of
a Spring
equilibrium position.)
x(t1=Iqsin(ar)
+ xo cos(arr)
(t)
where x(r) is the position of the object along the number line at time /. The other
quantities are constants: a is a constant that depends on the stiffness of the spring and
the mass of the weight, vo is the initial velocity, and xo is the initial position of the object.
Part I
1) Write the function x(r)that gives the position of the weight as a function of time r in
seconds. (Your function should consist of a sine term and a cosine term.)
x
2) Graphthe separate sine and cosine components of your function from (1) on the same
set of axes. That is
gaph
xr =
bsin(art) and r,
a)
crs
o3
n/v o
a/z -)
o
3
7n/q
.fi
--:.!5-
,42
n/,
full cycles.)
0c
tr
T/u -z
rrO
t;A
.al'
,r'
l'/
sin
-l
9-/1i
3) Use a graphing calculator (or online graphing utility) to graph the entire function from
part (1). Use the window settings indicated below. Sketch what you see on your
calculator display.
*Y
xmin:0
D 2.6
xscl: f
ymin: -J
ymar:5
yscl: I
03
0.zq 3.b
l.08 0
r. [t -3'b
a.vl
s"D
xmax:21,
5.b
u.z
-7.b
4) Write an equation for your calculator Saph in the form x(r) = I cos[B(/ - C)] . (Use
the trace or manimum feature of yor,r graphing utility to help you find values for Ao B,
and C. I expect to see decimal approximations for these values.)
x(t)
3,(o-t?&* o.Lq\
5) How are the graphs from part 2) related to the graph in part 3)? Are the values for
period and amplitude the same or different? Why do you think we see these results?
Please write out your explanation using complete sentences.
-I\ug
cr-e
\.4
Part
3sa-gh
{o'- g-1 3
diffut*{.
irr ar,.r!i&tdr.,
ffrpk {,-t^
pr,r\
Z"
II:
below.
A sin $ sn(at) + A cos S cos(ar) = A cos(at
A
sn
:
:
cas
(r,,t
Factor out
Commutative Properfy
:=
- 0)
of
Addition
Commutative Property
of
Multiolication
Difference identity for
Acos(at - Q)
cosine
Part III:
Rewrite an expression of the form
f,J
sin(arr) +
Acos(ail
o
@
c1
c2
-/).
cos(arr) =
iI
Acos|= cos/
=Zl
hnS
=lt
c2
&'6 J"'
lyl
ea
l,
II:
''
,t
./e
,^.o Vrsu*JJ R-ur.'r^Aer"
y*A fu
=lsinl=sin O:L)
=
fi, "phi",
?b.As N"ta-\{^Jr
il*uqqrrqqfi$e
J
t
e.
g=ffirt
4sin3t +
I A:r{E
e.cos3f
s a{6"".FG-o,{
ton / = *= l-
-/).
Show
your work.
x&) = zsiv(zt)
h= {
+ 3 cos
(rt)
()'+(z\'
= nlTi
*ug=1x.s860
t+E=F
-"*
*-*-
l:=Y*C"-':'-?-l
8) Compare your function from part 4) and part 7). What do you observe? Write a one or