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HYDROLOGY OF SAGACHAL DAS NALA

Sagachal Das is lacated along the KKH and on the left bank of Indus River. The local

meaning of das is plain area without any habitation. It is about 9km downstream of

The main objective of the study of Sagachal nala is to supply .Jaglot valley bazar.

A model village with .water for domestic use of proposed Basha Dam effectees.

.complete facilities will be established at the Sagachal Das.

Sagachal Das is connected with Jaglot and Gilgit city through Karakoram Highway. .

The journey time from the proposed village to Gilgit City and Chilas town is about 90 .

This area is administrated by Tehsil headquarter at Gilgit.H.minutes by K.K. Jaglot .

Gah is accessible through jeepable road from KKH along the right bank of nala upto .

Jagot village. .

.

The Watershed Area .

It has catchment area of 9.8 km 2 . Das Nala is a right tributary of Indus River.Sagacja.

The proposed model village will be located on the left bank of Indus River and below .

The nala has very insignificant flows during the winter season as can be .the KKH.

seen at the table given below. The catchment area of Thalichi and Sagachal Das are .

.shown in Fig-1.

Figure-1: Catchment Area of Thalichi and Sagachal Das Climate: .

.The weather of the area is characterized by moderate summer and severe winter.

there are two climatic seasons. Summer season lasts for 6 months from .Therefore.

The Indus River .April to September and winter season from October to March.

catchment includes moderate to large glaciers. In general. the climate of watershed .

sub-humid and arid.is very cold. Annual precipitation ranging between 100 and 500 .

mm in the low lands and maximum of 1000 mm on some mountain slopes. .

Condensation of warm air occurs at high altitudes (above 3000m) where .

Large parts of the mountains are covered with snow. .temperatures are colder.

Snowmelt takes place between elevations 2500 m and 5500 m above mean sea .

It contributes a large proportion of the total run-off into the river. .level (masl).

The climate is hot in summer at low altitudes with cold winters having wide variations .

between extremes of temperatures. Since 1994 WAPDA under Snow and Ice .

has .Hydrology Project aimed for flow forecasting for Tarbela and Mangla reservoirs.

established a network of automatic climatological data observation platforms at .

The observations recorded at these platforms indicate .higher elevation bands.

occurrence of higher precipitation and severer temperatures at higher altitude as .

compared to those recorded at recording stations at lower altitudes in the valleys. .

.High mountain ranges surround Gilgit-Baltistan. The mountains of the Himalayas.

Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges with elevation rising to over 8000 m. provide the .

These ranges act as climate .dominant influence on the climate of the region.

barriers between the basin and Central Asia to the north. and the main part of Sub .

Continent to the south. .

Gilgit. Astore .Long-term climatological data is available at nearby stations like Bunji.

and Chilas. the months of June to September are the hot months and mean . In Bunji.

maximum temperature ranges between 33 0C to 34 0C. November to February is .

very cold and mean minimum temperature varies between 0.85 0C. The .17 0C to 2.

03 mm.estimated Mean annual rainfall at Bunji to be 150. .

2 (1953-2001) Mean Maximum Temp (0C) 7.61 9.17 2.13 15.03 .61 17.61 22.74 7.23 17.82 16.51 9.43 25.07 28.49 150.56 23.96 26.Mean Monthly Temperature & Precipitation of nearest station i.85 1.84 17.22 19.58 9.43 6.95 24.14 18.20 2.14 32.e.64 4.38 11.77 11.58 12.32 19.87 32.62 36.28 33.96 17. Bujni are given in Table-1 Table-1: Mean Monthly Temperature & Precipitation at Bunji Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean Annual Mean Min Temp (0C) 0.00 23.13 12.28 Mean Rainfall (mm) 4.44 12.31 3.

Precipitation: .

The available data has been processed to achieve the annual and monthly

distribution of rainfall and the results so achieved are shown in Figure-2 and 3. The

mean annual precipitation is 164.7 mm. April and May are the months of maximum

rainfall while the lowest rainfall occurs in the month of November. The maximum .

The .3 mm in April 1999.daily precipitation recorded during the historic period is 343.

project area receives precipitation in the form of rain in summer and in winter the .

snow is dominant. .

.

Temperature: .

The temparature data shows that hottest month is July with average maximum and .

14 oC and 7.minimum temperature of 36.44 oC respectively. January is the coldest .

22oC .17 oC and 23.month with average maximum and minimum temperature of 0.

The average annual. mean minimum monthly and mean maximum .respectively.

monthly values are tabulated at Table-1 shows the monthly variation of minimum and .

maximum .

The temperature has been processed to compute. maximum and minimum . mean.

maximum and minimum monthly . The distribution of average.temperature.

the .temperatures is shown in Figure-1 and 2. According to the available record.

3ºC in the month of January.minimum temperature is -12. while the maximum .

.temperature is 41.1 ºC in the month of July and August.

The results of the initial analysis show that during summer from May to September the flows are sufficient to meet the requirement of the model village.6 10 9.2 2.4 -6.2 50 40 29 30 TEPERATURE (Degree C) 22.4 JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC Analysis of Flow Series Sagachal Das Nala is draining into Indus River.6 -5.4 35.7 5.6 20.0 7.7 7. In the case of flood event Thalichi Village is more safer then Sagachal Das. .3 12.0 TEPERATURE (Degree C) 20. The nala has very small catchment area whichis about 10Km2.1 -4.2 10 1.0 36.0 15.746.0 0.0 25.7 43.9 1.4 37.Figure 1: Max.4 2.0 28.8 35 32.1 11.5 0 -10 JANFEB MAR -2.6 2. The nala does not have any recorded flow data.9 20 22.4 5.6 12.1 15.2 16.0 10. Due to absence of recorded flow of the nala.7 0.8APRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC -3.8 16. For more accurate estimations of flows further 10% should be reduced due to percolation and evaporation in the catchment.1 25.3 30. the flows at Sai Nala at Urkakai has been transferred to the project area to see the availabitliy of flowsl.2 4.8 39.0 17. Min Daily Temperature at Bunji MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM DAILY TEMPERATURE AT BUNJI (1953-2001) 46.8 23.1 33.6 32.2 19.2 12. The flows of Thalichi Gah are more prominent and better as compare to Sagachal Das hence can be considered/utilized for Model village.0 7.9 17.0 24.4 Figure 2 Average Max and Avg Min Monthy Temp AVERAGE MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM MONTHLY TEMPERATURE AT BUNJI (1953-2001) 40.9 32.3 42.

769 8.021 2.090 1.977 1.052 2.935 3.425 6.861 9.604 1.046 1.880 24.610 11.203 1.079 1.060 7.147 Table-3: Estimated flows at Thalichi in cusecs Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct 3.046 8.540 3.567 1.594 2.972 1.977 10.258 1.875 1.374 2.170 1.459 9.917 8.001 7.163 1.018 1.107 2.941 1.058 1.212 1.254 1.253 12.180 7.871 18.540 7.455 8.387 15.490 1.527 4.029 16.016 1.984 1.724 9.568 3.976 1.616 11.881 6.009 1.592 36.978 14.251 3.113 2.247 15.787 5.113 1.588 7.165 1.874 36.061 7.195 1.750 2.344 37.026 15.081 1.543 9.974 8.442 11.644 5.103 1.549 4.110 12.495 6.162 1.337 2.241 36.889 12.110 0.128 2.760 3.025 1.083 1.020 9.837 5.006 1.407 8.511 2.453 9.686 5.006 1.707 5.228 13.902 4.197 15.359 5.360 2.730 2.617 1.711 2.579 18.165 2.376 40.128 1.024 1.553 2.458 1.234 2.371 4.242 16.639 15.081 2.949 9.897 9.239 3.436 3.196 1.533 16.108 2.015 1.190 1.122 2.921 1.778 13.097 1.430 9.827 10.281 1.837 2.221 1.133 2.070 5.302 7.835 3.092 1.759 7.036 14.769 12.389 3.117 2.448 7.577 1.316 3.190 1.127 2.410 16.523 9.341 3.539 2.350 8.105 17.983 1.120 1.794 11.501 7.324 4.939 14.748 7.907 1.255 1.966 6.923 2.249 1.622 11.545 10.976 1.091 1.533 2.825 2.732 5.050 4.870 14.724 4.135 1.156 1.278 14.027 33.165 1.245 1.113 1.218 1.662 3.191 1.807 2.727 2.073 1.421 3.055 2.983 29.139 15.602 8.543 12.788 5.849 2.723 2.007 1.827 1.948 1.376 4.996 1.026 2.082 1.146 10.041 1.347 3.165 1.288 1.865 43.784 2.191 1.135 7.238 1.023 1.016 1.150 1.116 2.601 7.672 2.323 11.111 1.241 1.869 2.097 0.765 17.578 11.422 1.319 6.022 1.867 1.717 2.115 1.657 10.180 1.869 16.294 1.459 4.118 2.601 1.601 6.273 1.472 2.823 2.121 1.904 Nov 8.087 13.373 7.805 39.177 1.744 17.163 7.184 6.633 5.541 16.214 3.051 6.028 11.149 0.516 16.705 11.724 5.369 2.378 6.095 1.192 1.180 1.370 13.487 14.932 1.244 1.338 1.849 3.596 7.488 1.659 6.420 35.103 0.087 1.478 7.375 15.099 1.590 12.031 15.945 1.221 6.162 2.149 10.764 2.305 15.138 1.654 1.175 1.849 2.232 1.519 21.306 47.116 1.007 1.432 10.120 2.886 16.975 6.871 9.245 12.940 10.977 1.180 3.086 0.474 2.070 11.082 1.377 15.413 13.936 8.997 10.595 2.111 1.799 32.302 3.235 4.235 5.380 5.409 10.999 1.077 16.952 7.117 1.268 1.380 1.713 2.104 10.175 1.118 1.700 13.481 7.144 1.997 1.051 1.055 1.488 9.162 1.483 11.085 1.331 3.002 7.134 0.002 1.204 1.117 1.386 4.126 2.525 1.258 1.180 11.460 2.853 2.286 3.623 1.500 16.003 10.310 3.146 2.071 1.085 1.801 4.792 4.073 1.782 1.365 4.010 5.879 7.172 1.275 1.201 3.244 10.262 1.541 5.489 9.140 2.883 11.258 2.964 1.215 1.From the flows shown in the table below it can be predicted that the estimated flows below 2cfs may not available from November to March due to high seepage rate in the mountains.338 16.203 1.988 1.027 1.428 14.932 1.077 2.628 5.759 3.343 3.595 1.373 4.240 1.371 8.807 15.440 9.823 3.713 3.384 8.297 .193 1.992 1.691 18.936 1.132 2.589 3.085 1. Table-2: Estimated flows at Sagachal Das in cusecs Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1.895 9.

816 2.383 17.330 12.513 3.773 5.945 7.901 2.975 9.185 20.441 29.501 9.633 7.097 2.458 32.559 4.562 40.494 3.982 .845 13.920 21.878 7.052 24.421 5.807 42.352 3.023 3.210 6.407 5.472 5.641 2.084 14.741 42.234 27.492 38.478 3.646 2.764 5.839 3.933 2.791 2.770 5.801 6.805 5.933 5.090 5.083 24.869 3.202 28.624 35.899 2.219 3.157 3.202 2.602 11.253 8.750 18.979 5.067 6.821 5.138 3.810 12.113 16.060 2.021 2.638 24.373 17.094 2.551 26.046 3.857 30.379 26.279 42.168 2.175 2.2.846 2.314 17.800 5.378 24.791 3.990 46.406 20.805 5.658 12.828 42.069 8.566 5.605 13.861 41.062 38.837 3.917 6.821 3.706 2.459 43.579 2.155 20.733 10.853 3.747 5.964 19.723 26.894 6.328 25.769 19.959 2.386 29.030 2.593 3.987 15.133 21.904 3.322 37.271 2.616 2.913 6.543 7.744 23.639 2.219 2.964 21.589 3.899 40.504 19.366 3.228 2.612 9.230 5.055 2.712 32.997 48.065 3.947 2.030 2.260 3.138 3.271 23.600 42.046 2.262 3.380 39.664 28.249 14.775 14.671 2.531 25.975 2.816 27.005 2.497 6.360 24.989 2.196 7.706 5.113 38.399 20.065 5.127 3.122 8.079 17.266 46.099 2.686 18.140 3.183 14.589 3.475 20.948 56.658 4.734 44.232 5.741 27.652 20.104 13.623 2.454 8.212 32.474 2.890 2.550 10.915 3.023 3.901 7.476 4.552 3.042 41.946 12.465 24.271 3.148 6.688 63.623 18.239 5.996 3.821 3.435 3.530 19.858 3.437 33.152 2.159 3.291 16.267 29.906 3.110 3.658 2.552 18.874 14.814 4.575 6.709 26.757 8.042 2.249 6.643 27.869 2.789 4.318 23.094 2.017 30.562 17.733 2.434 21.495 28.028 2.100 44.807 27.069 28.281 2.964 22.032 3.203 20.468 41.260 2.237 2.736 7.901 5.383 22.593 28.604 18.669 18.548 7.943 6.821 2.069 3.521 8.533 32.067 2.394 25.904 6.364 6.711 40.907 7.720 2.697 3.059 22.362 35.674 5.787 5.203 5.221 8.929 6.210 13.784 2.544 19.588 28.894 3.970 10.885 2.412 3.853 7.664 2.814 2.641 2.808 7.329 7.097 2.684 12.598 2.699 5.281 6.315 3.994 40.616 3.557 20.563 11.382 22.727 3.238 6.038 14.243 18.734 15.865 38.612 24.868 25.431 9.619 2.701 3.737 7.434 30.483 11.764 18.131 2.605 2.262 3.887 2.985 14.487 31.077 7.743 2.773 19.023 3.281 39.150 5.750 3.853 3.171 12.097 5.