Russia Child Labor Junior/Senior Committee Position Paper A Child can be defining as a young boy according to age

and culture. Labor is defined as work and effort. But “child” and “labor should not be use together. Child labor is a term used to describe children who are working and it has interfered with their education, recreation, health, and child’s development. In 2000, International Labor Organization estimates about 246 child workers aged 5 and 17 were involved in child labor. 171 million were involved in work that unsafe to their health, and 8.4 million children were engaged in forced and bonded labor. Most of child workers can be found in Africa and Asia. Child laborers work ranges from taking care of animals, planting and harvesting food, many kinds of manufacturing, auto repair, and making of footwear and textiles. Most of child laborers work in agriculture, and only less than 5% of child laborers make export products. Girls work as maid, and their job can be riskier than boys working in a field or a factory. Girls can easily be physically or sexually abused by their employers. Employers offer jobs to children rather than adults because: children can be paid less than adults, adults demand good work environment while children are defenseless. In Russia, the Labor Code prohibits employment of any children under the age of 16. Any positions that would require an employee to work nights or overtime cannot be filled by anybody under the age of 18. Under certain specific conditions with parental approval, a child may work as soon as age 14. Forced or bonded labor by children is prohibited. Many children are involved in illegal drug sales. In some places, children will be given drugs so that they will follow any directions they are given. Some children are forced to work more hours than the legal limit. Russia has a law that set a restriction against the child labor. In 1922, employment of children under age of 16 was prohibited, although children aged between 14 and 16 could still be employed in exceptional cases with agreement of the Labor Commissariat and the trade unions. In 1990s, there are an estimated one million homeless children in the Russian Federation. The presence of children in a family significantly increases risk to poverty. Almost half of all children below 16 years old were found to be under the poverty line. For this reason, children in Russia went to factories in search of a job. Poverty has numerous affects on children. Those who grow up in poverty are more likely have problems in life. These children, as means of survival oftentimes resort to or are forced into hazardous work. The UN founded the ILO (International Labor Organization) in 1919 and its goal is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Child labor has been a problem since a long time ago, but Russia has recognized this problem. Our children are the nation future, and children should not be working. Children should be at school and learn without worrying about their families. Russia believes that there is a solution to this problem. One of solutions that Russia comes up with is a fund which pays factories and business for not employs children, and also parents for sending their children to school. Another solution is the creation of schools in poor areas across the world, so that children can go to school instead of working in factories. International law should be created and it should regulate child workers as a whole. For example: Russian government sets a law that allows children fifteen years old or older to work under circumstances and under their parent’s consent. Although Russia doesn’t really have a problem with child labor, Russia also concern with this issue. Russia wants to be a part of solution, and Russia is calling all nations especially developed nations across the globe to be involved in order to find a reliable and the best solution to this problem.