You are on page 1of 2

Flags of the Katipunan

With the Katipunan now well organized, Bonifacio turned his attention to the symbol of its
authority. Upon his request, Benita Rodriquez with the help of Gregoria de Jesus, Bonifacio's
wife, made a flag. It consisted of a red rectangular piece of cloth with three white K's arranged
horizontally at the center. This was the first official flag of the society. But some members of the
Katipunan has their flag with the three K's arranged in the form of a triangle. Bonifacio himself
has a personal flag which consisted of a red rectangular piece of cloth at the center of which was
a white sun with an indefinite number of rays. Below the sun were the three white K's arranged
horizontally.
Owing to the lack of uniformity in the design and use of the flag, some generals of the revolution
adopted their own designs. Thus General Mariano Llanera used a black banner with a skull
above two cross bones and the letter K, all in white. So different was this banner that Bonifacio
humorously called it "Llanera's skull." Still another flag was that of General Pio del Pilar which
consisted of an equilateral triangle with a K at each angle. Inside the triangle was a mountain
with the sun rising behind it.
When the revolution flared up, the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan in Cavite adopted a flag
consisting of a red rectangular banner with a white K in the ancient Tagalog script in the center
of a sun, represented by a white circle, with an indefinite number of rays. Later on, the rays of
the sun were limited to eight to represent the eight provinces which first took up arms against the
Spaniards. This flag became the first official banner of the revolutionary forces and was blessed
in a mass celebrated at Imus.
In the Naik Assembly of March 17, 1897, the Katipunan military leaders decided to adopt a flag
with a new design. It consisted of a red rectangular cloth with a white sun and rays in the middle.
The sun was the mythological sun with eyes, eyebrows, nose and mouth. This flag superseded
the flag of the Magdalo faction and became the first official flag of the Filipinos. It became the
symbol of the Filipino nationality until the signing of the Truce of Biyak-na-bato on December
14-15, 1897, when it was hauled down from the pole of the revolutionary headquarters at Biyakna-bato.

The Filipino Flag
The Filipino flag has an interesting story. It was made in Hongkong by Mrs. Marcela de
Agoncillo, wife of Don Felipe Agoncillo.
During his exile in Hongkong, General Aguinaldo designed the flag as it looks today. Mrs.
Marcela de Agoncillo sewed it with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Mrs. Josefina Herbosa
de Natividad(niece of Dr. Jose Rizal). It was made of silk with a white triangle at the left
containing a sunburst of eight rays at the center, a five pointed star at each angle of the triangle,
an upper stripe of dark blue, and a lower stripe of red. The white triangle stands for equality; the
upper blue stripe for peace, truth and justice; and the lower red stripe for patriotism and valor.

the Katipunan maintained a secret war against Spanish oppression. or Katipunan. They would be brought to a dark room with black curtains. the new member chose a symbolic name for himself. The Katipunan Code 1892. Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Supreme and Venerable Society of the Children of the Nation). you can proceed. Visayas and Mindanao. retire. An admonition was posted at the entrance to the room: "If you have strength and valor. To keep the whole organization from being discovered. For example. One such example is the plaque on the Bonifacio monument in Kalookan City. It was hoisted officially at Kawit on June 12. and clandestine rituals marked the Katipunan's operations. you may recall a link between the Freemasons the ritualistic protection of vital organizational secrets. On Secrecy and Organization: The Katipunan thrived as an underground society through the use of secret codes and passwords. retire. formed to fight for independence from Spain. in connection with the proclamation of Philippine independence. the organization is encapsulated into three-man units and a direct command chain resulting to a very efficient personnel management. On initiation: New recruits underwent the initiation rite three at a time so that no member knew more than two other members of the society. If you watched or read the Da Vinci Code." . On the final test: The final test was the "sandugo" (blood compact). On closer examination of the plaque. then sign the Katipunan oath in his own blood. you will find lines of symbolic language in an odd pattern. it has served as the National Flag of the Filipinos.The sunburst of eight rays inside the triangle represented the first eight provinces that took up arms against Spain.. Continue on to read about other examples of the Katipunan's Freemason roots. Never shall the doors of the Supreme and Venerable Society of the Sons of the People be opened to you. Katipunan employed the triangle method: a system of enlistment wherein a recruiter would ask only two members to join.. From that date. 1898. But where did the Katipunan leaders derive many of their methods of secrecy? Both Bonifacio and Aguinaldo were Freemasons. Evidence of the Philippine version of this link has been spread around the Philippines during the revolutionary period. Bonifacio was called "May pag-asa" (Hopeful). Thus. Only the recruiter would know the names of both recruits while the recruits would not each other. The recruit was asked to make a small cut on his left forearm with a sharp knife. Led by Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Aguinaldo. The Kataas-taasang. Agoncillo made in Hongkong was taken to the Philippines by General Aguinaldo. These necessary tools ensured that the Spanish remained unaware of their plans. cryptologic languages. If what has brought you here is only curiosity. Symbols. If you cannot control your passions. The flag which Mrs. Manilla. Afterwards. The three stars symbolized Luzon. Keeping secrets from the Spaniards during those times was very difficult.