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NAMA

:

TINGKATAN :

SULIT
4551/1
BIOLOGI
Ogos
2011
1 1/4 jam

BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH
KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA
TAHUN 2011

BIOLOGI
Kertas 1
Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa

2.

Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu

3.

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 32

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 32halaman bercetak
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iagram 1 shows a process carried out by an Ameoba sp.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan suatu proses yang dijalankan oleh Ameoba sp.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
What is the process ?
Apakah proses tersebut ?

2.

AMeiosis
COsmoregulation
Meiosis
Pengosmokawalaturan
DConjugation
BBinary fission
Konjugasi
Belahan dedua
Diagram 2 shows one of the human tissues.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan salah satu daripada tisu manusia

Diagram 2
Rajah 2
What organelle is found abundantly in the tissue ?
Apakah organel paling banyak terdapat dalam tisu tersebut ?
AGolgi Apparatus
CRibosomes
Jasad Golgi
Ribosom
BMitochondria
DEndoplasmic reticulum
Mitokondria
Jalinan endoplasma

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2 4551/1 Diagram 3 shows the structure of a plasma membrane.SULIT 3. Diagram 4 shows an experiment to investigate the movement of water molecules across a semi permeable membrane from A to B Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji pergerakan molekul air merentasi satu membran separa telapdari A ke B. Semi permeable membrane Membran separa telap A B B A Molekul air Molekul sukrosa Beginning of experiment Awal eksperimen 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh End of experiment Akhir Diagrameksperimen 4 Rajah 4 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . P Diagram 3 Rajah 3 What substance can cross through P ? Apakah bahan yang bolehmerentasi P ? AGlucose Glukosa BSodium ion Ion sodium CAmino acid Asid Amino DFatty acids Asid Lemak 4. Rajah 3 struktur menunjukkan membran plasma.

yang manakah benar tentangpergerakan molekul air pada akhir eksperimen ? AThe rate of water molecules diffusing from A to B is higher than from B to A Kadar molekul air meresap daripada A ke B lebih tinggi daripada B ke A BThe rate of water molecules diffusing from B to A is higher than from A to B Kadar molekul air meresap daripada B ke A lebih tinggi daripada A ke B CNo water molecules diffuses from A to B Tiada molekul air meresap masuk daripada A ke B.SULIT 3 4551/1 Which of the following is true about the movement of water molecules at the end of the experiment ? Antara berikut. 5. Diagram 5 shows a potato osmometer. DThe rate of water molecules diffusing from A to B and from B to A is the same Kadar molekul air meresap daripada A ke B dan daripada B ke A adalah sama. Cavity filled with sugar Lekuk mengandungi gula Half of a potato Sebahagian daripada kentang Dish containing water Takungan mengandungi air Cut surface Permukaan yang dipotong Diagram 5 Rajah 5 What will be observed after thirtyminutes if the potato is cooked before being used in the experiment ? Apakah yang akan dapat diperhatikan selepas tiga puluh minit sekiranya kentang tersebut dimasakterlebih dahulu sebelum digunakan dalam eksperimen ini ? 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu osmometer kentang.

SULIT 4 4551/1 AThe amount of sugar in the cavity decreases Kandungan gula di dalam lekuk berkurangan BThe amount of sugar in the cavity increases Kandungan gula di dalam lekuk bertambah. Which organelleinvolves in the synthesis of extracellular enzymes ? Organel yang manakah terlibat dalam sintesis enzim luar sel ? ACentriole CGolgi Apparatus Sentriol Jasad Golgi DLysosome BSmooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Lisosom Jalinan Endoplasma Licin Diagram 6 shows the action of an enzyme sucrase on sucrose. Q . Rdan S? P Q R S ASucrose Sucrase Glucose Fructose BSucrase Sucrose Glucose Fructose CSucrose Sucrase Galactose Glucose DSucrase Sucrose Galactose Fructose 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Rajah 6 menunjukkan tindakan enzim sukrase keatas sukrosa. Q . P R S Q Diagram 6 Rajah 6 What is P. 7. CThe level of water in the dish decreases Aras air di dalam takung berkurangan DThe level of water in the dish remain the same Aras air di dalam takung kekal 6. Rand S? Apakah P.

Diagram 7 . Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen tersebut selepas satu jam.2 shows the result of the experiment after one hour.1 menunjukkan satu set radas untuk mengkaji tindakan pepsin ke atas protein. Diagram 7.SULIT 5 4551/1 8. Rajah 7. Thermometer Jangkasuhu Test tube Tabung uji Water bath at 37 C Kukusan air pada suhu370 C Cloudy Keruh 2 ml albumen solution + 1 ml 1% pepsin D R .1 shows a set up of apparatus to study the action of pepsin on protein.

2 Rajah 7.solution + 2 drops dilute hydrochloric acid 2 ml larutan albumen + 1ml 1% larutan pepsin + 2 titis asid hidroklorik cair Clear Jernih Diagram 7.2 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

Which of the following is the result of the experiment after one hour ? Eksperimen dalam rajah 7. yang manakah merupakan keputusan eksperimen tersebut ? 9. Antara yang berikut.SULIT 6 4551/1 The experiment in diagram 7.1 diulang dengan menggunakan 4 ml 1% pepsin yang dididihkan. A C B D Which of the following carbohydrates is disaccharide ? Yang manakah antara karbohidrat berikut merupakandisakarida ? AFructose CStarch Fruktosa BLactose Lactosa 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Kanji DGalactose Galaktosa [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT ..1 is repeated using 4 ml of 1% boiled pepsin.

Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu tumbuhan. 7 4551/1 Diagram 8 shows a stage of meiosis in a plant cell. Anafasa 2 Diagram 9 shows a chromosomal behavior during meiosis. Rajah 9 menunjukkan perlakuan kromosom sewaktu meiosis.SULIT 10. Diagram 9 Rajah 9 What is the importance of this chromosomal behaviour ? Apakah kepentingan perlakuan kromosom ini ? AProducing new cells CRepairing injured tissues Penghasilan sel-sel baru BProducing variation Menghasilkan variasi 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Membaiki tisu rosak DRegenerating new tissues Petumbuhan semulatisu baru [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . peringkat meiosis dalam satu sel Diagram 8 Rajah 8 What is the stage ? Apakah peringkat tersebut ? AMetaphase 1 CAnaphase 1 Metafasa 1 BMetaphase 2 Anafasa 1 DAnaphase 2 Metafasa 2 11.

8 4551/1 Diagram 10 shows the process of cloning a sheep. yang manakah benar berkaitan proses tersebut ? I. Cell P has diploid number of chromosomes Sel P mempunyai bilangan kromosom diploid II.SULIT 12. Cell R is formed by asexual reproduction Sel R dihasilkan oleh pembiakan aseksual IV. The characteristics of offspring X are the same as in sheep B Ciri-ciri anak X sama dengan kambing biri-biri B 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT B . Sheep A Sheep B Kambing biri-biri Kambing biri-biri A Cell P taken from the ovary Sel P diambil Cells Q taken from the mammary gland Sel Q diambil darikelenjar susu dari ovari Cell R Sel R Offspring X Anak X Diagram 10 Rajah 10 Which of the following is true about the process ? Antara berikut. Rajah 10 menunjukkan proses pengklonan kambing biri-biri. Cell Q has diploid number of chromosomes Sel Q mempunyai bilangan kromosomdiploid III.

SULIT 9 4551/1 AII and IV only II dan IV sahaja CII and IIIonly II dan III sahaja BI and IV only I. III dan IV sahaja 13. Diagram 11 Rajah 11 What is the correct number of chromosomes in its daughter cells after a mitotic division? Apakah bilangan kromosom yang betul dalam sel anak selepas satu pembahagian mitosis ? Daughter cell 1 Daughter cell 2 . Sel tersebut telah dirawat dengan Vinblastine iaitu sejenis bahan kimia yang merencatkan penghasilan gentian gelendung. III and IV only I. Rajah 11 menunjukkan nucleus satu sel.dan IV sahaja DI. The cell is treated with Vinblastine which is a chemical that inhibits the formation of spindle fibres. Diagram 11 shows the nucleus of a cell.

A6 0 B3 C3 0 3 D6 6 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

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Diagram 12 shows a condition of a child who is lack of protein and carbohydrate in his diet.
Rajah
12
menunjukkan
keadaan seorang kanakkanak yang kekurangan protein
dan karbohidrat dalam
gizinya.

Diagram 12/

Rajah 12

What is the health problem suffered by the child?
Apakah masalah kesihatan yang dialami oleh kanak-kanaktersebut ?
AKwasyiorkor
COsteoporosis
Kwasyiorkor
Osteoporosi
BRickets
DMarasmus
Ricket
Marasmus
15 Diagram 13 shows a stomach of a cow.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan perut seekor lembu.

Small intestine
Usus kecil

P

Diagram 13/

Rajah 13

What is the part labeled P ?.
Apakah bahagian yang berlabel P?

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11

ARumen
Rumen
BReticulum
Retikulum

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COmasum
Omasum
DAbomasum
Abomasu

Diagram 14 shows a structure of a villus.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan satu struktur villus.

X

Diagram 14
Rajah 14
Which of the following nutrients are found in X?
Yang manakah antara nutrient berikut terdapat dalamX?
AGlucose
CFatty Acid
Glukosa
Asid
Lemak
BGlycerol
DVitamin A
Gliserol
Vitamin A

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Diagram 15 shows a part of the human digestive system.
Rajah 15
sistem pencernaan

menunjukkan sebahagian daripada
manusia.

J

Diagram 15
Rajah 15
What the function of J?
Apakah fungsi J?
ASecrete bile
Merembeskan jus hempedu
BChannel out bile
Menyalurkan jus hempedu

CDestroybile
Memusnahkanjus
DStorebile hempedu
Menyimpan jus hempedu

18.

The following shows the results of an experiment to determine the content of vitamin C in
orange juice.
Berikut adalah keputusan eksperimen untuk menentukan kandungan vitamin C di dalam
jus oren.
Volume of orangejuice = 3.4 cm
Isipadu jus oren

Volume of DCPIP solution = 1 cm3
Isipadu larutan DCPIP

(1.3 cm3 of 0.1% ascorbic acid is needed to decolourise 1 cm3 of DCPIP solution.)
(1.3 cm3 0.1% asid askorbik diperlukan untuk melunturkan 1 cm3 larutan DCPIP)

What is the percentage of Vitamin C in the orange juice ?
Apakah peratusan Vitamin C dalam jus oren tersebut ?

A0.026 % C 0.038 % B0.260 % D 0.380 %
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13 Which of the following is the product of anaerobic respiration in human muscle cells ? Antara yang berikut.SULIT 19. Rajah 16 menunjukkan struktur respirasi seekor serangga X Diagram 16 Rajah 16 What is X ? Apakah X ATrachea Trakea BTracheol Trakeol DChitin Kitin 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CSpiracle Spirake [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . yang manakah merupakan hasil respirasi anaerob dalam sel otot manusia ? ALactic acid CEthanol Asid Laktik Etanol BCarbon dioxide Karbon dioksida 20. 4551/1 DWater Air Diagram 16shows the respiratory structure of an insect.

Rajah 17 menunjukkan resapan gas Y daripada alveolus ke kapilari darah. Gas Y Diagram 17/ Rajah 17 Which of the following is true about the differencein the concentration of gas Y of a healthy person and a cigarette smoker ? Antara yang berikut.SULIT 21. yang manakah benar tentang perbezaan antara kepekatan gas Y dalam kapilari darah seorang yang sihat dengan seorang penghisap rokok ? Cigarette Healthy individu smoker Individu sihat Penghisap A Higher Higher Tinggi Tinggi Lower Higher B Rendah Tinggi Lower Lower C Rendah Rendah Higher Lower D Tinggi Rendah 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . 14 4551/1 Diagram 17 shows diffusion of gas Y from an alveolus toa blood capillary.

Oxpacker bird Rhinoceros Diagram 18 Rajah 18 What is the interaction shown by the two organisms ? Apakah interaksiyang ditunjukkan oleh kedua-dua organism ? CParasitism ACommensalism Parasitism Komensalisme e BSaprophytisme DMutualism Saprofitisme Mutualism e 23.  A group of organism that looksalikeand has similar characteristics Sekumpulan organism yang kelihatan serupadan mempunyai ciri-ciri yang sama What is the statement refered to ? Apakah yang dirujuk oleh penyataan ini ? ANiche Nic DSpecies BCommunity Spesis Komuniti 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CPopulation Populasi [Lihat halaman sebelah . Penyataan berikut adalah mengenai istilah dalam ekologi. 15 4551/1 Diagram 18 shows an interaction between oxpacker birds and a rhinoceros. The following statement is an ecology term. Rajah 18 menunjukkan interaksiantara burung tenggek kerbau dengan badak sumbu .SULIT 22.

SULIT .

itrites Nitrit mmonia compound B Nitrates .SULIT 24. 16 4551/1 Diagram 19 shows a part of nitrogen cycle. Rajah 19 menunjukkan sebahagian daripadakitar nitrogen.

DNitrosomonas sp. B hizobium sp Rhizobium sp 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CNitrobacter sp. Nitrosomonas sp. Nitrobacter sp. Azobacter sp.Sebatian ammonia Nitra t lant protein Protein tumbuhan nimal protein Protein haiwan Diagram 19 Rajah 19 What is bacteria S? Apakah bakteria S ? A zobacter sp. [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

30 ekor tikus ditangkap seminggu kemudian. The following information shows the results of an experiment conducted by a student to estimate the population sizeof rats in a paddy field. M Diagram20/ What is the function of structure M ? Apakah fungsi struktur M? AExcrete excess salt Menyingkirkan garam berlebihan BGaseous exchange Pertukaran gas 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Rajah 20 CSupport Sokongan . oleh 50 rats were caught and marked on the first night 50 ekor tikus ditangkap dan ditandapada malam pertama. 10 were marked. Rajah 20 menunjukkan sistem akar pada satupokok bakau. DRegulate osmotic pressure Mengawalatur tekanan [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . What is the population size of the rats in the paddy field? Apakah saiz populasi tikus di sawah padi tersebut? 7 AB 26.SULIT 17 4551/1 25. C 50 D 00 Diagram 20 shows a root system ina mangrove tree. 10 adalah bertanda. Maklumat berikut menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen yang dijalankan seorangpelajar untuk menganggarkan saiz populasi tikus di sawah padi.  30 rats were caught a week later.

What element in chlorofluorocarbon gas that can destroy the ozone layer? Apakah unsur dalam gas kloroflorokarbon yangboleh memusnahkan lapisan ozon? ACarbon CChlorine Karbon Klorin. Rajah 21 menunjukkan fenomena yang menyebabkan ekosistem terancam Diagram 21 Rajah21 What is the effect of the phenomenon? Apakah kesan fenomena tersebut ? ASoil becomesacidic Tanah menjadi berasid BBlurring of vision Penglihatan menjadi kabur CEutrophication Eutrofikasi DNitrification Nitritfikasi 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . BFluorine DFluorine and Chlorine Fluorin Fluorin dan Klorin 28. Diagram 21 shows a phenomenon that causes an endangered ecosystem.SULIT 18 4551/1 27.

19 he following information is about process thatoccurs in an ecosystem. What is process M ? Apakah proses M ? 4551/1 . Pertumbuhan pesat alga dan tumbuhan terapung.SULIT 29. Maklumat berikut adalah berkaitan dengan prosesyang berlaku pada ekosistem .  Nitrates runs off into lakes Nitrat mengalir kedalam tasik  Rapid growth of algaeand floating plant.

BSuccesion Penyesaran DNitrification Nitrifikasi Valve Injap APresent Ada BPresent Ada C D Thick Tebal Thin Nipis Absent Tiada Absent Tiada 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Thickness of muscular wall Ketebalan dinding Thick Tebal Thin Nipis [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .AColonisation Pengkolonian CEutrophication Eutrofikasi .

yang manakah merupakan floem ? 32. B C dan D. Rajah 23 menunjukkan sistem peredaran terbuka seekor artropoda Tubular heart Tiub jantung Diagram 23/ Rajah 23 What is the colourless fluid found in X ? Apakah cecair tidak berwarna yang terdapat dalam X? . B. C and D is phloem? Antara bahagian A. Diagram 23 shows an open circulatory system of an arthropod.SULIT 20 4551/1 A B C D Diagram22 Rajah 22 Which of the parts A.

ALymphfluid Bendalir limfa BPlasma Plasma 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CHaemolymph Hemolimfa . DInterstitial fluid Bendalir tisu [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

Which organism has this type of circulatory system? Antara yang berikut yang manakahorganisma yang mempunyai sistem peredaran darah ini? AFish CBird Ikan Burun g BFrog DWorm Katak Cacing Diagram 25shows the concentrationof antibodies in a patient’s blood after being immunized Rajah 25 menunjukkan kepekatan antibodidalam darah pesakit selepas diberi immunisasi d Immunity level Aras keimunan A n K 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 . Diagram 24 Rajah 24 34.SULIT 33. 21 4551/1 Diagram 24 shows a type of a circulatory system. Rajah 24 sistem peredaran menunjukkan sejenis darah.

t ib o First injection c o Suntikan pertama n c e n ion Rajah 25 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh d Time/days Masa / hari Second injection Suntikan kedua [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT 22 4551/1 hich of the following is true about the immunity shown? Antara yang berikut. II. It gives immediate immunity against the disease Ia memberi keimunansementara menentang penyakit IV. Diagram 26 Rajah 26 What is the vertebrae? Apakah vertebra ini ? ACervical Servikal BThoracic Toraks DLumbar Lumbar 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CSacrum Sakru m [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Diagram 26 menunjukkan vertebra dalam turus vertebra. III and IV only BI. White blood cells are stimulated to produce antibody Sel darah putih dirangsang untuk menghasilkan antibodi AII and III only C II. yang manakah benar tentang keimunan yang ditunjukkan ? I. II and III only D I. Diagram 26 shows a vertebrae in vertebral column. It gives temporary protection Ia memberi perlindungan sementara II. IIIand IV 35. Antiserum is injected into the patient’s body Antiserum disuntik dalam badan pesakit III.

Substratum Tapak Diagram 28 Rajah 28 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Diagram 27 shows an impaired musculoskeletal system which causes swollen and painful at the joint. What is the impairment of the musculoskeletal system shown in the diagram? Apakah masalah sistem otot rangka yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah ? AArthritis COsteoporosis Artritis Osteoporosis DMuscle cramp BMuscular dystrophy Kekejangan Distrofi otot Diagram 28 shows a movement of a grasshopper.SULIT 23 4551/1 36. Rajah 27 menunjukkan sistem otot rangka terjejas yang menyebabkan bengkak dan sakit pada sendi. Diagram 27 Rajah 27 37. otot Rajah 28 menunjukkan pergerakan seekor belalang.

B X Diagram 29 Rajah 29 Which of the following is substance X? Manakah antara berikut adalah bahan X? AAdrenaline Adrenalin BAcetylcholine Asetilkolina 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh CSodium ion Ion natrium DPotassium ion Ion potasium [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .SULIT 24 4551/1 What are the action of the flexor muscle and extensor muscleto allow the movement ? Apakah tindakan otot fleksor dan otot ektensor untuk membolehkan pergerakan tersebut? Extensor Flexor muscle muscle Otot fleksor A Contract Contract Otot extensor Mengecut Mengecut Relax Relax Mengendur Mengendur Relax Contract C Mengendur Mengecut Relax Contract D Mengendur Mengecut Diagram 29shows the transmission of the nerve impulse through a synapse.

25 4551/1 What makes the shoot of a plant bendstowards light? Apakah yang menyebabkan pucuk tumbuhan membengkok ke arah cahaya? AThe shoot needs light for photosynthesis Pucuk perlu cahaya untuk proses fotosintesis BThe shoot needs to grow longer to avoid competition for light Pucuk perlu cahaya untuk tumbuh lebih panjang bagi mengelakkanpersaingan untuk mendapatkan cahaya CThe cells in the shaded side elongate more than the cells in the brighter side. Sel –sel di kawasanterlindung memanjang lebih banyak daripada sel-sel di kawasan cerah. R S P Q Diagram30 Rajah 30 Which part controls the breathing and regulation of body temperature? Bahagian manakah mengawal proses pernafasan dan kawalan suhu badan? Breathing Regulation of body temperature Pernafasan Kawalatur suhu badan .SULIT 39. Diagram 30 shows a section of the human brain. Rajah 30 menunjukkan keratan otak manusia. DThe concentration of auxin is higher in cells exposed to light Kepekatan auksin adalah lebihtinggi dalam sel yang terdedah kepada cahaya 40.

AP Q BR CP S R DQ P 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT 41. Rajah 31 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan wanita X Diagram 31 Rajah 31 What is the part label X? Apakah bahagian yang berlabel X ? AFallopian tube Tiub fallopian BOvary Ovari 42. 26 4551/1 Diagram 31 shows afemale reproductive system. CUterus Rahi m DVagina Vagin a Which of the following sequence is the development of a human zygote? Antara berikut yang manakan urutan yang betul bagi perkembangan zigot manusia? AZygote Zigot morula morula BZygote Zigot blastocyst blastosista CZygote Zigot morula morula foetus fetus embryo embrio DZygote Zigot embryo embrio foetus fetus blastocyst blastosista 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh blastocyst blastosista embryo embrio morula morula embryo embrio [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT 43. 27 4551/1 Diagram 32 shows a foetus in a woman uterus. Rajah 32 menunjukkan fetus si dalam rahim seorang perempuan. Y W X Z Diagram 32 Rajah 32 .

Which part protects the embryo from physical shocks? Bahagian manakah yang melindungi fetus daripada kejutan fizikal? AW C X 44. BY D Z hich of the following is true about the development of fruit from the different parts of a flower ? Yang manakah benartentang perkembangan buah daripada bahagian bunga yang berbeza Bahagian bunga Bahagian buah .

A B COvule D Diploid zygote Zigot diploid Tripolid nucleus Nukleus triploid Seed Ov Biji Benih Integuments Integumen 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Cotyledo n Kotiledo Embryo Embrio Fruit skin Kulit buah [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

Rajah 34 menunjukkan rajah skema bagi kacukan sepasang hamster. H represents dominant allele for black fur. yang manakah AHh X Hh to represent the genotype of both parents? benar mewakili genotip kedua-dua induk ? CHH X Hh BHh X hh 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh DHH X hh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Diagram 34 shows a schematic diagram of a cross between a pair of hamster.SULIT 45. 28 4551/1 Diagram 33 shows a pair of chromosomes in a cell of an organism. H mewakili alel dominan bagi bulu hitam Induk Bulu Hitam Bulu Kelabu : 1 Gray fur F1 1 Black fur 1 Bulu Kelabu 1Bulu Hitam Diagram 34 Rajah34 Which of the following is true Antara yangberikut. Rajah 33 menunjukkan sepasang kromosom dalam satu sel organism. Diagram 33 Rajah 33 What is X ? Apakah X ? AGene Gen BAllele Alel CNucleotides Nukleotida DChromosomes Kromosom 46.

Apakah nisbah fenotip bagi sifat warna mata dalam generasi F1 ? . What is the phenotype ratio for eye colour characteristic in F1 generation? Seekor Drosophila melanogaster yang heterozigot yang bermata merah dikacukkan dengan seekor Drosophila melanogasteryang bermata putih. 29 4551/1 heterozygous Drosophila melanogaster ith ed eye s crossed with Drosophila melanogaster with white eye. Red eye isdominant over white eye.SULIT 47. Sifat warna mata merah adalah dominan ke atas warna mata putih.

C3 red eye : 1 white eye 3 bermata merah : 1 bermata putih D1 red eye:1 white eye 1 bermata merah : 1 bermata putih Which of the graph shows a continuous variation ? Antara graf berikut yang manakah menunjukkan variasi selanjar? A C Number Bilangan Number Bilanga Characteristic C B D Number Bilangan Number Bilanga n Chara c C Characteristic Ciri 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .AAll white eye Semua bermata putih BAll red eye Semua bermata merah 48.

yang manakah mungkin akan berlaku kepada bes P jika ia terdedah kepada bahan mutasi . Rajah 36 menunjukkan perubahan pada satu kromosom sebelum dan selepas mengalami mutasi. Gene Gen Mutation Mutasi Diagram 36 Diagram 36 Rajah 36 . AIt might be inverted Ia akan terbalik CIt might be substituted with other base Ia akan diganti dengan bes yang lain BIt might be translocated Ia akan dipindahkan DIt might be splitted into half Ia akan terbelahdua 50. Rajah 35 menunjukkan satu rantaian DNA yang mengandungi satuurutan bes. 30 4551/1 Diagram 35 shows a DNA strand containing a bases sequence . P Diagram 35 Rajah 35 Diagram 35 Rajah 35 Which of the following might happen if base P is exposed to a mutagen ? Antara yang berikut. Diagram 36 shows the changes in a chromosome before and after experiencing a mutation.SULIT 49.

4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT 31 Which of the following is about the mutation? Yang manakah antara berikut mengenai mutasi ini? Type of mutation Jenis mutasi AGene mutation Mutasi gen 4551/1 Type of change Jenis perubahan Deletion Pelenyapan .

BGene mutation Mutasi gen Duplication Penggandaa n CChromosomal mutation Deletion Mutasi kromosom Pelenyapan DChromosomal mutation END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT. 4551/1©2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT

32

4551/1

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

1.

These question paper consists of 50 questions.

2. Answer

allquestions

3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
4.

Blacken

only onespace for each question.

5.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have
made. Then blacken the space for the new answer.

6.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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SULIT Nama :………………………………………. Tingkatan : …………… 4551/2
4551/2
Biologi
Kertas 2
Mei
2011
1
2jam
BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN
SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH
KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA
TINGKATAN 5 2011

BIOLOGI
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1.

Tulis nama dan tingkatan anda pada ruang yang
disediakan.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa
Markah
Soalan dalam bahasa
Bahag
Inggeris mendahului
ian
Soalan

Markah
penuh d
i
p
e
o
l
e
h
i

soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

112

4. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian :
Bahagian Adan Bahagian B.
5. Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A.
Jawapan anda bagi Bahagian Ahendaklah
ditulis pada ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas
soalan ini.
6. Jawab mana-mana duasoalan daripada

A

212
312
620
720
820
920

BBahagian B.
Jawapan anda bagi
Bahagian B

hendaklah ditulis dalam helaian tambahan yang
dibekalkan.
7. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis
mengikut skala.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 25 halaman bercetak
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(i) 2 R : ………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [ 2 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama SULIT Penuh ..SULIT 2 4551/2 For Examine rs Use Section A Bahagian A 60 arks [60 markah] nswerallquestions in this section. Jawap semuasoalan dalam bahagian ini. Tissue Q Tisu Q Cell P Sel P Tissue R Tisu R Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Cell S Sel (a) (i) Name cell P and tissueR. Rajah 1 menunjukkan beberapa sel khusus dan tisu. Namakan sel P dan tisu R. 1 (a) P : ………………………………………………………………………………. 1Diagram 1 shows some specialised cells and tissue.

………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………..……………………. [2 marks] [2 markah] Explain ne haracteristic of tissueQ to facilitate water absorption from soil.SULIT 3 4551/2 State ne or Examine rs Use function of cell P and cell R. …………………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [ 2 markah] 1 (c) 2 . Namakan sistem yang mengandungi sel S. …………... Cell P / Sel P : …………………. 1 (b)(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 …. ….... . . ……………………………………………………………………………………………. (ii) Nyatakan satu fungsi sel P dan sel R... ……………………………………………. (ii) 2 Cell R /Sel R :…… …. (b)(ii) 1 …………………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Explain ne ole of cell S in the system named in (b)(i).. ………………………………………………………………………………………… …. ……… 1 (a) . Terangkan satu peranan sel S di dalam sistem yang dinamakan di (b)(i). [2 marks] [2 1 markah] (b) (i) Name the system which consistcell S. Terangkan satu ciri tisu Q untuk membantu penyerapan air daripada tanah.………………..…………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………………………………. (c) …………………………………………………………………………………………..

4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

SULIT 4 4551/2 (d) Herbicide is capable to stop the transportation of some mineral into a plant through tissueQ. Explain why. Racun rumpai boleh menghentikan pengangkutan mineral tertentu ke dalam t For Examine rs Use 1 .

…………. …………………………………………………………………………………… [3 marks] [ 3 markah] OTAL 12 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .…………………………………………………………………………………… …………….……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… …………..

Nyatakan satu sebab untuk jawapan anda di (a)(i). 2 N M (a) (i) State cycle.. 2 (a) (i) 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [ 1 markah] (ii) State ne eason for your answer in (a)(i). Rajah 2. [1 mark] [ 1 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh 2 (a) (ii) 1 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .4551/2 SULIT 5 or Examine rs Use Diagram 2.………………………………………………………………………….. ………………….1 shows a photomicrograph showing stages in a cell cycle that occur in the animal skin.1 menunjukkan fotomikrograf bagi peringkat-peringkat di dalam kitar sel yang terjadi dalam kulit haiwan. terlibat D R the type of cell division involved in the cell Nyatakan jenis pembahagian sel yang di dalam kitar sel itu.…………………………………………………………………………. ………………….

2. [1 mark] (ii) 1 [ 1 markah] (c) Somatic cells of the animal hasfour chromosomes.2 2 [3 marks] [ 3 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (c) 3 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .………………………………………………………………………….2. lukis dan label rajah menunjukkan perlakuan kromosom selepas peringkat M . 2 (b) …………………....SULIT 6 4551/2 For Examine rs Use (b) (i) Explain the chromosomal behaviourin stage N. In Diagram 2. …………………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan kepentingan perlakuan kromosom yang dinyatakan dalam (b)(i). Sel-sel soma haiwan itu mempunyai empat kromosom. ……………….. …………………. Pada Rajah 2.. ………………….………………………………………………………………………….2 Rajah 2. Terangkan perlakuan kromosomdalam peringkat N. ………………….…………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] [ 2 markah] 2 (b) (i) 2 (ii) State the importance of the chromosomal behaviourin mentioned in (b)(i). draw and label a diagram showing the chromosomal behavior after stage M. Diagram 2.

Cadangkan kaedah yang sesuai digunakan.1. Suggest a suitable method to be used which involved the cell cycle in Diagram 2. or Examine rs Use 2 (d) (i) 1 boleh …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 (d) … …………………………………………………………………………………………… (ii) 3 … …………………………………………………………………………………………… … TOTAL …………………………………………………………………………………………… … [3 marks] [3 12 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama SULIT Penuh . Terangkan bagaimana kaedah yang dinamakan di (d)(i) meningkatkan hasil tanaman.SULIT 7 4551/2 (d) (i) A farmer wants to breed a good variety of banana plants for commercial production. …………………………………………………………………………………………… … …………………………………………………………………………………………… … [1mark] [1 markah] (ii) Explain how the method named in (d)(i) can increased the crop yield.1. Seorang peladang hendak membiakkan variati tanaman pisang yang baik untuk penghasilan komersial. melibatkan kitar sel dalam Rajah 2.

Diagram 3 Rajah 3 (i) State the definition of ecosystem. Nyatakan definisi ekosistem. 4551/2 3(a) Rajah 3 menunjukkan ekosistem daratan. 3 (a) (i) 1 ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [ 1 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama SULIT Penuh .SULIT 8 For Examine rs Use Diagram 3 shows a terrestrial ecosystem.

SULIT 9 4551/2 (ii) A niche of an organism is its roles in the ecosystem. nyatakan satucontoh nic. state an example of niche. Berdasarkan organism dalam Rajah 3. bina satu jaringan makanan menunjukkan interaksi empat organism.…………………………………… ……………………………………………. Nic bagi organisma adalah peranannya dalam suatu ekosistem. ……………………………………………… [1 mark] [ 1 markah] (b) (i) Based on he iagram 3. Berdasarkan Rajah 3. Berdasarkan jaringan makanan yang telah dibina di (b)(i) binakan pyramid nombor. construct a food web showing the interaction of our organisms. Based on organisms in Diagram 3. 3 (b)(i) 2 [2 marks] [ 2 markah] (b) (ii) Based on constructed food web in (b)(i) construct a pyramid of numbers. For Examine rs Use 3 (a) (ii) 1 ………………………………………………………. 3 (b) (ii) 2 [2 marks] [ 2 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.kJ (ii) State wo [2 marks] [ 2 markah] ays in which energy may be lost in the food web. N 1. or Examin ers Use 3 (c)(i) 2 =………………. Energy loss at each trophic level is 90%. Organisma-organisma dalam aras trof pertama menyerap 15 000kJ tenaga matahari. ………………………………………………………………………………………… [2marks] [ 2 markah] 3 (c) (ii) 2 . Kirakan jumlah tenaga yang dipindahkan kepada organism pada aras trof ketiga..4551/2 SULIT 10 (c) (i) The organisms in the first trophic level absorbs 15 000kJ solar energy. Calculate the total energy transferred to the organisms in the third trophic level. Tenaga hilang sebanyak 90% pada setiap aras trof.

Banyak masalah berkaitan alam sekitar adalah disebabkan oleh aktiviti manusia. [2 marks] [ 2 markah] 3 (d) OTAL 12 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . …………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………. Terangkan satu kesanburuk aktiviti-aktiviti itu ke atas ekosistem. ………………………………………………………………………………………….(d) Many problems related to the environment are the results of human activities. Explain one bad effectof the activities on the ecosystem.

SULIT 11 For Examine rs Use Diagram 4 shows a human foetus in his mother’s uterus 4551/2 4 Rajah 4 menunjukkan fetus manusia dalam uterus ibunya. … …[ …1 … …m …a …r …k …] …[ 1 … … … … … … … … … … … … . … … … … … … .. Fluid S Cecair S Uterine wall Dinding uterus Q P 4 D (a) (a) S …… ….

2. 4 N (b)(i) Namakan kedua-dua salur darah tersebut 1.1 (b) (i) Structure P consist of two types of blood vessels. 2 …………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………. ……………………………………………… [2 marks] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [ 2 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

4551/2 For Examine rs Use 4 (b)(ii) .SULIT 12 (ii) State the function of each blood vessels named in (b)(i) Nyatakan fungsi bagi setiap salur darah yang dinamakan di (b) (i).

…………………. ibu hamil dijangkiti penyakit. Jangkitan itu menyebabkan struktur Q berhenti berfungsi.………………………………………………………………………. The mother miscarriage. Explain this statement. Jelaskan pernyataan ini. The infection causes structure Q to stop functioning.. [2 marks] [ 2 markah] (c) In the 16th week. . 2…………………………….…………………………………………………………….1. a pregnant mother is infected with a disease. Ibu mengalami keguguran.. Pada minggu ke 16.

……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah]
(d)

4 (c)

Explain why the foetus has a separate blood circulatory system from his mother.
Terangkan mengapa fetus mempunyai sistem peredaran darah yang berasingan
daripada ibunya.
4 (d)
……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah]

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4551/2

SULIT 13
(e)

For
Examine
rs Use

Human chorionic gonadotrophinhormone (HCG) has a similar role
to luteinizing hormone (LH).
A wife has a problem conceiving due to the failure in ovulation. The
wife becomes pregnant after a doctor has given her injections of HCG.
Hormon gonadotrofin manusia (HCG) mempunyai satu persamaan dengan
hormon peluteinan. Seorang isteri mempunyai masalah untuk hamil

Based on above statement, explain how HCG injections enable the process
of pregnancy.
Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, terangkan bagaimana suntikan
HCG menyebabkan kehamilan.
……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………

3

……………………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks]
[ 3 markah]
OTAL

12

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SULIT 14
455
1/2

or
Examine
rs Use

5Diagram 5.1 shows a dihybrid cross of pure-breeding round and yellow seeds with
wrinkled and green seeds of pea plant.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan kacukan dihibrid baka tulen, bijibulat berwarna
kuning dengan biji berkedut berwarna hijaupokok kacang pea.

Parental genotype
Genotip induk
R

G

X

g g
Mei
osis

R r
Gametes
Gamet

G

g

Fertilisation
Persenyawaan

F1 Genotype
Genotip F1

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1
ey / kekunci:
R : Represents dominant allele round seed
Mewakili alel dominan biji bulat
G : Represents dominant allele yellow colour
Mewakili alel dominan biji berwarna kuning
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1. label alel-alel untuk genotip F1. ………………………………………………………………………………………… …. [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) Diagram 5. 5 (a) (ii) 1 . label the alleles forF1genotype. Rajah 5. [1 mark] [1 (i) 1 markah] (ii) State the phenotype for F1 generation. Nyatakan fenotip untuk generasi F1.2 shows two possibilities of gametes formation by F1 generation.1.2 menunjukkan dua kemungkinan gamet-gamet yang terbentuk oleh generasi F1. Dalam Rajah 5.SULIT 15 4551/ 2 or Examine rs Use 5 (a) (a) (i) In Diagram 5.

2 Rajah 5.2 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .F1 generation Generasi F1 First possibilitiesgametes Gamet kemungkinan pertama r Rg Secondpossibilitiesgametes Gamet kemungkinan kedua r g Gamete J Gamet J Diagram 5.

. 1 5 ……………………………………………………………………………………. Namakan proses yang terjadi semasa meiosis yang menghasilkan gametgamet berbeza dalam kemungkinan kedua..Complete gamete J and gamete K which are produced in second possibility. Nyatakan kemungkinan yang mana menyebabkan lebih variasi kepada anaknya. Terangkan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda di (d)(i). [1 mark] [ 1 markah] or E x 5 (b ) (c) In diagram 5. lengkapkangamet J dan gamet K yang dihasilkan dalam kemungkinan kedua. ……………………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] [ 2 markah] (d) (i) State which possibilities will cause more variation to the offsprings.2.. ( c ) 2 5 ( d ) ( i ) . Pada Rajah 5.2.4551/2 SULIT 16 (b) Name the process that occurred during meiosis which produced different gametes in second possibilities. [1 mark] [ 1 markah] (ii) Explain one reason for your answer in (d)(i).

………………………………………… ………………………………………………………. [3 marks] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [ 3 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .…………………………………… …………………………………………………..... …………………………………….……………………………………………… ……………………………………………………….1 ……………………………………………..

genotyp of F2 generation and phenotypeof F2 generation which will be produce Pokok kacang pea generasi F1 yang telah mengalami proses kemungkina kedua. genotip generasi F2 dan fenotip generasi F2 yang akan terha Gametes from F1 Gametes Genotype of F2 Phen generation.SULIT 17 455 (e) The pea plant of F1 generation which has undergone second possibility crossed with the parent which has wrinkled-green see Complete Diagram 5.3 dengan mengisikan gamet F1 yan dilukis di (c) . from parent generation Gamet generasi F1 Gamet induk Genotip generasi Feno F2 r g 5 (e) 3 [3 marks] [ 3markah] TOTAL 12 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Lengkapkan Rajah 5.3 by filling in F1 generationgametes drawn in (c). dikacukkan semula dengan induk yang mempunyai biji lisut da berwarna hijau.

P and R are two types of vertebrae in the human vertebral column. [6 marks] [ 6 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . P Q Diagram 6.1 menunjukkan turus vertebra manusia.1 (i) Explain the adaptation of vertebrae P and vertebrae Q to function efficiently.4 Answer 5 5 sec this 1 Jawab m / mana 2 soalan daripada bahagia SULIT 18 Section B Bahagian B [ 40 marks ] [ 40markah] 6(a) Diagram 6.1 Rajah 6. Rajah 6. P dan R adalah dua jenis vertebra pada turus vertebra manusia. Terangkan penyesuaianvertebra P dan vertebra R untuk berfungsi dengan cekap.1 shows the human vertebral coloumn.

[4 marks] [ 4 markah] (b) Explain why :  An athlete must do a warming up before the event  Elderly people experiences pain at their joint. Pergerakan bahan merentasi membran plasma di dalam sel adalah penting untuk kemandirianhidup organisma. 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . The process helps to maintain a constant internal environment. (ii) Diagram 7. Proses ini mengekalkan persekitarandalaman organism. Terangkan kepentingan membran plasma untuk kemandirian organism hidup.4551/2 SULIT 19 (ii) Explain why human requires endoskeleton for efficient daily activities.1 menunjukkan dua jenis pengangkutan bahan melalui membran plasma. [4 mark [ 4 mark Explain the importance of plasma membrane for the survival of living organism. Terangkan mengapa :  Seorang atlet mesti melakukan senaman memanaskan badan sebelum memulakan acara  Orang-orang tua mengalami kesakitan pada sendi [10 marks] [10 markah] 7 ( a) ( i) Movement of substances across the plasma membrane in the cell is important for the continuity in life of organisms. Rajah . Terangkan mengapa manusia memerlukan rangka luar untuk kecekapan aktiviti harian.1 shows two types of transport of substances through plasma membrane.

4551/2 SULIT 20 ype 1 Jenis 1 Type 2 Jenis 2 .

The student immersed the potato strips in a different concentration of sugar in 30 minutes time. Terangkan kedua-dua jenis pengangkutan bahan melalui membran yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 7.1 of substances through plasma Explain the two types of transport membrane shown in Diagram 7. Diagram 7. Pelajar itu merendam jalur ubi kentang di dalam kepekatan larutan gula yang berbeza.1 Rajah 7.Outside of cell Bahagian luar sel Inside of cell Bahagian dalam sel Diagram 7. Seorang pelajar menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengetahui kepekatan larutan di luar selyang isotonik dengan kepekatan sap sel.2 shows graphplotted to show the change in mass against concentration of solution. plasma [6 marks] [ 6 markah] (b) A student carry out the experiment to determinethe concentration of an external solution which is isotonic to the cell sap.2 menunjukkan graf yang diplotuntuk menunjukkan perubahan dalam jisim melawan kepekatan larutan 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Rajah 7.

2 . [1mark] [1 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama SULIT Penuh .3 R X -.4 X 0.3 Diagram 7.2 (i) Based on the graph in Diagram 7. nyatakan kepekatan larutan yang isotonik kepada sel sap. Berdasar graf pada Rajah 7.2 Rajah 7. state the concentration of the solution that is isotonic to cell sap.2 .SULIT 21 4551/2 raph of change in mass versus concentration of solution Change in mass /g .2 P X Q - 0.

[10 marks] [ 10 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .455 Caecum 1/2 ekum SULIT 22 (ii) Explain what happen to the cell at point P . Q dan R. Terangkan apa yang berlaku terhadap sel di titik P. Rajah 8.1 shows the digestive system of a herbivore. m a r k a h ] Huraikan bagaimana selulosa dalam serat tumbuhan itu dicernakan dan bagaimana hasil-hasil pencernaan selulosa diserap kedalam badan herbivor itu. [ 9 Small intestine Usus kecil Describe how cellulose in the plant fibres are digested and how the products of digestion of cellulose are absorbed into the body of the herbivore. Q and R. [ 9 m Diagram a Rajah 8 r k s ] 8(a) Diagram 8.1 menunjukkan sistem pencernaan sesuatu herbivor.

4551/2 SULIT 23 (b) Diagram 8. Level 4 Aras 4 Level 3 Aras 3 Level 2 Aras 2 .2 shows a food pyramid.

explain how a teenager may be able to plan his daily diet wisely to maintain his normal growth and good health. terangkan bagaimana seorang remaja lelaki akan mengatur gizi hariannya secara bijak untuk mengekalkan proses pertumbuhan yang normal dan kesihatan yang baik. Berdasarkan Rajah 8.2 .2 Rajah 8. [10 marks] [ 10 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .2 Based on Diagram 8.2.Level 1 Aras 1 Diagram 8.

Rajah 9.SULIT 24 9(a) Diagram 9.2 menunjukkan peringkat pembekuan darah.1 and 9.1 dan 9.2 showsthe stages in blood clotting. 4551/2 .

Platelet Diagram 9.2 Rajah 9. Berdasarkan rajah dan pengetahuan biologi anda. huraikan bagaimana mekanism pembekuan darah. describe how the mechanism of blood clotting help to prevent infection when a wound occurs.2 Based on the diagram and on your biological knowledge. [10 marks] [ 10 markah] 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .1 Rajah 9.membantu untuk mengelakkan jangkitan apabila berlakunya luka.1 lot ctivated platelet ibrin Diagram 9.

4551/2 SULIT 25 (b) The statement below describe the lymphatic system Pernyataan di bawah menerangkan sistem limfa. 10 % cecairinterstitial akan kembali ke sistem peredaran darah melalui sistem limfa.  Lacteals in interstinal villi transport products of lipids Lacteal di vilus mengangkut produk lipid  About 10% of interstitial fluid returns to the circulatory system via the lymphatic system. .

explain why the lymphatic system is considered complementary to the blood circulatory system. terangkan kenapa sistem limfa dikatakan pelengkap kepada sistem peredaran darah. Berdasarkan pernyataan ini.Based on these statements. [10 marks] [ 10 markah] END OF QUESTIONPAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 4551/2 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

... 4...SULIT 4551/3 1 NAMA: ................. TINGKATAN : .............. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 11halaman bercetak................ Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu............... jam BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA TAHUN 2011 BIOLOGI Kertas 3 Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Soalan Markah Markah 1......... Tulis namadankelasanda pada ruang yang penuh diperoleh disediakan 133 2............. 5. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau 2 1 7 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini...... 3. 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT ........ Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.. SULIT 4551/3 BIOLOGI Kertas 3 Ogos 2011 1.

Tunjukkan kerja mengira. 8. 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . Ikat helaian tambahan bersama-sama kertas soalan ini dan serahkan kepada pengawas peperiksaan pada akhir peperiksaan. Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan.SULIT 2 4551/3 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAN UNTUK CALON 1. You may use equations. Jawab semua soalan. batalkan jawapan yang telah dibuat. 6. You are advised to spend 45 minutes to answer Question 1and 45 minutes for Question 2. ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah. This question paper consists of two question: Question 1and Question 2 Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua soalan: Soalan 1 dan Soalan 2 2. 7. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan. 5. Show your working. it may help you to get marks. Tie the ‘helaian tambahan’ together with this question paper and hand in to the invigilator at the end of examination. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan. The marks allocated for each question or sub-part of a question are shown in brackets. 9. Jawapan anda bagi disediakan dalam kertas soalan ini. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan. Anda dinasihatkan supaya mengambil masa 45 minit untuk menjawab Soalan 1 dan 45 minit untuk menjawab Soalan 2. 10. 4. Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru. Question 1in the spaces provided in this Soalan 1 hendaklah ditulis pada ruang yang 3. Than write down the new answer. Answer all questions. graphsand other suitable methods to explain your answers. graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda. cross out the answer that you have done. If you wish to change your answer. Write your answer for question paper. Write your answer for Question 2on the ‘helaian tambahan’ provided by the invigilators. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. rajah. jadual. Jawapan anda bagi Soalan 2 hendaklah ditulis dalam helaian tambahan yang dibekalkan oleh pengawas peperiksaan. tables. diagrams.

Volume of urine produced.SULIT 3 4551/3 Answer all Jawab semua questions soalan 1. each student in the groups urinated and collected their urine in a measuring cylinder. ml Group Volume of Isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan.kumpulan Q. An experiment to study osmoregulation in human was carried out by relating the volume of water intake to the volume of urine produced. setiap pelajar dalam kumpulan membuang air kecil dan mengumpulkan air kencing mereka di dalam silinder penyukat.group Q. The volume of urine produced is recorded in Table 1. Tiga kumpulan pelajariaitu kumpulan P. ml 80 P 1 0 0 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Average Purata 80 70 0 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . ml Kumpulan Student 1 Student 2 Isipadu air Pelajar 1 Pelajar 2 yang diminum.kumpulan R dan kumpulan S telah diberi airkosong yang berbeza isipadu untuk diminum. Selepas satu jam. group R and group S were given different volume of plain water to drink. ml water intake. Isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan direkodkan dalam Jadual 1. After one hour. Satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji pengosmokawalaturan dalam manusia telah dijalankan dengan mengaitkan isipadu air yang diminum dengan isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan. Three groups of students which are group P.

SULIT 4 4551/3 140 Q 140 200 30 210 R 210 200 300 310 S 400 130 300 200 10 300 Table 1 Jadual 1 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

....Rand S andtheaverage volume of the urine in the spaces provided in Table 1... Nyatakan inferens yang sepadan dengan pemerhatian yang di (b)(i). .... [3 marks] [3 markah] 1 (b) (i) (ii)State the inference which corresponds to each observation in (b) (i). 1 (a) [3 marks] [3 markah] 3 (b)(i) Based on Table 1.. [3 marks] [3 markah] 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh 3 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . state two different observations that can be made in this experiment. .. Observation 2: Pemerhatian 2: . ......Q. Berdasarkan Jadual 1. Observation 1: Pemerhatian 1: .SULIT 5 4551/3 For examiner’s use (a) Record the volume of the urine produced byeach student in group P.Q... Rekodkan isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan oleh setiap pelajar dalam kumpulan P..... nyatakan dua pemerhatian yang berbeza yang boleh dibuat dalam eksperimen ini. .. Inference for observation 1: Inferens untuk pemerhatian 1: .Rdan Sserta isipadu purata air kencing di dalam ruang yang disediakan di Jadual 1. Inference for observation 2: Inferens untuk pemerhatian 2: ..

........................................................................................... ...... ..................... ......... Responding variable Pemboleh ubah bergerak balas 6 4551/3 or examiner’s use (c) Complete Table 2 based on this experiment................................................................................................. Method to handle variables Cara mengendalikan pemboleh ubah ............ Lengkapkan Jadual 2 berdasarkan eksperimen ini......................................................... .............................SULIT Variables Pemboleh ubah anipulated variable Pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan ....... ..........................................................

...........………………………………………………………………………….....................................................................................................………………………………………………………………………….......................... ................................................................. .......... ... ................................................... ……..................................... 1 (c J ) [ 3 markah ] 3 (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment..................... ................................................................................................................. …….............. ................. ................................................................................. ........................ Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.............................. 1 (d) 4551/3 ……................ Constant variable Pemboleh ubah dimalarkan ............... ................................................................................................ [3 marks] [ 3 markah ] © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh 3 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT ....... .........................................…………………………………………………………………………...........................................

Bina satu jadual dan rekodkan semua data yang dikumpul dalam eksperimen ini.SULIT 7 4551/3 For examiner’s use (e) (i) Construct a table and record the data collected in this experiment. Your table should contain the following titles: Jadual anda hendaklah mengandungi tajuk-tajuk berikut: Volume of water intake Isipadu air yang diminum Volume of urine produced by each student Isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan oleh setiap pelajar Average volume of urine produced Purata isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan 1 (e)(i) 4551/3 [ © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [3 marks] 3 markah ] [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

Gunakan kertas graf yang disediakan di muka surat 8 untuk menjawab soalan bahagian ini.SULIT 8 4551/3 or examiner’s use (ii) Use the graph paper provided on page8to answer this part of question. draw the graph of average volume of urine produced against the volume of water intake. Using the data in 1(e)(i). i i ) . sipadu 1 ( air yang e ) diminu ( m.

..... 1(f) .. 1(g) .... Explain your prediction.. terangkan perhubungan antara isipadu air yang diminum dengan purata isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan. explain the relationship between the volume of water intake to the average volume of urine produced... Berdasarkan graf di 1(e)(ii)....... Terangkan ramalan anda..............[3 marks] [ 3 markah ] 3 (f) Based on the graph in 1 (e) (ii) .... [3 marks] [ 3 markah ] (g) Another group of student is given 100 ml of plain water which is added with 10g of table salt .. 3 ........ Sekumpulan pelajar lain telah diberi 100 ml air kosong yang dicampurkan dengan 10g garam . ....... ... ..... .. Ramalkan purata isipadu air kencing yang dihasilkan selepas satu jam... apakah yang dapat dirumuskan tentang pengosmokawalaturan? ............ what can be deduced about osmoregulation? Berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini.... [3 marks] [ 3 markah ] 3 (h) Based on the resultsfrom the experiment.......... 1(h) [3 marks] 4551/3 [ 3 markah ] © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh 3 [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT ..... Predict the average volume of urine produced after one hour. .........

SULIT 4551/3 9 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT .

air mineral Classify the apparatus and materials into their respective variables in Table 2.jam randik. measuring cylinder. Cup. 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . silinder penyukat. Manipulated Responding Variable Variables Pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan Pemboleh ubah Fixed Variable Pemboleh uba dimalarkan bergerak balas Apparatus / Materials Radas / Bahan Table 2 Jadual 2 [1 [3 marks] ( i ) .bikar.stopwatch.pelajar-pelajar. Berikut ialah senarai bahan dan radas yang digunakan dalam satu eksperimen yang lain bagi mengkaji pengosmokawalaturan. Kelaskan bahan dan radas tersebut kepada pemboleh-pemboleh ubah yang sewajarnya di dalam Jadual 2.beaker.mineralwater Cawan.students.SULIT 10 4551/3 or examiner’s use (i) The following is a list of materials and apparatus used in another experiment to study osmoregulation.

Kadar fotosintesis dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor seperti kepekatan karbon dioksida. Berdasarkan maklumat di atas. dan suhu. Perancangan eksperimen anda hendaklah meliputi aspek-aspek berikut: [ 17 marks ] [ 17 markah ] END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 4551/3 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT . light intensity. keamatan cahaya. Based on the above information.SULIT 11 4551/3 For examiner’s use 2Plants require carbon dioxide and water to synthesize organic compounds in the presence of light energy in a process called photosynthesis. The planning of your experiment must include the following aspects: Tumbuh-tumbuhan memerlukan karbon dioksida dan air untuk mensintesis sebatian organik dalam kehadiran tenaga cahaya dalam satu proses yang dipanggil fotosintesis. The rate of photosynthesis is affected by factors such as concentration of carbon dioxide. and temperature. plan a laboratory experimentto study the effect of carbon dioxide concentration on the rate of photosynthesis in an aquatic plant. rancang satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji kesan kepekatan karbon dioksida terhadap kadar fotosintesis dalam suatu tumbuhan akuatik.

SULIT 4551/1 BIOLOGI Ogos 2011 1 1/4 jam BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA TAHUN 2011 BIOLOGI Kertas 1 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN 4551/1 © 2011 Hak cipta Sekolah Berasrama Penuh .

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D 28. D 29. B 34. C 8. A 41. A 7. D . D 42. D 48. C 24. A 18. A 44. C 31. C 5. D 16. A 12. A 38. C 40. C 3. A 47 D 23. B 27. D 46. A 4. A 9. C 37. A 17. C 49. A 35. B 26. A 32. B 10. C 15. C 25. D 39. D 11. A 19. B 22. A 21. B 45. B 2. C 43. B 14. C 13. D 30.MARKING SCHEME PAPER 1 TRIAL SBP 2011 1. A 33. C 50. C 20. B 36. B 6.

SULIT 4551/2 BIOLOGI Peraturan Pemarkahan Ogos 2011 2 ½ jam BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA TINGKATAN LIMA 2011 BIOLOGI Kertas 2 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN Untuk kegunaan pemeriksa sahaja Peraturan Permarkahan ini mengandungi 14 halaman bercetak .

SULIT o Pcubaan SBP2011 4551/2 (PP) ark Scheme Sub mark otal Mark .

Answer : P : White blood cell / monocycte /leucocyte R : Phloem (ii) Able to state one function of cell P and cell R. Answer Nervous system Able to explain ne role of cell S in the system.1(a)(i) Able to name cell P and cell R. Sample answer P : to fight infections / engulf / digest bacteria / defence mechanism// carry out phagocytosis R : to transport organic food / sugar / sucrose / glucose from leaves to all parts of plant / example + 12 1 Able to name the system which consists of cell S. Sample answer F : control / coordinate activities of the body E1 : detect stimuli E2 : transmit electrical signals / nerve impulse E3 : to muscle / gland / effector b)(i) (ii) + 12 .

(c) Any two 2 Able to explain one characteristic of cell Q/root hair to facilitate water absorption from soil. E4 . E2: have a higher concentration of solutes than the water in surrounding soil Any two d. Active transport of the ions cannot take place in the absence of ATP Anythree TOTAL 1 3 12 . which stops cellular respiration E3 : noproduction of ATP. Able to explain how herbicide is capable to stop the transportation of some mineral into a plant through 2 Sample answer F : Herbicide contains active respiratory poison / toxic E1: denatures the respiratory enzymes E2. Sample answer F1: have large number E1 : to provide large surface area F2: (cells in tissue Q is ) one-cell thick E2 :to increase diffusion / osmosis rate.

Answer Mitosis 1 .SULIT Pcubaan SBP2011 QUESTION 2 Mark Scheme No 2a)(i) 4551/2 (PP) ub Total mark Mark Able to state the type of cell division involved in the cell cycle.

Able to state the importance of the chromosomal behavior in mentioned in (b)(i). Sample answer (c) 1 P 1 .a)(ii) Able to state onereason for the answer in (a)(i). Sample answer Because the cell cycle mitosis occur in skin cell /somatic cell1 b)(i) (ii) +1Able to explain the chromos omal behavior in stage N. 1+1+1AbleT to draw a diagram showing the chromoso mal behavior Chromosomes / chromatid 3 2 Pcubaan SBP2011 SULIT d)(i) (ii) Able to suggest a suitable method to be used which involved the cell cycle in mitosis. Sample answer Cloning / tissue culture Able to explain how the cloning / culture tissue can increased the crop yield. 4551/2 (PP) 1 Max 3 .

Sample answer F : large numbers of clones can be produced E1: within a short period of time / any time E2 : clones inherited good characteristic E3 : example on good characteristic /resistance to diseases/ fast growth rate / large fruit / Any three TOTAL QUESTION 3 o ark Scheme Sub mark Total Mark .

1 1 (b)(i) Able to construct a food web showing the interaction of our organisms. 1 1 (ii) Able to state an example of niche Criteria : Organism Activity place Sample answer Squirrel eat fruits from the tree // big bird eat mouse in the garden. criteria C1 : 4 trophic levels C2 : sequence and position of organism in pyramid is correct. Criteria : C1 : producer C2 : correct arrows C3 : At least 2 food chains C4 : 4organisms correctly 3 Pcubaan SBP2011 SULIT 1+1 4551/2 (PP) Sample answer ird grass owl at 2 All C`s correct = 2marks At least 3 C = 1 mark .3(a)(i) Able to state the definition of ecosystem Sample answer An ecosystem is a community of organisms / biotic components which interact with their non-living environment/abiosis components. Without C1 = no marks (ii) Able to construct a pyramid of numbers showing the interaction of four organisms. Sample answer w bird nail ree 2 1 1 .

Sample answer P1 lost to atmosphere as heat energy P2 used to decompose dead matter(by decomposer) P3 used to carry out metabolism reaction in cells 2 P4 1 respir+ ation 1 4 .Sample answer 1 1 C1 : 10% 1500kJ (c)(ii) C2 : = 150 kJ ble to state wo ays in which energy may be lost in the food web.

Sample answer F : deforestation/ logging / open burning E1 : extinction/ destroy of flora / fauna E2 : loss of biodiversity E3 : disruption of food chain/web E4 : Land slides / soil erosion / water pollution / flash flood 1+1 .SULIT Pcubaan SBP2011 4551/2 (PP) P5 excretion P6 defaecation Any two 2 (d) ble to explain one bad effect of human activities on the ecosystem.

Any two TOTAL QUESTION 4 o Mark Scheme 4(a) Able state the importance of fluid S. Sample answer P Sub mark Total Mark P1 : all o w m ov e m en t of th e fo et us Any one .

1 2 +1 . (b)(ii) Able to tate the function of each blood vessels named in (b)(i) Sample answer Umbilical artery : carry waste product / deoxygenated blood from the foetus to the F (c) Able to explain why the foetus is aborted . Sample answer F : Q secrete progesterone to stimulate / induce the thickening endometrium E1 : infection caused Q does not secrete progesterone E 2: endometrium are no longer thicken // endometrium break down 5 +1 2 place + nta. Answer 1. Umbilical artery 2.(b)(i) Able to name both blood vessels. umbilical vein.

(d) Able to explain why the foetus has a separate blood circulatory system from his mother. foetus is aborted). E1 : If incompatible bloods mix. P4: corpus luteum secretes progesterone. they clot / agglutinate E2 : and cause blockage in important organs / death Any Two OR F : Protect the foetus from the high blood pressure of the mother. Sample answer R r R G g . E1 : Foetus has fine and delicate blood vessel. Sample answer F : Prevents the mixing of blood groups of the mother and the foetus which may be incompatible.Pcubaan SBP2011 SULIT 4551/2 (PP) (so. Any two OR F : Prevent the action of maternal hormones / chemicals / harmful bacteria 1+1+1 (d) Able to explain how HCG injections enable the process of pregnancy Sample answer P1: (the function of HCG is similar to that of LH so) HCG stimulates Ovulation. E2 : High pressure of mother’s blood will cause the foetal blood vessels burst and damage. 2 Any two E1 + : from 1 crossi ng the foetal blood E2 : which could harm the devel opme nt of the foetus . P2 : ovum / secondary oocyte is released from the ovary to fallopian tube. Any three 3 TOTAL 12 6 Pcubaan SBP2011 SULIT Mark Scheme QUESTION 5 o (a)(i) 4551/2 (PP) Sub otal mark Mark 1 Able to label the alleles for F1 genotype. P5 : progesterone maintains the thickness of the uterine wall / endometrium P6: the thickness of the uterine wall enables implantationto occur. P3: ovum fuses with sperm in fallopian tube forming a zygote .

Answer Crossing-over // cross-over 1 (c) Able to draw gametes J and gamete Kwhich are produced in second 1 1 . yellow (colour) 1 Able name the process that occurred during meiosis which produced different gametes in second possibilities.All correct a)(ii) (b) 1 Able to state the phenotype for F1 generation Answer Round .

1+ 1 possibility. 7 +1+1 . Sample answer g G 2 Gamete J / K 1 Answ er (d)(i) Able to state which possibilities will cause more variation to the offsprings Second possibility ii) 1 Able to explain one reason for your answer in (d)(i).

it produced large number of variations between offspring Anythree 3 Able to Complete Digram 5. each time) gametes from two individuals fertilize randomly.SULIT (e) Pcubaan SBP2011 4551/2 (PP) Sample answer F : crossing over occurred between (chromatids from a pair of ) homologous chromosomes E1 : in prophase 1 /meiosis 1 / meosis E2 :(the exchange of parts between chromatids) results in new genetic Combinations // a different genetic composition. Criteria :  All Gametes from F1 generation correct = 1mark  All Genotype of F2 generation = 1 mark  All Phenotype of F2 generation = 1mark Sample answer +1+1 . E4 : (thus. E3 : (four) different gametes produced. genotype of F2 generation and phenotypeof F2 generation which will be produced.3 by filling in F1 generation gametes drawn in (c).

SULIT 8 Pcubaan SBP2011 4551/2 (PP) F2 : Q is lumbar vertebrae Any three 3 E1 : Largest / strongest vertebrae E3 : Their processes are short /thick E4 : Have large centrum which bear the weight of lower back E5 : To provide support to the (upper) body E6 : Are attach to many of the back muscles (a)(ii) Able to explain why human requires endoskeleton for efficient daily Max activities 4 Sample answer P1 : Mechanical support P2 : Protection for internal organs P3 : A firm base the attachment of muscles P4 : Gives shape to the organism P5 :Helps in movement of the organism P6 :Site for production of blood cells P7 : Storage for phosphate and calcium Any four 4 . Sample answer F1 : P is thoracic vertebrae E1 : Have long spinous processes E2 : and directed downwards E3 : for muscle / ligament attachment E4 : articulate with ribs to make up the side of the thoracic cavity. Yellow 1 2 TOTAL QUESTION 6 No ub mark ark Scheme Total Mark 6(a)(i) Able to explain the adaptation of vertebrae P and vertebrae Qto function efficiently. generation Rg rG Genotype of F2 Phenotype of F2 generation 3 Rrgg Round. Green rrGg Wrinkle.Gametes from F1 Gametes from parent generation.

Sample answer F : living organism need nutrients / oxygen / glucose / mineral / any suitable example to continue their life`s processes E1 : ions inside cells must be kept at different concentration to outside the cells. Sample answer An athlete must do a warming up before the event F. E6 :the cells need to maintain suitable pH of the cells for enzyme activity E7 : so that cell can secretes usefulsubstances / hormones / enzymes Any four Max 4 4 . F1 : small amount of synovial fluid produced (by the synovial membrane) E1 : thus increase friction between the end of the bones E2 : cartilage has become thinner E3 : thus cartilage is unable to cushions the joint / absorbs shock / further increases the friction between the end of bone E4 : ligaments become shorter / loss elasticity E5 : result in stiff / painful joint 9 Pcubaan SBP2011 SULIT E6 : difficulty in movement Mark Scheme QUESTION 7 o 7 (a)(i) 4551/2 (PP) Any 5 10 TOTAL 20 Sub Total mark Mark Able to explain the importance of plasma membrane for the survival of living organism. E2 : to maintain a constant internal environment/ (homeostasis) E3 : The substances acrossthe plasma membrane from the external environment E4 : cells produce waste products which exit through the plasma membrane E5 : The movement / types / amount of substances in and out of the cells is regulated by plasma membrane. to increase temperature of body / muscle E1 : enabling more efficient use of energy E2 : more efficient of glucose oxidation E3 : increase blood circulation / increase heartbeat/supply oxygen faster E4 : prevent injuries to muscle E5 : muscle can contract more efficiently E6 :prevent muscle cramp / allow muscle to be stretch more easily Any5 Sample answer Elderly people experiences pain at their joint.(b) Able to explain why : 5+5 Max An athlete must do a warming up before the event 10 Elderly people experiences pain at their joint.

3+ (a)(ii) Able to explain active transport and facilitated diffusion of substances 3 through plasma membrane 3 Sample answer Type 1 F1 : facilitated diffusion occur E1 : diffusion of small molecules / ions E2 : move from higher concentration to the higher concentration of solute E3 : through pore protein E4: does no need energy Any three Type 2 F : Active transport occur E1 : The molecules such as sodium ions / potassium ions / glucose / amino acid E2 : move against concentration gradient / from lower concentration to the higher concentration E3 : through carrier protein E4 : have active site with bind with particular molecule 10 .

(b) Sample answer Isotonic to the sap cell : 0.27 moldm-3 / 0.28 moldm-3 /0. Q and R.29 moldm-3 Point P F1 : The mass of potato increase E1 : (This occur because) the solution concentration is hypotonic to the sap cell of the potato E2 : The water molecule diffuse out from lower concentration/ hypotonic regionto the higher concentration/ hypertonic region E3 : by osmosis E4 : cell becomes turgid (so the mass increased) E4 : M cell a beco x mes flacci 1 d (so 0 the mass decre ased) Any 10 Point Q F2 : The potato does not lose or gain mass E1 : This occur because the concentration o the solution is isotonic to the cell sap E2 : Diffusion of water molecule is at equilibrium / equal rate E3 : no net gain or loss of water molecule (so the mass is matained) Point R F3 : The mass of potato decrease E1 : (This occur because) the solution is hypertonic to the cell sap E2 : The water molecule diffuse out from cells / from higher concentration to the lower concentration/ solution at surrounding E3 : by osmosis 10 SULIT QUESTION 8 o 11 Pcubaan SBP2011 Mark Scheme 4551/2 (PP) Sub Total mark Mark .SULIT Pcubaan SBP2011 E5 :need energy/ ATP 4551/2 (PP) Any three 3 6 ble toe plain what happen to the cell at oint P.

(a) Able to describe how Max cellulose in the plant fibres are 10 digested and how the products of digestion of cellulose are absorbed into the body of the herbivore. crushed and grind by the teeth/ incisors/premolars/ molars . Sample answer P1 : This is the digestive system of a non ruminant example a rabbit. P2 : Mouth: Plant tissues are cut. P11 : No absorption of glucose in rectum P12 : Re-swallow the digested cellulose/glucose / pallet fromthe caecum after it has left the anus / coprophagy P13 : All the glucose is absorbed into the blood capillaries of the villus in the ileum Any 10 10 . P3 : Plant cellwalls are disrupted / cellulose Able to describe absorption of glucose. Sample answer: P10 :Some glucose are absorbed by the caecum.

(b) Able to explain how a teenager may be able to plan his daily diet wisely to maintain his normal growth and good health. P3 : in the correct amount 12 Max 10 . Sample answer: A good dietary habit for normal growth and good health of an adolescent: P1 : practicing a daily balance diet P2 : the diet comprises all food classes // carbohydrates. vitamins. level 3 and level 4. level 2. mineral salts and fibers // foods from level 1. proteins. lipoids.

fruits and vegetables / proteins P5 : for sustaining better general body growth / normal metabolism of the body. 2 and 3 / containing carbohydrates. P6: the adolescent requires more carbohydrates (as level 1) P7 : for example energy production / energy resources in the body P8 : More proteins(as level 3) P9: for rapid muscular growth / replacement of dead tissues / cells / repairing damaged cells P10 : and synthesis of functional proteins/ enzymes / antibody /hormones / insulin P11 : vitamins / minerals serve as co-enzyme / co-factor for normal enzyme activities P12 : elements like Ca/ P / iodine are important for growth of bones / teeth / development of endocrine gland / thyroid P13 : fibers helps peristalsis in the alimentary canal / avoiding constipation P14 : should avoid from consuming excessive fats (as level 4) P15 : which Any 10 10 is the 4 principal 5 cause of 5 cardiovascu 1 lar / problems / 2 heart problem / ( hypertensio P n P /thromboses) coronary / arterosclero sis / obesity QUESTION 9 o Mark Scheme Sub mark Total Mark .SULI T Pcubaan SBP2011 P4 : should take more foods from level 1.

P7 : Thromboplastine. P5 : The clumped platelet. P9 : Thrombin catalyses the conversion of soluble fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin. P13 : A blood clot is formed preventing further blood loss from the 13 Max 10 . P10 : Fibrin threads form a network that mesh over the wound trapping red blood cells P11 : and sealing the wound. in the presence of Ca2+ and vitamin K P8 : convert prothrombin ( inactive plasma protein) into thrombin (active plasma protein). P3 :Platelets stick to the collagen fibres in the connective tissue. P4 : Then aggregation of platelets forms platelet plug.9(a) Able to explain the mechanism of blood clotting Sample answer: P1 : Wall of blood vessel is broken / damage / injured / severed P2 : The connective tissue in the vessel wall is exposed to blood. damaged cells and clotting factors in the plasma P6 : forms activators known as thromboplastine.

the lymphatic system complements the circulatory system in ensuring that the volume of blood in blood vessels is kept constant. P6 : The thoracic duct merges into the left subclavian vein which is a part of the blood circulatory system.SULIT Pcubaan SBP2011 4551/2 (PP) vessel. P5 : Lymphatic fluid carrying the products of lipid digestion eventually drains into the thoracic duct. P14 : Thus. P14 : prevent bacteria / pathogen / microbe from entering the cell through wound Any 10 10 Max 10 1 0 (b) Able to explain how lymphatic system complement to the blood circulatory system. P3 : The lacteals fuse to form larger lymphatic vessels P4 : and enter the lymphatic system. P7 : Thus the lymphatic system complements the circulatory system in transporting the products of digestion. Sample answer: Statement 1 : P1 : In the small intestine. Any 10 TOTAL PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN TAMAT 14 2 0 . P11 : These lymph capillaries drain into larger lymph vessels P12 : which eventually drain back into the blood circulatory system P13 : via the thoracic duct and the right lymphatic duct. P9 : The remaining (10%) flows into blind-ended lymph capillaries P10 : which are found in capillary network. Statement 2 : P8 : (90% of) tissue fluid form at capillary network (interstitial fluid) must be return to the circulatory system. the products of lipid which are fatty acids and glycerol P2 : are first transport into the lacteals in the villi.

4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .4551/3 1SULIT SULIT 4551/3 BIOLOGI Kertas 3 Peraturan Pemarkahan Ogos 2011 1½ jam BAHAGAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM SETARA 2011 BIOLOGI Kertas 3 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN (PP) Untuk kegunaan pemeriksa sahaja ________________________________________________________________________ __ Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 15 halaman bercetak.

Group P / group Q/ Group R/ Group S. the average volume Sis high of urine produced is 80ml / 135 ml / 206 ml /304 ml. When the volume of water intake is 100 ml /200 ml /300 ml /400 ml / in Group Group P / group Q / Group R / Group S. 3. The average volume of urine produced in Group Pis lower / smaller 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan . When the volume of water intake is 100 ml /200 ml /300 ml /400 ml / Q/ R. ml produced. the volume of urine produced is 80 / 134 ml/136ml / 205 ml / 207 ml / 303ml / 305 ml. Student 1 Student 2 ml 00 0 0 0 3 00 34 36 5 00 05 0 0 0 00 03 05 4 2 Able to ecord 11 data correctly ata correctly 1 Able to ecord 4 than tha 3 C1-Volume of water intake // Group Group Q C2 –Volume of urine produced // Average volume of urine produced Sample R/ S// T average volume answers: urine produce 1.ml produced.4551/3 2SULIT QUESTION 1 o 1(a) core ARK SCHEME S Able to record all 12 data for the volume of urine produced and the a average volume of urine produced correctly. than tha Group P 2. roup verage volume olume of water olume of urine of urine intake.

The volume of water intake affects the (average) volume of urine produced.4551/3 3 SULIT Able to state one correct observation and one inaccurate observation . 3 Sample answer: ( For observation 1 and 2 in sample answers ) 1. 3. 2. 4551/3 Penuh More/high/much/ (amount) of water reabsorbed //inversely. Able to state one correct inference and to state two inaccurate inferences. Less / moreADH is secreted to the kidney tubule. one inaccurate inference or able 2 Sample answer ( inaccurate ): 1. (b) (ii) Able to make two accurate inferencesbased on two criteria: C1 – more / less (amount) of water reabsorbed C2 –higher / lower osmotic pressure // permeability of kidney / tubule to water increases / decreases // more / less ADH / aldosterone secreted to kidney tubule dea 0 only. More/high/much/ (amount) of water reabsorbed due to high osmotic pressure // vice versa ( For observation 3 in sample answers ) 2. More / higher(amount) of water reabsorbed due to higher osmotic pressure in Group Pcompared to Group Q/R/S. The volume / average volume of urine produced is different. © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan . Higher / high / lower / lowosmotic pressure. Whenthe volume of water intake is 100 ml /200 ml /300 ml /400 ml // Group P/ group Q/ Group R / Group S. the average volume of urine produced is the least / less / high / the highest. 2 Able to state only one correct observation or two observation at idea level. Sample answer( inaccurate ): 1. 2. 1 Sample answer ( idea level ): 1.

Water reabsorbed.4551/3 4 SULIT Able to state one correct inference or two inferencesat idea level. 0 No response or inaccurate respons. Summary of scoring for 1(b)(i) and 1(b)(ii) : core Correct Inaccurate Idea rong . Salt reabsorbed. Sample 1 answer for idea level: 1. 3. ADH is secreted. 2.

3 2 - - 2 1 1 - 1 - 1 .

1 1 1 0 0 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama 1 - 1 Peraturan pemarkahan .

2 Constant variable: Number of students in each group // Time taken to collect/measure/record the urine// type of water Fix the number of student // Fix the time taken ( collect/measure/record the urine) at one hour/ use only plain water to . esponding Variable: hour) 3 measuring cylinder.4551/3 5 SULIT (c) Able to state all 3 variables and methods to handle each variable correctly. 300 ml and 400 ml). Sample answer ariable anipulated variable ethod to handle the variable Volume of water intake (The students)drink different volume of (plain) water // Change the volume of water (from 100 ml to 200 ml. // Calculate the (average) volume of urine produced by using formula : Volume of urine produced by student 1 + student 2 -------------------------------------------.

Able to state 4 –5 ticks 2 Able to state 2 ticks 1 No responseor incorrect respons or 1 tickonly 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama 0 Peraturan pemarkahan .

Able to state a hypothesis based on any one criterion or at idea level.4551/3 (d) 6 SULIT Able to statethe hypothesis relating the manipulated variable and the responding variable correctly based on three criteria: P1 : manipulated variable ( Volume of water intake ) P2 : responding variable ( Volume of urine produced) H : relationship 3 0 Sample answer P1 + P2 + H 1. the volume of urine produced increase // vice versa. As the volume of water intake increases. No response or incorrectrespons Any two correct aspect Any one aspect correct 0 2 No response or incorrect respons 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama 1 Peraturan pemarkahan . 2. Able to state a hypothesis based on any two criteria. Different group of students has different volume of urine produced. Sample answer 1 1. Sample answer : 2 P1 + P2 // P1/P2 + H 1. Volume of urine produced is different. The volume of urine produced depends on the volume of water intake.

4551/3 (e) (i) 7 SULIT Able to construct a table correctly with the following aspects: T : Titles with correct units .1 mark C : Average volume of urine produced answer : . T .1 mark D : Data .1 mark Sample 3 Title.

ml 00 00 00 00 80 134 205 303 Data. D Any two correct aspect olume of urine produced.ml Student 1 Student 2 80 136 207 305 Average volume of urine produced.Volume of water intake. ml 0 135 206 304 C –Calculation 2 .

1 mark 3 0 -1 mark T(Titik) :four points B(bentuk) : all points connected All three correct aspects Any two correct aspects 2 Any one aspect correct 1 No response or incorrect response 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .1 mark smoothly .Any one aspect correct 1 No response or incorrect respons 0 (e) (ii) Able to draw the graph of average volume of urine produced against volume of water intake based on thefollowing aspects : P(paksi) : title of x-axis and y-axis plotted correctly .

the higher the ( average ) volume of urine produced R2 : Osmotic pressure decreases R3 : Less water reabsorbed (from the kidney) // less ADH is produced // Kidney tubules become less permeable to water (g) Sample answer : The higher the volume of water intake. Able to explain the relationship using any two aspects.4551/3 8 SULIT R1 : Relationship – The higher the volume of water intake. Thus. 1 No response or incorrect respons Able to redict and explain the volume of urine produced ased on the following criteria: 0 3 1 P1 : Prediction – volume of urine less than 80 ml // any value less than 80 ml P2 : Explanation . the higher the ( average ) volume of urine produced because the osmotic pressure decreases. less water reabsorbed from the kidney. 2 Able to explain the relationship using one aspect only.Osmotic pressure of increases P3 : More water reabsorbed (from thekidney) Sample answer Volume of urine in less than 80 ml // 75 ml Because the osmotic pressure increases. so more water reabsorbed (fromthe kidney) 0 Able to redict and explain the volume of urine produced ased on y two criteria: Able to redict and explain the volume of urine produced ased on ny one criterion: 2 No response or incorrect response 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .

Any two criteria stated Any one 2 criteria stated No response or incorrect response 1 0 . D1 : A processthat causes D2 : (Average)volume of urine produced by the students / group A.4551/3 9 SULIT (h) Able to define osmoregulation operationally based on the following criteria. 3 Sample answer : Osmoregulation is the process that causes the (average)volume of urine produced by the students / group P.C and D after one hour D3 : after taking different volume of water //depends on the volume of water intake // the higher the volume of water intake.B. The average volume of urine produced depends on the volume of water intake. the higher the volume of urine produced.Rand S after one hour.Q.

(i) Able to classify apparatus and materials into heir respective variables. Sample answer : 3 .

All 6 corrects 1 –2 wrongs 2 3 –4 wrongs 1 5 –6 wrongs or no response 0 4551/3 Penuh esponding Variables © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .Manipulated Variable Apparatus / Materials up Beaker// Measuring cylinder easuring cylinder // beaker Fixed Variable stopwatch students mineralwater .

4551/3 1 0 e(i) Sample answer Average volume of urine produced. ml 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan . ml S U L I T 200 300 100 100 200 300 400 Volume of water intake.

4551/3 11SULIT QUESTION 2 spect ark Scheme arks Notes on scoring .

(No R) 2. What can affect the rate of photosynthesis? (No P1) 3. What is the factor that affect the rate of photosynthesis. What is the effect of different concentration of carbon dioxide on the rate of photosynthesis. Does the rate of photosynthesis affected by carbon dioxide gas. Different concentration of carbon dioxide can affect the rate of photosynthesis.(No P1and R) 4. 1. Does percentage/ concentration of carbon dioxide affect the photosynthesis. (No P2 and R) 1 © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan P1+P P1 and only P1/P2 on . (No R) 5. Does the percentage/concentration of carbon dioxide affect the rate of photosynthesis? 2. What is the effect of percentageof / concentration of carbon dioxide on the rate of photosynthesis? 4551/3 Penuh Able to state a problem statement inaccurately based on any two criteria: Sample answers: 1. What is the effect of different concentration of carbon dioxide on photosynthesis? (No P2) 4. Does carbon dioxide affect photosynthesis? (No P1 and P2) 2. Can carbon dioxide affect the rate of photosynthesis? (No P1) 2 Able to state a problem statement based on any one criterion at idea level.? // Does the…affect…?) 3 Sample answers: 1.Problem statement Able to state a problem statement relating manipulated variable to the responding variable correctly based on criteria: P1 : MV (Carbon dioxide concentration) P2 : RV(The rate of photosynthesis) R : Relationship in question form(What is the effect of………….(No P1 and R) 3.

4551/3 12SULIT No response/wrong response Hypothesis 0 mark Able to state a hypothesis by relating the manipulated variable to the responding variable correctly based on criteria: .

(P2 only) 2.P1 : MV (Carbon dioxide concentration/ percentage ) P2 : RV(The rate of photosynthesis) P1+P 3 R: marksR : Relationship between P1 and P2. As/When the carbon dioxide increases the rate photosynthesis increases. Sample answer: 1. Carbon dioxide influence/affect the photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide concentration influence/affect the photosynthesis.(P1 only) 3.(no P2) 2. As/When the percentage/concentration of carbon dioxide increases/decreases the rate of photosynthesis/number of bubble release increases/decreases. (idea) No response/wrong response/R only. As/When the concentration of carbon dioxide increases the photosynthesis increases.(no P1) 3. Carbon dioxide influence/affect the rate of photosynthesis. Able to state a hypothesis inaccurately correctly based on any two criteria: 1. 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama 1 0 mark Peraturan pemarkahan . Carbon dioxide concentration influence/affect the rate of photosynthesis (no R) 2P1 + P2 only P1/P2 + R only Able to state a hypothesis at idea level based on any one criterion: 1.

clip.compulsory materials and apparatus 2 1-2 A + 1-2 M including aquatic plant and a light source. 4A + 3M Sample answers: Materials : *Elodea/Hydrilla/aquatic plant. boiling tube. Sample answers: Manipulated variable : Concentration / percentage of carbon dioxide Responding variable: The rate of photosynthesis// The number of bubbles released per minute Constant variable : Light intensity /temperature / type of plant / size of plant 3 Able to state any two variables correctly.compulsory 3 3A + 3Mincluding * . 2 1 No response / wrong response Apparatus and materials 0 Able to list all the apparatus and materials correctly. different concentration of *sodium bicarbonate. Able to state any one variable correctly.4551/3 13SULIT Variables Able to state all three variables correctly. distilled *water Apparatus : Beaker. table *lamp * . 1 0 No response / wrong response 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .

4551/3 14SULIT Procedure Able to describe the steps of the experiment procedure or method correctlybased on the following criteria: K1: How to set up the apparatus ( at least 3 steps) K2: How to operate the the control variable ( Any one) K3: How to operate the responding variable ( Any one ) K4: How to operate the manipulated variable ( Any one ) K5: Precaution // steps to increase accuracy ( Any one ) K1-How to set up the apparatus Diagram of apparatus and material set up with 5 correct labels. 3%sodium bicarbonate solution.  Place the apparatus at 20 cm(other suitable example) distant from a light source K3 – How to operate the responding variable  Count and record the number of bubbles released in 5 minutes by using stopwatch. 4% sodium bicarbonate solution and 5% sodium bicarbonate solution.  Calculate the rate of photosynthesis using formula: number of bubbles released /time K4 – How to operate the manipulated variable  Change the concentration of sodium bicarbonate solution to 2% sodium bicarbonate solution. Choose/ Cut 7cm length of fresh Elodea/Hydrilla Clip the tip with a paper clip and put it in the boiling tube(with the clip down) K2-How to operate the constant variable  Pour 40 ml of 1% sodium bicarbonate solution into the boiling tube. ( at least 4 different concentration ) K5 -Precaution  Place the boiling tube in a beaker of water /water bathat room temperature throughout theexperiment  Give a time duration of five minutes for the plant to adjust to the new carbon dioxide concentration before taking the reading. 3 .

4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama Peraturan pemarkahan .

4551/3 15SULIT 2 All 5K 3-K 2K Presentation of data 1 Able to present all the data with the units correctly based on criteria: Titles and units: 1m MV – Concentration of sodium bicarbonate solution (%) Operating RV -Number of bubbles released in 5 minutes RV -Rate of photosynthesis -number of bubbles/minute) Data: 1m At least four different concentration of sodium bicarbonate 2 Sample : oncentration umber of ate of .

of sodium bicarbonate solution / carbon dioxide (%) 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama bubbles released in 5 minutes photosynthesis (number of bubbles/minute) Peraturan pemarkahan .

4551/3 Sample answer for procedure: 16 SULIT .

K2 bicarbonate solution into the 4. 3% sodium bicarbonate solution. Put the plant intothe K1. 2. K1.K2 Placethe apparatus at 20 cm(other suitable example) distant from a light source. 9.K2 stopwatch. Pour40 mlof 1% sodium K1. bicarbonate solution. 4%sodium bicarbonate solution and 5% sodium bicarbonate solution. Clip the tip the plant with a K1 paper clip.No Steps 1. Criteri a K1. 7. ( at least 4 different concentration ) Calculate the rate of photosynthesis by using formula : number of bubbles K3 released / time throughout the experiment . Choose/ Cut 7cmlength of fresh Elodea/Hydrilla. 6.K2 boiling tube( with the clip 5. 8. 3.

Record the results in a table.10 11 Give a time duration of five minutesfor the plant to adjust to the new carbon dioxide concentrationbefore taking the reading. 4551/3 Penuh © 2011 Hak Cipta Sekolah Berasrama K 5 K Peraturan pemarkahan .