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SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT FOR

CONSTRUCTION OF 30 BEDDED HOSPITAL


BUILDING AT SEONI MALWA (MP)
REPORT SUBMITTED TO

PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT, PIU, HOSHANGABAD

SUBMITTED BY

OM ENGINEERS
132, GH ,Scheme no 54, Vijaynagar
INDORE (MP)
0731- 4200356, 07509424029, 09630701030

Email: omengineers132@gmail.com
DECEMBER 2015

INTRODUCTION
The subject of load bearing capacity of soils is of great importance to Engineers who
have to design foundations for buildings and structures which are heavy, large and tall. Such
structures are required to meet the varying requirements. More important the structure is,
greater is the need to give attention to design and construction of its foundation.
The design and construction of foundation of heavy structure is not an easy task. It
calls for ability and experience. The most important factor which influences design of
foundations is the load bearing capacity of soils met with. Therefore, in arriving at the safe
load bearing capacity of soils, the properties and characteristics of the soil at site is required to
be determined.
It has many times been experienced that not only the design of foundation is difficult
task (the pre- requisite for which are the proper site investigation, field test and laboratory
testing), but the actual construction of foundation also poses difficult problems. It is, therefore
necessary to conduct the detail investigations at site before a design can be finalized. The
object of subsurface and related site investigations is to provide the engineer / Architect with
as much information as possible about the existing conditions of the soil and rock. It is
equally important to know the sub soil conditions below a proposed structure.
The methods of sub surface investigation enable vertical sections of the strata to be
drawn and samples to be tested, on the site or in a laboratory for determining shear strength
parameters, bearing capacity of the soils, permeability, water table, type, classification and
other geophysical information in the field. This information together with the normal
topographical survey provides the Engineer with complete details of the site and enables him
to know the complexity of natural deposits. No one method of exploration is best for all
situations. Site reconnaissance would help in deriving program of field investigations and
detailed soil investigations.
Public Works Department, Project Implementation Unit Hoshangabad has
proposed the construction of 30 bedded hospital building at their site situated at Seoni Malwa
(M.P.). The structural consultant of the client has prepared the Architectural drawings and
desired the assessment of Safe Bearing Capacity for the structural design of the foundation
and type of foundation. Accordingly M/s. Om Engineers, Indore has been deputed to
prepare the Geotechnical Investigation report by M/S, Inking Edge Architects,
Gaziabad.,The object of investigations is to recommend the type of foundation and
recommendation Safe Bearing Capacity at suitable depth below the existing ground level for
structural design of foundation.

The report presents the compiled data of test results of geotechnical investigation. The
observed data of field investigations and laboratory tests are presented and used to access the
nature of subsoil strata and to evaluate the soil parameters required for the detailed design of
proposed structure.
The purpose of the investigation is to determine geotechnical requirements of the
foundation.

SITE TOPOGRAPHY
The site is located at Seoni Malwa. The site physically falls in district Hoshangabad,
which forms the central part of state of Madhya Pradesh.

Discussion & Interpretation


The drilling of one borehole of 5.0 m depth and excavation of one trial pit of 2.50
m depth has been done by M/S Mahi Diamond Drilling & Grouting Works, Indore (MP).
The testing of material explored from trial pit and boreholes has been done by the officials of
M/s Om Engineers, Indore. This testing, classification and subsequent recommendations
are based upon the soil samples extracted, presented and submitted for laboratory testing by
the officials of Inking Edge Architects, Gaziabad. The following laboratory tests have
been conducted on the soil samples collected from the borehole and trial pit;
1

Natural Moisture Content, Filed Density and Specific Gravity

Grain Size Analysis

Atterbergs Limits (Liquid Limit & Plastic Limit)

Triaxial Compression (Unconsolidated and Undrained)

Free Swell Index

The results of tests conducted on soil samples explored from the borehole and trial pit
are shown from Table 1. Grain Size Distribution Curves are shown from Fig. 1 (a) to Fig.
1(c).

7.0 RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on lab test results following are the recommendations:

Individual Isolated Footings may be provided at a depth of 3.00 m to transfer the load
of structures to the underlying soil.

The Safe Bearing Capacity for the strata at 3.00 m depth below the existing ground is
recommended as 125 kN/m2.

100.00
90.00
80.00
70.00

% finer

60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
0.001

0.01

0.1

10

Grain Size in mm

Fig. 3(a) Grain Size Distribution Curve (BH, 3.00 m Depth)

100.00
90.00
80.00
70.00

% finer

60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
0.001

0.01

0.1

10

Grain Size in mm

Fig. 3(b) Grain Size Distribution Curve (BH, 4.50 m Depth)

100.00
90.00
80.00
70.00

% finer

60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
0.001

0.01

0.1

10

Grain Size in mm

Fig. 3(c) Grain Size Distribution Curve (TP, 2.50 m Depth)

10.65

58.34

14.59

61

34

27

MH

22.41

2.52

BH

4.50

3.22

44.08

42.16

10.54

57

28

31

CH

11.24

2.65

TP

2.50

14.94

2.35

70.30

12.41

61

33

29

MH

3.33

2.56

Hole/Pit

Gravel

Sand

Silt

Clay

LL

PL

PI

Strength (kPa)

16.42

(Depth)

Unconfined Compression

3.00

Bore

NMC (%)

Free Swell Index (%)

BH

Grain Size Analysis

Specific Gravity

IS Classification

Atterbergs Limits

Field Density (kN/m3)

Table 2 Properties of Soil Collected from Different Bore Holes

BH = Borehole,
PI = Plasticity Index,

TP = Trial Pit

LL = Liquid Limit,

NMC = Natural Moisture Content,

PL = Plastic Limit,
FD = Field Density,

Authorized Signatory

Om Engineers