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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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1. (a) Obtain the state variable model for the circuit as shown in ﬁgure 1a.

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Figure 2a

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Figure 1a (b) Obtain the transfer function representation for a system represented by matrixes. 0 0 1 0 0 1 b= 0 c= 2 1 0 . [8+8] A= 0 1 −10 −2 −3

2. (a) Determine and plot the voltage across the resistor in the circuit shown in ﬁgure 2a, using circuit analysis techniques if the input is a square wave with T =1 and To = 1/4 as shown in ﬁgure 2a.

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 1

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3. (a) Verify the parsevals theorem for the signal g(t) = e−αt u(t) (b) If g(t) ⇔ G(ω) show that g∗ (t) ⇔ G∗ (−ω). i. x(t) = e u(t) ii. x(t) = sin(3t)u(t) (b) Determine the initial and ﬁnal values of a signal x(t) whose unilateral LT is i. x(s) =

7S+10 S(S+2) −5S −2 S(S+2) jωo t

Figure 2a (b) Determine the power represented by following and also determine the voltampere and power factor V = 100 sin (ωt + 30◦ )−50 sin (3ωt + 60◦ )+25 sin 5ωt volts. i = 20 sin (ωt − 30◦ ) + 15 sin (3ωt + 30◦ ) + 10 cos (5ωt − 60◦ ) amperes. [8+8]

[8+8]

4. (a) Determine the LT, ROC and location of poles and zeros of x(s) for the following signals.

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5. (a) State and explain the properties of positive real function. (a) Foster-I and II forms. (b) Cauer-I and II forms.

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ii. x(s) = e

.

[8+8]

(b) Check whether given polynomial H(s) = 2s4 + 5s3 + 6s2 + 2s + 1 is Hurwitz or not. [8+8]

6. An impedance function has all the poles and zeros located on imaginary (jw) axis with poles at w=2, 0, -2 and zeros at w=3, 1, -1, -3. If Z(−2) = −130 , synthesize the impedance in 16 [2 × 8]

7. For a low pass signal with a bandwidth of 6000Hz, what is the minimum sampling frequency for perfect reconstruction of the signal? What is the minimum required sampling frequency if a guard band of 200Hz is required? What is the minimum required sampling frequency and the value of ‘K’ for perfect reconstruction if the reconstruction ﬁlter has the following frequency response K , |f| < 7000 K − K( |f| − 7000/3000, 7 000 < |f | < 10000 . H(f) = [16] 0 , otherwise

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 1

u(n − 2) [2 × 8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

**8. Use the derivative property, to ﬁnd the Z-transform of the following sequences: (a) x1 (n) = n
**

1 n 2

1 (b) x2 (n) = n (−2)−n u(−n − 1)

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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1. (a) Write the state equations for the network given as shown in ﬁgure 1a. C= −3 1 D = −1 0 1

Figure 1a (b) Use the eigen method, ﬁnd the state transition matrix for the system with the following parameter matrices. −4 1 1 2 0 B= A= −2 −1 0 −1 1 [8+8]

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2. (a) Find the Fourier series of the waveform shown in ﬁgure 2a using exponential form. Plot the amplitude and phase spectrum.

Figure 2a (b) Determine the eﬀective voltage, eﬀective current and average power supplied to a passive network of the applied voltage is ν(t) = 100 + 50 cos (10t + 30) + 25 cos (30t + 60) volts and the resulting current is i(t) = 2 cos (10t + 75◦ ) + 3 cos (30t + 78◦ ) amp. [10+6] 3. (a) Determine the F.T. of a trapzoidal function and triangular RF pulse f(t) shown in ﬁgure 3(a)i, ﬁgure 3(a)ii. Draw its spectrum.

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Code No: R05310205 i. Figure 3(a)i

Set No. 2

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Figure 3(a)i ii. ﬁgure 3(a)ii Figure 3(a)ii (b) Show that a normalized Gaussian pulse is its own fourier transform. 4. (a) Find the LT of i. f (t) = cos (t − π/4) u (t − π/4) ii. f (t) =

−(t+α)

[8+8]

e

cos (ωt + β) [8+8]

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(b) Find the LT of x(t) = e−5t [u(t) − u(t − 5)] and its ROC. 5. (a) What is Hurwitz polynomial? State the properties of Hurwitz polynomial. 6. Synthesize the following functions in Cauer form. (a) Z(s) =

s3 +2s2 +s+1 s3 +s2 +s

(b) Test whether the polynomial P (s) = s4 + s3 + 2s2 + 3s + 4 is Hurwitz or not. [8+8]

(b) Z(s) =

s3 +2s2 +2s+1 . s4 +s3 +3s2 +s+1

[2 × 8]

7. Find the mean square value of the output voltage vo (t) of an RC network shown in ﬁgure 7 if the input voltage has a power density spectrum Si (w) given by (a) Si (w)= k (b) Si (w)= G2 (w) [gate function with cutoﬀ at w=1] (c) Si (w)= π [δ(w + 1)+δ(w − 1)] In each case, also calculate the power of the input signal. [16]

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 2

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Figure 7 8. (a) Deduce the relation between Z-plane and S-plane. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Using the relation in (a) if a pole is located at ‘-a’ in S-plane then where does this get located in Z-plane? [8+8]

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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**

(b) Obtain the state transition matrix for the following system 0 1 ˙ X. X= −2 −3 Figure 2a (b) A periodic function f (θ)with period 2Π is expressed in Fourier Series as

α

... 1. (a) Consider the system. y + 6¨ + 11y + 6y = 6u where y is the output and u is y ˙ the i/p to the system. Obtain the state space representation. [8+8]

2. (a) Find the trigonometric Fourier series of the triangular waveform shown in ﬁgure 2a.

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f (θ) = a2 /2 +

α 1 2

(an cos nθ + bn sin θ) Prove that

n=1

1 2Π

Π

[f (θ)]2 dθ =

ao 2 2

+

−Π

(a2 + b2 ). n n

n=1

[8+8]

3. (a) Let x(t) be a real, odd signal. Show that x(ω) = ℑ {x(t)} is pure imaginary and odd. (b) Prove the modulation property x(t)y(t)← 2Π [x(ω) ∗ y(ω)]. ℑ 1 → [8+8]

4. (a) It is given that 2 f (s) = s3as +bs+c ﬁnd a,b and c such that f (0+ ) = f 1 (0+ ) = f n (0+ ) = 1 +2s2 +s+1 (b) Find the LT’s for the waveforms shown in ﬁgure 4(b)i, ﬁgure 4(b)ii.

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Code No: R05310205 i. Figure 4(b)i

Set No. 3

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Figure 4(b)i ii. Figure 4(b)ii Figure 4(b)ii 5. (a) Find the range of value of ‘a’ so that H(s) = s4 + s3 + as2 + s + 3 is Hurwitz.

1+s+s (b) Find the even and odd parts of impedance function Z(s) = (4+s+s2 ) and hence ﬁnd out Re Z(s) and Im Z(s) is positive real as well as realizable. [8+8]

2

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(b) Verify that ms (t) = m(t)δT (t) =

∞ n=−∞

6. Synthesize following F(s) in two Foster forms F (s) =

(s+1)(s+3) . (s+4)(s+2)

[16]

7. (a) A signal m(t) = cos 200 πt+2 cos 320 πt is ideally sampled at fs =300Hz. If the sampled signal is passed through an ideal LPF with a cutoﬀ frequency of 250Hz, what frequency components will appear in the output? m(nTs )δ(t − nTs ). [8+8]

8. The output y(n) of a discrete-time LTI system is found to be 2(1/3)n u(n) when the input x(n) is u(n) (a) Find the impulse response h(n) of the system. (b) Find the output y(n) when the input x(n) is ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 n 2

u(n).

[8+8]

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 4

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1. (a) Write the matrix state equation for the network shown in ﬁgure 1a. Figure 1a (b) Find the response of the circuit as shown in ﬁgure 1b. Figure 1b

[8+8]

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3. (a) Use properties of FT, show that the FT of tn−1 1 x(t) = (n−1) e−at u(t), a > 0 and (a+jω)n 4. (a) Find the convolution integral when f1 (t) = e and f2 (t) = 1

−at

2. A 2 ohm resistive load is supplied from a full wave rectiﬁer connected to 230V, 50Hz single phase supply. Determine the average and rms values of load current. Also ﬁnd out the proportion of DC power and AC power to the total power in the load. Investigate the eﬀect of adding an inductance in series with the load.[8+4+4]

(b) Explain the FT of the real and imaginary parts of the complex valued function g(t) in terms of G(t) and its complex conjugates. [8+8]

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Code No: R05310205

Set No. 4

(b) A rectangular voltage pulse of unit height and duration T seconds is applied to a series RC circuit at t = 0 as shown in ﬁgure 4b. Determine the voltage across the capacitor as a function of time. Assume the condenser to be initially uncharged. [8+8]

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Figure 4b 5. (a) Explain the properties of positive real function. (b) Test whether the following functions are positive real functions or not i. Y (s) = ii. Y (s) =

5(s2 +2s+1) s3 +2s2 +2s+40 s3 +5s . s4 +2s2 +1

[8+4+4]

6. (a) Given the driving-point impedance function 2 Z(s) = (s2s(s +2) +1)(s2 +4) Synthesize a ladder network of the ﬁrst Cauer form for this impedance function.

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8. Find the Z-transform of the sequences:

n

(b) A network is made up of a series connection of an RL network and RC network. Assuming that neither of the networks is a short circuit ﬁnd the location of poles and also the location of zeros. What is the behavior at the origin and at inﬁnity? [8+8]

7. (a) Derive the relation between Auto-correlation function and Energy/Power spectral density function. (b) Find out an expression for the correlation function of a square wave having the values 1 or 0 and a period T. [8+8]

(a) x1 (n)

=

k=0

(1 + k), n ≥ 0

= 0, n < 0 (b) x2 (n) = N n =

N! , n!(N −n)!

0 ≤ n ≤ N. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[8+8]

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