Islam

1. Basic Beliefs: Human beings belong to only one god 1 Main Statement followed by Muslims " There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his messenger" 2 No one can get the Creator and his creations mixed up 2 At the end of life, there is judgement to see your faithfulness to God to determine if you will go to heaven 3 2. Important People and Why: Muhammad- a prophet who received God's relevation through the Qur'an and established Islam 1 Allah- God 1 3. Duties, Dress, Title of Clergy Members: Everyone must put God in front of them self, money, happiness etc. by importance 2 Imam- the prayer leader at service 3 4. Sacred Texts: Qur'an- book of relevations the prophet collected and put together. This book also includes how God addresses human beings. 2 Hadith- Story or infomation about the Prophet (Muhammad) 2 5. Sacred Sites: Arabia- Where Islam took its final form after the relevation of the Prophet 2 6. Sacred Rites, Practices, and Procedures : 5 Pillars of Practice; 1st pillar, Profession of faith- professing the divinity of God 3 2nd pillar, Obligation Prayer- Enjoined to pray formally at least 5 times a day 3

3rd pillar, Alms-giving- to care for the poor, in modern times, this is administered by government 3 4th pillar, Fasting- on the 9th month of the Islamic calendar (Ramadan) Muslims would refrain for eating, drinking, or having sexual activities on the month. 4 5th pillar, Pilgrimage- on the last month of the Islam calender, Muslims would travel to Mecca. This is known as Pilgrimage to Mecca. All Muslims would do this at least once in his/her lifetime. 34 7. Place of Worship: Noon prayer Fridays would be held at a Mosque. A mosque is just an area surrounded by 4 walls. 3 8. Taboos or Prohibitions on behavior, Food, etc.: It is a sin the be confused between the Creator and his creations. 2 God always come first. 1 To the Muslims, Christians violated their beliefs by not putting God always first. 4 9. Holidays and/or Holy Days: Ramadan- Fasting 4 Dhil-Hijja- Pilgrimage to Mecca 4 10. Sects or different groups within the religion: Sunnis- Political and religious things are lead by different people 4 Shi'ites- Political and religious things are lead by the same person 4 11. Historic or Currents Conflicts: 18 th to 19th century, Europeans took over a lot of the Islamic world till WWII 1 700 C.E.- the beginning of Islamic Mysticism, known as Sufism 5 622 C.E.- the beginning of the Muslim Era, when Muhammad and his followers went to the town of Yathrib

MLA Citation

1 "Islam"(Pg. 176), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 2"Islam"(Pg. 176), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 3"Islam"(Pg. 176), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 4"Islam"(Pg. 176), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 5 "Early Islamic History" http://eawc.evansville.edu. 23 Sept 2007 <http://eawc.evansville.edu/chronology/ispage.htm>.

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