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Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, UPM

Semester 2-2015/2016
ECV 5407- SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Shahrizal Ab Razak
Office : A6-22
Telephone : 03-89464466

Email : ar_shahrizal@upm.edu.my

Individual Assignment (10%)


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Instruction:
1. Answer all questions.
2. State your assumptions where necessary.
3. Make use of tables and graphs provided in lecture notes.
4. All calculations must be showed clearly.
5. Submission dateline is 3rd May 2016, before 9 pm.
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1.

The following data were measured by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID)
Malaysia from a river station:
a. Water discharge, Q = 198.2 m3/s
b. Average depth, d = 2.99 m
c. Slope, S = 0.00044
d. River width, b=60.96 m
e. Manning roughness coeffciecient, n = 0.04
f. Particle size D90=0.46 mm
e. The bed material size distribution is given in Table 1:

Size fraction (mm)


0.002-0.0625
0.0625-0.125
0.125-0.250
0.250-0.500
0.500-1.00
1.00-2.00
2.00-4.00

Table 1
Geometric means (mm)
0.011
0.0884
0.177
0.354
0.707
1.41
2.83

Percentage available (%)


0.9
4.4
14.2
74.9
5
0.5
0.1

Compute bed-load transport rate using (a) DuBoys, (b) Shields, (c) Meyer-Peters (d) MeyerPeter and Mullers (e) Kalinskes (f) Schoklitchs methods and compare the results. Also,
determine the bed load transport using Einsteins bed load formula.

2.

The fall velocity of sediment particle was tested in the laboratory. It is found that the fall
velocity of the sample is similar to the fall velocity of a sphere (Sg=2.68) having a diameter
of 0.2 mm. The fall velocity is also the same as the fall velocity of a sphere (Sg=2.65) with

Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, UPM


Semester 2-2015/2016
ECV 5407- SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Shahrizal Ab Razak
Office : A6-22
Telephone : 03-89464466
-11

Email : ar_shahrizal@upm.edu.my
0

a volume of 1.41 x 10 m falling in distilled water at 24 C. The density of sediment


particles is 2680 kg/m3.
(a) Determine the fall diameter of the sediment particle
(b) Determine the sedimentation diameter of the sediment particle
(c) Determine the fall velocity of the sediment particle. Take the sedimentation diameter
obtained in (b) as the diameter of the particles.
(d) Estimate the sphericity of the particle with the largest projection surface as shown in
Figure 1.

Figure 1.

3.

The following suspended bed-material concentration and associated sediment and


hydraulic parameters were measured from the Sungai Langat river :
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

Median bed particle diameter, D50=0.25mm


Average flow velocity , V = 1.56 m/s
Slope, S = 0.000072
Measured suspended bed-material concentration Cm=147 ppm by weight
Average flow depth, d= 10.37 m
River width, b= 509.63 m
Bed load are fairly uniform in size.

Compute the suspended sediment concentration using (a) Lane and Kalinskes (b) Brooks (c)
Chang Simon and Richardson and (d) Einsteins methods. Assume that Ca = 0.1 kg/m3 and the
thickness of bed load layer is 0.25 m. Compare the computed results with the measured result.

Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, UPM


Semester 2-2015/2016
ECV 5407- SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Shahrizal Ab Razak
Office : A6-22
Telephone : 03-89464466

Email : ar_shahrizal@upm.edu.my

4.

Explain, on the basis of the Rouse equation (1937) as per below, why suspended
sediment particles will not eventually all settle to the bottom of a turbulent open-channel
flow.

5.

The Klang River with an average width of 100 m discharges a flow at a rate of 1.6 m3/s/m.
The river has a slope of 0.0008 and average flow depth is estimated as 3.5 m. The
sediment has median diameter D50 = 1 mm, D65 = 1.2 mm, D35 = 0.6mm, fall velocity
0.15 m/s, sediment density, s=2650 kg/m3 and water viscosity is 1 x 10-6 m2/s.
(a) Using the Bagnold and Engelund and Hanson methods, compute the total sediment
discharge.
(b) Confirm that the hydraulic radius due to bed form (R) in the river is approximately
equal to 0.46 m by using the Einstein method.