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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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1. (a) Illustrate atleast three applications of feedback control systems? (b) Explain translatory and rotary elements of mechanical systems? Figure 2a (b) Explain the properties of block diagrams. 3. (a) Explain error constants Kp , Kv , Ka for type-1 system?

[8+8]

2. (a) Determine the overall transfer function relating C and R for the system whose block diagram is given (ﬁgure 2a).

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[9+7]

25 (b) A unity feed back system has an open loop transfer function G(s) = s(s+8) . Determine its damping ratio, peak overshoot and time required to reach the peak output. Now a derivative component having T.F. of s/10 is introduced in the system. Discuss its eﬀect on the values obtained above? [3+13]

**4. (a) Explain the RH stability Criterion ?
**

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 1

(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back control system is given by G(s) = s(1+sT1K . Apply RH stability criterion, determine the value of )(1+sT2 ) K in terms of T1 and T2 for the system to be stable? [6+10] 5. (a) Write a note on determination of range of ‘K’ for stability using Bode plots. (b) Deﬁne GM & PM and explain how you can determine them from Bode plots. [8+8]

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6. (a) State Nyquist Stability Criterion. 8. (a) Obtain the state model of the system shown in ﬁgure 8a.

(b) Explain the use of Nyquist Stability Criterion in the assessment of relative stability of a system. (c) Enlist the step-by-step procedure for the construction of Nyquist plots.[2+6+8]

7. For the unity feed back control system forward path transfer function G(S) = K/S (S+4) (S+20). Design a lag-lead compensator so that PM ≥ 40 and steady state error for unit ramp input ≤ 0.04 rad. [16]

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Figure 8a Consider the state variables as i1 , i2 , v (b) Obtain the state model of a ﬁeld controlled motor? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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[8+8]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Figure 1a (b) Explain the advantages and features of transfer function. 2. (a) Determine the transfer function 2a).

C(s) R(s)

1. (a) Obtain the transfer function of the following system and draw its analogous electrical circuit. Figure 1a

[16]

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Figure 2a (b) Explain the properties of signal ﬂow graphs. 3. (a) Explain about various test signals used in control system?

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for the following block diagram (ﬁgure [9+7]

(b) Measurement conducted on a servomechanism shows the system response to be C(t) = 1 + 0.2e−60t −1.2e−10t , when subjected to a unit step input. Obtain the expression For closed loop T.F., the damping ratio and undamed natural frequency of oscillations? [8+8]

K 4. (a) The open loop t.f. of a unity feed-back system is given by G(s) = s(1+0.25s)(1+0.4s) . Find the restriction on K so that the closed loop system is absolutely stable?

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 2

−s

Ke (b) A feed-back system has an an open loop t.f of G(s)H(s) = s(s2 +5s+9) Determine by the use of the RH criterion ,the max. value of K for the closed loop system to be stable? [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the term frequency response analysis. (b) Show that in Bode magnitude plot the slope corresponding to a quadratic factor is -40 dB/dec. (c) Explain with the help of examples i. Minimum phase function ii. Non minimum phase function iii. All pass function.

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6. (a) Explain how the type of a system determines the shape of polar plot 7. (a) What is compensation? What are the diﬀerent types of compensators?

[4+6+6]

(b) Write a note on Nyquist criterion for minimum phase & non minimum phase transfer functions. [8+8]

(b) What is a lead compensator, obtain the transfer function of lead compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of lead compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. (a) For the given T.F b0 T (s) = S 3 +a2 S 2 +a1 S+a0 Obtain the state model (phase variable form)?

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⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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(b) Construct the state model for a system characterized by the diﬀerential equation. y + 5y + 6y = u. ¨ ˙ [8+8]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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1. (a) Explain the linearizing eﬀect of feedback. 3. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance of generalized error series? 4. Using RH stability criterion determine the stability of the following systems. i. an open loop gain K ii. one pole at origin iii. one quadratic factor

(s−5) (b) Given G(s) = (s+5) Determine the phase angle at 0, 5 & ∞ frequencies.

(b) The dynamic behaviour of the system is described by the equation, dC + 10C = 40e, where ‘e’ is the input and ‘C’ is the output. Determine the dt transfer function of the system. [10+6]

2. Explain the procedure for deriving the transfer function and derive the transfer function for servo. [16]

K (b) For a system G(s)H(s) = s2 (s+2)(s+3) ,. Find the value of K to limit the steady state error to 10 when the input to the system is r(t)=1+10t+40/2 t2 .[6+10]

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6. (a) What is “Nyquist Contour”? 7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators?

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(a) Its loop t.f. has poles at s=0, s= -1, s= -3 and zero at s= -5, gain K of forward path is 10

(b) It is a type-1system with an error constant of 10 sec-1 and poles at s= -3 and s=-6. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain clearly the steps involved in the construction of Bode plots of a system with loop transfer function consisting of

[12+4]

(b) A system is given by 4s+1 G(s) = s2 (s+1)(2s+1) Sketch the Nyquist plot & hence determine the stability of the system. [2+14]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 3

(b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. (a) For the given T.F b0 T (s) = S 3 +a2 S 2 +a1 S+a0 Obtain the state model (phase variable form)?

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⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Construct the state model for a system characterized by the diﬀerential equation. y + 5y + 6y = u. ¨ ˙ [8+8]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 4

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1. (a) Explain regenerative feedback? Figure 1b 2. (a) State and explain mason’s gain formula for the signal ﬂow graph. 4. Open loop T.F. of a unity feed ?back system is G(s) =

K(s+a) s(s+b)

(b) Determine the sensitivity of the closed loop transfer function T (s) = C(s) to R(s) variations in parameter K at ω = 5 rad/sec. Assume the normal value of K is 1. Shown in ﬁgure 1b. [6+10]

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(a) Prove that break-away and break-in points will exist only when |a| > |b| 5. (a) Deﬁne i. Minimum phase tf ii. Non minimum phase tf (b) Enlist the steps for the construction of Bode plots

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(b) What are diﬀerences between block diagram reduction and signal ﬂow graph reduction? [8+8]

3. (a) For an under damped second order system ,deﬁne various time domain speciﬁcations? (b) The forward path T.F. of a unity feed back control system is given by 2 G(s) = s(s+3) . Obtain the expression for unit step response of the system? [8+8]

(b) Prove that the complex points on the root locus form a circle with center (-a,0) √ [16] and radius a2 − ab.

**(c) Explain the procedure for determination of transfer function from Bode plots. [4+4+8]
**

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Code No: R05220205 6. (a) Explain Nyquist stability criterion.

Set No. 4

3 (b) With the help of Nyquist plot assess the stability of a system G(s) = s(s+1)(s+2) What happens to stability if the numerator of the function is changed from 3 to 30? [6+10]

7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators?

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8. (a) A control system has a transfer function given by S+3 G (s) = (S+1)(S+2)2 . Obtain the canonical state variable representation. (b) A system is described by 0 x1 −1 −4 −1 x = −1 −6 −2 x2 + 1 u ˙ 1 x3 −1 −2 −3 y = 1 1 1 [x] Find the transfer function?. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10]

[8+8]

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