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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 UTILISATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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(b) What are the requirements to be satisﬁed by an ideal traction system? 5. (a) Discuss inverse square law & cosine law of Illumination. i. the total light received ii. Average illumination of the disc iii. Average c.p. of the source 6. (a) Compare between ﬁlament lamp & Floures cent tube.

1. (a) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of electric drive over other drives. [8] (b) A 220 V, 10 h.p. (metric) shunt motor has ﬁeld and armature resistances of 120 Ohms and 0.25 Ohm, respectively. Calculate the resistance to be inserted in the armature circuit to reduce the speed to 700 r.p.m. from 950 r.p.m, if the full load eﬃciency is 80% and the torque varies as the square of the speed. [8]

2. (a) Derive an expression for the time-dependent temperature as the electrical apparatus cools, in terms of the cooling time constant. [8] (b) A 60 h.p. motor has a ﬁnal temperature rise of 45 degrees C on continuous full load. Its heating and cooling time constants are 100 and 150 minutes, respectively. The load cycle is as follows: 20 minutes at a certain load and 40 minutes on no-load. Find the rating of the motor. [8] 3. (a) Explain the principle of Induction heating, What are the applications of induction heating? [8]

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(b) With a neat sketch explain the working principle of coreless type induction furnace. [8]

4. (a) Explain the characteristics of D.C. compound motors and explain its advantage over the series motor. [8] [8] [6]

(b) A lamp ﬁtted with 120 degrees angled cone reﬂector illuminates circular area of 200 metres in diameter. The illumination of the disc increases uniformly from 0.5 metre-candle at the edge to 2 metre-candle at the centre. Determine [10]

[8]

(b) The candle power of a lamp in all directions below the horizontal is 200. If this lamp is suspended 2mts above the center of a square table of 1 m side, determine the maximum and minimum illumination. [8]

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 1

7. (a) Discuss the merits and demerits of the D.C and 1 - φ A.C systems for the main and suburban line electriﬁcation of the railways. [8] (b) Which system you consider to be the best for the suburban railways in the vicinity of large cities? Give reasons for your answer. [8] 8. (a) Draw the speed-time curve of a main line service and explain how it works. [8] (b) A train has a scheduled speed of 40km/hr between two stops, which are 4 kms apart. Determine the crest speed over the run, if the duration of stops is 60 sec and acceleration and retardation both are 2km/hr/sec each. Assume simpliﬁed trapezoidal speed-time curve. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 UTILISATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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4. (a) What are various types of electric braking used? 5. (a) Discuss inverse square law & cosine law of Illumination. i. the total light received ii. Average illumination of the disc iii. Average c.p. of the source 6. (a) Discuss about M.B Type mercury vapour lamp.

1. (a) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of electric drive over other drives. [8] (b) A 220 V, 10 h.p. (metric) shunt motor has ﬁeld and armature resistances of 120 Ohms and 0.25 Ohm, respectively. Calculate the resistance to be inserted in the armature circuit to reduce the speed to 700 r.p.m. from 950 r.p.m, if the full load eﬃciency is 80% and the torque varies as the square of the speed. [8]

2. (a) Explain what you mean by Load Equalization and how it is accomplished. [8] (b) A motor ﬁtted with a ﬂywheel supplies a load torque of 150 Kg-m for 15 sec. During the no load period the ﬂywheel regains its original speed. The motor torque is required to be limited to 85 Kg-m. Determine the moments of inertia of the ﬂywheel. The no load speed of the motor is 500 r.p.m and it has a slip of 10% on full load. [8] 3. (a) Explain the principle of Induction heating, What are the applications of induction heating? [8]

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(b) With a neat sketch explain the working principle of coreless type induction furnace. [8] [8] (b) Explain how rheostatic braking is done in D.C. shunt motors and series motors. [8] [6] (b) A lamp ﬁtted with 120 degrees angled cone reﬂector illuminates circular area of 200 metres in diameter. The illumination of the disc increases uniformly from 0.5 metre-candle at the edge to 2 metre-candle at the centre. Determine [10]

[6]

(b) A room measuring 10m × 10m is to be illuminated by 5 lamps and the average illumination required is 40lumens/m2 . Taking utilization and depreciations factor as 0.5 and 1.2 respectively, determine the mean spherical candlepower per lamp. [10]

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 2

7. Describe how plugging, rheosatic braking and regenerative braking are employed with D.C series motor. [16] 8. (a) An electric locomotive is required to haul a train of 12 coaches each weighing 30 tonnes on the main line service requiring an initial acceleration of 0.8km/hr/sec up a gradient of 1 in 100. Estimate the adhesive weight and hence the number of driving axles the locomotive must have, if the permissible axle loading is 20 tonnes per axle. Assuming for rotational inertia to be 4%, for the coaches and 15% for the locomotive. Maximum coeﬃcient of adhesion is 0.2 and the tractive resistance 5kg/tonne. [8] (b) An electric train weighing 200 tonnes has 8 motors geared to driving wheels, each wheel is of 80cms diameter. Determine the torque developed by each motor to accelerate the train to a speed of 48km/hr in 30seconds up a gradient of 1 in 200. The tractive resistance of 50newtons/tonne, the eﬀect of rotational inertia is 10% of the train weight, the gear ratio is 4 in 1 and gearing eﬃciency is 80%. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 UTILISATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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3. (a) What are diﬀerent methods of heat transfer? Explain in brief. (b) What are the advantages of radiant heating? (c) Describe various types of electric heating equipment. 4. (a) What are various types of electric braking used? 5. Deﬁne (a) Mean spherical Candlepower (b) Mean horizontal Candlepower (c) Mean hemispherical Candlepower (d) Luminous ﬂux.

1. (a) “ If a high degree of speed control is required, d.c. is preferable to a.c. for an electric drive” -Justify. [6] (b) A 200 V shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.5 Ohm. It takes a current of 16 amps on full load and runs at 600 r.p.m. If a resistance of 0.5 Ohm is placed in the armature circuit, ﬁnd the ratio of the stalling torque to the full load torque.And derive the expression used. [10]

2. (a) Draw and explain the output vs. time characteristics of any three types of loads. [8] (b) A motor has the following duty cycle: Load rising from 200 to 400 h.p. — 4 minutes Uniform load 300 h.p. — 2 minutes Regenerative braking h.p. Returned to supply from 50 to zero —1 minute. Remains idle for 1 minute. Estimate the h.p. of the motor. [8] [5] [5] [6] [8]

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(b) Explain how rheostatic braking is done in D.C. shunt motors and series motors. [8] [4x4=16]

6. Explain with connection diagram the operation of the low pressure ﬂuorescent lamp and state its advantages. [16] 7. State the condition under which regenerative braking with d.c. series motor is possible and explain with the help of circuit diagram. Also explain the various methods of providing regeneration. [16]

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 3

[6]

8. (a) Deﬁne speciﬁc energy output and speciﬁc energy consumption.

(b) An electric locomotive of 100 tonnes can just accelerate a train of 500 tonnes (trailing weight) with an acceleration of 1km/hr/sec on an up gradient 1 in 1000. Tractive resistance of the track is 45 newtons/tonne and the rotational inertia is 10%. If this locomotive is helped by another locomotive of 120 tonnes, ﬁ

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i. the trailing weight that can be hauled up the same gradient, under the same condition ii. the maximum gradient, the trailing hauled load remaining unchanged.

Assume adhesive weight expressed as percentage of total dead weight to be same for both the locomotives. [10]

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Code No: RR320206

Set No. 4

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2. (a) Discuss the various modes of heat dissipation. 4. (a) What are the requirements of good electric braking? (b) Explain the method of rheostatic braking. 5. Deﬁne (a) Lumen ﬂux (b) Incandescence (c) Luminance and (d) Illuminance 6. (a) Write short notes on factory lighting

1. (a) Discuss the various factors that govern the choice of a motor for a given service. [8] (b) A 6 pole, 50 Hz slip ring induction motor with a rotor resistance per phase of 0.2 Ohm and a standstill reactance of 1.0 Ohm per phase runs at 960 r.p.m. at full load. Calculate the resistance to be inserted in the rotor circuit to reduce the speed to 800 r.p.m., if the torque remains unaltered. [8] [6]

(b) A motor driving a load has to deliver a load rising uniformly from zero to a maximum of 2000 h.p. in 20 sec during the acceleration period, 1000 h.p. for 40 sec during the full speed period and during the deceleration period of 10 sec when regenerating braking is taking place the h.p. returned to the supply falls from 330 to zero. The interval for decking before the next load cycle starts is 20 sec. Estimate the horse power rating of the motor. [10] 3. (a) What are the applications of high frequency eddy current heating? Also explain the principle of high frequency eddy current heating. [8]

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i. the total ﬂux of light

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(b) Estimate the energy required to melt one ton of brass in a single phase induction furnace. If the melt is to be carried out in 11/4 hrs, what must be the average power input to the furnace? Speciﬁc heat of brass = 0.094, Latent heat of fusion = 38.88Kcal/Kg, Melting point of brass = 9200 C, Furnace eﬃciency = 70%. [8] [6]

[10]

[4x4=16]

[8]

**(b) A lamp having m.s.c.p of 800 is suspended at a height of 10 metres. Calculate [8]
**

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Code No: RR320206 ii. The illumination just below the lamp.

Set No. 4

[8]

7. (a) Describe about duplication of railway transmission lines.

(b) Write short notes on feeding and distributing system on A.C Traction and for d.c tram ways. [8]

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⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

8. (a) An electric locomotive is required to haul a train of 12 coaches each weighing 30 tonnes on the main line service requiring an initial acceleration of 0.8km/hr/sec up a gradient of 1 in 100. Estimate the adhesive weight and hence the number of driving axles the locomotive must have, if the permissible axle loading is 20 tonnes per axle. Assuming for rotational inertia to be 4%, for the coaches and 15% for the locomotive. Maximum coeﬃcient of adhesion is 0.2 and the tractive resistance 5kg/tonne. [8] (b) An electric train weighing 200 tonnes has 8 motors geared to driving wheels, each wheel is of 80cms diameter. Determine the torque developed by each motor to accelerate the train to a speed of 48km/hr in 30seconds up a gradient of 1 in 200. The tractive resistance of 50newtons/tonne, the eﬀect of rotational inertia is 10% of the train weight, the gear ratio is 4 in 1 and gearing eﬃciency is 80%. [8]

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