Hinduism

1. Basic Beliefs: Atman- soul 4 Atman is reborn millions of times 1 Karma- moral laws 1 In order to be release from rebirth (mokshal), they must follow the margas 1 Jana-marga- knowledge 1 Karma-marga- appropriate actions 1 Bhakti-marga- devotion to God 1 4 stages of life- student, household, reflector, renouncer 2 Worship one God or worship none at all 2 the one ultimate goal, is to be release from the rebirth cycle 3 2. Important People and Why: Aryans- brought the Vedas(eternal truths for Hindus) 4 Gods: Shiva- Lord of time/ The Destroyer 11 Brahma- creator 10 Agni- God of fire 10 Mahadevi- Mother Goddess 10 Vishnu- Preserver of the Universe 10 3. Duties, Dress, Title of Clergy Members:

Role in life- escape the cycle of recarnation and be immoral 1 4. Sacred Texts: Vedas- 4 sections;Samhitas, Brahmanas, Upanishands, Shruti 9 Ramayana- 24,000 couplets of Prince Rama's life 9 5. Sacred Sites: Your own house- this is where most Hindus practice in 8 Vishnu Temple 6 Shrines to Shiva- dedicated to the Lord of Nagas(the snake/water spirits) 7 Indus Valley- where Hinduism was first practiced 1 6. Sacred Rites, Practices, and Procedures : Yoga- individual holiness 6 Teaching/ practice known as sampradaya 6 Most worship individually, not in a group6 7. Place of Worship: At home, most homes has shrines, which could be a room or just a picture, or a statue 8 Or at actual temples such as Jaganannatha temple at Orissaor or Vishua temple 6 8. Taboos or Prohibitions on behavior, Food, etc.: 5 Taboos: Sexuality intercourse between two different caste 1 using wine 1 eating meat 1 eating fish 1

parched grain for sacrifice/ritual 1 9. Holidays and/or Holy Days: Jan: Lohri- marks end of winter 5 Feb: Pongal-Samkranti- celebrate rice harvest 5 March: Holi- New Year 5 Shivartri- fast held at temples 5 April: Sri Vaishnavas- beginning of summer 5 May: Rathyata- Birthday of Lord Jagannath 5 Aug: Janmashtami- Birthday of Krishna 5 Sept: Dusserah- Celebrate that the good beat the evil 5 Ganesh Chaturthi- Birthday of Ganesh 5 Oct: Diwali- Honor Rama 5 10. Sects or different groups within the religion: Ranks in Society (in order listed)- Priest, Warriors, Trader/Farmer, Menial/Servants 1 11. Historic or Currents Conflicts:

Aryans took over north Indua in 1500 B.C. introduced oral text, Vedas 4 MLA Citation 1 "Hinduism"(Pg. 19), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 2 "Hinduism"(Pg. 159), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 3 "Hinduism"(Pg. 160), The Encyclopedia of World Religions. USA: Book Builders, 1998 4 "Hinduism"(Pg. 18), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 5 "Hinduism"(Pg. 39), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 6 "Hinduism"(Pg. 32), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 7 "Hinduism"(Pg. 31), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 8 "Hinduism"(Pg. 33), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 9 "Hinduism"(Pg. 30), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 10 "Hinduism"(Pg. 21), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997 11 "Hinduism"(Pg. 22), World Religions. New York, NY: DK Publishing Inc., 1997