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Report speech/indirect speech

El "Reported speech" se usa para narrar con nuestras propias palabras lo que otra
persona ha dicho. En español también existe y se llama "estilo indirecto". Cuando
reproducimos con palabras textuales lo que otra persona ha dicho usamos el estilo
directo (direct speech). Estas palabras siempre van entre comillas (“…”).
Direct speech

(Direct speech is the speaker’s exact words)

“I am visiting my grandma today.” Mary
said.

Reported speech
(tell what another person said)
Mary said she was visiting her grandma
that day.

Cuando construimos una oración en "reported speech" tenemos que realizar las
siguientes tareas:





Añadir un verbo de relato.
Cambiar tiempo verbal de la oración
Cambiar los verbos modales
Cambiar pronombres personales
Cambiar expresiones de tiempo y los demostrativos
Cambiar adverbios de lugar.

1. Verbo de relato ( reporting verbs)
Cuando construimos oraciones en "reported speech" tenemos que usar un verbo de
relato. Los más frecuentes son:
a.

The verbs “say” and “tell” are
common reporting verbs and follow
the structure:

(that) + subject + verb(s)
Say something (to somebody): He said (that) he
wasn’t coming.
Tell somebody something: He told me (that) he
wasn’t coming.
Para reportar preguntas:

Cambiar tiempo verbal El tiempo verbal de una oración cambia cuando la convertimos a estilo indirecto. . Aunque no nos hayamos dado cuenta también pasa en español .2.

might. me . her. us. him. could. they. our cambian a un pronombre de tercera persona: . no Cambiar los pronombres personales. them or their. Indirect speech: He said that he Direct speech: They said. Cambiar los verbos modales Would . Los pronombres: I. “we love our country”= Indirect speech: They said that they loved their country . she.3.ought to . should change 4. we . . EX: Direct speech: He said. his. he. “I live in New York” = lived in New York. it.

Nota: Con "ask" utilizaremos también "if/whether". The policeman ordered him to get out of the car. Preguntas en report speech ¡. Las autoridades preguntaron si había un problema de salud en el área. 7. her etc) / la particula to. "Don't move!" The man with the gun warned us not to move. . Cambiar expresiones de tiempo y los demostrativos 6.tambien se usa: want to know or wonder Ejemplo con "ask": -The authorities asked if there was a health problem in the area. him . se usa el verbo Ask(ed) = para preguntas.5. verb + indirect object + to EXAMPLES Direct speech Indirect speech The doctor said to me. "Get out of the car!" said the policeman. She asked me to be quiet. The man with the gun said to us. REPORTING ORDERS AND REQUESTS Cuando queremos reportar una orden o una solicitud reportamos con el verbo tell / object pronoun(Me. "Could you please be quiet. esto es el "si" condicional. "Stop smoking!" The doctor told me to stop smoking." she said.

10. Isabella and Ella: "We love our pets." Melanie told me (that) _______ father is Jamaican. Victoria: "I like my cat." Ryan and Lucas told me (that) __________ played football. 2." Isabella and Ella told me (that)______ loved_____ pets. . Siempre se pone el sujeto antes del verbo en ‘reported questions’ y nunca se usa el auxiliar do/does/did. 3. En yes/no preguntas se usa if o whether Exercises A. Leah: "How is your journey?" Leah asked me how _______ journey was. pencil. Jacob: "I work in an office. Write the correct pronouns into the sentences in Reported speech. 3. Emma and Doris: "Can we use your camera?" Emma and Doris asked me if could use _________ camera." Julian told me (that) _____________would have to borrow _____ 6.2. 1." Jacob told me (that) _________ worked in an office. 9. 8. Grandmother: "Please bring me a cup of my tea." Victoria told me (that) _______ liked _______cat. Ryan and Lucas: "We play football. 7. Julian: "I will have to borrow your pencil. Henry: "Can you see me?" Henry asked me if __________ could see _____ 5. Melanie: "My father is Jamaican. Ejemplo: What did you do yesterday? He asked me what I had done yesterday. 4." Grandmother told me to bring_______ a cup of _____ tea.

“You didn’t forget my birthday. “I want to speak with my lawyer.” 8. “You must push this button first. “Have lunch with me. “What are you going to do at the weekend?” She asked me ______________________________________________ 7. “I didn’t break this.” 5.” 4. “Why did you go out last night?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 4.” 11.” 7.” 1.” 3.” 6. “What are you doing?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 3. “How was the journey?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 10. don’t fire me. “Don’t worry! I’ll talk to your mother. Brian.” 9.B. “I really must see your homework.” Change these direct questions into reported speech: 1. “Who was that beautiful woman?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 5. “What were you doing when I saw you?” She asked me __________________________________________________ 9. “How is your mother?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 6. “Are you working tonight?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ . “Where is he?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 2. “Have you been to Paris?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 11 “Can you help me?” She asked me ______________________________________________________ 12. “You never take my advice. “Where will you live after graduation?” She asked me ___________________________________________________ 8.” 10. “I’m not going to cut his hair. “I won’t be late again. REPORT the following as indicated below. 2. “did You start the fire? 12. “Please.

“Will you come later?” She asked me _____________________________________________________________ .13.