Continuity and Bernoulli

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Continuity and Bernoulli

© All Rights Reserved

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EXERCISE SHEET 6

Continuity, Bernoulli

6.1 The open tank shown in Figure Q6.1 contains water and is being filled

through section 1 at v1 = 3 m/s and through section 3 at V3 = 0.01 m3/s. If

the water level h is constant determine the exit velocity v2.

h

1

d1 = 5 cm

2

d2 = 7 cm

d

Figure Q6.1

[ 4.13 m/s]

6.2 Oil of specific gravity 0.91 enters at section 1 in Figure Q5.4 at a flow of

25 kg/hour to lubricate a thrust bearing. The steady oil flow exits

radially through the narrow clearance (2mm) between thrust plates.

Calculate:

a. the outlet volume flux in ml/s, and

b. the average outlet velocity in cm/s.

= 10 cm

Two circular discs

h = 2 mm

Figure Q6.2

[ a) 7.63 ml/s, b) 1.21 cm/s

1 = 3 mm

3m

6.3 Water (density 1000 kg/m3) flows through a pipe (1) of diameter 37 mm

at a mean speed of 2.9 m/s and a pressure of 1.1 bar.]

a) Calculate the volume flowrate.

b) The pipe contracts to a diameter (2) of 28 mm. Find the velocity and

pressure in this section of pipe assuming that the density is constant

throughout.

c) The smaller diameter section of pipe then rises by 3 m. Find the

velocity and pressure in the pipe at this height (3).

2 Figure Q6.3

with a vertical axis (see Figure Q6.4). The inlet diameter is 300 mm, the

throat diameter is 150 mm and the discharge coefficient is 0.97. A

differential pressure transducer is fitted between, tappings at the inlet

and at the throat, the vertical distance between the tappings being

750 mm. What will be the reading on the transducer when the mass flow

rate is 60 kg/s?

Figure Q6.4

[ 13.17 kPa]

6.5 An orifice plate flow meter is placed in a vertical pipe carrying water, as

shown in Figure 2. The pressure tappings 1 and 2 are connected by small

bore pipes filled with water to a vertical U-tube manometer containing

mercury (density 13600 kg/m3). The mass flow rate of water is 20 kg/s and

the flow coefficient of the orifice is 0.6 with the given geometry.

a) Using the orifice mass flow rate equation, evaluate the change of

piezometric head from plane 1 to plane 2.

b) Calculate the pressure difference p2 p1.

c) Show that the change of piezometric head,

w

water respectively.

d) Evaluate z m

0.1 m

0.1 m

0.05 m

0.07 m

Figure Q6.5

[ a) 2.91 m b) 30 kPa

d) 0.231 m]

zm

~

conveying methane ( M methane = 16). The pressure differential is to be read on

a U-tube manometer containing a paraffin of density 755 kg/m3. The

methane pressure is 4.5 bar and its temperature is 20C; the mass flow rate

is 1.5 kg/s. If the mean velocity in the pipe is 0.8 times the centreline

velocity, what will the manometer reading be? As pressure differences are

small you may assume the density of methane to be constant and should

calculate it using the Perfect Gas Law.

[ 81.7 mm]

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