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Synchronous Generator

Capability Curve

Generator Capability Curves (1) (1) Stator Copper Loss (stator heating): PSCL  3I R 2 A s The maximum allowable heating of the stator sets a maximum phase current IA for the machine. . (3) Prime-mover’s Power Limit. It’s equivalent to set a maximum EA for the machine. (Power factor is irrelevant. It’s equivalent to set a maximum apparent power for the machine.) (2) Rotor Copper Loss (rotor heating): PRCL  IF2 RF The maximum allowable heating of the rotor sets a maximum field current IF for the machine.

Generator Capability Curves (2) E A  V  jX s I A (rotor heating) (stator heating) rotor field current sets the rated power factor .

Generator Capability Curves (3) E A  V  jX s I A Assume V keeps rated value. Multiply the above figure by P Q 3V  X S .

Generator Capability Curves (4) Q P P Q flip capability curve .

Generator Capability Curves (5) Q P Add prime mover’s power limit (real power) .

Example 3 (1) A 480V. Assume that this generator is connected to a steam turbine capable of supplying up to 45 kW. (a) (b) (c) (d) Sketch the capability curve for this generator.0 kW. 50 Hz. what is the maximum amount of reactive power that can be simultaneously supplied? sg3. six pole synchronous generator is rated at 50 kVA at 0.m .0  per phase. Y connected. including the prime-mover power limit.5 kW. and the core losses are 1.8 PF lagging. It has a synchronous reactance of 1. Can this generator supply a line current of 56 A at 0. The friction and windage losses are 1.7 PF lagging? Why or why not? What is the maximum amount of reactive power this generator can produce? If the generator supplies 30 kW of real power.

Example 3 (2) .