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MOHAMMAD A. RAMMAHA

1. Introduction

In what follows I will post some challenging problems for students who have had

some calculus, preferably at least one calculus course. All problems require a proof.

They are not easy but not impossible. I hope you will find them stimulating and

challenging.

2. Problems

(1) Prove that

eπ > π e .

(2.1)

Hint: Take the natural log of both sides and try to define a suitable function

that has the essential properties that yield inequality 2.1.

14 12

1

1

(2) Note that 6= but

=

. Prove that there exists infinitely many

4

2

pairs of positive real numbers α and β such that α 6= β; but αα = β β . Also,

find all such pairs.

Hint: Consider the function f (x) = xx for x > 0. In particular, focus your

attention on the interval (0, 1]. Proving the existence of such pairs is fairly

easy. But finding all such pairs is not so easy. Although such solution pairs

are well known in the literature, here is a neat way of finding them: look at

an article written by Jeff Bomberger1, who was a freshman at UNL enrolled

in my calculus courses 106 and 107, during the academic year 1991-92.

1

4

1

;

2

**(3) Let a0 , a1 , ..., an be real numbers with the property that
**

a1 a2

an

a0 +

+

+ ... +

= 0.

2

3

n+1

Prove that the equation

a0 + a1 x + a2 x2 + ...an xn = 0

1Jeffrey

Bomberger, On the solutions of aa = bb , Pi Mu Epsilon Journal, Volume 9(9)(1993),

571-572.

1

∞). (6) The axes of two right circular cylinders of radius a intersect at a right angle. 2] with f (ξ) = f (ξ − 1). 4 x +1 Hint: write x4 + 1 as (x2 + 1)2 − 2x2 . with the properties: f is continuous on [0. ∞). for all x ≥ 0. Hint: the integral is convergent. Department of Mathematics. ∞). if f 0 (c) = 0 for some c > 0. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. and f 0 is monotone increasing on (0. USA E-mail address: rammaha@math. then the series ∞ k=1 f ( k ) is convergent. P 1 (b) Conversely. x a) Prove that g is monotone increasing on (0. ∞). 2] such that f (0) = f (2). show that if f (0) = f 0 (0) = 0. RAMMAHA has at least one solution in the interval (0. and f 00 are all continuous on P∞ such [0. (7) Let f be a real-valued function defined on [0. ∞).2 M. Show that there is a real number ξ ∈ [1. P∞ 1 (a) Prove that if the series k=1 f ( k ) is convergent.unl. A. 1 (8) Evaluate the integral dx. there is at least one real number x ∈ [0. Let g be the function given by: g(x) = f (x) for x ∈ (0. NE 685880130. f (0) = 0. (10) Let f be a real-valued function that f . Factorize and do a partial fraction decomposition. 1] −→ [0. 1). and if f (x) ≥ 0.e. 1] such that f (x) = x. 1]. (4) Suppose that f is a continuous function on [0. (5) Suppose that f : [0. then f (0) = 0 and f 0 (0) = 0. f 0 . Lincoln. Consider the series k=1 f ( k1 ).. b) Prove that.edu . Find the volume of the solid of intersection of the cylinders. ∞). f 0 exists on (0. i. then f (x) = 0 on the Z interval [0. 1] is a continuous function. 1]. c]. Prove that f has a fixed point in [0. Z ∞ (9) Determine whether the improper integral sin(x) sin(x2 )dx is convergent 0 or divergent.

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