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hsc 2015 mathematics 2 unit

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You are on page 1of 20

EXAMINATION

Mathematics

General Instructions

Reading time 5minutes

Working time 3hours

Write using black pen

Board-approved calculators may

be used

A table of standard integrals is

provided at the back of this paper

In Questions1116, show

relevant mathematical reasoning

and/or calculations

2590

Section I

Pages 26

10 marks

Attempt Questions 110

Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Section II

Pages 717

90 marks

Attempt Questions 1116

Allow about 2 hours and 45 minutes for this

section

Section I

10 marks

Attempt Questions 110

Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Use the multiple-choice answer sheet for Questions 110.

1

(A) 5.2336 102

(B) 5.234 102

(C) 5.2336 103

(D) 5.234 103

(A) 2

(B)

1

2

(C)

1

2

(D) 2

(A) 59

(B) 63

(C) 465

(D) 495

5

.

7

The probability that Mels rugby league team wins this weekend is

(A)

2

21

(B)

10

21

(C)

13

21

(D)

19

21

2

.

3

Using the trapezoidal rule with 4 subintervals, which expression gives the approximate

area under the curve y = xe x between x = 1 and x = 3?

(A)

1 1

e + 6e1.5 + 4e 2 + 10e 2.5 + 3e3

4

(B)

1 1

e + 3e1.5 + 4e 2 + 5e 2.5 + 3e3

4

(C)

1 1

e + 6e1.5 + 4e 2 + 10e 2.5 + 3e3

2

(D)

1 1

e + 3e1.5 + 4e 2 + 5e 2.5 + 3e3

2

(

(

(A) 1

(B) 0

(C) 3

(D) 9

The diagram shows the parabola y=4xx 2 meeting the line y=2x at (0,0) and

(2,4).

y

y = 2x

(2, 4)

(0, 0)

(4, 0)

x

y = 4x x 2

Which expression gives the area of the shaded region bounded by the parabola and the

line?

2

(A) x 2 2x dx

0

2

(B) 2x x 2 dx

0

4

(C) x 2 2x dx

0

4

(D) 2x x 2 dx

0

y

1

2

1

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 3

A particle is moving along the xaxis. The graph shows its velocityvmetres per second

at time tseconds.

v

8

(A) 8m

(B) 14m

(C) 16m

(D) 18m

5

10

2

from x = 1 to x = d.

x

(A) e

(B) e+1

(C) 2e

(D) e2

Section II

90 marks

Attempt Questions 1116

Allow about 2 hours and 45 minutes for this section

Answer each question in the appropriate writing booklet. Extra writing booklets are available.

In Questions 1116, your responses should include relevant mathematical reasoning and/ or

calculations.

Question 11 (15 marks) Use the Question 11 Writing Booklet.

(a)

Simplify 4x (8 6x).

(c)

Express

8

with a rational denominator.

2+ 7

)5

1 1

1

+

+!.

4 16 64

(e)

Differentiate e x + x .

(f)

Differentiate y = (x + 4) ln x .

4

(g) Evaluate cos 2x dx .

0

x

dx.

(h) Find 2

x 3

(a)

The diagonal from the point A(7,11) to the point C lies on the line l1.

The other diagonal, from the originO to the point B, lies on the line l2 which

x

has equation y = .

3

A(7,11)

y=

NOT TO

SCALE

x

3

O

x

B

Question 12 (continued)

(c)

x2 + 3

.

Find ( x ) , where ( x ) =

x 1

(d) For what values of k does the quadratic equation x28x+k=0 have real

roots?

(e)

1

parabola is drawn at P 1, .

2

x2

1

with focus S 0, . A tangent to the

2

2

y=

x2

2

NOT TO

SCALE

S 0,

1

2

P 1,

1

2

x

End of Question 12

(a)

The diagram shows rABC with sides AB=6cm, BC=4cm and AC=8cm.

C

8 cm

4 cm

NOT TO

SCALE

6 cm

7

(i) Show that cos A = .

8

(ii) By finding the exact value of sin A, determine the exact value of the area

of rABC.

(b)

(ii) On a number plane, shade the region where the points (x, y) satisfy both

(c)

(i) Find the stationary points and determine their nature.

1 70

(ii) Given that the point P ,

lies on the curve, prove that there is a

3 27

point of inflexion at P.

(iii) Sketch the curve, labelling the stationary points, point of inflexion

and y-intercept.

10

4

2

(a)

falls vertically. Magnetic brakes are applied when the velocity of the chair

reaches37metres per second.

Release point

110 m

Magnetic brakes

NOT TO

SCALE

The height of the chair at time t seconds is x metres. The acceleration of the

chair is given by x!! = 10 . At the release point, t = 0, x = 110 and x! = 0 .

(ii) How far has the chair fallen when the magnetic brakes are applied?

11

Question 14 (continued)

(b) Weather records for a town suggest that:

5

6

1

if a particular day is dry (D), the probability of the next day being dry is .

2

if a particular day is wet (W), the probability of the next day being dry is

In a specific week Thursday is dry. The tree diagram shows the possible

outcomes for the next three days: Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

Friday

Saturday

1

6

Sunday

5

6

1

6

W

D

W

5

6

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

5

6

1

2

W

D

1

6

W

D

D

1

2

1

2

1

2

W

D

2

(i) Show that the probability of Saturday being dry is .

3

(ii) What is the probability of both Saturday and Sunday being wet?

(iii) What is the probability of at least one of Saturday and Sunday being dry?

12

Question 14 (continued)

(c)

Sam borrows $100 000 to be repaid at a reducible interest rate of 0.6% per

month. Let $An be the amount owing at the end of n months and $M be the

monthly repayment.

(1.006 )n 1

.

(ii) Show that An = 100 000 (1.006 ) M

0.006

Show that after making 120 monthly repayments the amount owing is

$68 500 to the nearest $100.

(iv) Immediately after making the 120th repayment, Sam makes a one-off

payment, reducing the amount owing to $48 500. The interest rate and

monthly repayment remain unchanged.

After how many more months will the amount owing be completely

repaid?

End of Question 14

13

(a)

equation

dC

= 0.14C,

dt

dC

= 0.14C, where A is

(i) Show that C = Ae 0.14t is a solution to

dt

a constant.

(iv) What is the time taken for the amount of caffeine in Lees body to halve?

14

Question 15 (continued)

(b) The diagram shows rABC which has a right angle at C. The point D is the

midpoint of the side AC. The point E is chosen on AB such that AE=ED. The

line segment ED is produced to meet the line BC at F.

A

E

NOT TO

SCALE

(c)

Water is flowing in and out of a rock pool. The volume of water in the pool at

time thours is Vlitres. The rate of change of the volume is given by

dV

= 80sin ( 0.5t ) .

dt

At time t=0, the volume of water in the pool is 1200litres and is increasing.

(i) After what time does the volume of water first start to decrease?

End of Question 15

15

(a)

The diagram shows the curve with equation y=x27x+10. The curve

intersects the x-axis at points A and B. The point C on the curve has the same

y-coordinate as the y-intercept of the curve.

y

C

0

16

Question 16 (continued)

(b) A bowl is formed by rotating the curve y=8loge(x1) about the y-axis

for 0y6.

y

6

NOT TO

SCALE

O

Find the volume of the bowl. Give your answer correct to 1decimal place.

(c)

radiusR and heightH, where R and H are constants.

H

y

1

The volume of a cone of radius r and height h is r 2 h .

3

H

V = x 2 (R x) .

R

4

the volume of any inscribed cylinder does not exceed of the volume

9

of the cone.

End of paper

17

BLANK PAGE

18

BLANK PAGE

19

STANDARD INTEGRALS

n

x dx

1

x dx

= ln x , x > 0

ax

e dx

1 ax

e , a0

a

cos ax dx

1

sin ax , a 0

a

sin ax dx

1

= cos ax , a 0

a

2

sec ax dx

1 n+1

x , n 1; x 0, if n < 0

n +1

1

tan ax , a 0

a

1

sec ax tan ax dx = a sec ax , a 0

1

dx

2

a + x2

dx

x

= sin 1 , a > 0, a < x < a

a

dx

= ln x + x 2 a 2 , x > a > 0

dx

= ln x + x 2 + a 2

1

a2 x 2

1

2

x a

1

2

x +a

1

x

tan 1 , a 0

a

a

20

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