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JNTU previous papers old papers supplementary regular papers ist year 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 first year second year third year fourth year semester cse ece it eee mechanical civil

JNTU previous papers old papers supplementary regular papers ist year 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 first year second year third year fourth year semester cse ece it eee mechanical civil

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II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Distinguish between (i) standard and local atmospheric pressures, (ii) baro-

metric pressure and absolute pressure and (iii)absolute pressure and gauge

pressure.

(b) A diver is working at a depth of 20 m below the surface of sea water (specific

weight =10kN/m3 ). Calculate the pressure intensity at this depth. What

would be the absolute pressure if barometer reads 760 mm of mercury column

at the sea level? [8+8]

2. (a) Define the equation of continuity. Obtain an expression for continuity equation

for a one- dimensional flow

(b) A pipe of diameter 40 cm carries water at a velocity of 25 m/s. The pressures

at the point A and B are given as 29.4 N/cm2 and 22.56N/cm2 respectively

while the datum head at A and B are 28 m and 30 m. Find the loss of head

between A and B. [8+8]

(b) Briefly explain Hydraulic Gradiant Line and Total Energy Line.

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(c) The rate of flow of water through a horizontal pope is 0.3m3 /sec. The di-

ameter of the pipe is suddenly enlarged fron 25cm to 50cm. The pressure

intensity in the smaller pipe is 1.4Kgf /cm2. Determine loss of head due to

sudden enlargement, pressure intensity in the large pipe and power lost due

to enlargement. [4+4+8]

4. (a) Derive the expressions for force and work done per second by the jet when it

strikes the inclined plate moving in the direction of the jet.

(b) A jet of water of diameter 70mm moving with a velocity of 40m/sec strikes a

curved fixed plate tangentially at one end at an angle of 300 to the horizontal.

The jet leaves the plate at an angle of 200 to the horizontal. Find the force

exerted by the jet on the plate in the horizontal and vertical direction. [8+8]

5. (a) What are the elements of hydroelectric power stations ? Write elaborately

about any two of them with neat sketches.

(b) A turbine with an efficiency of 90% is to installed in a hydroelectric plant. The

head and discharge available at the plant are 40m and 25m3 /sec respectively.

The turbine has to run at 120rpm. What is the power developed and what is

the type of turbine based on specific speed. [8+8]

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6. (a) What is an axial flow turbines ? What are its parts ? Explain with sketches.

(b) Derive the equation for work done on the runner of an axial flow turbine from

fundamentals. [6+10]

7. (a) What are the constant efficiency curves of a hydraulic turbine ? Sketch them

and explain their uses

(b) A Francis turbine is working under varying conditions and the head drops

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down from 48m to 35 m. How will the speed , discharge and power change

under constant efficiency and homologous conditions. [6+10]

8. (a) Derive the equation for work done by the impeller of a centrifugal pump on

the fluid handled. What are different efficiencies of centrifugal pump ?

(b) Explain the working of a reciprocation pump with a neat sketch showing all

the components. [10+6]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

2 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) State Newtons equation of viscosity and give examples of its application.

(b) An oil of viscosity 5 poise is used for lubrication between a shaft and sleeve.

The diameter of shaft is 0.5 m and it rotates at 200 rpm. Calculate the horse

power lost in the oil for a sleeve length of 100 mm. The thickness of the oil

film is 1.0 mm.

- [8+8]

2. (a) Derive the equation of continuity for one dimensional flow of an incompressible

fluid.

(b) Explain the terms:

i. Path line

ii. Stream line

iii. Streak line. [8+8]

3. (a) Derive the Darcy-weisbach equation for friction head loss in a pipe.

(b) Water is flowing through a horizontal pipe line 1500m long and 200mm in

diameter. Pressures at the two ends of the pope line are respectively 12Kpa

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and 2Kpa. If f = 0.015, determine the discharge through the pipe in litres per

minute. Consider only frictional loss. [8+8]

4. (a) Derive an expression for force exerted by a jet on stationary inclined flat plate.

(b) A nozzle of 50mm diameter delivers a stream of water at 20m/sec perpendic-

ular to a plate that moves away from the Jet at 5m/sec.find

i. the force on the plate

ii. work done and

iii. the efficiency of jet. [7+9]

5. (a) What are the components of a mass curve ? What are its properties ? Explain

how it is constructed from a hydrograph.

(b) Draw a neat sketch of a hydro power plant and show clearly the various ele-

ments. Explain about the elements clearly and elaborately. [8+8]

6. (a) What is jet ratio and angle of deflection of jet in hydraulic design of a Pelton

wheel ? What are the hydraulic functions of casing of a Pelton wheel ?

(b) Why is the reaction turbine outlet placed above the tail water level. Of the

cylindrical and conical draft tubes which one is preferable and why. Explain

your answers with neat sketches. [8+8]

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7. (a) Show the governing mechanism of a Pelton wheel turbine with a neat sketch

and explain how it works.

(b) A Francis turbine produces 6750 Kw at 300 rpm under a net head of 45m with

an overall efficiency of 85%. What would be revolutions per minute, discharge

and brake power of the turbine under a net head of 60m under homologous

conditions.

- [8+8]

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8. (a) What equation is employed to find the work done by the impeller of a cen-

trifugal pump. Derive the equation for work done.

(b) What are the equations for work done and discharge of a reciprocating pump

? Define the slip and coefficient of discharge of a reciprocating pump. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

2 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Distinguish between (i) standard and local atmospheric pressures, (ii) baro-

metric pressure and absolute pressure and (iii)absolute pressure and gauge

pressure.

(b) A diver is working at a depth of 20 m below the surface of sea water (specific

weight =10kN/m3 ). Calculate the pressure intensity at this depth. What

would be the absolute pressure if barometer reads 760 mm of mercury column

at the sea level?

2. (a) Under what conditions a stream line coincides with a streak line.

[8+8]

(b) Flow of water in a river during floods varies with time. How is the flow

described?

(c) Water flows through a horizontal conical pipe, with diameter at the larger end

as 1.3 m and that at the smaller end as 0.70 m. the pressure head at the

smaller head is 5 m of water, and the discharge is 3.5 m3 /sec. Calculate the

velocities at the two ends and the pressure head at the larger end. Neglect

losses. [4+4+8]

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3. (a) Derive an equation for discharge of a venturimeter.

(b) Explain why Cd of a venturimeter is more than that of orifice meter.

(c) A horizontal venturimeter with inlet and throat diameters 300mm and mm

respectively is used to measure the flow of water. The pressure intensity at

inlet is 130KN/m2 . While the vaccum pressure head at the throat is 350mm

of mercury. Assuming that 3% of head is lost in between inlet and throat, find

Cd of venturimeter and rate of flow. [6+2+8]

4. (a) Derive an expression for the force exerted by a jet striking the curved plate at

one end tangentially when the plate is symetrical.

(b) A jet of water 120 mm in diameter and moving with a velocity of 25m/sec

strikes normally on a flat plate. Determine the power developed and the

efficiency of the system when

i. the plate is stationary

ii. the plate is moving with a velocity of 8m/sec in the direction of the jet.

And

iii. the plate is moving with a velocity 8m/sec towards the jet. [7+9]

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5. (a) What is the name of hydroelectric power station that uses the flow of stream

as it is available ? How do you compare this with reservoir or storage type of

power station ? Explain with neat sketches if necessary.

(b) The hydro power plant has a turbine with the following details. Find the

power developed and what is the specific speed of the turbine. Hydraulic

efficiency = 90%. Net head =65m1 discharge=15m3 /s, speed=100 rpm [8+8]

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6. (a) What are the important parts of a reaction turbine ? Draw neat sketches and

explain.

(b) What is moment of momentum equation ? Using the equation derive the

equation for work done on the runner of a reaction turbine. [6+10]

7. (a) What are the constant efficiency curves of a hydraulic turbine ? Sketch them

and explain their uses

(b) A Francis turbine is working under varying conditions and the head drops

down from 48m to 35 m. How will the speed , discharge and power change

under constant efficiency and homologous conditions. [6+10]

8. (a) Define

i. Theoretical discharge

ii. Actual discharge

iii. Slip and

iv. Coefficient of discharge of reciprocating pump

(b) A single acting reciprocating pup has a 25 cm cylinder with a stroke of 40

cm. The diameters of suction and delivery pipes are 15 cm and 20 cm respec-

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tively. If the speed of the pump is 30 rpm, what is the maximum velocity and

acceleration of water in delivery and suction pipes ? [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

2 Universities List

www.andhracolleges.com The Complete Information About Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

FLUID MECHANICS & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

www.andhracolleges.com

1. (a) Obtain an expression for capillary rise of a liquid.

(b) The velocity distribution over a plate is given by V = 1/3 y -y 2 in which v

is the velocity in m/sec at adistance y metres obve the plate. Determine the

stress at y = 0 and y = 0.1 m. Take µ = 0.835N − s/m2

2. (a) Write three important basic equations of fluid flow. Explain them.

(b) What are the different types of fluid flow? Explain.

3. (a) Derive an equation for discharge of a venturimeter.

(b) Explain why Cd of a venturimeter is more than that of orifice meter.

[8+8]

[8+8]

(c) A horizontal venturimeter with inlet and throat diameters 300mm and mm

respectively is used to measure the flow of water. The pressure intensity at

inlet is 130KN/m2 . While the vaccum pressure head at the throat is 350mm

of mercury. Assuming that 3% of head is lost in between inlet and throat, find

Cd of venturimeter and rate of flow. [6+2+8]

4. (a) Derive the expressions for force and work done per second by the jet when it

strikes a curved plate moving in the direction of the jet.

www.andhracolleges.com

(b) A jet of water 20cm in diameter and moving with a velocity of 20m/sec im-

pinges normally on a series of flat vanes mounted on the periphery of a wheel.

If the velocity of the vanes is 8m/sec, determine

i. the force exerted by the jet on the wheel

ii. work done by the jet on the wheel per second and

iii. hydraulic efficiency. [7+9]

5. (a) What are the elements of hydro electric power plants ? Describe about water

ways and penstocks with neat sketches if necessary.

(b) The catchment area at a proposed site for a hydropower plant is 200 Km2 and

possible head of water is 140 m. The average annual rainfall is 145 cm and

the losses are 16%. How much power can be developed ? [8+8]

6. (a) What is draft tube and what are its functions in a reaction turbine.

(b) Derive the equation for work done in Pelton wheel turbine from fundamentals.

- [6+10]

7. (a) Why is governing of turbines required ? What are the main components of

governing mechanism for a Pelton wheel turbine ? Draw a neat sketch and

explain.

Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

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(b) A hydraulic turbine generates 7500 Kw under a net head of 150m at a speed

of 300 rpm. Hydraulic efficiency and mechanical efficiency are 92 % and 85%

. Determine the discharge, specific speed of the turbine and type of turbine.

- [8+8]

8. (a) Why does a centrifugal pump get its name ? Explain the working of a cen-

trifugal pump with a neat diagram showing different parts.

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(b) Explain clearly the effect of acceleration of piston on velocity and pressure in

suction pipe and delivery pipe. Define slip and coefficient of discharge and

write their equations. [6+10]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Seminar Topics - Scholarships - Admission/Entrance Exam Notifications

2 ofUSA-UK-Australia-Germany-France-NewZealand

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