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JNTU previous papers old papers supplementary regular papers ist year 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 first year second year third year fourth year semester cse ece it eee mechanical civil

JNTU previous papers old papers supplementary regular papers ist year 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 first year second year third year fourth year semester cse ece it eee mechanical civil

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- SFU PHYS 344 Lecture 1
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- materi termo-Chapter7
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- 12 - Thermodynamics
- Unit-11--POP-Heat Temp Heat Transfer Thermal Revised
- Thermo & Heat Transfer
- Thermo
- 1. Fundamental Concepts and Definitions
- Inversion of Distributed-Temperature-Sensing Logs to Measure Zonal Coverage During and After Wellbore Treatments With Coiled Tubing
- NUMERICAL MODELING of HYDRATION PROCESS and TEMPERATURE EVOLUTION in EARLY AGE CONCRETE Antonio Caggiano Marco Pepe , Eduard a.B. Koendersc Enzo Martinellib and Guillermo J. Etsed (Experimental Data for Validation)
- Entropy Analyses for Hyperbolic Heat Conduction Based on the Thermomass Model
- The Second Law of Thermodynamics
- ME-2000

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II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

THERMODYNAMICS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

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1. A gas expands according to the equation PV=100, where P is the pressure in KPa

and V is the specific volume in m3 /kg. The initial pressure of the gas is 1000 KPa

and the final pressure is 500 KPa. The gas is then heated at constant volume back

to its original pressure of 1000 KPa. Determine the work of combined process. Also

sketch the process on P-V coordinates.

stance?

[16]

(b) Establish the correlation between centigrade and Fahrenheit temperature scales.

[6+10]

(b) A reversible heat engine operating between the thermal reservoirs at 900 K and

300 K is used to drive a reversible refrigerator for which the temperature limits

are 300 K and 250 K. The engine absorbs 1800 KJ of energy as heat from the

reservoir at 900 K and the net output from the engine refrigerator system is

360 KJ. Make calculations for the heat extracted from the refrigerator cabinet

and the net heat rejected to the reservoir at 300 K. [6+10]

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4. (a) Draw and explain P-T diagram for H2 O and label various phases.

(b) Dry saturated steam at 100 bar expands isothermally and reversibly to a

pressure of 10 bar calculate the heat supplied per kg of steam [7+9]

5. (a) Deduce the relationship between absolute temperature and absolute pressure

in an adiabatic process.

(b) 1.5 kg of air at pressure 6 bar occupies a volume of 0.2m3 .If this air is expanded

to a volume of 1.1m3 . Find the work done and heat absorbed or rejected by

the air for each of the following methods of trying one the process.

i. isothermally

ii. Adiabatic ally [7+9]

and 1.5 Kg of nitrogen. Determine

i. Mass fraction of each component

ii. Mole fraction of each component

iii. Average molar mass of the mixture and

iv. Gas constant of the mixture.

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(b) Explain: partial molal properties [9+7]

7. (a) Drive an expression for the mean effective pressure of Diesel cycle.

(b) Define the following terms with respect to Dual cycle

i. Compression ratio

ii. Cut-off ratio

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iii. Expansion ratio

iv. Network of cycle. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain about the re-heating and refrigeration of a steam cycle with help of

neat diagrams?

(b) Obtain an expression for Joule’s cycle in terms of pressure ratio. [8+8]

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II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

THERMODYNAMICS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. A gas undergoes two processes that are in series. The first process is an expansion

that is carried out according to the law PV = constant, and the second process

is a Constant pressure process that returns the gas to the initial volume of the

first process. The start of the first process is at 400 KPa and 0.025 m3 with the

expansion to 200 KPa. Sketch the process on a P-V diagram, and determine the

work of the combined process.

2. (a) State the zeroth law of thermodynamics. Explain how it forms the basis for

temperature measurement?

(b) A closed system undergoes a thermodynamic cycle consisting of four separate

[16]

and distinct processes. The heat and work transferred in each process are as

tabulated below.

Process Heat Transfer in KJ/min Work transfer in KJ/min

1-2 20,000 0

2-3 -10,000 30,000

3-4 0 20,000

4-1 15,000 -25,000

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Show that the data is consistent with the first law of thermodynamics. Also evaluate

the net work output in KW and the change in internal energy. [6+10]

(b) What is a thermal energy reservoir?

(c) An engine operating on a Carnot cycle works with in temperature limits of

600 K and 300 K. If the engine receives 2000 KJ of heat, evaluate the work

done and thermal efficiency of the engine. [6+2+8]

4. (a) Determine entropy of 5 kg of steam at 2 MPa and 3000 C ,Take specific heat

of super heated steam as 2.1KJ/Kg.K

(b) Throttling colorimeter has steam entering to it at 10Mpa and coming out of

it at 0.05 MPa and 1000 C. Determine dryness fraction of steam. [8+8]

5. CO2 flows at a pressure of 10 bar and 1800 C into a turbine, located in a chemical

plant, and there it expands reversibly and adiabatic ally to a final pressure of

1.05 bar. Calculate the final specific volume, temperature and increase in entropy.

Neglect changes in velocity and elevation. If the mass flow rate is 6.5 kg/min.

Evaluate the heat transfer rate from the gas and the power delivered by the turbine.

Assume CO2 to be a perfect gas and Cv = 0.837kj/kg.K [16]

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6. (a) Explain Avagadro’ss laws of additive volumes.

(b) A psychrometric reads 360 C WBT and 400 C DBT. Find the humidity ratio,

relative humidity, dew point temperature, specific volume and enthalpy of air.

[7+9]

7. (a) For the same compression ratio, show that the efficiency of Otto cycle is greater

thanthat of Diesel cycle.

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(b) What is meant by Hot air Engine? Which air-standard cycle is used in study-

ing an Hot air engine? Explain it in detail. [6+10]

tion system. Also discuss the functions of each component.

(b) Discuss the effect of sub cooling on C.O.P.of the vapour compression refriger-

ation cycle. Would you derive large sub cooling and why? [8+8]

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2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

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II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

THERMODYNAMICS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) What is a thermodynamic system? What is the difference between a closed

system and an open system? Give few examples for closed and open systems.

(b) An engine cylinder has a piston of area 0.12 m2 and contains gas at a pressure

of 1.5 MPa. The gas expands according to a process which is represented by

a straight line on a pressure-volume diagram. The final pressure is 0.15 MPa.

Calculate the work done by the gas on the piston if the stroke is 0.30 m.[8+8]

the pressure in the fluid is linear function of volume (p = a+bv). The internal

energy of the fluid in kJ is given by the expression u = 32 + 3pv, where p is in kPa

and v is in m3 . The initial and final pressures are 150 KPa and 350 KPa and the

corresponding volumes are 0.02m3 and 0.05m3 . Make calculations for the direction

and magnitude of work and heat interactions. [16]

(b) What is a thermal energy reservoir?

(c) An engine operating on a Carnot cycle works with in temperature limits of

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600 K and 300 K. If the engine receives 2000 KJ of heat, evaluate the work

done and thermal efficiency of the engine. [6+2+8]

(b) A vessel having a capacity of 0.05m3 contains a mixture of saturated water

and saturated steam at a temperature of 2450 C .The mass of liquid present is

10 Kg. Find the following.

i. The pressure

ii. The mass

iii. The specific volume

iv. The specific enthalpy

v. The specific entropy and

vi. the specifi internal energy [7+9]

5. (a) Deduce the relation ship between absolute temperature and pressure in an

polytropic process.

(b) 0.3m3 of air at pressure 8 bars expands to 1.5m3 . The final pressure is 1.3

bar. Assuming the expansion to be polytropic, calculate the heat supplied and

change of internal energy. Take γ= 1.4 [7+9]

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6. A 1.8 kg mole of Carbon dioxide at a presser of 1.8 bar, 750 C is mixed in a thermally

insulated vessel with 2.8 kg-mol of Nitrogen is at equilibrium; Determine the final

temperature and pressure and the change in entropy of the mixture. [16]

7. (a) Show that the efficiency of the Diesel cycle is lower than that of Otto cycle for

the same compression ratio. Comment why the higher efficiency of the Otto

cycle compared to Diesel cycle for the same compression ratio is only for a

academic interest and not practical importance.

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(b) A Diesel engine has a compression ratio of 18 and cut-off takes place at 6% of

the stroke. Find the air-standard efficiency. Assume γ = 1.4. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain about the re-heating and refrigeration of a steam cycle with help of

neat diagrams?

(b) Obtain an expression for Joule’s cycle in terms of pressure ratio. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

2 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

THERMODYNAMICS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. A gas undergoes two processes that are in series. The first process is an expansion

that is carried out according to the law PV = constant, and the second process

is a Constant pressure process that returns the gas to the initial volume of the

first process. The start of the first process is at 400 KPa and 0.025 m3 with the

expansion to 200 KPa. Sketch the process on a P-V diagram, and determine the

work of the combined process.

(b) State the first law of thermodynamics applied to

[16]

i. a cycle and

ii. a process

(c) A system undergoes a cycle composed of four processes. The heat transfers in

each process are: 400 KJ, - 365 KJ, -200 KJ and 250 KJ. The respective work

transfers are 140 KJ, 0, -55 KJ and 0. Is the data consistent with first law of

thermodynamics? [2+6+8]

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(b) What is a thermal energy reservoir?

(c) An engine operating on a Carnot cycle works with in temperature limits of

600 K and 300 K. If the engine receives 2000 KJ of heat, evaluate the work

done and thermal efficiency of the engine. [6+2+8]

(b) Find the enthalpy and entropy of steam when the pressure is 2 MPa and the

specific volume is 0.09m3 /Kg [7+9]

5. (a) Derive an expression for heat transfer in a non-flow constant volume process.

(b) A spherical shaped of 14 M diameter contain ’H2 ’ at 330 C and 1.3 bar. Find

the mass of ’H2 ’ in the balloon using real gas equation. [7+9]

6. A 1.8 kg mole of Carbon dioxide at a presser of 1.8 bar, 750 C is mixed in a thermally

insulated vessel with 2.8 kg-mol of Nitrogen is at equilibrium; Determine the final

temperature and pressure and the change in entropy of the mixture. [16]

7. (a) What is a cycle? What is the difference between an ideal and actual cycle.

(b) Derive an expression for efficiency of Brayton cycle in terms of pressure ratio.

[8+8]

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8. A 1 ton air compression refrigeration plant is to ge maintained at a temperature

of −120 C in the cold room when the atmospheric temperature is 300 C. Assume

reversible heat transfer in the cold room. Compressor pressure at inlet is 1.3 bar

abs and at discharge is 6.5 bar abs. Find the temperature at other two state points,

mass of air flow hour, net work required, coefficient of performance and refrigerating

effect. [16]

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