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a) Material Proerties

Type

fcu
fy

:
:

wc
Ec

:
:
:
:
:
:

0.5 Ec
Es
n

: Column

35 MPa (28 days compressive cube strength of concrete)


460 MPa (Characteristic steel strength)
3
25 kN/m (unit wt. of concrete)
K0+0.2fcu,28
(Modulus of elasticity of concrete)
(BS 8110-2 Sec.7.2)
27000 MPa
13500 MPa (Considered value for crack width calculation)
2.E+05 MPa (Modulus of elasticity of steel)
14.8
(Modular ratio)

b) Section Proerties
Width
height
effective depth

b
h
d

:
:
:

Clear cover to main bar


C
:
Area of steel
bar dia
bar spacing

As

:
:
:

900 mm
275 mm
213 mm
(not to links)
58

mm
2
672 mm
10 mm
90 mm

Distance from the point considered to the surface of nearest longitudinal bar
acr
: (45^2 + 63^2) - 5
: 72.42 mm

c) Loading Details
Maximum un factored BM at the cross section
Ms
:
31.5 kNm

d) Crack Width
Allowable crack width

0.2

mm

percentage of steel available

: 672.3/(900 x 213)
: 0.0035
depth of neutral axis
2
0.5
x
: d . [-n + (n ) + 2 n ) ]

14.8

: 58.48 mm
Stress in reinforcement
fs
: Ms/[As (d - x/3)]
: 242.1 MPa
Stress in concrete
fc
: fs As/[0.5 b x)]
: 6.186 MPa
Strain at soffit of concrete section
1
: fs Es (h-x)/(d-x)
: 0.0017
average strain at the level where the cracking is being considered

(
3

=
:

)(
(

)
)

0.0010

(BS 8110-2 equation-13)


where,
a'

275 mm

Design surface crack width

=
wc

3
1 + 2(

: 0.195 mm
< 0.2 mm, Hence o.k.

(BS 8110-2 equation-12)