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# EDDY CURRENT TECHNOLOGY

Electrical Conductivity of Materials
Release Draft R8418 Rev 2
2002 MAR 27

TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 0 Introduction SECTION 1 Commonly Used Formulae SECTION 2 Tabulated Calculation for the Value F SECTION 3 Electrical Conductivities Sorted By Name SECTION 4 Electrical Conductivities Sorted By Conductivity .

184E-07 1.75 2.184E-07 1.831E-07 5.0 4.083 0.191 r \ BWG 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 ohm-meter Copper AL2024T4 Adm Brass Al Brass 90/10 Chromium 70/30 Zirc Titanium SS 304 SS 347 Inconel Tit6A1-4V Graphite 1.897E-07 7.049 \ mm 0.5 17 22 24 30 31 44 75 341 0.496E-08 1.711 0.9 6.028 0.766E-08 7.058 0.404 3.042 0.048 3.4 8.095 0.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS – SECTION 2 SKIN DEPTH FREQUENCY TABLE This table gives you the frequency (in kHz) at which a given alloy and material thickness will have a skin depth of 1.413 2.6 5.8 13 16 17 39 44 85 113 124 154 160 226 384 1744 2.6 22 28 29 68 75 147 194 213 264 275 389 661 3005 5.651 1.47 1.959E-07 3.635 0.3 7.3 1.7 21 23 45 59 65 80 84 118 201 915 1.6 2.813 0.108 2.771E-07 1.065 0.5 3.4 5.508 0.5 5.897E-07 7.018 0.4 5.57 1.25 0.7 8.0 1.457 0.014E-06 1.496E-08 1.1 3.1 2.245 r \ BWG 31 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 ohm-meter ------------------.3 10 11 22 29 32 39 41 58 98 447 0.109 0.120 0.3 10 14 15 19 20 28 47 214 0.Frequency in kHz -------------------- Copper AL2024T4 Adm Brass Al Brass 90/10 Chromium 70/30 Zirc Titanium SS 304 SS 347 Inconel Tit6A1-4V Graphite 1.562E-07 6.9 2.0 2.0 1.032 0.7 7.1 10 12 13 18 31 140 0.0 10 10 15 25 113 .3 3.Frequency in kHz -------------------2.2 3.0 6.070E-07 5.5 13 17 18 23 24 34 57 259 0.724E-08 5.148 0.067 1.3 8.959E-07 3.4 12 12 29 32 63 83 91 113 117 166 282 1282 ------------------.035 0.4 11 12 15 16 22 38 171 0.4 2.072 0.254 0.184E-08 7.022 0.014E-06 1.837E-06 21 70 87 91 215 237 464 614 674 836 871 1229 2089 9497 17 57 71 74 174 192 376 498 546 677 705 995 1692 7692 14 47 58 61 144 159 311 411 451 559 583 823 1399 6357 11 36 45 47 111 123 241 318 349 433 451 637 1083 4923 8.8 9.1 4.6 1.5 7.562E-07 6.724E-06 7.31 1.0 16 18 36 47 52 64 67 94 160 728 1.8 5.3 4.025 0.38 1.5 18 23 24 57 63 123 162 178 221 230 325 553 2512 3.771E-07 1.9 4.165 \ mm 1.3 8.6 3.8 5.6 29 36 38 89 98 192 254 279 345 360 508 863 3925 6.134 0. Skin Depth/Frequency Table Alloy \ Inch 0.759 4.831E-07 5.473 1.98 3.559 0.184E-08 7.4 6.020 0.724E-08 5.9 9. the One Skin Depth Frequency and is abbreviated as 1SDF.724E-06 7. It is recommend that this frequency and 2 times this frequency be mixed for a support plate cancellation when performing eddy current inspections of heat exchanger tubes with the given alloy and wall thickness.769 3.837E-06 68 226 282 294 695 769 1504 1991 2184 2708 2821 3981 6769 Alloy \ Inch 0.766E-08 7.7 8.829 2.7 13 15 29 38 42 52 54 77 131 594 0.010 0.3 1.6 2.83 1.889 1.3 4.070E-07 5.5 6.

This value is not an “optimum” frequency. .6 ) phase shift as viewed on an impedance plane screen for defects this distance through a material because energy from the probe must travel from the probe. Many factors effect choice of Frequency. F is calculated for several values of r and t using Formulae (3) and (4) and is tabulated (in kHz) in Section 2 of this report.926X10 8r/µrti2 r Resistivity in ohm–meters tm Thickness in meters ti Thickness in inches F Frequency in Hertz µ Permeability µrm0 µ0= 4πX10 -7 µr = 1 for non-magnetic alloys Multiply meters by 39.Commonly used formulae in MKS Units: (1) tm = (r/πµF)1/2 (2) F = r/πµtm2 Formula (2) rewritten substituting 4πX10 -7 for µ0: (3) F = 2. This is the frequency at which this thickness of material has thickness of one skin depth.37 to get inches.3 ) phase change in the eddy current flow for a given thickness and resistivity. Formulae (3) and (4) calculates the frequency at which there is 1 radian (57. to the defect and back again. the best frequency or frequencies for a given application should be determined experimentally using Formulae (3) or (4) or the value listed in the table as a starting point. This is referred to as the One Skin Depth Frequency and is abbreviated as 1SDF. Divide inches by 39.37 to get meters. A good frequency to use for tubing inspection is usually between the value F and 2XF calculated using Formulae (3) and (4). therefore. There will be two radians (114. Formulae to calculate an “optimum” frequency have been published by many. a distance of 2t.533X10 5 r/µrtm2 Converting to inches: (4) F = 3.

40 43.071E-08 1. 195 Cond.169E+07 37.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.861E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 214 7. 356 Sand Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.945E-08 1.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.473E-08 2.386E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 13 5.081E-08 2. 122 Sand Cond.30 49.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.80 51.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.332E+07 40.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.421E-08 2. 3004 6. 2014-T3 and -T4 4. 319 Sand 4.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.10 42.80 31.218E+07 21.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.566E+07 27. Sol.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.654E+07 45. 3003-H14 and -H12 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T62 4. 2618 3.490E-08 2.972E+07 34. and Aged 5.660E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 2024-T4 4. 2024-T3 5. COND.146E+07 37.30 3 Aluminum Alloy. Mold 6.972E+07 34.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. H. T61 3. 2218-T61 4.20 3 Aluminum Alloy.262E+07 39.253E+07 38. T6 4. T4 4.805E-08 1.010E-08 2.030E+07 35. 2024-F 5.262E+07 39. B 195 Cond.50 46.610E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.392E+07 24. Mold Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.723E+07 26.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.474E+07 37.660E-08 2.00 39. 2011-T3 3.884E-08 1.747E-08 1.00 2 Admiralty Brass 7. A 108 5.388E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.798E+07 31.756E-08 2.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.865E+07 49.386E-08 1. 1100 5.436E+07 42. 355 Perm. 355 Sand Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 3003-H24 and -H28 3. 319 Perm.926E-08 2.T.60 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.043E-08 2. 195 Cond. T77 4.747E-08 1.590E+07 37.210E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T2 5.088E+07 36. X7178-F and -0 5.740E+07 30.146E+07 37. 2024-T36 5. A214 4.088E+07 36.508E+07 26.60 36. T551 5. T51 4.740E+07 30. C113 6.769E-08 2.105E-08 2.552E+07 44.494E+07 43.386E-08 1. & Stress Relieved 5.699E+07 29.404E+07 39. R 317 3. ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.734E+07 28.40 3 Aluminum Alloy.918E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.030E+07 35.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.566E+07 27.660E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.566E+07 27.880E+07 48.876E+07 28.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.00 61. 2014-T6 3.682E+07 29. 218 8.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.80 32.618E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.952E+07 32.80 48.764E+07 46.225E-08 1. 113 5.00 36. 142 Sand Cond.649E-08 2.289E-08 2.926E-08 2. Mold As Cast 4.451E+07 42.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T51 . X7178-W and T6 5. 355 Sand Cond. as cast 4. Mold Cond. 3003-0 4.205E-08 2.766E-08 1. 122 Perm.70 49. A 132 Cond.009E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T7 4. 355 Sand Cond.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.914E+07 33.494E+07 43.631E-08 1.184E-08 1. 355 Sand Cond.624E+07 28. 142 Perm.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.70 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. Sol H.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T4 4.T.912E+07 50.747E-08 1.392E+07 24.030E+07 35.10 29. X3005-0 3. Red X-8 As Cast 5.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS . Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.158E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.10 50.789E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T61 4.225E-08 1.903E-08 3.80 47.50 34.740E+07 30.40 3 Aluminum Alloy.60 50. 108 2.124E-08 1. T6 4. 2014-F and -0 5.856E+07 32.70 3 Aluminum Alloy. 142 Sand Cond.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.914E+07 33.330E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.926E-08 2.60 1 Admiralty Metal (annealed) 6.184E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.SECTION 3 Sorted by Name RESIST.562E-08 1. T61 4.445E+07 57.378E+07 41.789E-08 2.660E-08 2. T6 6.421E-08 2.010E-08 2.438E-08 2. B 195 Cond.741E+07 44. Stress Relieved 4.435E-08 2. 2017-F 3.103E+07 36.427E+07 24. 122 Sand Cond.160E-08 2.80 3 Aluminum Alloy. T21 5. 220 4.747E-08 1.50 3 Aluminum Alloy. 142 Sand Cond. 2127-T4 4. T571 4.146E+07 37.088E+07 36.740E+07 30.071E-08 1.146E+07 37. SOU.789E-08 2.

368E-07 7.30 48.30 49.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 356 Sand Cond.80 3 Aluminum Alloy. 6061-T4 4.831E-08 2. 7072 3.496E-08 1.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum . 5005 3.60 3 Aluminum Alloy. H18 3.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.740E+07 30.922E-08 3.60 1 Aluminum . 6951-0 2. H 14 4.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.50 47. 360 6.50 43.310E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.578E+07 43.90 45.610E+07 45.135E-08 3.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.60 40. 24S Cond.30 52.661E-08 2.077E+07 53.00 1 Aluminum. "0" 4. T3 3.SECTION 3 Sorted by Name RESIST.660E-08 2. T4 and T6 7.00 1 Aluminum.320E+07 40.566E+07 27.798E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum. 43 (Annealed) 4.900E+07 50. 14S Cond.736E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum. 7075-W 3. 5154 3. A51S Cond. 2S Cond.421E-08 2.265E+07 37.538E+07 61.624E+07 28.262E+07 39. ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. "0" 4. 750 6.00 1 Aluminum.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 43 As Cast 3.448E-08 2.448E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.205E-08 2.066E-08 2.141E+07 53.066E-08 2.015E+07 17. 3S Cond.950E-08 2.610E+07 45.926E-08 2. 17S Cond.00 3 Aluminum Alloy. T6 3.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.422E+07 59.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.320E+07 40. 14S Cond.10 29.146E+07 37.310E-08 2. 7075-T6 5. 6151-0 3.436E+07 42.747E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum.310E-08 2.146E+07 37.00 1 Aluminum. "0" 5.091E+07 52.856E+07 32.209E-08 1.308E+06 12.732E+07 44. A51S Cond. 6062-T4 3.945E-08 1.30 3 Aluminum Alloy.254E+07 55.00 1 Aluminum.00 2 Aluminum Alloy.900E+07 50. 3S Cond.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.677E+07 44.515E-08 2. 7075-T6 5.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.679E+07 28.Bronze.816E-08 2.842E+07 47.879E-08 2.30 54. 17S Cond.436E+07 42.900E+07 50. "0" 3.310E-08 2.836E+07 30.60 37.70 49.184E-08 3. 5050 4.843E-08 2.70 56. T6 3.320E+07 40. 24S Cond.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.610E+07 45. T6 4. 40E 4. 3S Cond.00 1 Aluminum. 5357 3.415E-08 2.00 51. 11S Cond.048E+07 52.030E+07 35.845E+07 48.30 55.00 1 Aluminum. 5% Aluminum (Annealed) 1.50 3 Aluminum Alloy. 6062-T6 4.00 1 Aluminum.747E-08 1.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 60.50 3 Aluminum Alloy. 6151-T6 3.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.076E+07 35.00 1 Aluminum.448E-08 2.50 1 Aluminum .250E-08 3.105E-08 2.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.190E+07 55. Stress Relieved 4.232E-07 8. 4043-F 4.826E-08 3. 6061-T6 and -T9 3.00 44. 2S Cond.320E+07 40. T4 3. 6062-F 3. SOU.025E-08 3.00 1 Aluminum Brass (Annealed) 1.448E-08 2.856E+07 27.Bronze 9.235E-08 3.852E-08 1. T4 4.831E-08 2.158E-08 1.281E-08 3.073E-08 3.120E+06 14.80 3 Aluminum Alloy. Red X-8 Cond.633E+07 42. 10% Aluminum (Annealed) 2.00 3 Aluminum Alloy. COND.40 34. 5056 5.00 1 Aluminum.941E-08 2.920E+07 31.30 47. Pure 5. H 12 4.320E+07 40.00 1 Aluminum.Bronze.30 48. 4032-T6 3.00 2 Aluminum.386E-08 1. 18S Cond. 6061-F and -0 4.740E+07 30.065E+07 33.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. "0" 3.448E-08 1. 6951-F 3.861E-08 2.306E+07 57.483E+07 60. 6151-T4 3.00 37. "0" 4.00 1 Aluminum.50 32.00 53. 18S Cond. 380 4.388E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum.590E+07 42.00 1 Aluminum. 24S Cond.871E-08 3. H 18 .956E-08 1.50 44. 85 3.682E+07 29. 7075-F 5.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.105E-08 2. 6053 3.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. "0" 5. T61 2. 5052 5.334E+07 23.900E+07 50.388E-08 1.459E+07 41.538E+07 43.831E-08 2.30 3 Aluminum Alloy.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.660E-08 2.378E+07 41.30 3 Aluminum Alloy.459E+07 40.532E+07 39.00 1 Aluminum.310E-08 2.30 36.519E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS . 3S Cond.

AZ80BTA 1.40 1 Gold 2.872E+06 8.466E+06 7. Pure 1.00 1 Leaded Tin Bronze 6.044E+07 18.80 1 Magnesium.9% Fe) 2.888E+06 13.220E+06 9. Copper 70% 9.077E-07 4.748E-07 2.60 1 Nickel .00 1 Muntz Metal (Annealed) 3.379E-07 7.Nickel 30% 3. SOU.80 1 Magnesium.463E-08 4.664E-08 6.70 1 Lead.771E-07 5.874E-07 3.668E+06 4.914E+07 33. T454 4.976E+06 17.30 1 Magnesium.50 1 Hastelloy "D" 1.789E-07 2.00 2 Magnesium 1.326E-06 7.30 1 Hastelloy "B" & "C" 1.20 1 Nickel.60 1 Ingot Iron (99.40 1 Nickel .891E+07 32.80 1 Mercury 6. 1% Antimonial (Quenched & Aged) 2.402E-07 7.700E+06 15. A2 80 1.268E-07 7.001E+07 34.50 2 Hastelloy "X" 9.60 2 Monel 4.748E-07 2.424E+06 12.076E+06 3.016E+06 5.22 1 Graphite 1. Pure (Electrolytic) 3. COND.264E+06 10.00 2 Copper.700E+05 1.276E+05 0.480E+06 6.897E-08 1.00 1 Magnesium Alloys (Cast) 1.462E+07 25.50 1 Magnesium.58 1 Monel 9.048E+06 15.181E-07 8.048E+06 15.232E-07 8.540E+05 1.316E-07 3. A251 1.570E+06 7.468E+06 14.172E+07 20.796E-07 1.278E+06 9.567E-07 6.596E-07 6.014E-06 9. Nickel 30% 1.20 1 Osmium . 18% Nickel Sil 9.120E+06 14.044E+07 18.00 1 Magnesium Cast Alloys 1.668E+06 4.Platinum Alloys 1.349E-08 4.Platinum Alloys 3.250E+06 12.149E-06 8.998E-08 2.188E-07 4.814E+06 8.146E+07 37.Cupro 2. Pure 3.134E+06 12.380E+06 11.248E+07 56.30 1 Corrodine Lead 3.105E-07 9.579E-08 1.624E+07 28.053E-07 4.60 1 Copper.239E-07 4.056E+07 18.00 1 Leaded Yellow Brass 8.60 1 Magnesium.044E+06 1.610E+06 4.105E-07 9.50 1 Magnesium (Wrought Alloys) 7.347E-07 7.00 1 Molybdenum 4.40 2 Lead 2.077E-07 4. Nickel 10% 2.00 2 Gold.895E-07 5.60 1 Nickel 30% .579E-08 1.20 1 Iridium .00 1 Nickel "A" 2. Corrodine 2.120E+05 1.450E+07 25.724E-08 5.860E+05 1.60 1 Iron Ignot (99.021E+06 1.00 1 Manganese Bronze (Annealed) 5. Hard (Quenched & Aged) 4.579E-07 1.Platinum Alloys.00 1 Leaded Commercial Bronze 9.184E-08 1.002E-07 9.837E-06 1.40 1 Hastelloy "A" 1.647E+06 9.535E-08 1.20 1 Lithium 4.00 1 Leaded Tin Bearing Bronze 1.9% Fe) 5.088E+06 3.660E-08 2.00 1 Gilding Metal (Annealed) 2.105E-08 2.SECTION 3 Sorted by Name RESIST.00 1 Nickel.10 1 Iridium .74 4 Copper 90%.00 2 Iron 1.330E-07 4. 18% Nickel Silver Alloy B 9.Platinum Alloys 6.800E+07 100.916E-07 5.579E-08 1.814E+06 8.700E+05 1. Pure 1.079E-08 3.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS .00 1 Leaded Semi Red Brass 1.257E+07 73.831E-07 2.60 1 Magnesium.149E-06 8. Pure 7.044E+07 18.816E-07 2.76 1 Inconel 1.289E-08 1.232E-06 8.50 2 Nickel 30%. A261 4.610E+06 4.60 1 Iridium 1.473E-08 1.467E-08 2.60 1 Cupro . ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.50 2 Copper 70%.70 2 Inconel 600 1.30 1 Lead.831E-07 2.225E-08 1.239E+07 38.20 1 Magnesium.149E-07 8.158E-08 1.060E+07 70.009E+07 103.436E+07 42.392E+07 24. A231 1.88 1 Lead.842E-08 1.292E+06 7.

CSNDT 2 .Eddy Current Testing Manual on Eddy Current Method 3 .Source Code: 1 . Cosgrove Article .NDT Magazine Sept/Oct 1955.

800E+07 100. Grade E 3.48.610E+07 45.00 1 Copper.235E-08 3. 5050 3. 6061-T6 and -T9 .00 3 Aluminum Alloy.861E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.900E+07 50.25% Phos. 6151-0 3..473E-08 2. "0" 3.422E+07 59. 6062-T4 3.44.46.135E-08 3.70 .861E-08 2. Deoxidized (Annealed) 2.010E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.56. Pure 2.47.287E+07 108.831E-08 2.900E+07 50.515E-08 2.043E-08 2. 5357 3.00 3 Aluminum Alloy. Pure 2. "0" 3. 142 Sand Cond.30 .448E-08 2.010E-08 2.00 .500E+07 43.00 2 Silver.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum.918E-08 2. 3003-0 3.40 1 Gold 2. 1.40 1 Silver. "0" 3.724E-08 5. 7072 2.435E-08 2. 53S Cond.784E+07 48.448E-08 2.445E+07 57.922E-08 3.048E+07 52.184E-08 3. T4 and T6 3.61.248E+07 56.250E-08 3.48.50 .009E+07 103. 2S Cond.00 1 Aluminum.538E+07 43.459E+07 41.000E-08 2. SOU.590E+07 42.50 3 Aluminum Alloy. "0" 3. 6061-F and -0 3. 6053 4. 24S Cond.48.30 3 Aluminum Alloy.871E-08 3. ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.591E-08 6.519E-08 2.073E-08 3.025E-08 3.55.190E+07 55.30 3 Aluminum Alloy. Electrolytic Tough Pitch (Annealed) 1. 1.00 1 Bronze.SECTION 4 Sorted by Resistivity RESIST.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.845E+07 48.661E-08 2.900E+07 50.51.826E-08 3.30 .448E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum.736E-08 2.592E-08 2.842E+07 47. T51 4.30 3 Aluminum Alloy. 18S Cond.50 .784E+07 48.00 2 Aluminum. 4043-F 3.349E-08 4.00 1 Copper.831E-08 2. 750 3.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.825E+07 48.257E+07 73. 2024-F 3.00 2 Gold. 6951-F 3. Grade E 3.80 .00 1 Aluminum.53. Bronze.00 1 Aluminum.448E-08 2. 355 Sand Cond.494E+07 43.254E+07 55.831E-08 2. 5005 3.45.00 1 Aluminum. "0" 3.677E+07 44.077E+07 53.281E-08 3. Pure 1.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Bronze Phos.649E-08 2.483E+07 60.930E+07 85.52.066E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.769E-08 2. X7178-F and -0 3.00 3 Aluminum Alloy. Commercial (Annealed) 3.00 .474E+07 37. 2S Cond.00 2 Copper.741E+07 44.49.532E+07 39. 17S Cond.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.80 3 Aluminum Alloy. 6151-T6 3.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.459E+07 40. Pure 1.50 .831E-08 2.80 .903E-08 3.47.43. 6951-0 3. Pure 2.30 . 3S Cond. "0" 3.494E+07 43.30 . 1100 2.642E-08 6.664E-08 6. 2017-F 3.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS . 6062-T6 3.25% Phos. T21 3.900E+07 50.912E+07 50.30 . 2014-F and -0 3.60 1 Copper.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.880E+07 48.80 3 Aluminum Alloy. Pure 1. 6062-F 3. A51S Cond.610E+07 45.50 .10 .707E-08 5. "0" 3.879E-08 2.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum. COND.50. H18 3. "0" 3.654E+07 45.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.49.490E-08 2.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Gilding Metal (Annealed) 3.590E+07 37.30 .44.50.00 1 Phos. 14S Cond.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.767E+07 64.47.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.10 1 Beryllium 4.610E+07 45.54.091E+07 52.99% 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.610E+07 45.918E-08 2.60 .00 1 Aluminum.30 .94 1 Aluminum.00 1 Aluminum.592E-08 2.865E+07 49.306E+07 57.141E+07 53.732E+07 44.70 3 Aluminum Alloy. "0" 3.463E-08 4.70 .552E+07 44.51.831E-08 2.798E-08 2.60.764E+07 46. 6151-T4 4. 3003-H14 and -H12 3.00 . 356 Sand Cond.090E+07 105. A51S Cond.80 .028E-08 4. 7075-F 3. 3003-H24 and -H28 4.49. T51 4. X3005-0 3.610E+07 45. 99.858E+07 101.618E-08 2.70 1 Calcium 3.060E+07 70.00 .90 .578E+07 43.540E-08 2.079E-08 3.950E-08 2.552E+07 44.066E-08 2.633E+07 42.30 .655E-08 3.538E+07 61.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum.70 .49.00 .941E-08 2. 61S Cond.

80 3 Aluminum Alloy.467E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.404E+07 39.660E-08 2.00 1 Leaded Commercial Bronze 4. 142 Sand Cond.105E-08 2.43.60 . Red (Annealed) 4. T6 4.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 122 Sand Cond. 122 Perm.20 3 Aluminum Alloy. Sol. T61 4.378E+07 41.071E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum.289E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum.030E+07 35.088E+07 36.146E+07 37. 2618 4.415E-08 2.088E+07 36.50 . 7075-T6 5. 24S Cond. T61 5.00 1 Aluminum.00 1 Aluminum.90 1 Beryllium 4. 53S Cond.421E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.146E+07 37.00 1 Aluminum.320E+07 40. T6 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.421E-08 2.30 3 Aluminum Alloy.310E-08 2. Commercial Leaded 4. 3004 4. 355 Sand Cond.105E-08 2.146E+07 37. 32S Cond. 355 Sand Cond. 13 4. ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4.50 3 Aluminum Alloy. 355 Perm.660E-08 2.209E-08 1.926E-08 2. 32S Cond.60 .310E-08 2. A 108 4.289E-08 2.320E+07 40. H 18 4.40 .914E+07 33.320E+07 40.789E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum.265E+07 37. T7 4. 61S Cond.00 .076E+07 35.36.37.60 3 Aluminum Alloy.256E+07 38.436E+07 42.071E-08 1.378E+07 41.42. 122 Sand Cond.030E+07 35.227E+07 38. H.225E-08 1.310E-08 2. "0" 4. T77 4. A214 5.030E+07 35. 14S Cond.438E-08 2. & Stress Relieved 4.320E+07 40.001E+07 34.40 .030E+07 35.60 1 Magnesium.253E+07 38.00 1 Aluminum.310E-08 2.451E+07 42. COND. Mold Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.SECTION 4 Sorted by Resistivity RESIST. T2 4.030E+07 35.320E+07 40.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS . T6 4. B 195 Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.926E-08 2.262E+07 39. 4032-T6 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.36. T61 4.146E+07 37. T6 4.660E-08 2.310E-08 2.952E+07 32. B 195 Cond.70 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.065E+07 33. 6061-T4 4.146E+07 37.660E-08 2.00 1 Bronze. 52S Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.926E-08 2. 43 (Annealed) 4.262E+07 39. T6 4.320E+07 40.00 1 Aluminum. 11S Cond. 2127-T4 4.225E-08 1.436E+07 42. 3S Cond.843E-08 2.310E-08 2. 3S Cond.39.00 1 Aluminum.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.146E+07 37.36.081E-08 2. 214 4. H 12 4.998E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.660E-08 2. 5052 4.972E+07 34. T3 4.146E+07 37.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.332E+07 40.262E+07 39.105E-08 2.490E-08 2.320E+07 40. Pure 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 3S Cond.00 2 Magnesium 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 142 Sand Cond.610E-08 2.146E+07 37.926E-08 2.789E-08 2.436E+07 42.660E-08 2. T6 4.030E+07 35. 40E 4.124E-08 1.205E-08 2. 2011-T3 4. 2014-T3 and -T4 5. 2014-T6 4.436E+07 42. T571 5.40 1 Rhodium 4.756E-08 2. Cond.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.10 . T4 4.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.103E+07 36.105E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T4 and T6 4.40.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Aluminum.10 3 Aluminum Alloy.432E-08 2.169E+07 37.891E+07 32.34.160E-08 2.60 1 Iridium 5.914E+07 33.920E+07 31.60 .00 1 Aluminum Allcast. 18S Cond.816E-08 2.40 3 Aluminum Alloy. T4 and T6 4. H 14 4.00 . 43 As Cast 4.105E-08 2.088E+07 36.225E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.926E-08 2. Mold As Cast 5. 356 Sand Cond. 360 4.00 1 Aluminum. 195 Cond. 195 Cond. T62 4. 355 Sand Cond.320E+07 40.T.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.926E-08 2.660E-08 2. "0" and H 38 4.00 1 Molybdenum 5.310E-08 2.239E+07 38. 2218-T61 4.00 1 Brass.789E-08 2.30 . T4 4. T6 4.310E-08 2.876E+07 28. 2024-T3 .914E+07 33.660E-08 2.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.40 3 Aluminum Alloy.972E+07 34.436E+07 42.330E-08 1.421E-08 2. SOU.205E-08 2.00 1 Aluminum.34.50 1 Magnesium (Wrought Alloys) 5.

740E+07 30.624E+07 28.247E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.945E-08 1.631E-08 1.392E+07 24.00 1 Aluminum Brass (Annealed) 7.317E+07 22.60 1 Cobalt 6.00 1 Brass.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.29.821E+07 31.897E-08 1.566E+07 27.00 1 Aluminum.631E-08 1.566E+07 27.50 .00 1 Beryllium Copper.496E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. R 317 5.00 1 Zinc. 2024-T4 5.80 . 380 6.740E+07 30.856E+07 32.00 1 Brass.32.10 .682E+07 29.682E+07 29.386E-08 1. Low (Annealed) 5.562E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum. Low Leaded (Annealed) 6.210E-08 1. T61 5. X7178-W and T6 5.392E+07 24.624E+07 28. Pure (Electrolytic) 6. Cond.734E+07 28.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.20 1 Cadmium 6.386E-08 1.856E+07 27.60 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 1 Brass.884E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.32.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. Sol H.20 1 Nickel. Cartridge (Annealed) 6.897E-08 1. Die Cast 7.747E-08 1. T551 5.184E-08 1. ohm-m SIEMENS/m % IACS CODE MATERIAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. 142 Perm.747E-08 1. 113 5.566E+07 27.00 1 Cartridge Brass (Annealed) 6.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. T4 5.009E-08 1.00 2 Aluminum Alloy.210E-08 1.00 2 Zinc 5.450E+07 25.00 1 Manganese Bronze (Annealed) 7. 17S Cond.218E+07 21.747E-08 1.740E+07 30.158E-08 1. 24S Cond.10 . 218 7.624E+07 28.386E-08 1.462E+07 25.386E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Allcast. 5056 6.392E+07 24.945E-08 1.00 2 Admiralty Brass 7. 108 5.491E-08 1.00 1 Brass. as cast 6. Naval (Annealed) 6.856E+07 32.508E+07 26.00 1 Aluminum.747E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.218E+07 21.80 . Commercial Rolled 6.392E+07 24.448E-08 1.37. At .679E+07 28.00 1 Muntz Metal (Annealed) 6.624E+07 28.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.747E-08 1.508E+07 26.601E+07 27.31.723E+07 26.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.631E-08 1.740E+07 30.184E-08 1.386E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum.566E+07 27.00 1 Brass. 85 6.842E-08 1.682E+07 29.699E+07 29.624E+07 28. "0" 5. Mold 6.334E+07 23.386E-08 1.158E-08 1. Red X-8 Cond.836E+07 30.00 1 Zinc. Stress Relieved 5. H 38 6.388E-08 1.388E-08 1. 319 Perm.00 1 Aluminum Allcast.158E-08 1. 5154 5. 75S Cond. T4 5.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.158E-08 1.00 1 Brass.00 2 Brass.450E+07 25. 220 8.740E+07 30.945E-08 1.184E-08 1.566E+07 27. T6 5.50 3 Aluminum Alloy.T. Cond.334E+07 23.566E+07 27.508E+07 26.158E-08 1.747E-08 1. Die Cast 6.388E-08 1.624E+07 28.856E+07 32.00 1 Aluminum.508E+07 26.766E-08 1.184E-08 1.CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS . COND.740E+07 30.184E-08 1.392E+07 24.945E-08 1.60 1 Admiralty Metal (annealed) 7.SECTION 4 Sorted by Resistivity RESIST.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.427E+07 24. 56S Cond.80 3 Aluminum Alloy.682E+07 29.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.462E+07 25.897E-08 1. A 132 Cond.595E-08 1.29. 2024-T36 5.805E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy.798E+07 31. Aluminum (Annealed) 7.566E+07 27.70 1 Ruthenium 8.631E-08 1. 319 Sand 6. At 8. SOU.00 1 Aluminum. and Aged 5.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.00 3 Aluminum Alloy.842E-08 1. Admiralty 7.00 .00 1 Copper Beryllium.956E-08 1. 56S Cond.388E-08 1.00 1 Aluminum Alloy. 7075-T6 5.00 1 Leaded Yellow Brass 6.158E-08 1.747E-08 1.00 1 Bronze Manganese (Annealed) 7.386E-08 1. Red X-8 As Cast 6.450E+07 25. Mold Cond. C113 6.210E-08 1.00 1 Brass.00 1 Brass. Yellow (Annealed) 6. Leaded Yellow 6. Leaded Naval (Annealed) 6.40 1 Tungsten 5.00 1 Zinc. 7075-W 5.740E+07 30. Stress Relieved 5.496E-08 1.218E+07 21.