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JNTU previous papers old papers supplementary regular papers ist year 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 first year second year third year fourth year semester cse ece it eee mechanical civil

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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1. A copper bar 50 mm in diameter is placed with a steel tube 75 mm external diameter

and 50 mm internal diameter of exactly the same length. The two pieces are rigidly

fixed together by two pins 18 mm in diameter, one at each end passing through the

bar and tube. Calculate the stress induced in the copper bar, steel tube and pins

if the temperature of the combination is raised by 50%. Take

Es = 210 GN /m2 ; Ec = 105 GN /m2 αs = 11.5 × 10−6 /o C and αc = 17 × 10−6 /o C.

i. Load factor

[16]

iii. size factor.

(b) A circular bar of 500 m.m length is supported freely at it two ends. It is acted

upon by a central concentrated cyclic load having a minimum value of 20 kN

and a maximum value of 50 kN. Determine the diameter of the bar by taking

a factor of safty of 1.5, size effect of 0.85, surface finish factor of 0.9. The

material properties of bar are given by: ultimate strength of 650 Mpa, yield

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strength of 500 Mpa and endurance strength of 350 Mpa. [6+10]

3. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of welded joints over riveted joints.

(b) A plate of 100mm wide and 10mm thick is to be welded with another plate

by means of a transverse welds at the ends. If the plates are subjected to a

load of 70 kN, find the size of the weld for static as well as fatigue load. The

permissible tensile stress should not exceed 70 MPa. [6+10]

4. (a) Derive an expression for the maximum load in a bolt when a bracket with

circular base is bolted to a wall by means of four bolts.

(b) Explain the method of determining the size of the bolt when the bracket carries

an eccentric load perpendicular to the axis of the bolt. [8+8]

5. (a) What is the difference between a cotter and key? Why a single taper is provide

in cotter and not on both sides? Discuss the advantages and limitations of

cotter joint.

(b) Design a cotter joint with two gibs to transmit an axial force of 130 kN. The

permissible stresses are 165 MPa in tension; 100 M Pa in shear and 180 MPa

in crushing. [8+8]

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6. (a) What is the effect of keyway on:

i. strength of shaft,

ii. Torsional rigidity of Shaft.

(b) Determine the inside and outside diameters of a hollow shaft, which will re-

place a solid shaft of diameter 50mm. Both the shafts are made of the same

material. The hollow shaft should be equally strong in torsion, yet the weight

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should be half of the solid shaft. [6+10]

Use the following stress values:

Shear stress =50MPa(shaft and key)

30MPa(pin)

Crushing stress =90MPa (key)

Bearing pressure=0.45N/mm2 (rubber bush). [16]

(b) A lift system is provided with cushion springs at the bottom of lift. The lift is

free to fall. Springs are set in parallel. Specify the required number of springs

if the lift has free fall of 1.5m from rest.

Weight of lift = 30kN

Allowable deflection per spring = 370 mm

Number of active turns =15

Spring mean coil diameter =30 mm

Spring wire diameter = 30mm

Modulus of rigidity for spring =80Gpa. [6+10]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. A load on a bolt consists of an axial pull of 10 k N together with a transver shear

force of 5 kN. Find the diameter of bolt required according to

(b) Maximum shear stress theory

(c) Max-principal strain theory

(d) Maximum strain energy theory.

Take permissible tensile stress at elastic limit=100 Mpa and Poisson’s ratio=0.3.

[16]

(b) A steel rod is subjected to a reversed axial load of 180 kN. Find the diameter

of the rod for a factor of safty of 2. Neglect column action. The material

has an ultimate tensile strength of 1070 Mpa and yield strength of 910 Mpa.

The endurance limit is reversed bending may be assumed to be one half of the

ultimate tensile strength. The correction factors are as follows.

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Load factor =0.7; surface finish factor=0.8

Size factor =0.85; stress concentration factor = 1. [6+10]

(b) A double riveted lap joint is made between 15mm thick plates. The rivet

diameter and pitch are 25mm and 75mm respectively. If the ultimate stresses

are 400 MPa in tension and 320 MPa in shear and 640 MPa in crushing, find

the minimum force per inch, which will rupture the joint. If the above joint

is subjected to a load such that the factor of safety is 4, find out the actual

stresses developed in the plates and the rivets. [6+10]

carries a load of 50 KN at a distance of 150 mm from the center of column. If the

maximum stress in the bolts is to be limited to 150 MPa determine the diameter

of bolt. [16]

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www.andhracolleges.com Figure 4

5. (a) What is the difference between a knuckle and a cotter joint? Where is the use

of knuckle joint is best suited, give some examples of its use.

(b) Two mild steel rods of 36mm diameter are to be connected by means of a

cotter joint. The ends of the rod to be suitably enlarged by forging. The

thickness of the cotter is 12mm. Calculate the dimensions of the joint, if the

permissible stresses are 60MPa in tension, 45MPa in shear, and 90MPa in

compression. [6+10]

moment of 1500N-m and a maximum bending moment of 3000N-m. Neglecting

the axial load on the shaft, determine the diameter of the shaft, if the allowable

shear stress is 50N/mm2 . Assume Kb = 1.5 and Kt = 1.2. If the shaft is to be a

hollow one with di /do =4, what will be the material saving in the hollow shaft. It is

subjected to the same loading and of the same material as the solid shaft. Compare

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the torsional stiffness of the two shafts. [16]

7. Design a bushed-pin type flexible coupling for connecting a motor shaft to a pump

shaft, with the following service conditions:

Power to be transmitted=40kW

Speed of the motor shaft=1000rpm

Diameter of motor and pump shafts=45mm

Bearing pressure on the rubber bush=0.7N/mm2

Allowable stress in the pins=60MPa. [16]

of 50mm diameter. The spring undergoes a deflection of 40 mm under the load.

Determine the diameter of the wire and the number of turns required, Use C-60

steel with a factor of safety 2. [16]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Classify the various types Machine Design.

(b) What is the procedure adopted in the design of Machine elements.

moment of 565 N-m to 1130 N-m as the axial load varies from 4500 N to 13500N.

The maximum bending moment occurs at the same instant that the axial load

is maximum. Determine the required diameter of the rod for a factor of safty 2.

Neglect any stress concentration and column effect. Assuming ultimate strength =

550 Mpa, yield strength =470Mpa, size factor=0.85, surface finish factor = 0.89.

Correlation factors = 0.1 for bending and 0.7 for axial load. The endurance limit

[6+10]

is reversed bending may be taken as one half the ultimate strength. [16]

3. A low carbon steel plate of 0.7m width welded to a structure of similar material

by means of two parallel fillet welds of 0.112 m length (each) is subjected to an

eccentric loa of 4000N, the line of action of which has a distance of 1.5m from the

center of gravity of the weld group. Design the required thickness of the plate when

the allowable stress of the weld metal is 60 Mpa and that of the plate is 40 Mpa.

[16]

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4. (a) Define the following terms with necessary sketch.

i. Major diameter

ii. Minor diameter

iii. Pitch

iv. Lead.

(b) Derive an expression for the maxim load in a bolt. When a bracket with a

circular base is bolted to a wall by means of four bolts. [8+8]

5. (a) Describe the purpose of gib in cotter joint? What are the applications of cotter

joints?

(b) Design a knuckle joint to transmit 140 kN, with permissible stresses in tension;

shear and compression are 75 M Pa; 60 M Pa and 150 M Pa respectively.

[6+10]

6. Design a line shaft transmitting power to two machine tools. The power received

by the shaft is 30kW at 300 rpm. The power absorbed by pulley P1 is 12 kW

and the remaining power is absorbed by pulley P2 . The diameter of pulley P1 is

300mm and its mass is 40Kg. the diameter and mass of pulley P2 are 600mm and

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75Kg respectively. Assume the belt tension ratio of 2 for both pulleys and the

shaft material as 30C8 steel with Km = 2 and Kt = 1.5. Draw the B.M and torque

diagram’s. Assuming maximum shear stress theory. [16]

7. (a) The bolt in the flange coupling should be made weaker than the other com-

ponents of coupling, Why?

(b) In a flange shaft coupling having 37.5mm bore it is desired that torsional

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stress in the shaft will not exceed 25 N/mm2 . The outside diameter of the

coupling limited by space is 200mm. There are three 15mm bolts on a bolt

circle diameter of 140mm. The radial flange thickness is 18mm. Determine

the following:

i. The power that may be transmitted at 600 rev/min.

ii. The shearing stress in the bolts.

iii. The bearing pressure on the bolts. [4+12]

8. A semi elliptical laminted spring is to carry of load of 5000N and consists 8 leaves 46

mm wide, two of the leaves being of full length. The spring is to be made 1000mm

between the eyes and is held at the center by a 60mm wide band. Assume that the

spring is initially stressed so as to induce an equal stress of 500N/mm2 when fully

loaded. Design the spring

(b) Eye diameter

(c) Length of leaves

(d) Maximum deflection and camber.

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Assume E = 2.1×105 N/mm2 . [4×4=16]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Write short notes on free cutting steel and stainless steel.

(b) State the alloying elements added to steel and the effects they produce in steel.

m clockwise to 110 N-m counter clock wise and an applied bending moment at a

critical section varies from 440 N-m to -220 N-m. The shaft is of uniform cross-

[8+8]

2. A hot rolled steel shaft is subjected to a torsional moment that varies from 330N-

section and no key is present at the critical section. Determine the required shaft

diameter. The material has an ultimate strength of 550 M N/m2 and a yield

strength of 410M N/m2 . Take the endurance limit as half the ultimate strength,

factor of safty of 2, size factor of 0.85 and surface finish factor of 0.62. [16]

3. (a) What is the difference between Caulking and fullering? Explain with the help

of neat sketches.

(b) A double riveted double cover butt joint is made in 12mm thick plates with

18mm diameter rivets. Find the efficiency of the joint for a pitch of 80mm, if

σt = 115MPa; τ = 80MPa; and σc = 160Mpa. [6+10]

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4. Determine the size of the bolts and the thickness of the arm for the bracket as

shown in the figure 4, if it carries a load of 40 KN at an anlge of 600 to the vertical.

The material of the bracket and the bolt is same for which the safe stresses can be

assumed as 70,50 and 105 MPa in tension, shear and compression respectively. [16]

Figure 4

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5. (a) What is the difference between a cotter and key? Why a single taper is provide

in cotter and not on both sides? Discuss the advantages and limitations of

cotter joint.

(b) Design a cotter joint with two gibs to transmit an axial force of 130 kN. The

permissible stresses are 165 MPa in tension; 100 M Pa in shear and 180 MPa

in crushing. [8+8]

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6. Design a line shaft transmitting power to two machine tools. The power received

by the shaft is 30kW at 300 rpm. The power absorbed by pulley P1 is 12 kW

and the remaining power is absorbed by pulley P2 . The diameter of pulley P1 is

300mm and its mass is 40Kg. the diameter and mass of pulley P2 are 600mm and

75Kg respectively. Assume the belt tension ratio of 2 for both pulleys and the

shaft material as 30C8 steel with Km = 2 and Kt = 1.5. Draw the B.M and torque

diagram’s. Assuming maximum shear stress theory. [16]

7. Design a cast iron protective type flange coupling to connect two shafts in order to

transmit 7.5kW at 720rpm. The following permissible stresses may be used:

Permissible shear stress for shaft, bolt and key material=33MPa

Permissible crushing stress for shaft, bolt and key material=60MPa

Permissible shear stress for the cast iron=15MPa. [16]

(b) A spring for spring balance is to elongate 100mm, when subjected to a load of

200N. Assume that the mean diameter of the coil is to be 6 times the diameter

of the wire and the maximum stress to be induced is limited to 400N/mm2 .

Determine the diameter for the wire, for the coil and the number of coils

required and length of spring. Modulus of rigidity G= 0.8 ×105 N/mm2 .

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[4+12]

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