install a
filter upstream the pneumatic air drive. A device to add
lubricant in the air supply is also recommended.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 6
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

SHOP AIR
SUPPLY
CONNECTION
HANDCRANKING
COVER

HAND CONTROL
(FOOT CONTROL
ALTERNATE)

DRIVE MOTOR

PROTRACTOR

CORE ENGINE PNEUMATIC ROTATION TOOL


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 7
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

CORE ENGINE ELECTRONIC ROTATIONAL TOOL


Identification (4.A.a.)
This is the CFM56-7B engine core electronic rotational
tool used for borescope inspection.
Purpose (4.B.a)
Several methods are used to rotate the core and the
purpose is to inspect all the rotor blades:
- Manual method
- Electronic Turning Tool
Install the ETT motor assembly on the pad. The
direction of rotation and speed of the core engine
rotor can be selected on the control box.
The ETT can control rotation and help to avoid overshoot
during inspection of the rotor blades. It also has an
automatic feature to count blades and you can flag
damage if found for a quick future reference. The
information can also be stored for the next inspection.
- Electronic Turnover Tool (ETT)
Sweeney P/N18946.
Install the electronic rotational tool by inserting the 3/4
inch square drive of the ETT adapter into the
core drive pad.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 8
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

ETT ADAPTOR

TRAINING MANUAL

ETT DRIVE
MOTOR

PROTRACTOR

ETT POWER
UNIT

3/4 INCH SQUARE DRIVE

ETT CONTROLLER

CORE ENGINE ELECTRONIC ROTATIONAL TOOL


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 9
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE EQUIPMENT

Page 10
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

BORESCOPE INSPECTION
Given an objective exercise the student will Identify;
... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.A.a)
Given an objective exercise the student will select the purpose of;
... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.B.a)
Given an objective exercise the student will select the functional description of;
... the two basic types of borescope inspections used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.D.a)
... selected elements of Fan and Booster Inspection (4.D.a)
... selected elements of High Pressure Compressor Inspection (4.D.a)
... selected elements of Combustion Chamber (SAC) Inspection (4.D.a)
... selected elements of HPT Nozzle Inspection (4.D.a)
... selected elements of HPT Rotor and HPT Shroud Inspection (4.D.a)
... selected elements of Low Pressure Turbine Inspection (4.D.a)
Given an objective exercise the student will select elements of the maintenance practices associated with;
... N1 Rotor indexing used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.E.a)
... N2 Rotor indexing used on the CFM56-7B engine (4.E.a)

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 1
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION


The Borescope Inspection (BSI) is a part of the On
Condition Maintenance Program.
Identification (4.A.a)
These are the 2 basic types of borescope inspections.
- Scheduled inspection
Inspect the fan blades, OGVs, and the BSI ports
S1,S4, S9, S13, S14, S15, S16.
- Unscheduled inspection
Inspect the fan blades, OGVs, and all the BSI
ports, So through S20.
Purpose (4.B.a)
Scheduled
The purpose of the scheduled inspection is inspect for
defects inside the engine at regular time intervals.
- 5000 hours or
- 5000 cycles which ever comes first.
- combustor and HPT at 1600 cycles.

Functional Description (4.D.a)


Scheduled
A scheduled inspection is performed on specific areas of
the engine to assess its condition. Inspect these areas
through the borescope ports. During this inspection, look
for defects which may be found in these areas.
If no defects are found, the engine is serviceable.
If defects are found refer to the AMM to find out if the
engine is serviceable, with or without cycle limitations.
As a supplement you can refer to the Non Destructive
Test Manual (NDTM), in the On Condition paragraph of
each engine section, to get a list of the possible defects.

Unscheduled
The purpose of the unscheduled inspection is to find
defects inside the engine which is done at abnormal time
intervals or engine event.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 2
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

ON CONDITION MAINTENANCE PROGRAM

UNSCHEDULED

SCHEDULED

(ABNORMAL OPERATIONS)

- HPC 5000 HRS/CYCLES (WHICHEVER COMES FIRST)


- COMBUSTOR AND HPT 1600 CYCLES

ENGINE CONDITION
REVIEW
DISPATCH

NO

ENGINE REMOVAL

YES

CYCLE LIMITED

NO LIMITATIONS

SCHEDULED AND UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 3
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS


Unscheduled
If an engine experiences a problem, it may have to be
inspected to reveal internal defects.
As a supplement refer to the Non Destructive Test Manual
(NDTM). The special inspection of the AMM, engine
section, will list the engine events and which inspection
ports must be used by the inspector.
During an unscheduled inspection, all areas of the engine
may be inspected.

Functional Description
During a Scheduled inspection, the inspection of the
engine through these following borescope inspection
ports is done.
- Fan blades (visual inspection),
- S1 (first stage HPC),
- S4 (Stg 3/4 HPC),
- S9 (Stg 8/9 HPC),
- S13, S14, S15 (Combustion Chamber),
- S16 (HPT).
During an unscheduled inspection, most the parts of the
engine maybe inspected, depending on the problem and
the defects discovered.
Follow the AMM for the special inspection procedures.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 4
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

FAN BLADES
(VISUAL INSPECTION)

S1

S4

S9

TRAINING MANUAL

S13
S14
S15

S16

O
G
V
S

SCHEDULED

UNSCHEDULED
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9

S0
OGVS

S10
S11
S12
S13
S14
S15

S16
S17 S18 S19 S20

VISUAL
INSPECTION
STAGE 4 LPT
ROTOR``

FAN BLADES

SCHEDULED / UNSCHEDULED INSPECTIONS


EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 5
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

N1 ROTOR INDEXING
General
Setting a reference angular position to the rotor provides
an easy method to come back quickly and accurately to a
defect found earlier.
The following procedure enables the reference point for
the N1 rotor to be obtained. Refer to the AMM, 72.00.00,
for more information.
Maintenance Practice (4.E.a)
Align N1 fan blade leading edge with the T12
temperature sensor installed on the fan inlet cowl at the 2
Oclock position.
The N1 fan blade is easily identified; it faces a spherical
indent mark on the rear spinner cone.
Numbering fan blades is performed by turning the rotor in
the clockwise direction.
CAUTION: THE N1 ROTOR IS TURNED BY HAND.
USE CAUTION AND WEAR GLOVES TO AVOID
INJURY.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 6
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

N1 ROTOR INDEXING
EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
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Page 7
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

N2 ROTOR INDEXING
General
Setting a reference angular position to the rotor provides
an easy method to come back quickly and accurately to a
defect found earlier.
The following procedure enables the reference point for
the N2 rotor to be obtained. Refer to the AMM, 72.00.00,
for more information.
Maintenance Practice (4.E.a)
1. Open the VSV system. (Refer to the AMM section
75-31-00.)
2. Insert borescope probe N3 (green) into
borescope port S4, and look toward the back of
the engine to the stage 4 compressor rotor
blade platform.
3. Rotate the core (manually or with a tool) until
the first blade locking lug appears in the field
of view. Compressor rotor blade rotation must be
in the CW direction viewed through the probe.
4. Continue core rotation until the second locking
lug appears. This lock is located 2 blades past the
first locking lug.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

5. The next blade is blade N1. Position the


blade N1 leading edge in line with the leading
edge of the stage 4 stator vane looking aft through
the borescope port.
6. Position the pointer on the protractor to the 0
alignment mark, or position the wrench to the top
vertical position.
The N2 rotor is now in the zero reference position.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 8
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

N2 ROTOR INDEXING
EFFECTIVITY
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72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 9
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


Functional Description (4.D.a)
Scheduled inspection
Visual inspection of the fan blades, platforms and OGVs
are performed on a regular basis. There is no borescope
inspection of the booster rotor during a scheduled
inspection.
Check the condition of the fan blades and inner platforms.
These are typical defects that may found on fan blades:
- Missing material, tip curl
- Nicks, dents, pits, and scratches usually due to
ingestion of small foreign objects such as sand,
stones, dust, tarmac, etc.
- Distortion, tip curl, cracks and deformation are
usually due to heavier foreign object damages
such as birds, ice, hail, tires, etc.
Note: If defects are found on the fan blades, or if the
engine experienced an abnormal operating problem, then
perform an unscheduled inspection.
Perform a visual inspection on the Outlet Guide Vanes
(OGVs) installed in the fan frame.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 10
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN BLADE

PLATFORM

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

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Page 11
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


Functional Description
Unscheduled inspection
If defects are found on the fan blades, or if the engine
experienced an abnormal operating problem, then
perform an unscheduled inspection.

From the S0 port, the following components are visible:


- Rotor stage 3 trailing edge (T/E)
- Rotor stage 4 leading edge (L/E)
- 2 adjacent vanes of the stator stage 3

First, perform the zero index position procedure for the


N1 rotor.

Map the defects on the special reporting form located in


the NDT manual, or the BSI maintenance area of the
individual airlines.

Then, use probe N2 (yellow), installed on the long right


angle adapter, to reach the S0 port. The port is located
between 2 OGVs, approximately at the 4 Oclock
position. Insert the borescope into port So and
go through the 2 cases before reaching the rotor blade
area.
TIP:
Depending on the configuration of the long right angle
extension, there is the possibility of turning the probe to
change the direction of view and to adjust the focus
directly from the extension.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 12
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 13
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


Functional Description
Unscheduled inspection
Use rigid probe N2 (yellow), installed on the long right
angle adapter, to reach the front of the splitter fairing area.
From this position the following are visible.
- Vanes of the stator stage 1
- Rotor stage 2 leading edge (L/E) through the
stator stage 1
The fan blades, platforms and OGVs can be inspected
visually from the front of the engine, or inspected even
with the fan blades removed.
TIP:
Borescope equipment is not needed to inspect stator
stage 1 and stage 2 rotor blades if the fan blades are
removed (when fan blades have to be relubricated, for
example).

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 14
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 15
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical defects
Sometimes during the life of an engine, an assessment of
the condition of the fan and booster rotor blades may be
required as part of the On condition Engine Maintenance
program. Whenever the fan and booster blades are
inspected, the following defects should be assessed
against the Aircraft Maintenance Manual serviceability
limits.
- Cracks or tears,
- Nicks and scratches,
- Dents,
- Erosion,
- Tip curl,
- Pits,
- Distortion of leading and/or trailing edges,
- Missing material,

- Fan or Low Pressure Compressor stall (this may


occur during engine deceleration).
- Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected
bird ingestion.
- High level of vibration of the N1 rotor.
- N1 rotor overspeed.
- Heavy landing (acceleration is above the
threshold limit).

Fan and booster rotor damage may occur after the engine
experienced an abnormal problem The following list
provides the conditions where a complete borescope
inspection should be performed:

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

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Page 16
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

WEAR
TIP
CURL

LEADING
EDGE

TRAILING
EDGE

EROSION
MISSING
MATERIAL

LEADING
EDGE
DISTORTION

NICK,
SCRATCH

DENT

CRACK
TRAILING
EDGE

BOOSTER BLADE TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 17
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FAN AND BOOSTER INSPECTION


Functional Description
Inspection Areas
On the booster blades, there are 3 areas which are
dimensionally defined by using letters.
-Section E: This section of the blade starts from the
top of the platform and extends toward the blade tip
for approximately 10 millimeters or 0.4 inch.
-Section G: This section of the blade starts from the tip
of the blade and extends toward the blade platform
for approximately 20 millimeters or 0.79 inch.
-Other Airfoil areas: This is the remaining area of the
blade that does not include areas E and G.

EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

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Page 18
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

TIP

0.79IN.
(20mm)

LEADING
EDGE
TRAILING
EDGE

OTHER
AIRFOIL
AREAS

0.4IN. (10MM)

PLATFORM

BOOSTER BLADE INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
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CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 19
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


Functional Description (4.D.a)
Scheduled Inspection
To inspect the HPC rotor blades, you may open the
Variable Stator Vanes to obtain a better view.
During a scheduled inspection, inspect the High Pressure
Compressor through ports S4, S1 and S9.
First, go through HPC port S4.
Use rigid probe N3 (green) and inspect the:
- stage 4 rotor L/E platform area,
- stage 3 rotor T/E platform area.

Thirdly go to port S9.


Use probe N3 (green) to perform inspection of the:
- stage 9 rotor L/E platform area,
- stage 8 rotor T/E platform area.
Use probe N4 (blue), to inspect the:
- stage 9 rotor L/E blade tip area,
- stage 8 rotor T/E blade tip area.
Map the defects on the special reporting form (Refer to
the NDT Manual).

Then use probe N4 (blue) and inspect the:


- stage 4 rotor L/E blade tip area,
- stage 3 rotor T/E blade tip area.

Note: If defects are found during this inspection, a


complete HPC borescope inspection of all rotor stages
has to be performed.

Secondly, go through HPC port S1.


Use probe N3 (green) to perform inspection.
- stage 1 rotor L/E platform area

Tip:
To get a better evaluation of the defects, use probe N 1
(black) where possible.

After switching back to probe N4 (blue), inspect t he:


- stage 1 rotor L/E blade tip area.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 20
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

OPEN VSVS
TO VIEW

S1

S9
S4

SCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL VIEW
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM AREA
PROBE 4 (BLUE): BLADE TIP

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 21
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


Functional Description
Unscheduled Inspection
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem,
then perform an unscheduled inspection. During an
unscheduled inspection, inspect the High Pressure
Compressor through all ports.
First, go through the HPC port S4.
Use rigid probe N3 (green) to index the N2 rotor.
Once the core rotor is indexed, perform inspection of the
stage 1 rotor, port S1. Use probe N 2 (yellow) for general
inspection of the rotor blades.
Defect assessment may require the use of probes N 3
(green) and N 4 (blue).
Use probe N3 to perform inspection of the L/E plat form
area and probe N4 to inspect the L/E blade tip are a.
Repeat the same method for ports S2 to S9.
Map the defects on the special reporting form (Refer to
NDT manual for the reporting maps).

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 22
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

OPEN VSV
TO VIEW

UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW): GENERAL VIEW
PROBE 3 (GREEN): PLATFORM AREA
PROBE 4 (BLUE): BLADE TIP

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 23
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical Defects
When the High pressure Compressor blades are
inspected, the following defects should be evaluated with
the aircraft maintenance manual serviceability limits:
- Cracks or tears,
- Nicks and scratches,
- dents,
- Erosion,
- Tip curl,
- Pits,
- Distortion of leading and/or trailing edges,
- Missing material,
- Dirt buildup
- Shingling and/or distortion of blade platform.
- Cracks in blade locking lugs.
- Locking lugs missing or loose.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

High Pressure Compressor (HPC) rotor blade damage


may occur after the engine experienced an abnormal
operating problem.The following list provides the
conditions where a complete HPC borescope inspection
should be performed:
- HPC stall
(this may occur during engine acceleration).
- Foreign Object Damage (FOD).
- High level of vibration of the N2 rotor.
- N2 rotor overspeed.
- Heavy landing.
- Oil fumes detected in cabin air.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 24
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

STAGES 4 TO 9
WEAR
LEADING
EDGE

DENT

LOOSE
LOCKING
LUGS

DISTORTION
FORWARD

NICK

EROSION
CRACK

STAGE 1
LEADING
EDGE

MISSING
CORNER

CHIPPED, WORN
ANTI EROSION
COATING (CONCAVE
SIDE)

TIP CURL

LEADING
EDGE
SCRATCHES

CRACK

TEAR
SHINGLING

STAGES 2 TO 9
FOD

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
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Page 25
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR INSPECTION


Functional Description
Inspection Areas
On the High Pressure Compressor rotor blades there are
specific inspection areas for each stage.
They are divided into 2 major groups:
- Rotor blades Stages 1 to 4
- Rotor blades Stages 5 to 9
Critical inspection areas are not dimensionally identical
for each stage. On the blades, there are 3 particular areas
which are dimensionally defined:
The lower area of the airfoil
This is the blade root radius area, plus the area
which extends toward the blade tip and wraps
around the L/E and the T/E for approximately 25%
of the height of the airfoil (L) and up to 0.10 (2.54)
width.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

The top area of the airfoil


This is the portion of the blade which starts from
the tip of the blade and which extends toward the
blade platform and wraps around L/E and T/L for
approximately 0.3 in (7.62 mm)
This area is divided in 2 different parts:
- the tip
- area A
Other Sections
This area is the rest of the airfoil.
- For stages 1 to 4 this is the remaining section of the
blade.
- For stages 5 to 9 this is the section which wraps
- around L/E and T/E (area B).

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 26
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

0.30
(7.62)

0.10
(2.54)
SEE C
TIP

AIRFOIL
CENTER
PANEL

0.30
(7.62)

SEE B

B
(STAGES 5-9)
B
(STAGES 5-9)

0.10
(2.54)

TRAINING MANUAL

TIP
ANY QUANTITY
OF DAMAGE
IS PERMITTED

0.10
(2.54)

SEE THE LIMITS


FOR MISSING TIP
CONERS AND TIP CURL
THAT EXTEND IN
THIS AREA

AREA A

0.20
(5.08)

0.06
(1.52)
0.10 (2.54) DEFINES
CENTER PANEL

25% OF L

25% OF L

SEE A

PLATFORM
AIRFOIL ROOT
RADIUS AREA

EXAMPLE DOVETAIL

0.30
(7.62)
(STAGES 5-9)

CHORD
PERCENT

MISSING
TIP CORNER

TIP
CURL
NICK

A
AIRFOIL

NORMAL LEADING
EDGE CONTOUR

NICK
DEPTH

DENT
AIRFOIL ROOT
RADIUS

PLATFORM

DENT DEFLECTION
FROM ORIGINAL
CONTOUR
DENT
DEPTH

HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR BLADE INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 27
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


Functional Description (4.D.a)
Scheduled Inspection
During a scheduled inspection of the (SAC) combustor,
inspect the combustion chamber through ports S13 and
S15.

Note: if defects are found during this inspection, a


complete inspection of the combustion chamber is
performed.

Borescope inspection of the CFM56 combustion chamber


assembly may be accomplished using probes 1, 2, 3 and
4.

Unscheduled Inspection
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
the engine experienced a particular operating problem,
then an unscheduled inspection must be performed.

Probe 2 (yellow) is recommended for general viewing of


the combustion chamber, especially the dome area.
Probe 3 (green) is recommended for viewing
circumferentially around the combustion chamber and
the inner liner near the borescope ports.

During an unscheduled inspection, inspect the


combustion chamber through ports S12, S13, S14 S15,
plus igniter ports S10 and S11 and map the defects on
the special reporting form.

Probe 4 (blue) is recommended for viewing the outer liner


around the borescope port.
Probe 1 (blue, hi-mag) is recommended for viewing the aft
end of the combustion chamber inner and outer liners and
for evaluating defects found when using probes 2, 3, or 4.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 28
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

FORWARD

TRAINING MANUAL
S10, S11,
S12, S13,
S14,
S15

RIGID
BORESCOPE

COMBUSTION CHAMBER
PROBE 2 (YELLOW) : GENERAL VIEW COMBUSTION CHAMBER, DOME AREA.
PROBE 3 (GREEN) : INNNER LINER.
PROBE 4 (BLUE) : OUTER LINER.
PROBE 1 (BLACK) : AFT END OF COMBUSTION CHAMBER.

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 29
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical Defects
Whenever the combustion chamber is inspected, the
following defects should be assessed with the aircraft
maintenance manual serviceability limits:
- Cracks or tears,
- Erosion,
- Distortion of internal parts,
- Missing material,
- Dirt buildup,
- Burn through holes,
- Flaking of Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC).
Combustion chamber damage may occur after the
engine experienced a particular operating problem. The
following list provides conditions where a complete
borescope inspection should be performed:

Inspect for defects in the 3 following areas:


- dome assembly
- outer liner
- inner liner
Training Tip:
Carbon deposits are often misinterpreted as defects
(holes or burn through, cracks, etc.). Use the high
magnification probe, and higher light intensity to confirm
the type of defect.
The aft panel of the inner liner is susceptible to distortion
and cracking. The first evidence of this is a discoloration
in a round spot approximately the size of the large dilution
hole, which is followed by distortion and cracking. This
usually occurs uniformly around the liner.

- Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected


bird ingestion.
- An engine over temperature occurred.
- Flame out, and/or visible engine fire (flame)
during engine start.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 30
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

DOME ASSEMBLY

TYPICAL
RADIAL
CRACKS

TYPICAL
CIRCUMFERENTIAL
CRACKS

SPECTACLE
PLATE
TYPICAL
CONNECTED
CRACKS
TYPICAL
RADIAL
CRACKS

TYPICAL
RADIAL
CRACKS

SLEEVE

TYPICAL
MISSING
MATERIAL

TYPICAL
CIRCUMFERENTIAL
CRACKS

MISSING MATERIAL
BETWEEN THE CRACKS

SPECTACLE
PLATE

SLEEVE

DEFLECTOR

BURN
THROUGH
H0LE

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 31
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical Defects
(Continued)

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 32
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

IGNITER
HOLE

TRAINING MANUAL

EXAMPLE OF
A BURN
THROUGH
HOLE

EXAMPLE OF
A CRACK AT THE
IGNITER HOLE

EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS
ACROSS
4 PANELS

EXAMPLE OF
3 CRACKS ACROSS
ONE PANEL

LINERS

EXAMPLE
OF MISSING
OVERHANG

DOME
BAND

PANEL
1

PANEL
2

PANEL PANEL
3
4

EXAMPLE OF AN AXIAL
CRACK CONNECTED TO
A CIRCUMFERENTIAL
CRACK

PANEL
5
EXAMPLE OF BURN
THROUGH HOLE

LINERS

EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS ACROSS
3 PANELS

DILUTION
HOLES

EXAMPLE OF
CRACKS ACROSS
MORE THAN 3
PANELS
DOME
BAND

PANEL
1

PANEL
2

PANEL
3

PANEL
4

COMBUSTION CHAMBER (SAC) INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 33
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT Nozzle INSPECTION


Functional Description (4.D.a)
Scheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe
During a scheduled inspection, inspect HPT nozzles
through ports S13 and S15. This inspection is normally
carried out in conjunction with the combustion chamber
inspection.
Use probe N 1 (black, high magnification) to inspe ct the
HPT nozzle segments. The high intensity light source is
used to accurately inspect the HPT nozzles.
Insert the probe into the borescope ports and inspect the
leading edges of the nozzle segments.

Unscheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe


If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem,
then perform an unscheduled inspection.
For the HPT nozzles, use ports S12, S13, S14 and S15
plus igniters ports S10 and S11.
Use probe N1 (black, high magnification) to inspec t the
HPT nozzle segments concave sides and leading edges.

Note: If defects are found, a complete inspection of the


combustion chamber and the nozzles has to be
performed.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 34
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

FUEL
NOZZLE
BORESCOPE PORTS:
- S13, S15 (SCHEDULED)
- S10, S11, S12, S14

OUTER PLATFORM
VANE AIRFOIL
A
INNER PLATFORM

RIGID
BORESCOPE
PROBE 1

NOTE:
NUMBER OF VANES: 42.
(21 SEGMENTS OF 2 VANES EACH.)

CONCAVE SIDE
A
NOSE
HOLES
VANETRAILING
EDGE

OUTER PLATFORM
VANE LEADING EDGE
COOLING SLOTS
INNER PLATFORM

GILL
H0LES

HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION RIGID PROBE


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 35
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT Nozzle INSPECTION


Functional Description
Unscheduled Inspection - Flexible probe
Use the flexible probe with a guide tube to inspect the
HPT nozzle segments on the convex sides, the trailing
edges and the platforms.
CAUTION: BE CAREFUL NOT TO INSERT THE
BORESCOPE BETWEEN BLADES WHILE ROTATING
THE ROTOR. THIS ACTION WILL RESULT IN BREAKAGE
OF THE BORESCOPE PROBE AND MAY REQUIRE
DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENGINE TO REMOVE THE
BROKEN PIECE.

Carefully push the flexible probe into the guide tube to


inspect the next HPT nozzle segment.
Insert the guide tube in another borescope port and
repeat the previous steps. Map the defects on the special
reporting form.
Tip:
It is more convenient to use the left borescope port (S12)
to inspect the bottom left hand side of the engine, and port
(S14), to inspect the nozzle right hand side.

Insert the guide tube 856A1310 (blue) or 856A1351 (red),


and position it between two nozzle vanes.
Carefully insert the flexible probe into the guide tube and
monitor the probe insertion in between the nozzle vanes.
Inspect the convex side and trailing edge.
Then inspect the inner and outer platforms by turning the
flexible probe inside the guide tube.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 36
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

COMBUSTOR CASE

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT SHROUD

IGNITER PLUG PORT

GUIDE TUBE
FOR FLEXIBLE
BORESCOPE

ROLL FEED FLEX


PROBE IN THIS
DIRECTION
ONLY

HPTN TRAILING
EDGE INSPECTION

HPTN INNER
PLATFORM INSPECTION

HPTN UPPER
PLATFORM INSPECTION

HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION FLEXIBLE PROBE


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 37
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical Defects
Whenever the High Pressure Turbine nozzle is inspected,
the following defects should be assessed with the AMM
serviceability limits:
- Discoloration (anywhere)
- Leading edge damage for
crack
burns and/or bulges
blocked cooling air passages
- Concave and convex surfaces
cracks
- Trailing edge damage
bulking and/or bowing
cracks
- Other airfoil areas
cracks
nicks, scores, scratches, or dents
- Inner and outer platforms
burns
cracks

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

- Missing thermal barrier coating,


- Erosion,
- Bulked or bowed trailing edges,
- Spalled areas,
- Craze cracks, and metal splatter,
- Missing material,
- Dirty airfoils.
Abnormal Engine Events
HPT nozzle damage may occur after the engine
experienced an abnormal operating problem. The
following list provides the conditions where a complete
borescope inspection should be performed:
- Over temperature,
- Engine stalls,
- EGT trend step increase.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 38
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

TRAILING EDGE
CORNER PIECE MISSING

OUTER
PLATFORM
AIRFOIL
TRAILING
EDGE

TRAILING EDGE CRACK


WITH BURNT / MISSING
MATERIAL

LEADING EDGE
BURN / MISSING
MATERIAL

TRAILING EDGE
AXIAL CRACK
AIRFOIL
LEADING
EDGE
INNER
PLATFORM

HPT NOZZLE INSPECTION TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 39
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD


INSPECTION
Functional Description (4.D.a)
Scheduled Inspection - Rigid Probe
During a scheduled inspection, inspect the HPT rotor
blade T/E through ports S16 and S17and the rear portion
of the HPT shroud.
First, go through the HPC port S4 and use probe N3
(green) to perform the N2 rotor zero index position
procedure.
Once the core rotor is indexed, inspect the HPT blade
T/E, tips, concave and convex sides through the S16 and
S17 ports.
Use probes 2, 3 and 4. Probe N2 (yellow) is used f or
general inspection. Probes N3 (green) and N4 (blu e)
are used to carry out a detailed inspection of the platform
and tip areas.
If defects are found, an inspection of the L/E has to be
performed.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 40
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

S16, S17

RIGID
BORESCOPE

SCHEDULED INSPECTION:
PROBE 2 : GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 : PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 : TIP INSPECTION
PROBE 1 : DEFECT ASSESSMENT

HPT
BLADES

HPT
SHROUD

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD INSPECTION RIGID PROBE


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 41
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD


INSPECTION
Functional Description
Unscheduled Inspection - Flexible Probe
If defects are found during a scheduled inspection, or if
the engine experienced an abnormal operating problem,
then perform an unscheduled inspection.
First, go through the HPC port S4 and use the rigid probe
N3 (green) to perform the N2 rotor zero index posi tion
procedure.
If not already done, look through the S16 and S17 ports.
Use probes 2, 3 and 4 and inspect platform and tip areas.
During an unscheduled inspection, inspect the HPT
blade L/E and the forward part of the HPT shroud.
You use the flexible probe with the guide tube.
Insert the guide tube 856A1310 or 856A1351 through the
S10 or S11 ports, and position it between two nozzle
vanes.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Carefully insert the flexible probe into the guide tube and
monitor the probe insertion in between the nozzle vanes.
Guide the tip of the flexible probe between the nozzle
vanes by using the tip deflection control and position it to
see the L/E of the HPT blades.
Perform the inspection of the blades (rotate the core),
then the inspection of the HPT shroud segments
CAUTION: BE CAREFUL NOT TO INSERT THE
BORESCOPE BETWEEN BLADES WHILE ROTATING
THE ROTOR. THIS ACTION WILL RESULT IN BREAKAGE
OF THE BORESCOPE PROBE AND MAY REQUIRE
DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENGINE TO REMOVE THE
BROKEN PIECE.
Map the defects on the special reporting form.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 42
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL
S16, S17

COMBUSTION CASE
IGNITER
PLUG PORT

RIGID
BORESCOPE

GUIDE TUBE
FOR FLEXIBLE
BORESCOPE

T/E SCHEDULED INSPECTION:


PROBE 2 : GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 : PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 : TIP INSPECTION
PROBE 1 : DEFECT ASSESSMENT

HPTR L/E MAGNIFIED VIEW


MULTI-PASS INSPECTION

HPT SHROUD

HPT BLADES

DO NOT ROTATE N2!

WIDE ANGLE OF VIEW


SINGLE PASS

MAGNIFIED VIEW
CONCAVE AIRFOIL

HPTR TIP MAGNIFIED VIEW

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD INSPECTION FLEXIBLE PROBE


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 43
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD


INSPECTION
Functional Description
Typical Defects
Whenever borescope inspections of the HPT section are
required, the following defects may be observed and
should be assessed with the serviceability limits in the
AMM.
These are typical defects to look for:
-Trailing edge
cracks.
- Tip area
cracks,
bent, curled, or missing pieces,
tip trailing edge wear.
- Blade platform
nicks and dents,
cracks.
- Concave and convex airfoil surfaces
cracks,
distortion,
burning.
- Cooling holes
cracks,
plugging.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Abnormal Engine Events


HPT blade damage may occur after the engine
experienced an abnormal operating problem. The
following list provides the conditions where a complete
borescope inspection should be performed:
- Core stall (N2)
- Over temperature
- Metal in the tailpipe
- N2 overspeed, abnormal core vibrations, hard
landing.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 44
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

PLUGGED HOLES

TRAINING MANUAL

WORN TIP

MISSING
MATERIAL
RADIAL
CRACK

BURN
THROUGH
HOLE

DISCOLORATION,
OVERHEATING

REMAINING SLOT
BLADE TIP
WEAR

NICKS

MISSING
MATERIAL

L/E CRACK

T/E
CRACK

CRACK BETWEEN
HOLES

HPT ROTOR BLADE INSPECTION TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 45
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

HPT ROTOR BLADES AND HPT SHROUD


INSPECTION
Functional Description
HPT Rotor Blade Inspection Areas
On the High Pressure Turbine rotor blade, specific areas
of inspection are defined.
These are:
-Area C: All around the blade, extending from the
first T/E slot just above the root fillet, toward the tip
of the blade, up to the sixth T/E slot.
-Area B: All around the blade, extending from the
seventh T/E slot, toward the tip of the blade, up to
the twelfth T/E slot.
-Area A: All around the blade, extending from the
thirteenth T/E slot, up to the tip film holes.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 46
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

TIP
AREA

AREA A
(ALL
AROUND)

T/E
AIR
SLOTS

AREA B
(ALL
AROUND)

T/E SLOTS 7
THROUGH 12

AREA C

ROOT
FILLET

(ALL
AROUND)

1st 6 T/E
SLOTS

CAVITY 2
ROW 1

ROW 2
ROW 3

CONVEX SIDE

ROW 4
LEADING
EDGE AREA

ROW 5

ROW 6
ROW 7

CONCAVE SIDE
NOTES:
1. ROW 1, 6-8 (GILL COOLING HOLES)
2. ROW 2-5 (NOSE COOLING HOLES)

0.50

TRAILING
EDGE AREA

ROW 8

HPT ROTOR BLADE - INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 47
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description (4.D.a)
Typical Defects
Whenever the blades are inspected, the following defects
should be assessed against the Aircraft Maintenance
Manual serviceability limits:
- Cracks in the airfoil surface, platform, or tip shroud.
- Convex and/or concave surfaces nicks and dents.
- Leading edge distortion due to over temperature.
- Large dent, or pieces of metal missing.
- Metallization of the leading edges and/or concave
surface. (Gold coloration).
- Gaps in the tip shroud interlocks.
- Shingled or unlatched tip shroud.
- Circumferential wear.
- Seal teeth wear.
- Flaking on the hardened seal teeth.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Abnormal Engine Events


LPT rotor blade damage may occur after the engine
experienced an abnormal operating condition. The
following list provides the conditions where a complete
LPT borescope inspection should be performed:
- Engine stall (This may occur during engine
acceleration HPC or deceleration LPC).
- Foreign Object Damage (FOD) and suspected bird
ingestion.
- High level of vibration on the N1 rotor.
- N1 rotor overspeed.
- Engine over temperature.
- When flames are seen out of nozzle during start
procedure.

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 48
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

CRACK IN
SHROUD
WEAR
LEADING
EDGE
LEADING
EDGE

TRAILING
EDGE

TRAILING
EDGE

NICK
DENT

MISSING
MATERIAL

DISTORTION

MELTED
AREA
GOLD
COLORATION
OVERTEMPERATURE
CRACK

CRACK IN
PLATFORM

LPT BLADE INSPECTION TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 49
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description
The LPT rotor blades (all stages) are long span blades. To
inspect the total length, and airfoil surface, it is necessary
to use the following method:
- Perform the N1 rotor zero index procedure.
- To inspect the leading edge and concave side of the
LPT blades, turn the rotor in the normal direction of
rotation ( CW aft looking forward ).
-To inspect the trailing edge and the convex side of
the LPT blades, turn the rotor in the opposite
direction of rotation ( CCW aft looking forward ).
-The LPT rotor blades are inspected starting at the
blade platform, turning the rotor one revolution, then,
pulling the probe back to the next inspection area.
Repeat this operation until the entire blade is inspected.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 50
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

MOVING THE PROBE IN AND OUT ALLOWS


FULL VIEWING OF THE COMPONENTS

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 51
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description
Scheduled Inspection
An evaluation of the condition of the LPT blades may be
required as part of the On condition Engine Maintenance
program.
Inspection of the leading edges and the concave sides of
the stage 1 LPT blades may be performed during the
inspection of the HPT blade trailing edges.
Borescope plugs S16, S17, are removed and an initial
overall inspection, using the yellow probe may be
performed to evaluate the blade condition.
Use probes 2 , 3 and 4 (yellow, green and blue) to inspect
the blade roots and tips of the blades.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 52
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

STAGE 1
LPT NOZZLE

S16, S17

SCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW) : GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 (GREEN) : PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 (BLUE) : TIP INSPECTION
PROBE 1 (BLACK) : DEFECT ASSESSMENT

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE SCHEDULED INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 53
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description
Unscheduled Inspections
When inspection of the Low Pressure Turbine section is
required, check the condition of all the LPT stages.
Remove the borescope plug S18 and inspect the trailing
edge of the first stage rotor blades. Use probes N2,3 and
4. To get a better evaluation of the defects, you may use
probe N 1 (black) where possible. This port is als o used
to carry out the inspection of stage 2 LPT blade leading
edges.
Repeat the same operation for borescope ports S19 and
S20.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 54
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

S16, S17

UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION
PROBE 2 (YELLOW) : GENERAL INSPECTION
PROBE 3 (GREEN) : PLATFORM INSPECTION
PROBE 4 (BLUE) : TIP INSPECTION
PROBE 1 (BLACK) : DEFECT ASSESSMENT

S18

S19
S20

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE UNSCHEDULED INSPECTION


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 55
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description
Typical Defects
For inspection of stage 4 turbine blades, in addition to the
regular defects described, the following defects can also
be found:
- No more axial preload on the tip shroud assembly.
- Tip shroud interlock wear.
- Wear on the lateral faces of the tip shroud.
- Tip shroud not flush.
- Peeling airfoil surfaces and leading and trailing
edges.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 56
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

SEE
A

TRAINING MANUAL

CLEARANCE

TIP SHROUD
INTERLOCK WEAR
TIP SHROUD INTERLOCK GAPS
A
SEE D
NOT ALIGNED

SEE C

UNLATCHED
TIP SHROUDS OR
UNLATCHED
INTERLOCKS

SEE B

NO CLEARANCE

OUT OF FLUSH
SHINGLED
TIP SHROUDS
TIP SHROUDS
OR SHINGLED C
INTERLOCKS

CLEARANCE AT MATE
FACE

LATERAL FACES WEAR

INTERLOCK WEAR AT A 45 DEG. ANGLE


CLEARANCE

A-A
A

A-A

B-B
A
SHINGLING

OUT OF
FLUSH
OFFSET

LPT BLADE STAGE 4 TYPICAL DEFECTS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 57
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

LOW PRESSURE TURBINE INSPECTION


Functional Description
Inspection Areas
On the LPT blades, there are 2 specific areas which are
dimensionally defined through section letters:
- Area E (tip of the blade):
- Portion of the blade airfoil starting from the bottom of
the tip shroud extending toward the blade
platform for approximately, 10 millimeters or 0.4
inch for stage 1, and 5 millimeters or 0.2 inch
for stage 3.
- Area E (bottom of the blade):
Portion of the blade airfoil starting from the top of the
blade platform and extending toward the
blade tip for approximately, 10 millimeters or 0.4
inch for stage 1, and 12 millimeters or 0.47
inch for stages 2, 3 and 4.
- Other Sections:
This is the remaining section of the blade which is all
L/E and T/E not including sections E.

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 58
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL
SEAL TEETH

SEAL TEETH

AREA E

SEAL TEETH
AREA E

SEAL TEETH
LEADING
EDGE

LEADING
EDGE

LEADING
EDGE
AREA E

TRAILING
EDGE

LEADING
EDGE
AREA E

AREA E

STAGE 1

AREA E

STAGE 2

AREA E

STAGE 3

STAGE 4

LPT BLADE INSPECTION AREAS


EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 59
Jan 98

CFM56-2A/2B/2C

TRAINING MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

EFFECTIVITY
B737-600, -700, -800, -900, -BBJ, COMBI, C40A/ALL
CFMI PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

72-00-00
BORESCOPE INSPECTION

Page 60
Jan 98