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Assignments in Mathematics Class IX (Term I)

1. Number Systems
Important Terms, Definitions and Results

A number is called an irrational number if it


p
cannot be written in the form
, where p and
q
q are integers and q 0.

All the rational and irrational numbers make up


the collection of real numbers.

The decimal expansion of a rational number is either


terminating or non-terminating repeating. Moreover,
a number whose decimal expansion is terminating
or non-terminating repeating, is rational.

The decimal expansion of an irrational number is


non terminating non repeating. Moreover, a number
whose decimal expansion is non terminating nonrepeating, is irrational.

The sum or difference of a rational number and


an irrational number is irrational.

The product or quotient of a non-zero rational


number with an irrational number is irrational.

( a + b) ( a b) = a b
(iv) ( a + b ) ( a b ) = a b

(iii)

(v)

a+ b

= a + 2 ab + b

When the denominator of an expression contains a


term with a square root (or a number under a radical
sign), the process of converting it to an equivalent
expression whose denominator is a rational number
is called rationalising the denominator.

1
To rationalise the denominator of
, we
a +b
a b
multiply this by
, where a and b are
a b
integers.
l Let a > 0 be a real number and p and q be rational
numbers. Then

(a) ap. aq = ap + q

(c)

ap
aq

(b) (ap)q = ap q

= ap q

(d) ap bp = (ab)p

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT

YA

TH

ER

For positive real numbers a and b, the following


identities hold :
a
a
=
(i) ab = a b
(ii)
b
b

Every real number is represented by a unique


point on the number line. Also, every point on
the number line represents a unique real number.

There are infinitely many rational numbers between


any two given rational numbers.

If we add, subtract, multiply or divide two irrationals,


the result may be rational or irrational.

SH

A number is called a rational number, if it can be


p
written in the form , where p and q are integers
q
and q 0.

PR

Multiple choice Questions

[1 Mark]

A. Important Questions

1. The product of any two irrational numbers is :

(b) 1.41421

(a) always an irrational number

(c) non-terminating recurring

(b) always a rational number

(d) non-terminating non-recurring

(c) always an integer

(d) sometimes rational, sometimes irrational

4. Decimal representation of a rational number cannot


be :

2. Every rational number is :


(a) a natural number

(b) an integer

(c) a real number

(d) a whole number

3. The decimal expansion of the number


(a) terminating

(c) non-terminating repeating

(d) non-terminating non-repeating

(b) non-terminating

) (8 3 2 )

5. The product 8 + 3 2

(a) a rational number

2 is :

(a) a finite decimal


1

is :

(b) an irrational number

17. If

is equal to :

1
1
1
(b)
(c)

(d)
7
49
7
7. An irrational number between 0.3101 and
0.333 ... is :

(a) 7

(a) 0.32010010001.....

(b) 0.1010010001...

(c) 0.34

(d) 0.3

8. If a and b are natural numbers, then


a b is :

(a) rational

(c) neither rational nor irrational

(d) none of these

9.

10.

a+ b

(b) nx

(c)

(a) 2.4142 (b) 5.8282

(a)

(d)

1
xn

10 15 is equal to :

(a) 6 5 (b) 5 6
(c) 25 (d) 10 5
11. The sum of two irrational numbers is :

(c) neither a rational nor an irrational number

(d) either a rational or an irrational number

(a)

(c)

TH

5 2

(b) 2 5 2

5 2

(d) 5 + 2

21. The number

12. Which of the following is an irrational number ?

(a) 13

7
,
22. After rationalising the denominator of
3
3

2 2
we get the denominator as :

(a) 7 5 5

(c)

(a) there is no rational number

23. The value of

(b) there is exactly one rational number

(c) there are infinitely many rational numbers

(d) there are only rational numbers and no irrational


numbers

YA

(d) 157.254
16 + 7
13. Between two rational numbers :

(b) 12
(c) 7
(d) 81
3
15. The product of two irrational numbers is :

(a) a rational number

(c) either a rational or an irrational number

(a)

8 + 12

(b) 2
3

(d) 35

is equal to :
(c) 4

(d) 8

2 4 2 12 32 equals :

(b) 2

(c) 12 2

(d)

12

32

(b) an irrational number

(d) neither a rational nor an irrational number


6
, we get :
16. On simplifying
3 22 3

(a) 3 3 + 2 2

32 + 48

(c) 5

x a b xb c
25. On simplifying
, we get :
xc a

(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) x
(d) x 2( a c )
1
26.
is equal to :
9 8
1
1
3 2 2

(a)
(b)
3+ 2 2
2

4

9

(a)

(a)

(b) 19

24. The product

14. Which of the following is irrational ?


5 2

5+ 5

is :
5 5
(a) a whole number
(b) a rational number
(c) an irrational number
(d) none of these

(b)

7 2
3

(b)

(a) an irrational number (b) a rational number

(c)

ER

7 2

7+2
3

7+2
(d) 7 + 2
5
45
20. The simplest rationalising factor of
is :

x is represented as :

(a) xn

2 1 is equal to :
2 +1

(c) 0.4142 (d) 0.1718


18. The value of 1.999... in the form p , where p and
q
q are integers and q 0, is :
19
1999
1

(a)

(b)
(c) 2
(d)
10
1000
9
19. The number obtained on rationalising the
1
denominator of
is :

(b) irrational

1
nx

2 = 1.4142, then

(d) 2 3

(c) 3 2

PR

6. The value of (343)

(d) either a rational or an irrational number

SH

(c) neither a rational nor an irrational number

(c) 3 2 2

(d) 3 + 2 2

27. 1.54, when expressed in the form of

(b) 3 2 + 2 3
2

(a)

154

99

(b)

155

90

(c)

153

90

p
, gives :
q
(d)

153
99

32. 0.75 is equivalent to :

(81) 2 is :

1
1
1

(b)
(c) 9
(d)
9
3
81
29. The value of (256)0.16 (256)0.09 is :

(a)

(a) 4

(b) 16

(c) 64

(d) 256.25

30. Which of the following is equal to x ?



(a)
(c)

12
x7

5
x7

(b) 12

2
3 3

( x)

(d)

1
4 3
x

( )

12
x7

7
12
x

31. Which of the following numbers has the terminating


decimal representation ?
(c)

23

40

(d)

(b)

25

33

(c)

8

9

(d)

1 3
36. If x = 0.125, then the value of is :
x

(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3

2
(b)

35

3

4

101
150

SH

1
(a)

15

72
99
1
2
33. Three rational numbers between
and
are :
3
3
5 6 7
5 6 7
, ,
(a)

(b) , ,
3 3 3
12 12 12
12 12 12
, ,
(c)
(d) none of these
5 6 7
34. The value of x a b xb c x c a is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) x
1
35. If x = 2 3 , then the value of x2 + 2 is :
x
(a) 10
(b) 12
(c) 14
(d) 4
(a)

28. The value of

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers

8. Which of the following is not the value of

2. The value of
(a) 2

(d) 0.4014001400014...
4 3

is equal to :

(b) 2 6

[T-I (2010)]
(d) 26

(c) 2 6

TH

3. Which of the following is a rational number ?



[T-I (2010)]
5

(b) p

(c) 0.101001000100001.. (d) 0.853853853....

4. p is :

[T-I (2010)]

(a) a rational number

(b) an integer

(c) an irrational number (d) a whole number

YA

5. The value of 7 2 8 2 is :

(a) 28 2

(b) 56 2

(b) non-terminating and repeating

(c) non-terminating and non-repeating

(d) terminating

7. The value of

(a)

1

8

(b)

(64) 2 is :
1

2

(c) 8

6 30
(c)
5

(a) 5 2 (b)

6. A number is irrational if and only if its decimal


representation is :
[T-I (2010)]

(d)

1
1

(c) 50

(a)

7

10

(b)

(a) 1

(b) 0

(c) 2

(d)

50

[T-I (2010)]
(d)

7
11

[T-I (2010)]
(d) 1

54
is :
[T-I (2010)]
250
2
9
3
27

(a)
(b)
(c)

(d) 3
5
25
5
125
13. 2 3 2 + 3 when simplified is :

[T-I (2010)]

(a) positive and irrational

(b) positive and rational

(c) negative and irrational

(d) negative and rational
12.

[T-I (2010)]
(d)

5 30
(b)
6

7
7

(c)

9
99
3
3
11. The value of 216 125 is :

(a) non-terminating

1
5

(d) 42 2

5 6
(a)
6

10. The sum of 0.3 and 0.4 is :

[T-I (2010)]

(c) 14 2

[T-I (2010)]

( 5 ) 1 5 6
6
9. The simplest rationalisation factor of 50 is :

[T-I (2010)]

(a)

1 6

5 5
?
6

PR

(c) 0.1416

ER

(a) 0.14

(b) 0.1416

1. Which one of the following is an irrational


number ?
[T-I (2010)]

1
64
3

)(

2
5
and
14. Two rational numbers between
are :
3
3

[T-I (2010)]
1
2
1
2

(a) and
(b) and
6
6
2
1
5
7
2
4

(c) and
(d) and
6
6
3
3

(c)

15. 5 + 8 + 3 2

when simplified

(a) 2 3

(b) 2

[T-I (2010)]

(c) 4

(d) 4 2 3

(c) 0.750750075000...

17. Simplified value of (16)


(b) 4

(a) 13

15

5
3

(b) 13

[T-I (2010)]
(d) 0

15

(c) 13

19. Add 5 2 + 3 3 and 2 2 5 3.

(d) 13

15

[T-I (2010)]

(a) 2

27. I f

(b) 5

(b) 6 2 3 3

(c) 6 2 8 3

(d) 6 2 + 8 3

3 2
(a) 0.318

(c)

(a) 7 2 2 3

20. Which of the following numbers is an irrational


number ?
[T-I (2010)]

)(

(b) 3 3 3 + 3

16 4

YA

(a)

(c) 8

3 = 1.732 and 2 = 1.414,

)(


(a) 4
(b) 4
(c) 11
(d) 7
26. The sum of the digits of a number is subtracted
from the number, the resulting number is always
divisible by :
[T-I (2010)]

[T-I (2010)]

(b) irrational


(c) 0
(d) real
25. Which of the following is the value of
11 7
11 + 7 ?
[T-I (2010)]

4 16 is :

(c) 1

(a) rational

(d) 9
the value of
[T-I (2010)]

is :

1

3.146

(b) 3.146
(d) 1.732 1.414

Short Answer Type Questions

[T-I (2010)]

13

ER

18. Simplify :

13

x is an irrational number, then x is :

(b) 6
(d) 0.7512

TH



(a) 16

24. If

(a) 0.75

2 and 3 is:
[T-I (2010)]

5
7
and
is :
7
9
[T-I (2010)]

16. An irrational number between


23. A rational number lying between



2+ 3

(a)

(b) 6
2

(c) 1.6
(d) 1.9

SH

is :
(a) positive and irrational
(b) negative and irrational
(c) positive and rational
(d) negative and rational

2 6

) (

(d) 25
21. When 15 15 is divided by 3 3 , the quotient is :

[T-I (2010)]

(a) 5 3 (b) 3 5
(c) 5 5 (d) 3 3
1

22. If x = 2 + 3 , then x + equals to :

x

[T-I (2010)]

PR

) (

5 +3

[2 Marks]

A. Important Questions

1. Are there two irrational numbers whose sum and


product both are rationals? Justify.

5. Find the rationalising factor of

5+ 3.

6. Prove that the negative of an irrational number is


an irrational number.
7. Give an example each, of two irrational numbers,
whose :

(i) difference is a rational number

(ii) difference is an irrational number

2. State whether the following statement is true ?


There is a number x such that x2 is irrational
but x4 is rational. Support your answer with an
example.
3. Find two rational and two irrational numbers
between 0.15 and 0.16.
p
4. Express 0.53 in the form of
, where p, q Z,
q
q 0.

8. Give an example each, of two irrational numbers,


whose :

4

(i) quotient is a rational number

11. Find the least rationalising factor of each of the


following :

(ii) quotient is an irrational number

9. Which of the following is rational or irrational ?


(i) 2 + 3

(ii) 3 + 4

10. Rationalise the denominator of

3+ 2

(i)

(ii) 98

(iii)

63

(iv) 2 + 1

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers


p
,
q
where q 0.
[T-I (2010)]
1
4
2. Find 4 rational numbers between and .
3
5

[T-I (2010)]

13
15

16. Simplify :
9 1 4

1. Express the numbers 0.53 in the form of

7. Simplify :

1
6

1
33

SH

PR

9 3 27 2

[T-I (2010)]

ER

3
=
4

2x

[T-I (2010)]

81
22. Simplify :
16

TH

3 4

4 3

5. Let x and y be rational and irrational numbers,


respectively. Is x + y necessarily an irrational
number ? Give an example in support of your
answer.
[T-I (2010)]
3

81 8 3 216 + 15 5 32 + 225.
[T-I (2010)]
3
3
81 4 25 2

9. Simplify

[T-I (2010)]

16
9

YA

1
1 3 4
10. Simplify : 5 8 3 + 27 3
[T-I (2010)]

11. Let a be a rational number and b be an irrational


number. Is ab necessarily an irrational ? Justify
your answer with an example.
[T-I (2010)]
p
12. Find two rational numbers in the form
between
q
0.343443444344443... and 0.363663666366663...

[T-I (2010)]
4 3 2
13. Simplify
x and express the result in the
exponential form of x.
[T-I (2010)]
14. Find four rational numbers between 3 and 5 .
7
7

[T-I (2010)]
15. I f x = 3 + 2 2 , t h e n f i n d t h e v a l u e o f

1
.
x

3
4

3
25 3 2

5


2
9

[T-I (2010)]

23. Find a point corresponding to 3 + 2 on the


number line.
[T-I (2010)]
3
5
and .
24. Find three rational numbers between
7
11
How many rational numbers can be determined
lying between these numbers ?
[T-I (2010)]
1
1
+
25. Find the simplified value of
.
5 2 3 5+ 2 3

[T-I (2010)]
c
x a (b c ) x b
26. Show that b ( a c ) a = 1.
[T-I (2010)]
x
x
3
1

27. If x = 2 + 3, then find the value of x .

x

[T-I (2010)]
2
.
28. Rationalise the denominator of
5+ 3

[T-I (2010)]
2
29. Express
with rational denominator.
11 + 7

[T-I (2010)]

8. Simplify

3
in decimal form and say what kind of
13
decimal expansion it has.
[T-I (2010)]
1
19. If x = 3 + 2 2, check whether x +
is rational
x
or irrational.
[T-I (2010)]
5
20. Express
with rational denominator.
7 2

[T-I (2010)]
1
1
and .
21. Find three rational numbers between
3
2
How many rational numbers can be determined
between these two numbers ?
[T-I (2010)]
18. Write

5 on the number line. [T-I (2010)]

6. Find the value of x.

[T-I (2010)]

p
17. Express 1.323 in the form , where p and q are
q
integers q 0.
[T-I (2010)]

3. Find the value of x if 24 25 = (23 ) x .



[T-I (2010)]
4. Represent

30. Prove that


[T-I (2010)]

(3 7 )

is an irrational number.
[T-I (2010)]

Short Answer Type Questions

[3 Marks]

A. Important Questions
1. Locate

13 on the number line.


p
2. Express 0.123 in the form
, where p, q Z,
q
q 0.

.
23 5
1
10. If a = 2 + 3 , then find the value of a .
a
4
12
6
3
8
32
11. Simplify :
4 5 5

3. Simplify : 3 5 5 2 4 5 + 3 2
4. Find the value of a in the following :
6
=3 2 a 3 .
3 2 2 3
5. Find which of the variables x, y and z represent
rational numbers and which irrational numbers.

1
1 3
12. Simplify : 5 8 3 + 27 3

13. If a = 9 + 4 5, find

8. Express

SH

14. Simplify by rationalising the denominator :


4+ 5 4 5
+
4 5 4+ 5

, find the values of a and b.

y2

15. Find the values of x and y if


7+ 5 7 5
7

= x+
5y .
11
7 5 7+ 5

with rational denominator.

PR

x2 + y 2 + x

3 +1

3 1

7. If a + b 3 =

17

(i) x2 = 5 (ii) y2 = 0.04 (iii) z 2 =
4
6. Represent 5.6 on the number line.

)(

2+3 5

9. Rationalise the denominator of

( 216)

2
3

( 256)

3
4

[T-I (2010)]
3
1

2. If a = 1 2 , find a
[T-I (2010)]

a
2
5
+
= 3 + b 5 , find a and b.
3. If
3+ 5
3 5

[T-I (2010)]

17 on the number line.

[T-I (2010)]

5. Locate

4.5 on the number line.

[T-I (2010)]

7+4 3
and b.

7. Simplify :
8. If x =

14. Simplify the following by rationalising the


3
2
+
.
denominators :
4 5 3 4 5+ 3

[T-I (2010)]
2 5
= a + b 10 , find the values of a and
15. If
2+ 5
b.
[T-I (2010)]

= a + b 3 , then find the values of a

YA

5+ 2 3

4. Locate

6. If

3 1

3 2

6 3
and y =

[T-I (2010)]

4 3
6+ 2

3+ 2 2

3 1
3 +1

3+ 7

, then find the value

3 7

= a + b 7 , find
3 7 3+ 7
a and b.
3+ 7
17. If a =
, then find the value
2

3 5
=a
18. Find the value of a, if
3+ 2 5

16. If

[T-I (2010)]

3 +1
32 2
of x + y.
[T-I (2010)]
9. Simplify the following by rationalising the
64 3
.
denominator :
[T-I (2010)]
6+4 3
p
10. Express 3.425 in the form
, where p and q are
q
integers, q 0.
[T-I (2010)]
11. If

1
12. If x = 1 2, find value of x .

x

[T-I (2010)]
3 5
3+ 5
and b =
, find a 2 b 2 .
13. If a =
3+ 5
3 5

[T-I (2010)]

TH

ER

1. Find the value of :

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers

the values of
[T-I (2010)]
1
.
a2
[T-I (2010)]
19
5

11
[T-I (2010)]

of a 2 +

19. Simplify the following by rationalising the


denominators.
[T-I (2010)]
5 1
5 +1
+

5 +1
5 1

= a + b 3 , find the values of a and b.


[T-I (2010)]
6

20. If 2 = 1.414, 3 = 1.732, then find the value of


4
3
+
.
[T-I (2010)]
3 3+2 2 3 32 2
5+ 3

21. If
b.

5 3


3 +1
of x + y.

[T-I (2010)]

37. Show that

22. Simplify : 12 18 6 20 3 50 + 8 45.



[T-I (2010)]
3
1

23. If x = 3 2 , find the value of x + .

x

[T-I (2010)]
1

24. If x = 2 + 5 , find the value of x 2 2 .

x

[T-I (2010)]
5 2
5+ 2
and y =
25. If x =
, find the value
5+ 2
5 2
[T-I (2010)]
of x 2 + xy + y 2 .

27. If

2+ 3

2 3

1
2+ 3

[T-I (2010)]
= 1 + 3.
[T-I (2010)]

38. Simplify the following by rationalising the


1
2
1

.
denominators
6+ 5
5+ 7
7+ 6

[T-I (2010)]

SH

39. Simplify the following into a fraction with rational


denominator.
[T-I (2010)]
1

5 + 6 11
1

40. If x = 3 + 2 2, find the value of x


.

x

[T-I (2010)]

6+ 3

1+ 2

, then find the value

2 3

4 3

.
6+ 2
[T-I (2010)]

3 2

2+ 3

41. Write the following in the ascending order of their


magnitude.
[T-I (2010)]

= a + b 3 , find the values of

PR

2+ 3

and y =

3 1

36. If x =

= a + b 3 , find rational numbers a and

26. Simplify :

1
.
a2
[T-I (2010)]

2
35. If a = 3 + 2 2, then find the value of a

2 3 2+ 3
a and b.
[T-I (2010)]
28. Simplify the following by rationalising the
denominators.
[T-I (2010)]
2
1
3
+


5+ 3
2+ 3
5+ 2
3
29. Express
with rational denominator.
3 2+ 5

[T-I (2010)]
1

30. If x = 7 + 4 3, find the value of x3 + 3 .

x

[T-I (2010)]
3+ 2
3 2
and y =
, then find the
31. If x =
3 2
3+ 2
[T-I (2010)]
value of x 2 + y 2 10 xy.
32. Find the square root of 4.2 geometrically.

[T-I (2010)]
3+ 2
= a + b 6 , then find the values of a
33. If
3 2
[T-I (2010)]
and b.
1
34. If x = 13 2 3, find the value of x + .
x

[T-I (2010)]

3, 3 2 , 3 4
42. Find the square root of 4.5 geometrically.

[T-I (2010)]
1
43. Express
with rational denominator.
1+ 2 3

[T-I (2010)]

ER

44. Simplify

6 8 + 3

TH

27 6 .

[T-I (2010)]
1+ 2
1 2
+
.
45. Simplify :
[T-I (2010)]
5+ 3
5 3
46. If a = 2, b = 3, then find the values of the
following :
[T-I (2010)]

(a) ab + b a

(b) a a + bb

YA

47. If (5) x 3 (3) 2 x 8 = 225 , then find the value of


x.
[T-I (2010)]
1
1
+
= 1. [T-I (2010)]
48. Prove that
1 + x a b 1 + xb a
p
49. Express 2.025 in the form of , where p and q
q
are integers and q 0.
[T-I (2010)]
50. Prove that

Long Answer Type Questions

1
2+ 3

2
5 3

= 0.
2 5
[T-I (2010)]

[4 Marks]

A. Important Questions
1
2. If a = 5 + 2 6 and b = , then find the value of
a
2
2
a +b.

p
1. Express 0.6 + 0.7 + 0.47 in the form
, where
q
p, q Z , q 0.
7

2
3. If x = 9 4 5 , find the value of x +

4. If x =

3+ 2

3 2
of x2 + y2.

3 2

and y =

3+ 2

1
x

6. Simplify the following by rationalising the


1
denominator :
5 2 7

, find the value

7. Simplify : 256 4 2 .
( )

5. Find the value of :


1
1
1
1
+
+
+ .......
1+ 2
2+ 3
3+ 4
8+ 9 .

8. Evaluate : ( 27 )

( 27)

2
1
27 3 27 3 .

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers


1. Simplify :
7+ 8

4. If a = 7 4 3, find the value of a +


.

a

[T-I (2010)]

[T-I (2010)]


2 6
2+ 3

6 2
6+ 3

8 3

.
6+ 2
[T-I (2010)]

5. Represent

9.3 on the number line. [T-I (2010)]

2. Simplify

6+ 7

SH

[T-I (2010)]

1
1
2 + 5 + 5 + 6 +

3. Find the values of a and b if :


7+3 5 73 5

= a + 5b

3+ 5
3 5

PR

Formative assessment
Activity

TH

ER

Objective : To make a square root spiral


Materials Required : White sheets of paper, pencils, geometry box, etc.
Procedure :

1. On a white sheet of paper, draw OA = 1 unit.
Figure-1

2. At A, draw AA1 such that OAA1 = 90 and AA1 = 1 unit. Join OA1.

3. At A1, draw A1A2 such that OA1A2 = 90 and A1A2 = 1 unit. Join OA2.

Figure-2

YA

Figure-3

4. At A2, draw A2A3 such that OA2A3 = 90 and A2A3 = 1 unit.



Join OA3.

Figure-4

5. Continue in this manner to get a shape as shown below.

SH

Figure-5

YA

TH

ER

PR

Observations :

1. In figure 2, OAA1 is a right triangle, right angled at A.
Also, OA = 1 unit = AA1
OA21 = OA2 + AA21 [Pythagoras theorem]
OA1 = 1 + 1 = 2 units.

2. In figure 3, OA1A2 is a right triangle, right angled at A1.
Also, OA1 = 2 units and A1A2 = 1 unit
OA22 = OA21 + A1A22 [Pythagoras theorem]
OA2 = 2 + 1 = 3 units.

3. In figure 4, OA2A3 is a right triangle, right angled at A2.
Also, OA2 = 3 units and A2A3 = 1 unit.
OA23 = OA22 + A2A23 [Pythagoras theorem]
OA3 = 3 + 1 = 4 = 2 units.

4. Similarly, we can observe that
OA4 = 5 units, OA5 = 6 units, OA6 = 7 units, OA7 = 8 units,
OA8 = 9 units, OA9 = 10 units, OA10 = 11 units, OA11 = 12 units,
OA12 = 13 units, OA13 = 14 units, OA14 = 15 units, and so on.
Pattern Analysis

Observe the pattern of diagrams given below :


Continue the series by drawing the fourth, fifth and sixth
diagrams in the sequence. Each new diagram is obtained
by drawing squares all around the outside of the previous
diagram. For each diagram count the number of squares
it contains.
Using the results of the first six diagrams, can you predict the number of squares in the seventh diagram?
First guess and then see whether your guessing was correct.
Can you predict the number of squares in the eighth diagram?
9

Again, draw the diagram to see if you were right.


Can you predict the number of squares in (i) the 12th diagram?
(ii) the 20th diagram?
Try to find a rule which will enable you to predict the number of squares for any member of the
sequence of diagrams.
The Chinese Triangle

SH

Given below is a Chinese triangle having a number pattern in


the form of a triangle of numbers. You have to find how the
numbers in each row are made by adding the numbers in each
row above.
After knowing the rule, you can write as much number lines in
the triangle as you want. Make a copy of this triangle having
20 rows and fill in the numbers. Shade in all the odd numbers
in one colour. Do you notice any pattern?
Check what other patterns you can obtain in the triangle by
using a colour to shade in numbers that are multiples of 3 or
multiples of 4 or multiples of other numbers.

Crossnumber Puzzle with a Difference

ER

PR

Here we have a cross number puzzle with a difference. There are no clues, only answers, and it is your
task to find where the answers go.

1. Copy out the cross number pattern.

2. Fit all the given numbers into the correct spaces.

Tick off the numbers from the lists as you write them in the square.

YA

TH

2 digits
26
41
19
71
63
76



3 digits
215
427
106
872
725
385
156
263
234
180

4 digits
5841
9217
9131
1624
1506
4214
5216
4734
2007
2637

5 digits
21862
83642
21362
57320

6 digits
134953
727542

Know Your Birthday

Do you know on which day of the week you were born? Perhaps you might have forgotten it. Dont
worry, here is a method to discover your birthday.
Method

1. Let y be the year you were born.

2. Let d be the sum of all days of the year you were born from Ist January to the date of your
birthday.
y 1
and neglect the remainder (if any)
4

3. Find x =

4. Find s = y + d + x.

10

5. Find

6.

s
and note the remainder.
7

Remainder
Birthday

Friday Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

The remainder obtained in step 5, can be matched with the table above to get the correct
birthday.
Illustration : Let us find the birthday of the person who was born on 24th October 2004.
Here y = 2004

To find d, we add all the days from 1st January to 24th October.

January
31

February
29
March
31
April
30

May
31
June
30

July
31
August
31
September
30
October
24
d

Now, x =

= 298

2004 1 2003
=
= 500 (Neglect the remainder 3)
4
4

ER

PR

SH

Finally

2802
gives remainder 2. From the table, remainder 2 suggests that the person was born
7

TH

Next s = 2004 + 298 + 500 = 2802

on Sunday.

Investigative Project

Everyone has two biological parents.

1. Copy and complete the tree. Fill


in the number of ancestors for five
generations back. Do not fill in
names.
2. Giving your answers as a power of 2 and as a number in standard form, how many ancestors
does this table suggest you have
(i) five generations back? (ii) six generations back? (iii) ten generations back?

YA

Going back one generation, each of your


parents has two biological parents.

3. If we assume that each generation spans 25 years, how many generations are needed to go back
1000 years?

4. Find the number of ancestors the table suggests that you would expect to have 6000 years back.
Give your answer as a power of 2 and as a number in standard form. What other assumptions
are made to get this answer?
11