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LESSON PLAN

Prepared By : JOYDEEP PAUL


Subject Name: CONTROL SYSTEM
Subject Code : EC 503
Branch : ECE
Semester: V

UNIT I : INTRODUCTION/ TRANSFER FUNCTION REPRESENTATION


Syllabus:
Concepts of Control Systems- Open Loop and closed loop control systems and
their differences- Different examples of control systems- Classification of
control systems, Feed-Back Characteristics, Effects of feedback.
Mathematical models Differential equations, Impulse Response and
transfer functions - Translational and Rotational mechanical systems.
Transfer Function of linear systems, Block diagram representation of systems
considering electrical systems as examples -Block diagram algebra
Representation by Signal flow graph - Reduction using masons gain
formula.

Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

Time

1.

Introduction to Control Systems - System concept - open


and closed loop

55m

2.

Differential equations and transfer functions - Introduction


to Laplace transform

55m

3.

Mechanical translational systems Basic elements, Free


Body Diagram and Transfer Function Problems
Mechanical rotational systems - Basic elements, Free
Body Diagram and Transfer Function - Problems

55m

4.

Electrical Analogous system Force-Voltage, ForceCurrent, Torque-Voltage and Torque-Current analogy

55m

5.

6.

Block diagram representation of systems and reduction


methods .. Determination of Closed loop transfer function
using Block diagram Reduction Technique
Terminologies of Signal Flow Graph and Masons Gain
Formula;
Determination of Closed loop transfer function using
Masons gain Formula - Problems

UNIT II

55m

55m

TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS

Syllabus:
Standard test signals - Time response of first order systems Characteristic
Equation of Feedback control systems, Transient response of second order
systems - Time domain specifications Steady state response - Steady
state errors and error constants.

Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

Time

1.

Test signals - time response of first order systems

55m

2.

Time response of second order systems- Different


Damping conditions

55m

3.

Time domain specifications Rise time, Peak time, Peak


Overshoot and Settling time

55m

4.
5.
6.

Types and order of systems and Introduction to Steady


State Error
Determination of Steady State Error using Static Error
Constant Positional, Velocity and Acceleration Error
Constant
Determination of Steady State Error using Generalized
Error Coefficient

UNIT III

55m
55m
55m

STABILITY ANALYSIS IN S-DOMAIN

Syllabus:
The concept of stability Rouths stability criterion limitations of Rouths
stability. Root Locus Technique: The root locus concept - construction of root
loci-effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci.
Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

Time

7.

Introduction to Stability BIBO condition ; Routh-Hurwitz


Criterion Problems for different cases

55m

8.

Drawback of Routh-Hurwitz Criterion and Root Locus


Technique Relative stability

55m

9.

Procedure to construct Root Locus and Determination of


stability

55m

Problems on Root Locus

55m

10.

UNIT IV

FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS

Syllabus:

Introduction,
Frequency
domain
specifications-Bode
diagramsDetermination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function
from the Bode Diagram-Phase margin and Gain margin-Stability Analysis
from Bode Plots.
CLASSICAL CONTROL DESIGN TECHNIQUES
Compensation techniques Lag, Lead, Lead-Lag Controllers design in frequency
Domain, PID Controllers.
Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

Time

11.

Introduction to frequency response Frequency Domain


Specifications

55m

12.

Stability analysis using Bode plots - Determination of Gain


and Phase Margin

55m

13.

Stability analysis using Polar plots Determination of Gain


and Phase Margin

55m

14.

Derivation of Constant M and N circles ; Stability analysis


using Nichols Chart

55m

15.

Introduction to Compensator Series and Parallel


Compensators , Lead and Lag Compensators

55m

UNIT V

STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN

Syllabus:
Polar Plots, Nyquist Plots Stability Analysis.
Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

Time

22.

Polar Plots

55m

23.

Nyquist Stability criterion Detailed discussion I

55m

24.

Nyquist Stability criterion Detailed discussion - II

55m

25.

Problems on Nyquist Stability criterion

55m

UNIT V

STATE SPACE ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS

Syllabus:
Concepts of state, state variables and state model, derivation of state models
from block diagrams, Diagonalization- Solving the Time invariant state
Equations- State Transition Matrix and its Properties Concepts of
Controllability and Observability
Sessio
n No.

Topics to be covered

28.

State space representation of Continuous time systems


State equations
Transfer function from state variable representation Solutions
Problems on state variable representation

29.

Concepts of Controllability and Observability

26.
27.

Time
55m
55m
55m
55m

TEXT BOOK
1. J.Nagrath and M.Gopal, Control System Engineering, New Age International
Publishers, 5th Edition, 2007.
2. Manke , Linear Control System
REFERENCES
2. Benjamin.C.Kuo, Automatic Control Systems, Prentice Hall of India, 7 th
Edition, 1995.
3. M.Gopal, Control System Principles and Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 2 nd
Edition, 2002.