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Introduction to GIS Mapping and ESRIs ArcGIS Software


Objectives
In this exercise you are introduced to the ArcMap interface and some of the basic skills necessary to begin
exploring geospatial data and create simple maps. Once you have successfully completed this part of the
tutorial, you should know:
How to open ArcMap and a Map Document (.mxd)
How to examine ydemo demo demo demo demo demo
How to add spatial data to your Map Document
How to add tabular data to a Map Document and turn it into spatial data
How to join tabuldemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
How to perform complex Geoprocessing analyses
The difference between Data View and Layout View
How to altedemo demo demo demo
How to add essential Map Elements (North Arrow, Legend, etc) for effective map creation
How to set relative pathnames to allow you to move and share your Map Projects
How to expordemo demo demo demo demo
Download the Data
The datasets used in this tutorial are available for download on the Map Collection Website. Feel free to
download and use these tutorial materials, as you wish, and to pass them along to interested colleagues.
Download the class data for demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
In Firefox, Select Save Link As, in Internet Explorer, Select Save Target As

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Depending on your browser and setup, you may be offered a Browse Window, to select the folder into
which you want the downloaded file placed. If so, Browse to a Folder on your hard drive that you have
write permission for. For this tutorial, we will assume that you are using the C:temp folder of the machine
you are working on.
Clicking on the Create New Folder Button, Create a New Folddemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Save the Downloaded File to this New Folder.
Unzip the Data
You should now have a file called ArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial.zip in your new folder. It is now
necessary to decompress, or unzip, the tutorial data for demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo.

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Browse into the Folder where you saved the ArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial.zip file.
Right-Click on tdemo demo demo demo demo demo
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Click Next to arrive at the window shown at the right.


Click Nextdemo demo demo demo
Explore the Data in Windows Explorer

Now you will take a look at the data you have extracted, using Windows Explorer. Thidemo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
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Browse into the extracted C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_TutorialDataShapefile Folder.


You should now see a number of different files, some of which have the sademo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
If necessary, Click on the Name Field Header in the Explorer Window to Sort the files By Name.

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What is critical to recognize about the contents of this folder is that all of the files with the same filedemo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Explore the Data in ArcCatalog
Now you will take a look at the same data using the Ardemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Go To Start>Programs>ArcGIS> and Launch the ArcCatalog program.
Using the Catalog Tree Panel, at the left side of tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Make Sure that the Contents Tab at the top of the Catalog Display on the right side of the ArcCatalog
Application Window is active.

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Note the difference in how ArcCatalog and Windows display shapefiles. ArcCatalog knows that a
shapefile is actually a collection of files, as so it onlydemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo.

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Click on the CT_State_Boundary Layer in the Catalog Tree, on the left.


Click on the Preview Tab, at thdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
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Click on the Metadata Tab, at the top of the Catalog Display, to View information about this shapefile.
Introductiondemo demo demo demo
Opening ArcMap & Getting Familiar
In the Arccatalog Catalog Tree, Scroll to the bottom of the Folder Group demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Double-Click on the ArcGIS_93_Intdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo.
You should now see something like what isdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo.
The Main Menu should be familiar to anyone who usdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

The Table of Contents is the area where your data demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
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The Add Data Button is located on the Standard Toolbar and opens a dialog box that allows ndemo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo
The Data Frame is thedemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
The Tools Toolbar contains a seriedemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo

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The View Toolbar changes bedemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Adding demo demo
Click on the Add Dademo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Browse to the C:tempArcGdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Hold down the Ctrl Key and Seledemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Clidemo.
Working indemo demo demo demo

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Note that, depending on what order you ddemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Click-And-Drag your Layers in the Table demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Note that the order of layers in the demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo.
Uncheck the CTHydrodemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Click on the Color Patch below the Cdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo

Change the CTMahorbasinsdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Click OK to Apply the change.
Navigation Tools in ArcMap
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Select the Zoom Tool ademo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Previous Extent Button to return to the previous extent.

Select the Pan Tool and use it to Move your Map Display.
Click on the Fixed Zoodemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Full Extent Button to zoom to the Full Extent of your data layers.
On the Main Menu, go to Bookmarks>Create and create a Spatial Bookmark called Full Extent.
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Analysdemo demo
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In this tutorial, we will be performing what is referred to as Areal Interpolation of Census Attributes. We
have a set of boundaries (in this case the Major Watershed Basins of Connecticut, our CTMajorbasins
Layer) for which we would like to summarize the population. Our problem is that these watershed
boundaries do not correspond with the geographic units that the U.S. Census uses to collect and tabulate
demographic data. Some of the Census Block Groups in our CTblkgrp layer overlaps more than one
Watershed basin unit. What we will do in the following steps is calculate the proportion of overlap for each
Census Block Group, relative to the Watershed Boundaries, and use these proportions to assign an
appropriate estimate of the population to each watershed.
Calculating Geometry for a Data Layer
First, we need to determinedemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Right-Click on the CTblkgrp Layer and Open the Attribute Table.

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Take a few seconds to examine the data available in this dataset. This data describes the demographic
characteristics of every Census Block Group in our area of interest.
Click the Options Button at demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Add a Field with Name = AREA, and Type = Float.
Click OK.
Scroll to the far right of demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Right-Click on the Area Field Header and Select Calculate Geometry Click Yes when warned about
Calculating Outside and Edit Session.
Change the Unidemo demo demo demo demo demo

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Click OK.
Note that the AREA Fieldemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Close the Attribute Table


Geoprocessidemo demo demo demo
Now, we need to merge the Block Group and Watershed boundary files, so that those Block Groups that
span more than one watershed will be split into their sub-units of overlap. To do this, we will use a
technique generically referred to as Geoprocessing. Geoprocessing is the act of applying any number of

spatially transforming tools to a dataset. In this case, we will use the Union Tool to create a new dataset.
Open the ArcToolbox usindemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
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Click on the Search Tab, at the bottom of the ArcToolbox Panel.


Enter union as demo demo demo demo demo demo
Double-Click on the Union Tool, from the Analysis Tools Toolbox.
Select the CTMajorbasidemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Show Help>> Buton at the bottom of the Dialog Box and note that the Help System is
Context-Sensistive.
Save the Output Feature Class to youdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo
Leave the remaining options at their default settings.
Click OK todemo demo demo demo
Click Close once the process has completed.

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You should be left with a demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Calculating the New Area of the Union Results


Now we need to calculate the NEW AREA of those Bdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Right-Click on the Union Layer and Open the Attribute Table.
Click on the Optdemo demo demo demo demo demo
Add a new field: Ndemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Optdemo demo demo demo demo demo

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Add a new field: Ndemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Optdemo demo demo demo demo demo
Add a new field: Namdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Scroll to the right of the demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Right-Click on the SUBAdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Change the Unidemo demo demo demo demo demo

Click OK todemo demo demo demo

Now we will calculate the proportion, which will be used as a weight to apply to the demdemo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Optionsdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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In the Query Argument anel, at the bdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo dem
o demo
This will select onlydemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Verifydemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Clicdemo

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Clicdemo
Right-Click on the WEIdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Use the Field Calculator demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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demo demo demo
Click OK to apply the calculation and note that, because you hdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Finally, Scroll to the far right of the Ademo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo

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Use the Field Calculator to build the following argument:


[POP2004] * [WEIGHT]

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Click OK to apply the Calculation.

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Save demo demo.


Summary Statistics
Now that we have a set of Census Boundary files that correspond to the watershed, and estimates of the
population of those new boundary units, we need to summarize those population estimates for each of our
watershed units.
On the Attribute Table Cldemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Return to the ArcToolbox Search Tab, enter summary as the search term and click Search.

Double-Click on the Summary Statistics Tool.


Select the Unidemo demo demo demo demo
Browse to the C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_TutorialDataTables Folder and save the Output Table as
Population_Summary.dbf
Select WTPOP as the Statistics Field, and select SUM as the Statistic Type.
Select MAJdemo demo demo demo
Click OK.
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Click Close when the tool completes.


Click on the Source Tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Right-Click on the Population _Summary Table and Open it to observe the population counts for the
watersheds.
Close Attribute Table.
Save demo demo
Joining the Summary Statistics Table to the Watershed Boundary File
Right-Click on the CTMajdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Set the Options as shown in the image to the right:


demo

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Right-Click the CTMajorbasins Layer and open its attribute table. Note that the population counts have
now been joined to the boundary file.
Displayingdemo demo demo demo
Click on the Add Data Button and Browse to the C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_TutorialDataTables
Folder and Select EPA_Discharges_to_Water.dbf.
Clidemo
In the Table of Contents, Right-Click on the EPA_Discharges_to_Water Table and Open it.

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Note that the dataset contains Latitude and Longitudemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Right-Click on the EPA_Discharges_to_Water Table and Select Display XY Data

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Set the X Field = Hdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Edit Button to Assign a coordinate system.

Clicdemo
Browse to Geographic Coordinate Systems>North America> North American Datum 1983.prj
demo
Click OK.
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You should now see tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Counting Incidents Using Spatial Join

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Right-Click on the CTMajdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the First Drop-down to Join Data from another layer based on spatial location.
Leave thedemo demo demo
Browse to the C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_TutorialDdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo
Right-Click and open the Attribute Table of the resulting CTMajorbdemo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo

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Save demo demo


Creatindemo demo
Applying Sdemo demo demo demo

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If it is not already, rdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Uncheck all but the CTMajorbasins_withdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo

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Click-and-Drag the EPA_Dischardemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click-and-Drag the CT_State_Boundary Layer betwdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Click on the Color Patch fordemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Set the Fill Color = Nodemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Click on the Point Symbol for thdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo
Set the Coldemo demo demo demo

Applying Symbodemo demo demo demo demo demo


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Right-Click on the CTMajorbademo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on demo demo demo
Under the Shodemo demo demo demo demo
Set the Value Field = demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Select an ademo demo demo demo

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Click OK.
Adding a Network Service for Background Imagery
On the Main Menu, gdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the World Shaded Relief Item in the resulting webpage.
Wait for ArcMap to load the Layer.

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Click Close when wardemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Drag the resulting layer to the bottom of the Table of Contents, if necessary.

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Switch to Layout View by Clicking on the Layout View Button on the View Toolbar at the bottom left
corner of the Data Frame.
Note that you should demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Note that you are now presented with the Layout Toolbar. This toolbar is only available in Layout View.
Some of the Tools on this toolbar work in a way that is similar to the Tools Toolbar, but with one critical
difference these tools act on the page rather than the data.
Click on the Layout Zoom Tool and Drag a Box across the top half of the Layout Display.
Click on the Page Extendemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Note that these tools did not change the scale or extent of the data.

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Adding Map Elements


Addidemo demo
Map Title
On the Main Menu, Go To Insert>Title. A Highlighted Text Box will be inserted into the Map Layout.
Double-Click on tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo

Change the Text to Population in Connecticut Watersheds using carriage returns to Insert line breaks.
Click the Cange Symdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
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Click OK.
Clickdemo demo
Use the Select Elements Tool to Move the Map Title to an appropriate position.
Nordemo
On the Main Menu, Go To Insert>North Arrow.
In the North Arrow Seledemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click Ok.
A highlighted North Arrow will be demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo
Use the Select Elements Tool to Move the North Arrow to a more appropriate part of the map.
If necessary, or desired, you can Usdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo
Since the North Arrow is an Object, you can Access its Properties by Right-Clicking and Selecting
Properties.

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demo
On the Main Menu, Go To Insert>Scale Bar.
In the Scale Bar Selecdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click OK.
A highlighted Scale Bar will be idemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo
Use the Select Elements Tool to move the Scale Bar to the lower left corner of the map layout.
Right-Click on the demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the Division Units to Miles.

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Click Ok tdemo demo demo demo.

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Addindemo demo
Select the Pan Tool from the Tools Toolbar (NOT the Layout Tooldemo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo
On the Main Menu go tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

Highlight the World Shaded Relief Layer in the demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
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Clickdemo demo
Selectdemo demo
Select ademo demo demo
Clidemo
Change the Area Patch for thedemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Clidemo
Accept the default setdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Using the Select Elements Tooldemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
In the Table Of Contents Panel, Click once on tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the Name of demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Highlight the SUM_WTPOP / AREA_SQdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo

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In the Table Of Contents Panel, Click once on demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the Layer Ndemo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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In the Table Of Contents Panel, Click oncdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the Lademo demo demo demo demo

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Use the Resize Handledemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Creating a Neatline
Finally, we will insert a neatline around all of the Map Elements as a way to finish the map, but also to
control the clipping that will occur when we export to JPEG.
On the Main Menu, Go Tdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Select a 4pt Border.
Select a Hollow Background.

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Make Sure that the Plademo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
Click Ok.

Other Essential Map Elements


Other elements are warranted when creating a map and have been neglected demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
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Date the map was made


Author of the map
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Who the demo demo demo


Projection / Coordinate System information
Data Source(s)
Descriptivdemo demo demo demo

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Location (in the title, or using an inset map)


Sharing Your Map
At this point, you might like to export your map to an image that you can use in Podemo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
Exporting to JPEG
Save your workdemo demo demo demo demo demo
On the Main Menu, Go To File>Export Map.
Browse to the C:tempdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Change the Save as Type: Drop-Down to Portable Network Graphic (*.png).


Set the Redemo demo demo demo
Check the box to Clip Output to Graphic Extent.
Click on the demo demo demo demo demo
Make sure that the Color Mode is set to 24-bit True Color.

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Clidemo

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Browse to the C:temp C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial Folder and double-click on the


ArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial.png to Open it.
Expordemo demo
On the Main Menu, Go To File>Export Map.
Do Not Check thdemo demo demo demo demo demo
Change the Save as Type Drop-Down to PDF (*.pdf).
Clidemo

Browse to the C:tempArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial Folder and double-click on the


ArcGIS_93_Introductory_Tutorial.pdf to Open it.
Setting Relative Patdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
By setting Relative Pathnames in File>Map Properties>Data Source Options, you can move your
ArcMap Project Folder as a single unit, preserving the location of your data files relative to your MXD
document, without breaking the internal links to the datasets. You can also Zip the folder and send it
through the email to colleagues.
On the Main Menudemo demo demo demo demo demo
Click on the Data Source Options Button.
Set the Option to Sdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

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Check the Make relative paths the demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo
demo

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demo.

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You can now move your project by copying or zipping the C:tempyour_initialdemo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo.
ArcCatalogdemo demo demo demo

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Create a main Project Folder for your GIS analysis project. Under this main folder, create a Data folder,
under which you should create a series of subfolders for each typdemo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
MXD Map Documents are very small! You can save many versions of a projedemo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
ArcMap supports long filenames for MXD Document, table and shapefile names.demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo

Congratulations! You are now ready to explore ArcMap on your own! If you ademo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo
demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo demo!
Introductiodemo demo demo demo Pagedemo
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At Sterlidemo demo demo
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www.librdemo demo demo

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Introductiodemo demo demo demo

The Yaldemo demo demo


At Sterling Memorial Library
130 Wall Street, Room 707Stacey Mademo demo demo demo
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Tabledemo demo
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Pagedemo

Data Frame

Main Menu
Standdemo demo
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Tools Toolbar
View Toolbar
Datdemo

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Layout Zoom
Layout Pan
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Pagdemo

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